सरदार पटेल

भारत डिस्कवरी प्रस्तुति
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saradar patel
poora nam saradar vallabh bhaee patel
any nam saradar patel
janm 31 aktoobar, 1875
janm bhoomi nadiyad, gujarat
mrityu 15 disanbar, 1950 (umr- 75)
mrityu sthan mumbee, maharashtr
mrityu karan dil ka daura
abhibhavak jhaverabhaee patel, la dabaee
pati/patni jhaveraba[1]
santan putr- dahayabhaee patel, putri- maniben patel
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi bharat ke lauhapurush
parti bharatiy rashtriy kaangres
pad up pradhanamantri, grih mantri, soochana mantri aur rajy mantri
kary kal 15 agast, 1947 se 15 disanbar, 1950
shiksha vaqalat
bhasha hiandi
jel yatra (1930), janavari 1932, aktoobar 1940
puraskar-upadhi bharat ratn
vishesh yogadan deshi riyasatoan ka vilay svatantr bharat ki pahali upalabdhi thi aur nirvivad roop se saradar patel ka isamean vishesh yogadan tha. nitigat dridhata ke lie gaandhiji ne unhean 'saradar' aur 'lauh purush' ki upadhi di thi.
sanbandhit lekh rashtriy ekata divas, vitthaladas jhaverabhaee patel
aandolan namak satyagrah
upadhiyaan 'lauhapurush', 'bharat ka bismark'
any janakari vastav mean saradar patel adhunik bharat ke shilpi the. unake kathor vyaktitv mean vismark[2] jaisi sangathan kushalata, kautily jaisi rajaniti satta tatha rashtriy ekata ke prati abraham liankan jaisi atoot nishtha thi.

saradar vallabhabhaee patel (aangrezi: Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel; janm- 31 aktoobar, 1875, gujarat; mrityu- 15 disanbar, 1950, maharashtr) prasiddh svatantrata sangram senani tatha svatantr bharat ke pratham grihamantri the. ve 'saradar patel' ke upanam se prasiddh haian. saradar patel bharatiy bairistar aur prasiddh rajaneta the. bharat ke svadhinata sangram ke dauran 'bharatiy rashtriy kaangres' ke netaoan mean se ve ek the. 1947 mean bharat ki azadi ke bad pahale tin varsh ve up pradhanamantri, grihamantri, soochana mantri aur rajy mantri rahe the. svatantrata prapti ke bad qarib paanch sau se bhi zyada desi riyasatoan ka ekikaran ek sabase b di samasya thi. kushal kootaniti aur zaroorat p dane par sainy hastakshep ke jarie saradar patel ne un adhikaansh riyasatoan ko tirange ke tale lane mean saphalata prapt ki. isi upalabdhi ke chalate unhean lauh purush ya bharat ka bismark ki upadhi se sammanit kiya gaya. unhean maranoparaant varsh 1991 mean bharat ka sarvochch nagarik samman 'bharat ratn' diya gaya. varsh 2014 mean saradar vallabh bhaee patel ki jayanti (31 aktoobar) 'rashtriy ekata divas' ke roop mean manaee jati hai.

jivan parichay

saradar vallabh bhaee patel ka janm 31 aktoobar, 1875 ee. mean nadiyad, gujarat mean hua tha. unaka janm leva pattidar jati ke ek samriddh zamiandar parivar mean hua tha. ve apane pita jhaverabhaee patel evan mata la dabaee ki chauthi santan the. somabhaee, narasibhaee aur vitthaladas jhaverabhaee patel unake agraj the. paramparik hindoo mahaul mean pale-badhe saradar patel ne karamasad mean prathamik vidyalay aur petalad sthit uchch vidyalay mean shiksha prapt ki, lekin unhoanne adhikaansh jnan svadhyay se hi arjit kiya. 16 varsh ki ayu mean unaka vivah ho gaya. 22 sal ki umr mean unhoanne maitrik ki pariksha pas ki aur zila adhivakta ki pariksha mean uttirn hue, jisase unhean vaqalat karane ki anumati mili. san 1900 mean unhoanne godhara mean svatantr zila adhivakta karyalay ki sthapana ki aur do sal bad khe da zile ke borasad namak sthan par chale ge.

