दांडी मार्च  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

dandi march
dandi sthit mahatma gandhi ki pratima
vivaran 'dandi march' mahatma gandhi ke netritv men ayojit ki gee vah yatra thi, jisake dvara gandhi ji ne angrezon ke kathor namak qanoon ko toda tha.
shuruat 12 march, 1930
uddeshy angrezon dvara banaye ge namak qanoon ko todana.
yatra ki poornata 6 aprail, 1930
snbndhit lekh mahatma gandhi, asahayog andolan, savinay avgya andolan, bharat chhodo andolan, gandhi yug, bharatiy rashtriy andolan, dak tikaton men mahatma gandhi
any janakari yatra ke dauran gandhi ji ne soorat, dindauri, vanj, dhaman ke bad navasari ko yatra ke akhiri dinon men apana padav banaya. yahan se karadi aur dandi ki yatra poori ki thi.

dandi march (angrezi: Dandi March) se abhipray us paidal yatra se hai, jo mahatma gandhi aur unake svayn sevakon dvara 12 march, 1930 ee. ko prarambh ki gee thi. isaka mukhy uddeshy tha- "angrezon dvara banaye ge 'namak qanoon ko todana'." gandhi ji ne apane 78 svayn sevakon, jinamen veb milar bhi ek tha, ke sath sabaramati ashram se 358 ki.mi. door sthit dandi ke lie prasthan kiya. lagabhag 24 din bad 6 aprail, 1930 ee. ko dandi pahunchakar unhonne samudratat par namak qanoon ko toda. mahatma gandhi ne dandi yatra ke dauran soorat, dindauri, vanj, dhaman ke bad navasari ko yatra ke akhiri dinon men apana padav banaya tha. yahan se karadi aur dandi ki yatra poori ki thi. navasari se dandi ka phasala lagabhag 13 mil ka hai.

saradar patel ki bhoomika

vallabhabhaee patel ki ichchha thi ki 1930 men huee gandhi ji ki giraphtari ke virodh men janata usaka munhatod javab de. satyagrahiyon se jel bhar jaen. taiks ke bhugatan ke bina shasan ki karyapranali thapp ho jae. is snbndh men jab unhonne kheda zile ke ras gram men logon ke agrah par bhashan karana shuroo kiya, to pulis ne unhen giraftar kar liya. 9 march, 1930 ko ravivar ka avakash hone ke bad bhi majistret ne adalat khuli rakhakar saradar patel ko 3 mah ki saza sunaee. sabaramati jel jate hue gandhi ji ke darshan kar unhonne unaka ashirvad liya. 9 march, 1930 ko hi gandhi ji ne likha ki "isamen sndeh nahin ki yadi gujarat pahal karata hai, to poora bharat jag uthega." isalie 10 march ko ahamadabad men 75 hazar shahariyon ne milakar saradar patel ko huee saza ke virodh men ladane ki pratigya ki.[1]

gandhi ji ichchha

11 march ko gandhi ji ne apana vasiyatanama kar apani ichchha jataee ki andolan lagatar chalata rahe, isake lie satyagrah ki akhnd dhara bahati rahani chahie, qanoon bhale hi bhng ho, par shanti rahe. log svayn hi neta ki javabadari nibhaen. 11 march ki sham ki prarthana nadi kinare ret par huee, us samay gandhi ji ke mukh se nimn udgar nikale-

dandi march par jari dak tikat

mera janm british samrajy ka nash karane ke lie hi hua hai. main kauve ki maut marun ya kutte ki maut, par svarajy lie bina ashram men pair nahin rakhoonga.

