जतीन्द्रनाथ मुखर्जी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

jatindranath mukharji
jatindranath mukharji
poora nam jatindranath mukharji
any nam jatindranath mukhopadhyay (bachapan men)
janm 7 disambar, 1879
janm bhoomi nadiya-kushtiya, bngal, british bharat
mrityu 10 sitambar, 1915
mrityu sthan balasor, bngal, british bharat
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi krantikari
andolan bharatiy svatntrata andolan
any janakari 27 varsh ki ayu men ek bar jngal se guzarate hue jatindranath mukharji ki muthabhed ek bagh se ho gayi thi. unhonne bagh ko apane hnsiye se mar giraya. is ghatana ke bad se hi jatindranath 'bagha jatin' ke nam se vikhyat ho ge the.[1]

jatindranath mukharji athava bagha jatin (angrezi: Jatindranath Mukherjee, janm- 7 disambar, 1879; mrityu- 10 sitambar, 1915) british shasan ke khilaf ek bngali krantikari the. inaki alpayu men hi inake pita ka dehant ho gaya tha. inaki mata ne ghar ki samast zimmedari apane oopar le li aur use badi savadhanipoorvak nibhaya. jatindranath mukharji ke bachapan ka nam 'jatindranath mukhopadhyay' tha. apani bahaduri se ek bagh ko mar dene ke karan ye 'bagha jatin' ke nam se bhi prasiddh ho gaye the. jatindranath british shasan ke viruddh karyakari darshanik krantikari the. ve 'yugantar parti' ke mukhy neta the. us samay yugantar parti bngal men krantikariyon ka pramukh sngathan thi.

parichay

jatindranath mukharji ka janm british bharat men bngal ke jaisor men san 7 disambar 1879 ee. men hua tha. panch varsh ki alpayu men hi unake pita ka dehavasan ho gaya tha. man ne badi kathinaeeyan uthakar inaka palan-poshan kiya tha. jatindranath ne 18 varsh ki ayu men maitrik ki pariksha pas kar li aur parivar ke jivikoparjan hetu stenografi sikhakar 'kalakatta vishvavidyalay' se jud ge. vah bachapan se hi bade balishth the. unake vishay men ek saty bat yah bhi hai ki 27 varsh ki ayu men ek bar jngal se guzarate hue unaki muthabhed ek bagh[2] se ho gayi. unhonne bagh ko apane hnsiye se mar giraya tha. is ghatana ke bad jatindranath bagha jatin ke nam se vikhyat ho ge the.[1]

krantikari jivan

inhin dinon angrezon ne bng-bhng ki yojana banayi. bngaliyon ne isaka virodh khulakar kiya. aise samay men jatindranath mukharji ka bhi naya rakt ubalane laga. unhonne samrajyashahi ki naukari ko lat marakar andolan ki rah pakadi. san 1910 men ek krantikari sngathan men kam karate vakt jatindranath 'havada shadayntr kes' men giraftar kar lie ge aur unhen sal bhar ki jel katani padi. jel se mukt hone par vah 'anushilan samiti' ke sakriy sadasy ban ge aur 'yugantar' ka kary snbhalane lage. unhonne apane ek lekh men unhin dinon likha tha- "poonjivad samapt kar shrenihin samaj ki sthapana krantikariyon ka lakshy hai. desi-videshi shoshan se mukt karana aur atmanirnay dvara jivan-yapan ka avasar dena hamari mang hai."

dakaiti

krantikariyon ke pas andolan ke lie dhan jutane ka pramukh sadhan dakaiti tha. dulariya namak sthan par bhishan dakaiti ke dauran apane hi dal ke ek sahayogi ki goli se krantikari amrit sarakar ghayal ho ge. vikat samasya yah khadi ho gayi ki dhan lekar bhagen ya sathi ke pranon ki raksha karen! amrit sarakar ne jatindranath se kaha ki dhan lekar bhag jao, tum meri chinta mat karo, lekin is kary ke lie jatindranath taiyar n hue to amrit sarakar ne adesh diya- "mera sir katakar le jao, jisase ki angrez pahachan n saken." in dakaitiyon men 'gardan rich' ki dakaiti badi mashahoor mani jati hai. isake neta jatindranath mukharji hi the. isi samay men vishvayuddh prarnbh ho chuka tha. kalakatta men un dinon 'rada kampani' bndook-karatoos ka vyapar karati thi. is kampani ki ek gadi raste se gayab kar di gayi thi, jisamen krantikariyon ko 52 maujar pistaulen aur 50 hazar goliyan prapt huee thin. british sarakar ho gyat ho chuka tha ki 'baliya ghat' tatha 'gardan rich' ki dakaitiyon men jatindranath ka hi hath hai.[1]

pulis se muthabhed

1 sitambar, 1915 ko pulis ne jatindranath ka gupt adda 'kali poksh'[3] dhoondh nikala. jatindranath apane sathiyon ke sath vah jagah chhodane hi vale the ki raj mahanti namak afasar ne ganv ke logon ki madad se unhen pakadane ki koshash ki. badhati bhid ko titar-bitar karane ke lie jatindranath ne goli chala di. raj mahanti vahin dher ho gaya. yah samachar balasor ke zila majistret kilvi tak pahuncha diya gaya. kilvi dal bal sahit vahan a pahuncha. yatish namak ek krantikari bimar tha. jatindranath use akela chhodakar jane ko taiyar nahin the. chittapriy namak krantikari unake sath tha. donon taraf se goliyan chali. chittapriy vahin shahid ho gaya. virendr tatha manornjan namak any krantikari morcha snbhale hue the.

viragati ki prapti

isi bich jatindranath ka sharir bhi goliyon se chhalani ho chuka tha. vah zamin par gir gaye. is samay unhen pyas lag rahi thi aur ve pani mang rahe the. unake sathi manornjan unhen uthakar nadi ki aur le jane laga, tabhi angrez afasar kilvi ne golibari bnd karane ka adesh de diya. giraftari dete samay jatindranath mukharji ne kilvi se kaha- "goli main aur chittapriy hi chala rahe the. mere baki ke tinon sathi bilkul nirdosh hain." isake agale din 10 sitambar, 1915 ko bharat ki azadi ke is mahanh sipahi ne aspatal men sada ke lie ankhen moond lin.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 jatindranath mukhopadhyay (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 19 march, 2012.
  2. raauyal bngal taigar
  3. kaptipod

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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