parivar

saradar patel ke pita jhaberabhaee ek dharmaparayan vyakti the. gujarat mean san 1829 ee. mean svami sahajanand dvara sthapit svami narayan panth ke ve param bhakt the. 55 varsh ki avastha ke uparant unhoanne apana jivan usi mean arpit kar diya tha. vallabhabhaee ne svayan kaha hai- "maian to sadharan kutumb ka tha. mere pita mandir mean hi zindagi bitate the aur vahian unhoanne poori ki." vallabhabhaee ki mata la dabaee apane pati ke saman ek dharmaparayan mahila thian. vallabhabhaee paanch bhaee v ek bahan the. bhaiyoan ke nam kramashah sobhabhaee, narasianhabhaee, vitthalabhaee, vallabhabhaee aur kashibhaee the. bahan dabiha sabase chhoti thi. inamean vitthalabhaee tatha vallabhabhaee ne rashtriy andolan mean bhag lekar bharatiy itihas mean mahattvapoorn sthan grahan kiya. mata-pita ke gun sanyam, sahas, sahishnuta, desh-prem ka prabhav vallabhabhaee ke charitr par spasht tha.[3]

vyavasayik shuruat

ek vakil ke roop mean saradar patel ne kamazor muqadame ko satikata se prastut karake aur pulis ke gavahoan tatha aangrez nyayadhishoan ko chunauti dekar vishesh sthan arjit kiya. 1908 mean patel ki patni ki mrityu ho gee. us samay unake ek putr aur ek putri thi. isake bad unhoanne vidhur jivan vyatit kiya. vaqalat ke peshe mean taraqqi karane ke lie kritasankalp patel ne midl teanpal ke adhyayan ke lie agast, 1910 mean landan ki yatra ki. vahaan unhoanne manoyog se adhyayan kiya aur aantim pariksha mean uchch pratishtha ke sath uttirn hue. thumb|left|saradar vallabh bhaee patel

agrani bairistar

faravari, 1913 mean bharat lautakar saradar patel ahamadabad mean bas ge aur tezi se unnati karate hue ahamadabad adhivakta bar mean aparadh qanoon ke agrani bairistar ban ge. gambhir aur shalin patel apane uchch stariy taur-tariqoan aur chust, aangrezi pahanave ke lie jane jate the. vah ahamadabad ke faishanaparast gujarat klab mean brij ke chaianpiyan hone ke karan bhi vikhyat the. 1917 tak ve bharat ki rajanitik gatividhiyoan ke prati udasin rahe.

satyagrah se ju dav

san 1917 mean mohanadas karamachand gaandhi se prabhavit hone ke bad saradar patel ne paya ki unake jivan ki disha badal gee hai. ve gaandhiji ke satyagrah (aanhisa ki niti) ke sath tab tak ju de rahe, jab tak vah aangrezoan ke khilaf bharatiyoan ke sangharsh mean qaragar raha. lekin unhoanne kabhi bhi khud ko gaandhiji ke naitik vishvasoan v adarshoan ke sath nahian jo da. unaka manana tha ki unhean sarvabhaumik roop se lagoo karane ka gaandhi ka agrah, bharat ke tatkalin rajanitik, arthik v samajik pariprekshy mean aprasangik hai. phir bhi gaandhiji ke anusaran aur samarthan ka sankalp karane ke bad patel ne apani shaili aur veshabhoosha mean parivartan kar liya. unhoanne gujarat klab chho d diya aur bharatiy kisanoan ke saman safed vastr pahanane lage tatha bharatiy khan-pan ko poori tarah se apana liya.

baradoli satyagrah ka netritv

san 1917 se 1924 tak saradar patel ne ahamadanagar ke pahale bharatiy nigam ayukt ke roop mean seva pradan ki aur 1924 se 1928 tak ve isake nirvachit nagarapalika adhyaksh bhi rahe. 1918 mean unhoanne apani pahali chhap chho di, jab bhari varsha se fasal tabah hone ke bavazood bambee sarakar dvara poora salana lagan vasoolane ke faisale ke viruddh unhoanne gujarat ke kaira zile mean kisanoan aur kashtakaroan ke janaandolan ki rooparekha banaee. 1928 mean patel ne badhe hue karoan ke khilaf baradoli ke bhoomipatiyoan ke sangharsh ka saphalatapoorvak netritv kiya. baradoli satyagrah ke kushal netritv ke karan unhean 'saradar' ki upadhi mili aur usake bad desh bhar mean rashtravadi neta ke roop mean unaki pahachan ban gee. unhean vyavaharik, nirnayak aur yahaan tak ki kathor bhi mana jata tha tatha aangrez unhean ek khataranak shatru manate the.

