राजकुमारी अमृत कौर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

rajakumari amrit kaur
rajakumari amrit kaur
poora nam rajakumari amrit kaur
janm 2 faravari, 1889
janm bhoomi lakhanoo, uttar pradesh
mrityu 2 aktoobar, 1964
abhibhavak raja haranam sinh aur rani haranam
pati/patni avivahit
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi svatntrata senani aur samajik karyakarta
jel yatra varsh 1930 men 'dandi march' ke samay rajakumari amritakaur ne gandhiji ke sath yatra ki aur jel ki saja bhi kati.
vishesh yogadan 1927 men 'akhil bharatiy mahila sammelan' ki sthapana ki. nee dilli men 'akhil bharatiy ayurvigyan snsthan' ki sthapana men bhi inaka pramukh yogadan tha.
any janakari ap bharat ki pratham mahila thin, jo kendriy mntri bani thin. 1950 men inhen 'vishv svasthy sngathan' ka adhyaksh banaya gaya tha. yah samman hasil karane vali vah pahali eshiyayi mahila thin.

rajakumari amrit kaur (angrezi: Rajkumari Amrit Kaur; janm- 2 faravari, 1889, uttar pradesh; mrityu- 2 aktoobar, 1964) bharat ki ek prakhyat gandhivadi, svatntrata senani aur ek samajik karyakarta thin. vah desh ki svatntrata ke bad bharatiy mntrimandal men das sal tak svasthy mntri rahin. desh ki pahali mahila kaibinet mntri hone ka samman unhen prapt hai. rajakumari amrit kaur kapoorathala ke shahi parivar se talluk rakhati thin. rashtrapita mahatma gandhi ke prabhav men ane ke bad hi unhonne bhautik jivan ki sabhi sukh-suvidhaon ko chhod diya aur tapasvi ka jivan apana liya. ve san 1957 se 1964 men apane nidhan tak rajy sabha ki sadasy bhi rahi thin.

janm tatha parivar

rajakumari amrit kaur ka janm 2 faravari, 1889 ko lakhanoo, uttar pradesh men hua tha. unake pita raja haranam sinh kapoorathala, pnjab ke raja the aur mata rani haranam sinh thin. raja haranam sinh ki ath sntanen thin, jinamen rajakumari amrit kaur apane sat bhaeeyon men akeli bahin thin. amrit kaur ke pita ne eesaee dharm svikar kar liya tha. sarakar ne unhen avadh ki riyasaton ka mainejar banakar avadh bheja tha.[1]

shiksha

rajakumari amrit kaur ki arambh se lekar age tak ki shiksha inglaind men huee thi. unake pita ke gopal krishn gokhale se bahut hi achchhe maitripoorn sambandh the. is parichay ka prabhav rajakumari amrit kaur par bhi pada tha. ve desh ke samajik aur rajanitik jivan men sakriy roop se bhag lene lagi thin.

svatntrata andolan men yogadan

shighr hi amrit kaur ka sampark rashtrapita mahatma gandhi se hua. yah sampark ant tak bana raha. unhonne 16 varshon tak gandhiji ke sachiv ka bhi kam kiya. gandhiji ke netritv men san 1930 men jab 'dandi march' ki shurat huee, tab rajakumari amritakaur ne unake sath yatra ki aur jel ki saja bhi kati. varsh 1934 se vah gandhiji ke ashram men hi rahane lagin. unhen 'bharat chhodo andolan' ke dauran bhi jel huee.

amrit kaur 'bharatiy rashtriy kangres' ki pratinidhi ke taur par san 1937 men pashchimottar simant prant ke bannoo gee. british sarakar ko yah bat nagavar gujari aur usane rajadroh ka arop lagakar unhen jel men bnd kar diya. unhonne sabhi ko matadhikar die jane ki bhi vakalat ki aur bharatiy matadhikar aur snvaidhanik sudhar ke lie gathit 'lothiyan samiti' tatha british parliyament ki snvaidhanik sudharon ke lie bani snyukt chayan samiti ke samane bhi apana paksh rakha.

pahali mahila kaibinet mntri

rajakumari amrit kaur pahali bharatiy mahila thin, jinhen kendriy mntri banane ka mauka mila tha. pndit javaharalal neharoo ke netritv men gathit pahale mntrimndal men ve shamil thin. unhonne svasthh‍y mntralay ka karyabhar 1957 tak snbhala. 'akhil bharatiy ayurvigyan snsthan' ki sthapana men unaki pramukh bhoomika rahi thi.[2]

rajanitik saphar

apane rajanitik kairiyar ke dauran rajakumari amrita kaur ne kee bade padon ko sushobhit kiya. svasthy ke kshetr men unaki upalabdhiyan ullekhaniy rahin. 1950 men unhen 'vishv svasthy sngathan' ka adhyaksh banaya gaya. yah samman hasil karane vali vah pahali mahila aur eshiyayi thin. dablyooecho ke pahale pachchis varshon men sirph do mahilaen is pad par niyukt ki gee thin. nee dilli men 'akhil bharatiy ayurvigyan snsthan' ki sthapana men bhi unaki mahattvapoorn bhoomika rahi. vah isaki pahali adhyaksh bhi banayi gayin. is snsthan ki sthapana ke lie unhonne nyoojilaind, aaustreliya, pashchim jarmani, svidan aur amarika se madad hasil ki thi. unhonne aur unake ek bhaee ne shimala men apani paitrik sampatti aur makan ko snsthan ke karmachariyon aur narson ke lie "holide hom" ke roop men dan kar diya tha.

kalyanakari kary

rajakumari amrit kaur ne mahilaon aur harijanon ke uddhar ke lie bhi kee kalyanakari kary kie. vah bal vivah aur parda pratha ke sakht khilaf thin aur inhen ladakiyon ki shiksha men badi badha manati thin. unaka kahana tha ki shiksha ko ni:shulk aur anivary banaya jana chahie. rajakumari amrit kaur ne mahilaon ki dayaniy sthiti ko dekhakar hi 1927 men 'akhil bharatiy mahila sammelan' ki sthapana ki. vah 1930 men isaki sachiv aur 1933 men adhyaksh banin. unhonne 'aaul indiya voomens ejukeshan phnd esosieshan' ke adhyaksh ke roop men bhi kam kiya aur nee dilli ke 'ledi irvin kaaulej' ki karyakari samiti ki sadasy rahin. british sarakar ne unhen 'shiksha salahakar bord' ka sadasy bhi banaya, jisase unhonne 'bharat chhodo andolan' ke dauran istipha de diya tha. unhen 1945 men lndan aur 1946 men peris ke yoonesko sammelan men bharatiy sadasy ke roop men bheja gaya tha. vah 'akhil bharatiy bunakar sngh' ke nyasi bord ki sadasy bhi rahin.

nidhan

2 aktoobar, 1964 ko rajakumari amrit kaur ka nidhan hua. amrit kaur bal vivah aur mahilaon ki ashiksha ko door karane par nirntar zor deti rahi thin. unhonne vivah nahin kiya tha. apani soch aur snkalp se unhonne vibhinn kshetron men jo buniyad rakhi, unhin par azad bharat ke sapanon ki tabir huee thi.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. bharatiy charit kosh |lekhak: liladhar sharma 'parvatiy' |prakashak: shiksha bharati, madarasa rod, kashmiri get, dilli |prishth snkhya: 702 |
  2. bharat ki pahali mahila kendriy mntri!. .

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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