तिलका माँझी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

tilaka manjhi
tilaka manjhi
poora nam tilaka manjhi
any nam jabara pahadiya
janm 11 faravari, 1750
janm bhoomi sultanagnj, bihar
mrityu 1785, bhagalapur
mrityu karan fansi
abhibhavak sundara murmoo
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi krantikari
dharm hindoo
andolan snthal vidroh
snbndhit lekh snthal, birasa munda
vishesh rajamahal ke suparitendent kliv laind ko tilaka manjhi ne 13 janavari, 1784 ko apane tiron se mar giraya. kliv laind ki mrityu ka samachar pakar angrezi sarakar danvadol ho uthi aur sattadhariyon men bhay ka vatavaran chha gaya.
any janakari tilaka manjhi aise pratham vyakti the, jinhonne bharat ko gulami se mukt karane ke lie angrezon ke viruddh sabase pahale avaz uthaee thi. unaki smriti men bhagalapur men kachahari ke nikat unaki ek moorti sthapit ki gayi hai.

tilaka manjhi (angrezi: Tilka Manjhi ; janm- 11 faravari, 1750, sultanagnj, bihar; shahadat- 1785, bhagalapur) 'bharatiy svadhinata sngram' ke pahale shahid the. inhonne angrezi shasan ke viruddh ek lambi ladaee chhedi thi. snthalon dvara kiye ge prasiddh 'snthal vidroh' ka netrittv bhi tilaka manjhi ne kiya tha. tilaka manjhi ka nam desh ke pratham svatntrata sngrami aur shahid ke roop men liya jata hai. angrezi shasan ki barbarata ke jaghany karyon ke viruddh unhonne joradar tarike se avaz uthayi thi. is vir svatntrata senani ko 1785 men giraftar kar liya gaya aur phir fansi de di gee.

janm tatha balyakal

tilaka manjhi ka janm 11 pharavari, 1750 ko bihar ke sultanagnj men 'tilakapur' namak ganv men ek snthal parivar men hua tha. inake pita ka nam 'sundara murmoo' tha. tilaka manjhi ko 'jabara pahadiya' ke nam se bhi jana jata tha. bachapan se hi tilaka manjhi jngali sabhyata ki chhaya men dhanush-ban chalate aur jngali janavaron ka shikar karate. kasarat-kushti karana bade-bade vrikshon par chadhana-utarana, bihad jngalon, nadiyon, bhayanak janavaron se chhedakhani, ghatiyon men ghoomana adi unaka rojamarra ka kam tha. jngali jivan ne unhen nidar v vir bana diya tha.[1]

angrezi atyachar

kishor jivan se hi apane parivar tatha jati par unhonne angrezi satta ka atyachar dekha tha. anachar dekhakar unaka rakt khaul uthata aur angrezi satta se takkar lene ke lie unake mastishk men vidroh ki lahar paida hoti. garib adivasiyon ki bhoomi, kheti, jngali vrikshon par angrezi shasak apana adhikar kiye hue the. jngali adivasiyon ke bachchon, mahilaon, boodhon ko angrez kee prakar se pratadit karate the. adivasiyon ke parvatiy anchal men pahadi janajati ka shasan tha. vahan par base hue parvatiy saradar bhi apani bhoomi, kheti ki raksha ke lie angrezi sarakar se ladate the. pahadon ke ird-gird base hue zamindar angrezi sarakar ko dhan ke lalach men khush kiye hue the. adivasiyon aur parvatiy saradaron ki ladaee rah-rahakar angrezi satta se ho jati thi aur parvatiy zamindar varg angrezi satta ka khulakar sath deta tha.

vidroh

antatah vah din bhi a gaya, jab tilaka manjhi ne 'banaichari jor' namak sthan se angrezon ke viruddh vidroh shuroo kar diya. vir tilaka manjhi ke netritv men adivasi viron ke vidrohi kadam bhagalapur, sultanagnj tatha door-door tak jngali kshetron ki taraph badh rahe the. rajamahal ki bhoomi par parvatiy saradar angrezi sainikon se takkar le rahe the. sthiti ka jayaja lekar angrezon ne kliv laind ko maijistret niyukt kar rajamahal bheja. kliv laind apani sena aur pulis ke sath charon or dekh-rekh men jut gaya. hindoo-muslim men phoot dalakar shasan karane vali british satta ko tilaka manjhi ne lalakara aur vidroh shuroo kar diya.

kliv laind ki hatya

jngal, taraee tatha gnga, brahmi adi nadiyon ki ghatiyon men tilaka manjhi apani sena lekar angrezi sarakar ke sainik aphasaron ke sath lagatar sngharsh karate-karate munger, bhagalapur, snthal paragana ke parvatiy ilakon men chhip-chhip kar ladaee ladate rahe. kliv laind evn sar ayar koot ki sena ke sath vir tilaka ki kee sthanon par jamakar ladaee huee. ve angrez sainikon se mukabala karate-karate bhagalapur ki or badh ge. vahin se unake sainik chhip-chhipakar angrezi sena par astr prahar karane lage. samay pakar tilaka manjhi ek tad ke ped par chadh ge. thik usi samay ghode par savar kliv laind us or aya. isi samay rajamahal ke suparitendent kliv laind ko tilaka manjhi ne 13 janavari, 1784 ko apane tiron se mar giraya. kliv laind ki mrityu ka samachar pakar angrezi sarakar danvadol ho uthi. sattadhariyon, sainikon aur aphasaron men bhay ka vatavaran chha gaya.[1]

giraftari

ek rat tilaka manjhi aur unake krantikari sathi, jab ek utsav men nach gane ki umng men khoe the, tabhi achanak ek gaddar saradar jaudah ne snthali viron par akraman kar diya. is achanak hue akraman se tilaka manjhi to bach gaye, kintu anek desh bhaktavir shahid hue. kuchh ko bandi bana liya gaya. tilaka manjhi ne vahan se bhagakar sultanagnj ke parvatiy anchal men sharan li. bhagalapur se lekar sultanagnj v usake asapas ke parvatiy ilakon men angrezi sena ne unhen pakadane ke lie jal bichha diya.

vir tilaka manjhi evn unaki sena ko ab parvatiy ilakon men chhip-chhipakar sngharsh karana kathin jan pada. ann ke abhav men unaki sena bhookhon marane lagi. ab to vir manjhi aur unake sainikon ke age ek hi yukti thi ki chhapamar ladaee ladi jaye. tilaka manjhi ke netritv men snthal adivasiyon ne angrezi sena par pratyaksh roop se dhava bol diya. yuddh ke daramyan tilaka manjhi ko angrezi sena ne gher liya. angrezi satta ne is mahanh vidrohi deshabhakt ko bandi bana liya.

shahadat

san 1785 men ek vat vriksh men rasse se bandhakar tilaka manjhi ko fansi de di gee. tilaka manjhi aise pratham vyakti the, jinhonne bharat ko gulami se mukt karane ke lie angrezon ke viruddh sabase pahale avaz uthaee thi, jo 90 varsh bad 1857 men svadhinata sngram ke roop men punah phoot padi thi. krantikari tilaka manjhi ki smriti men bhagalapur men kachahari ke nikat, unaki ek moorti sthapit ki gayi hai. tilaka manjhi bharat mata ke amar sapoot ke roop men sada yad kiye jate rahenge.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 svadhinata sngram ka pratham shahid, tilaka manjhi (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 21 joon, 2014.

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