rajanitik darshan

[[chitr:Sardar-Patel-and-Gandhi.jpg|thumb|250px|saradar patel aur gaandhiji]] saradar patel krantikari nahian the. 1928 se 1931 ke bich bharatiy rashtriy kaangres ke uddeshyoan par ho rahi mahattvapoorn bahas mean patel ka vichar tha[4] ki bharatiy rashtriy kaangres ka lakshy svadhinata nahian, balki british rashtrakul ke bhitar adhirajy ka darja prapt karane ka hona chahie. javaharalal neharoo ke viparit, jo svatantrata ke lie sangharsh mean hiansa ki anadekhi karane ke paksh mean the, patel naitik nahian, vyavaharik adhar par sashastr andolan ko nakarate the. patel ka manana tha ki yah viphal rahega aur isaka zabaradast daman hoga. mahatma gaandhi ki bhaanti patel bhi bhavishy mean british rashtrakul mean svatantr bharat ki bhagidari mean labh dekhate the. basharte bharat ko ek barabari ke sadasy ke roop mean shamil kiya jae. vah bharat mean atmanirbharata aur atmavishvas qayam karane par zor dete the, lekin gaandhiji ke viparit, vah hindoo-muslim ekata ko svatantrata ki poorv shart nahian manate the.

balapoorvak arthik aur samajik badalav lane ki avashyakata ke bare mean saradar patel javaharalal neharoo se asahamat the. paramparik hindoo moolyoan se upaje roodhivadi patel ne bharat ki samajik aur arthik sanrachana mean samajavadi vicharoan ko apanane ki upayogita ka upahas kiya. vah mukt udyam mean yaqin rakhate the. is prakar, unhean roodhivadi tatvoan ka vishvas prapt hua tatha unase prapt dhan se hi bharatiy rashtriy kaangres ki gatividhiyaan sanchalit hoti rahian.

jelayatra

bharatiy rashtriy kaangres ke 1929 ke lahaur adhiveshan mean saradar patel, mahatma gaandhi ke bad adhyaksh pad ke doosare ummidavar the. gaandhiji ne svadhinata ke prastav ko svikrit hone se rokane ke prayas mean adhyaksh pad ki davedari chho d di aur patel par bhi nam vapas lene ke lie dabav dala. isaka pramukh karan musalamanoan ke prati patel ki hathadharmita thi. aantat: javaharalal neharoo adhyaksh bane. 1930 mean namak satyagrah ke dauran patel ko tin mahine ki jel huee. march, 1931 mean unhoanne bharatiy rashtriy kaangres ke karaanchi adhiveshan ki adhyakshata ki. janavari, 1932 mean unhean phir giraftar kar liya gaya. julaee, 1934 mean vah riha hue aur 1937 ke chunavoan mean unhoanne kaangres parti ke sangathan ko vyavasthit kiya. 1937-1938 mean ve kaangres ke adhyaksh pad ke pramukh davedar the. ek bar phir gaandhiji ke dabav mean patel ko apana nam vapas lena p da aur javaharalal neharoo nirvachit hue. aktoobar, 1940 mean kaangres ke any netaoan ke sath patel bhi giraftar hue aur agast, 1941 mean riha hue.

gaandhiji se matabhed

dvitiy vishv yuddh ke dauran, jab japani hamale ki ashanka huee, to saradar patel ne gaandhiji ki ahiansa ki niti ko avyavaharik batakar kharij kar diya. satta ke hastantaran ke mudde par bhi unaka gaandhiji se is bat par matabhed tha ki upamahadvip ka hindoo bharat tatha muslim pakistan ke roop mean vibhajan aparihary hai. patel ne zor diya ki pakistan de dena bharat ke hit mean hai. 1945-1946 mean bharatiy rashtriy kaangres ke adhyaksh pad ke lie saradar patel pramukh ummidavar the. lekin mahatma gaandhi ne ek bar phir hastakshep karake javaharalal neharoo ko adhyaksh banava diya. kaangres adhyaksh ke roop mean neharoo ko british vaisar aauy ne aantarim sarakar ke gathan ke lie amantrit kiya. is prakar, yadi ghatanakram samany rahata, to saradar patel bharat ke pahale pradhanamantri hote.

