महात्मा गाँधी और गोलमेज सम्मेलन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

mahatma gandhi vishay soochi
mahatma gandhi aur golamej sammelan
Mahatma-Gandhi-2.jpg
poora nam mohanadas karamachnd gandhi
any nam bapoo, mahatma ji
janm 2 aktoobar, 1869
janm bhoomi porabndar, gujarat
mrityu 30 janavari, 1948
mrityu sthan nee dilli
mrityu karan hatya
abhibhavak karamachnd gandhi, putalibaee
pati/patni kastooraba gandhi
sntan harilal, manilal, ramadas, devadas
smarak rajaghat (dilli), birala haus (dilli) adi.
parti kangres
shiksha bairistar
vidyalay bnbee yoonivarsiti, samaladas kaaulej
snbndhit lekh gandhi yug, asahayog andolan, namak satyagrah, bharat chhodo andolan, dandi march, vyaktigat satyagrah, savinay avgya andolan, khilafat andolan
1920 ke dashak ke madhy men sakriy rajaniti men gandhi ji ne adhik ruchi nahin dikhaee. lekin 1927 men british sarakar ne sar jaaun saiman ke netritv men ek 'snvidhan sudhar ayog' ka gathan kiya, jisamen kisi bhi bharatiy ko shamil nahin kiya gaya tha. kangres aur any partiyon ke dvara ayog ka bahishkar kie jane se rajanitik ghatanakram tez hua. disambar, 1928 men 'kolakata kangres' ki baithak ke bad, jisamen gandhi ji ne poorn svarajy ke lie deshavyapi ahinsak andolan ki dhamaki dekar british sarakar se ek sal ke bhitar bharat ko adhirajy ka darja die jane ki mahattvapoorn prastav rakha. kangres parti par phir se gandhi ji ka niyntran ho gaya.

golamej sammelan men pratibhag

mahatma gandhi
chitrakar-vi. pi. karamarakar

samaj ke nirdhan varg ko prabhavit karane vale namak-kar ke khilaf gandhi ji ne march, 1930 men satyagrah shuroo kiya. british rajy ke khilaf gandhi ji ke ahinsak yuddh men yah sabase vishal aur saphal andolan tha aur isake phalasvaroop 60 hazar se adhik log giraftar kie ge. ek sal bad bharat ke british vaisaray laaurd iravin ke sath batachit ke bad gandhi ji ne ek samajhauta svikar kar liya. savinay avgya andolan vapas le liya aur lndan men golamej sammelan men bharatiy rashtriy kangres ke ekamatr pratinidhi ke roop men shamil hone ke lie sahamat ho ge. gandhi ji vahan par ek samany gramin bharatiy ki tarah dhoti pahane aur chadar odhe upasthit hue, jisaka vistan charchil ne khoob mazaq udaya aur unhen 'bharatiy faqir' ki sngya di.

Blockquote-open.gif "karenge ya marenge", not is prakar hai- 'har vyakti ko is bat ki khuli chhoot hai ki vah ahinsa par acharan karate hue apana poora zor lagae. hadatalon aur doosare ahinsak tarikon se poora gatirodh paida kar dijie. satyagrahiyon ko marane ke lie, n ki jivit rahane ke lie, gharon se nikalana hoga. unhen maut ki talash men phirana chahie aur maut ka samana karana chahie. jab log marane ke lie ghar se nikalenge tabhi kaum bachegi, karenge ya marenge.' 9 agast, 1942 ko apani giraphtari se poorv subah panch baje:- mahatma gandhi Blockquote-close.gif

'akhil bharatiy harijan sngh' ki sthapana

angrezon se satta ke hastantaran ke bajay bharatiy alpasnkhyakon ki samasya par kendrit golamej sammelan bharatiy rashtravadiyon ke lie ghor nirashajanak tha. isake alava, jab disambar 1931 men gandhi ji svadesh laute to unhonne paya ki unaki parti ko laaurd vilingadan ka chautarafa akraman jhelana pad raha hai. gandhi ji ko ek bar phir jel bhej diya gaya aur sarakar ne unhen bahari duniya se alag-thalag karane tatha unake prabhav ko samapt karane ka prayas kiya. yah asan kary nahin tha. sitnbar 1932 men bndi avastha men hi gandhi ji ne british sarakar ke dvara ne snvidhan men achhooton[1] ko alag matadata soochi men shamil karake unhen alag karane ke nirnay ke khilaf anashan shuroo kar diya. isake phalasvaroop desh bhar men bhavanatmak aveg umad pada. hindoo samuday aur dalit netaon ne mil-julakar teji se ek vaikalpik matadata soochi ki vyavastha ki rooparekha banaee aur british sarakar ne ise mnjoori de di. yah anashan achhooton ke khilaf bhedabhav door karane ke zoradar andolan ka arambh tha. gandhi ji ne inhen 'harijan' nam diya aur 'akhil bharatiy harijan sngh' ki sthapana ki, jisaka arth hota hai, "eeshvar ki sntan".

vikari vichar se bachane ka ek amogh upay ram-nam hai. nam knth se nahin, kintu hriday se nikalana chahie. -mahatma gandhi

kangres ki sadasyata se istifa

1934 men gandhi ji ne n sirf kangres ke neta ke pad se, balki parti ki sadasyata se bhi istifa de diya. unaka manana tha ki parti ke agrani sadasyon ne sirf rajanitik karanon se ahinsa ko apanaya hai. rajanitik gatividhiyon ke sthan par ab unhonne 'rachanatmak karyakramon' ke zariye 'sabase nichale star se' rashtr ke nirman par apana dhyan kendrit kiya. unhonne gramin bharat ko, jo desh ki abadi ka 85 pratishat tha, shikshit karane, chhuachhoot ke khilaf ladaee jari rakhane, hath se katane, bunane aur any kutir udyogon ke arddh berozagar kisanon ki ay men izafa karane ke lie badhava dene aur logon ki avashyakataon ke anukool shiksha pranali banane ka kam shuroo kiya. svayn gandhi ji madhy bharat ke ek ganv sevagram men rahane chale ge, jo samajik aur arthik vikas ke unake karyakramon ka kendr bana.



pichhe jaen
mahatma gandhi aur golamej sammelan
age jaen


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. (dalit hindoo)

snbndhit lekh

suvyavasthit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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