प्रीतिलता वादेदार  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

pritilata vadedar

pritilata vadedar (angrezi: Pritilata Waddedar, janm- 5 mee, 1911; atm-balidan- 23 sitambar, 1932) bngal ki rashtravadi krantikari thin. vah ek pratibhavan chhatra thin. pritilata vadedar ne kalakatta vishvavidyalay se snatak ki shiksha poorn ki thi. ‘chataganv shastragar kand’ ki ghatana se prabhavit hokar inhonne krantikari mastar soory sen ke dal ki sadasyata le li thi. 24 sitambar, 1932 ko pritilata vadedar ne hi soory sen ke sath milakar yooropiy klab par hamala kiya tha.

parichay

bharatiy svatntrata sngam ki mahan krantikarini pritilata vadedar ka janm 5 mee, 1911 ko tatkalin poorvi bharat (ab bangladesh) men sthit chataganv ke ek garib parivar men hua tha. unake pita nagarapalika ke klark the. unhonne sanh 1928 men maitrik ki pariksha pratham shreni men utirn ki. isake bad sanh 1929 men unhonne dhaka ke iden kaaulej men pravesh liya aur intaramidiet pariksha men poore dhaka bord men panchaven sthan par ayin. do varsh bad pritilata ne kolakata ke bethun kaaulej se darshanashastr se snatak pariksha uttirn ki. kolakata vishvavidyalay ke britani adhikariyon ne unaki digri ko rok diya. unhen 80 varsh bad maranoparant yah digri pradan ki gayi. shiksha uparant unhonne parivar ki madad ke lie ek pathashala men naukari shuroo ki.

soory sen se bhent

pritilata ne 10 sal ki umr men skool men dakhila liya tha. usase pahale unake mata-pita ghar par hi unhen padhaya karate the. vah jis vakt kakahara padh rahi thin, usi vakt ek shakhs desh ki ajadi ke lie andolan shuroo karane ki taiyar kar raha tha. us shakhs ka nam tha soory sen. unhen pyar se 'mastar da' (mastar sahab) bhi kaha jata tha. mastar da halanki jab kaaulej men the, tabhi se desh ki ajadi ke lie kam karane lage the. unhonne grejueshan karane ke bad tichar ki naukari bhi ki. kintu, jyada dinon tak naukari nahin kar sake balki chittarnjan das, sharatachndr bos sarikhe svadhinata sngrami ke sath kam karane lage. lekin, tab tak vah gumanam hi the. vah surkhiyon men tab ae, jab british virodhi gatividhiyon ke chalate unhen 1926 men giraphtar kar liya gaya. bad men unhen riha kiya gaya.

rihaee ke dauran hi pahali bar pritilata ne soory sen ko dekha aur unase prabhavit hokar vah bhi desh ki ajadi men ahuti dene ki taiyari karane lagin. lekin, chupake-chupake. pritilata ne andolanon se jude sahity ikattha karana shuroo kiya. vah padhaee ke sath hi chupake-chhupake krantikari gatividhiyon men bhi hissa lene lagin.

hathiyaron ki poorti

soory sen ne pritilata par gahara prabhav dala tha, jisaka rng dinondin chatak hi ho raha tha. vah jab snatak ki digri ke lie kalakatte ke bethun kaaulej men pahunchin, to unaki gatividhiyan aur badh geen. kalakatte men rahate hue unhonne alipur jel men bnd svadhinata sena ramakrishn vishvas se kee bar mulakat huee. in mulakaton ne unhen bhi hathiyarabnd andolan ki or prerit kiya. pritilata chori-chhipe chattaganv ke krantikariyon ko kalakatta se hathiyar bhejane lagin.

snatak ke bad chattaganv men hi unhen tichar ki naukari mili, to yah unake lie mangi murad poori hone jaisa tha. mastar da soory sen ko pritilata ne bas dekha bhar tha. kabhi mulakat nahin huee thi. choonki vah (pritilata) bhi chori-chhipe andolan men shamil thin aur bad men chattaganv bhi laut geen, to soory sen gahe-b-gahe unaka nam suna karate the, lekin unhen apane dal men shamil karane ke paksh men nahin the. halanki, jab soory sen ko desh ke prati pritilata ke samarpan ahasas hua, to unhonne unhen apane dal men shamil kar liya. pritilata ke netritv men krantikariyon ne kee daphe angrejon par hamale kie aur kamayabi hasil ki. lekin, sabase bada hamala hona abhi baki tha.

yooropiy klab par dhava

pritilata vadedar ki pratima

poorvi bngal ke ghalaghat men krantikariyon ko pulis ne gher liya tha. ghire hue krantikariyon men apoorv sen, nirmal sen, pritilata aur soory sen adi the. soory sen ne ladaee karane ka adesh diya. apoorv sen aur nirmal sen shahid ho gaye. soory sen ki goli se kaiptan kaimaran mara gaya. soory sen aur pritilata ladate-ladate bhag gaye. krantikari soory sen par 10 hajar roopaye ka inam ghoshit tha. donon ek savitri nam ki mahila ke ghar gupt roop se rahe. vah mahila krantikariyo ko ashray dene ke karan angrejon ka kopabhajan bani. soory sen ne apane sathiyon ka badala lene ki yojana banaee. yojana yah thi ki pahadi ki talahati men yooropiy klab par dhava bolakar nach-gane men magn angrejon ko mrityu ka dnd dekar badala liya jae.

pritilata vadedar ke netrittv men kuchh krantikari vahan pahunche. 24 sitambar 1932 ki rat is kam ke lie nishchit ki gayi. hathiyaron se lais pritilata ne atm suraksha ke lie poteshiyam sainaid namak vish bhi rakh liya tha. poori taiyari ke sath vah klab pahunchi. bahar se khidaki men bam lagaya. klab ki imarat bam ke phatane aur pistaul ki avaz se kanpane lagi. nach-rng ke vatavaran men ekaek chikhen sunaee dene lagin.

atm balidan

13 angrez jakhmi ho gaye aur baki bhag gaye. is ghatana men ek yooropiy mahila mari gayi. thodi der bad us klab se golibari hone lagi. pritilata ke sharir men ek goli lagi. ve ghayal avastha men bhagin, lekin phir girin aur poteshiyam sayanaid kha liya. us samay unaki umr 21 sal thi. itani kam umr men unhonne jhansi ki rani ka rasta apanaya aur unhin ki tarah antim samay tak angrejonn se ladate hue svny hi mrityu ka varan kar liya.

pritilata vadedar ke atm balidan ke bad angrej adhikariyon ko talashi lene par jo patr mile, unamen ek chhapa hua patr tha. is patr men chhapa tha ki- "chataganv shastragar kand ke bad jo marg apanaya jaega, vah bhavi vidroh ka prathamik roop hoga. yah sngharsh bharat ko poori svatntrata milane tak jari rahegi".​

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adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
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shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

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