deshi riyasatoan ke vilay mean bhoomika

[[chitr:Sardar-Patel-Statue.jpg|thumb|left|250px|saradar patel ki pratima, ahamadabad, gujarat]] svatantr bharat ke pahale tin varsh saradar patel up-pradhanamantri, grih mantri, soochana mantri aur rajy mantri rahe. is sabase bhi badhakar unaki khyati bharat ke rajava doan ko shantipoorn tariqe se bharatiy sangh mean shamil karane tatha bharat ke rajanitik ekikaran ke karan hai. 5 julaee, 1947 ko saradar patel ne riyasatoan ke prati niti ko spasht karate hue kaha ki- "riyasatoan ko tin vishayoan 'suraksha', 'videsh' tatha 'sanchar vyavastha' ke adhar par bharatiy sangh mean shamil kiya jaega." dhire-dhire bahut-si desi riyasatoan ke shasak bhopal ke navab se alag ho gaye aur is tarah navasthapit riyasati vibhag ki yojana ko saphalata mili.

bharat ke tatkalin grihamantri saradar vallabh bhaee patel ne bharatiy sangh mean un riyasatoan ka vilay kiya, jo svayan mean sanprabhuta prapt thian. unaka alag jhanda aur alag shasak tha. saradar patel ne azadi ke thik poorv (sankraman kal mean) hi pi.vi. menan ke sath milakar kee desi rajyoan ko bharat mean milane ke liye kary arambh kar diya tha. patel aur menan ne desi rajaoan ko bahut samajhaya ki unhean svayattata dena sambhav nahian hoga. isake parinamasvaroop tin riyasatean- haidarabad, kashmir aur joonagadh ko chhodakar shesh sabhi rajava doan ne svechchha se bharat mean vilay ka prastav svikar kar liya. 15 agast, 1947 tak haidarabad, kashmir aur joonagadh ko chho dakar shesh bharatiy riyasatean 'bharat sangh' mean sammilit ho chuki thian, jo bharatiy itihas ki ek b di upalabdhi thi. joonagadh ke navab ke viruddh jab bahut virodh hua to vah bhagakar pakistan chala gaya aur is prakar joonagadh bhi bharat mean mila liya gaya. jab haidarabad ke nizam ne bharat mean vilay ka prastav asvikar kar diya to saradar patel ne vahaan sena bhejakar nizam ka atmasamarpan kara liya.

rajanitik yogadan

bharatiy rashtriy andolan ko vaicharik evan kriyatmak roop mean ek nee disha dene ke karan saradar patel ne rajanitik itihas mean ek gauravapoorn sthan prapt kiya. vastav mean ve adhunik bharat ke shilpi the. unake kathor vyaktitv mean vismark[5] jaisi sangathan kushalata, kautily jaisi rajaniti satta tatha rashtriy ekata ke prati abraham liankan jaisi atoot nishtha thi. jis adamy utsah asim shakti se unhoanne navajat ganarajy ki prarambhik kathinaiyoan ka samadhan kiya, usake karan vishv ke rajanitik manachitr mean unhoanne amit sthan bana liya. bharat ke rajanitik itihas mean saradar patel ke yogadan ko kabhi bhulaya nahian ja sakata. saradar patel ke aitihasik karyoan aur kiye gaye rajanitik yogadan nimnavat haian- thumb|left|sabha ko sanbodhit karate hue saradar patel

  • deshi rajyoan ke ekikaran ki samasya ko saradar patel ne bina khoon-kharabe ke b di khoobi se hal kiya. deshi rajyoan mean rajakot, joonagadh, vahalapur, b dauda, kashmir, haidarabad ko bharatiy mahasangh mean sammilit karane mean saradar patel ko kee pechidagiyoan ka samana karana p da. jab chin ke pradhanamantri chaoo en laee ne javaharalal neharoo ko patr likha ki ve tibbat ko chin ka aang man lean to patel ne neharoo se agrah kiya ki ve tibbat par chin ka prabhutv qatee n svikarean anyatha chin bharat ke lie khataranak siddh hoga. javaharalal neharoo nahian mane, bas isi bhool ke karan hamean chin se pitana p da aur chin ne hamari sima ki 40 hazar varg gaj bhoomi par kabja kar liya.
  • saradar patel ke aitihasik karyoan mean somanath mandir ka punarniman, gaandhi smarak nidhi ki sthapana, kamala neharoo aspatal ki rooparekha adi kary sadaiv smaran kie jate raheange. unake man mean goa ko bhi bharat mean vilay karane ki ichchha kitani balavati thi, isake lie nimnalikhit udaharan hi kafi hai-[6]

jab ek bar saradar patel bharatiy yuddhapot dvara bambee se bahar yatra par the to goa ke nikat pahuanchane par unhoanne kamaandiang aphasaroan se poochha ki- "is yuddhapot par tumhare kitane sainik haian." jab kaptan ne unaki sankhya bataee, to patel ne phir poochha- "kya vah goa par adhikar karane ke lie paryapt haian." sakaratmak uttar milane par patel bole- "achchha chalo jab tak ham yahaan haian, goa par adhikar kar lo." kiankartavyavimoodh kaptan ne unase likhit adesh dene ki vinati ki, tab tak saradar patel chauanke, phir kuchh sochakar bole- "thik hai chalo hamean vapas lautana hoga."[6]

  • lakshadvip samooh ko bharat ke sath milane mean bhi patel ki mahattvapoorn bhoomika thi. is kshetr ke log desh ki mukhyadhara se kate hue the aur unhean bharat ki azadi ki janakari 15 agast, 1947 ke kee dinoan bad mili. halaanki yah kshetr pakistan ke najadik nahian tha, lekin patel ko lagata tha ki is par pakistan dava kar sakata hai. isalie aisi kisi bhi sthiti ko talane ke lie patel ne lakshadvip mean rashtriy dhvaj phaharane ke lie bharatiy nausena ka ek jahaz bheja. isake kuchh ghante bad hi pakistani nausena ke jahaj lakshadvip ke pas mandarate dekhe ge, lekin vahaan bharat ka jhanda laharate dekh unhean vapas karachi lautana p da.[6]

neharooji, gaandhiji aur saradar patel

[[chitr:Gandhi-Patel-Nehru.png|thumb|250px|mahatma gaandhi, saradar vallabh bhaee patel aur javaharalal neharoo]] saradar patel bharatiy svatantrata sangram mean kee bar jel ke aandar-bahar hue, halaanki jis chij ke lie itihasakar hamesha saradar vallabh bhaee patel ke bare mean janane ke lie ichchhuk rahate haian, vah thi unaki aur javaharalal neharoo ki pratisparddha. sab janate haian ki 1929 ke lahaur adhiveshan mean saradar patel hi gaandhi ji ke bad doosare sabase prabal davedar the, kintu muslimoan ke prati saradar patel ki hathadharmita ki vajah se gaandhiji ne unase unaka nam vapas dilava diya. 1945-1946 mean bharatiy rashtriy kaangres ke adhyaksh pad ke lie bhi patel ek pramukh ummidavar the, lekin is bar bhi gaandhiji ke neharoo prem ne unhean adhyaksh nahian banane diya. kee itihasakar yahaan tak manate haian ki yadi saradar patel ko pradhanamantri banane diya gaya hota to chin aur pakistan ke yuddh mean bharat ko poorn vijay milati, parantu gaandhiji ke jagajahir neharoo prem ne unhean pradhanamantri banane se rok diya.[7]

gaandhiji ke prati shraddha

mahatma gaandhi ke prati saradar patel ki atoot shraddha thi. gaandhiji ki hatya se kuchh kshan pahale niji roop se unase bat karane vale patel aantim vyakti the. unhoanne suraksha mean chook ko grih mantri hone ke nate apani galati mana. unaki hatya ke sadame se ve ubar nahian paye. gaandhiji ki mrityu ke do mahine ke bhitar hi patel ko dil ka daura p da tha.

neharooji se sanbandh

javaharalal neharoo kashmiri brahman the, jabaki saradar patel gujarat ke krishak samuday se talluk rakhate the. donoan hi gaandhiji ke nikat the. neharoo samajavadi vicharoan se prerit the. patel bijanes ke prati naram rukh rakhane vale khaanti hindoo the. neharoo se unake sambandh madhur the, lekin kee masaloan par donoan ke madhy matabhed bhi the. kashmir ke masale par donoan ke vichar bhinn the. kashmir masale par sanyukt rashtr ko madhyasth banane ke saval par patel ne neharoo ka k da virodh kiya tha. kashmir samasya ko saradard manate hue ve bharat aur pakistan ke bich dvipakshiy adhar par mamale ko nipatana chahate the. is masale par videshi hastakshep ke ve khilaf the. bharat ke pratham pradhanamantri ke chunav ke pachchis varsh bad chakravarti rajagopalachari ne likha tha- "nissandeh behatar hota, yadi neharoo ko videsh mantri tatha saradar patel ko pradhanamantri banaya jata. yadi patel kuchh din aur jivit rahate to ve pradhanamantri ke pad par avashy pahuanchate, jisake lie sanbhavat: ve yogy patr the. tab bharat mean kashmir, tibbat, chin aur anyany vivadoan ki koee samasya nahian rahati."

  1. REDIRECTsaancha:inhean bhi dekhean

sangh se nata

gaandhiji ki hatya mean hindoo charamapanthiyoan ka nam ane par saradar patel ne rashtriy svayansevak sangh ko pratibandhit kar diya tha aur sarasanghachalak em.es. golavarakar ko jel mean dal diya gaya. riha hone ke bad golavarakar ne unako patr likhe. 11 sitambar, 1948 ko patel ne javab dete hue sangh ke prati apana najariya spasht karate hue likha ki- "sangh ke bhashan mean jahar hota hai... usi vish ka natija hai ki desh ko gaandhiji ke amooly jivan ka balidan sahana p d raha hai."

bharat ke lauh purush

saradar patel ko bharat ka lauh purush kaha jata hai. grihamantri banane ke bad bharatiy riyasatoan ke vilay ki zimmedari unako hi sauanpi gee thi. unhoanne apane dayitvoan ka nirvahan karate hue chhah sau chhoti b di riyasatoan ka bharat mean vilay karaya. deshi riyasatoan ka vilay svatantr bharat ki pahali upalabdhi thi aur nirvivad roop se patel ka isamean vishesh yogadan tha. nitigat dridhata ke lie 'rashtrapita' ne unhean 'saradar' aur 'lauh purush' ki upadhi di thi. bismark ne jis tarah jarmani ke ekikaran mean mahattvapoorn bhoomika nibhaee thi, usi tarah vallabh bhaee patel ne bhi azad bharat ko ek vishal rashtr banane mean ullekhaniy yogadan diya. bismark ko jahaan "jarmani ka ayaran chaansalar" kaha jata hai, vahian patel "bharat ke lauh purush" kahalate haian.[7]

kashmir evan haidarabad

[[chitr:Sardar-Vallabhbhai-Patel-and-Jawaharlal-Nehru.jpg|thumb|saradar patel aur pandit javaharalal neharoo]] saradar patel ko bharat ke grih mantri ke roop mean apane karyakal ke dauran kashmir ke sanvedanashil mamale ko sulajhane mean kee ganbhir mushkiloan ka samana karana p da tha. unaka manana tha ki kashmir mamale ko sanyukt rashtr mean nahian le jana chahie tha. vastav mean sayukt rashtr mean le jane se pahale hi is mamale ko bharat ke hit mean sulajhaya ja sakata tha. haidarabad riyasat ke sanbandh mean saradar patel samajhaute ke lie bhi taiyar nahian the. bad mean l aaurd mauantabetan ke agrah par hi vah 20 navanbar, 1947 ko nizam dvara bahm mamale bharat raksha evan sanchar mantralay, bharat sarakar ko sauanpe jane ki bat par sahamat hue. haidarabad ke bharat mean vilay ke prastav ko nizam dvara asvikar kar die jane par atantah vahaan sainik abhiyan ka netritv karane ke lie saradar patel ne janaral je. en. chaudhari ko niyukt karate hue shighratishighr karyavaee poori karane ka nirdesh diya. sainik haidarabad pahuanch ge aur saptah bhar mean hi haidarabad ka bharat mean vidhivath vilay kar liya gaya. ek bar saradar patel ne svayan shri ech. vi. kamat ko bataya tha ki- "yadi javaharalal neharoo aur gopalasvami ayangar kashmir mudde par hastakshep n karate aur use grih mantralay se alag n karate to maian haidarabad ki tarah hi is mudde ko bhi asani se desh-hit mean sulajha leta."
haidarabad ke mamale mean bhi javaharalal neharoo sainik karyavahi ke paksh mean nahi the. unhoanne saradar patel ko yah paramarsh diya- "is prakar se masale ko sulajhane mean poora khatara aur anishchitata hai." ve chahate the ki haidarabad mean ki jane vali sainik kararavaee ko sthagit kar diya jae. isase rashtriy evan aantararashtriy jatilataean utpann ho sakati haian. prakhyat kaangresi neta pro.en. ji. ranga ki bhi ray thi ki vilanb se ki gee karyavahi ke lie neharoo, maulana aur mauantabetan jimmedar haian. ranga likhate haian ki haidarabad ke mamale mean saradar patel svayan anubhav karate the ki unhoanne yadi javaharalal neharoo ki salahean man li hotian to haidarabad mamala ulajh jata; kamobesh vaisi hi salahean maulana ajad evan l aaurd mauantabetan ki bhi thian. saradar patel haidarabad ke bharat mean shighr vilay ke paksh mean the, lekin javaharalal neharoo isase sahamat nahian the. l aaurd mauantabetan ki kootaniti bhi aisi thi ki saradar patel ke vichar aur prayasoan ko sakar roop dene mean vilanb ho gaya.


saradar patel ke rajanitik virodhiyoan ne unhean muslim varg ke virodhi ke roop mean varnit kiya; lekin vastav mean saradar patel hindoo-muslim ekata ke lie sangharsharat rahe. is dharana ki pushti unake vicharoan evan karyoan se hoti hai. yahaan tak ki gaandhiji ne bhi spasht kiya tha ki- "saradar patel ko muslim-virodhi batana saty ko jhuthalana hai. yah bahut b di vidanbana hai." vastut: svatantrata-prapti ke tatkal bad 'aligadh musalim vishvavidyalay' mean die ge unake vyakhyan mean hindoo-muslim prashn par unake vicharoan ki pushti hoti hai.[8]

samman aur puraskar

[[chitr:Statue-of-unity.jpg|thumb|250px|staichyoo aauf yooniti]]

  • san 1991 mean saradar patel ko maranoparant 'bharat ratn' se sammanit kiya gaya.
  • ahamadabad ke havaee adde ka namakaran 'saradar vallabhabhaee patel antarashtriy havaee adda' rakha gaya hai.
  • gujarat ke vallabh vidyanagar mean 'saradar patel vishvavidyalay' hai.

staichyoo aauf yooniti

  1. REDIRECTsaancha:mukhy

31 aktoobar, 2013 ko saradar vallabh bhaee patel ki 137vian jayanti ke avasar par gujarat ke poorv mukhyamantri narendr modi[9] ne gujarat ke narmada zile mean saradar patel ke smarak ka shilanyas kiya. isaka nam 'ekata ki moorti' (staichyoo aauf yooniti) rakha gaya hai. yah moorti 'staichyoo aauf libarti' (93 mitar) se dugani ooanchaee vali banaee jaegi. is pratima ko ek chhote chattani dvip par sthapit kiya jaega, jo keva diya mean saradar sarovar baandh ke samane narmada nadi ke madhy mean hai. saradar vallabh bhaee patel ki yah pratima duniya ki sabase ooanchi pratima hogi. yah 5 varsh mean taiyar honi hai.

nidhan

saradar patel ji ka nidhan 15 disanbar, 1950 ko muanbee, maharashtr mean hua tha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sandarbh

  1. Sardar Patel Trust
  2. ek jarman rajaneta
  3. saradar vallabhabhaee patel vyakti evan vichar (hiandi) (pi.ech.pi) bharatiy sahity sangrah. abhigaman tithi: 7 disambar, 2012.
  4. gaandhiji aur motilal neharoo ke saman, lekin javaharalal neharoo aur subhashachandr bos ke viparit
  5. ek jarman rajaneta
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 saradar vallabh bhaee patel (hiandi) vebaduniya hiandi. abhigaman tithi: 7 disambar, 2012. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "vebaduniya" defined multiple times with different content
  7. 7.0 7.1 lauh purush saradar vallabh bhaee patel (hiandi) jagaran jankshan. abhigaman tithi: 7 disambar, 2012.
  8. kashmir evan haidarabad ( saradar patel) (hiandi) bharatiy sahity sangrah. abhigaman tithi: 2 janavari, 2015.
  9. bharat ke vartaman pradhanamantri

bahari k diyaan

sanbandhit lekh


varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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