dandi yatra ki taiyari dekhane ke lie desh-videsh ke patrakar, photografar ahamadabad ae the. ajadi ke andolan ki yah mahatvapoorn ghatana 'vaauis aauf amerika' ke madhyam se is tarah prastut ki gee ki aj bhi us samay ke drishy, usaki gnbhirata aur josh ka prabhav dekha ja sakata hai. ahamadabad men ekajut hue logon men yah bhay vyapt tha ki 11-12 ki daramyani rat men gandhi ji ko giraftar kar liya jaega. gandhi ji ki jay aur 'vnde mataramh' ke jayaghosh ke sath logon ke bich gandhi ji ne rat bitaee aur subah char baje uthakar samany din ki bhanti dinacharya poorn kar prarthana ke lie chal pade. bhari bhid ke bich pndit khare ji ne apane komal knth se yah git gaya-

shoor sngram ko dekh bhage nahin,
dekh bhage soee shoor nahin

yatra ki shuruat

prarthana poori karane ke bad jab sabhi log yatra ki taiyari kar rahe the, is bich apane kamare men jakar gandhi ji ne thodi der ke lie ek jhapaki li. logon ka sailab ashram ki or a raha tha. tab sabhi ko shant aur ekachitt karane ke lie khare ji ne 'raghupati raghav rajaram' ki dhun gavaee. sath hi unhonne bhakt kavi pritam ka git bulnd avaj men gaya-

dandi march ka ek drishy

eeshvar ka marg hai viron ka
nahin kayar ka koee kam
pahale-pahal mastak dekar
lena unaka nam
kinare khade hokar tamasha dekhe
usake hath kuchh n ae
maha pad paya vah janbaj
chhoda jisane man ka mail.

ahamadabad ke kshitij men mngalaprabhat hua, bharat ki gulami ki jnjiren todane ke lie bhagirath prayatn shuroo hue. 12 march ko subah 6.20 par vayovriddh 61 varshiy mahatma gandhi ke netritv men 78 satyagrahiyon ne jab yatra shuroo ki, tab kisi ko buddh ke vairagy ki, to kisi ko gokul chhodakar jate hue krishn ki, to kisi ko makka se madina jate hue paigambar ki yad aee. gandhi ji ke teejasvi aur sphoortimay vyaktitv ke darshan matr se svatntrata ke svarg ki anubhooti karate lakhon logon ki kataron ke bich dridh aur tej gati se kadam badhate gandhi ji aur 78 satyagrahiyon ka dal anyay, shoshan aur kushasan ko door karane, manavajati ko ek naya shastr, ek alag hi tarah ki oorja aur amit asha de raha tha.[1]

namak qanoon ko todana

namak qanoon bharat ke aur bhi kee bhagon men toda gaya. si. rajagopalachari ne trichanapalli se vedaranyam tak ki yatra ki. asam men logon ne silahat se noakhali tak ki yatra ki. 'vayakom satyagrah' ke netaon ne ke. kelappan evn ti. ke. madhavan ke sath kalikat se payannoor tak ki yatra ki. in sabhi logon ne namak qanoon ko toda. namak qanoon isalie toda ja raha tha, kyonki sarakar dvara namak kar badha diya gaya tha, jisase rojamarra ki zaroorat ke lie namak ki qimat badh gee thi.

abdul gaffar khan ka yogadan

uttar pashchimi sima pradesh men khan abdul gaffar khan, jinhen simant gandhi bhi kaha jata hai, ke netritv men 'khudaee khidamatagar' sngathan ke sadasyon ne sarakar ka virodh kiya. unhonne pathanon ki kshetriy rashtravadita ke lie tatha upavineshavad aur hastashilp ke karigaron ko garib banane ke viruddh avaz uthayi. 'lal kurti dal' ke gaffar khan ko 'fakhr-e-afagan' ki upadhi di gayi. inhonne pashto bhasha men 'pakhtoon' namak ek patrika nikali, jo bad men 'desharoja' nam se prakashit huee. gaffar khan ko 'badashah khan' bhi kaha jata hai. peshavar men gadhaval raiphal ke sainikon ne apane sathi chndrasinh gadhavali ke anurodh par 'savinay avgya andolan' kar rahe andolanakariyon ki bhid par goli chalane ke adesh ka virodh kiya. namak qanoon bhng hone ke sath hi sare bharat men 'savinay avgya andolan' ne zor pakada.

gyarah moorti, nee dilli, (namak satyagrah, dandi march ka ek drishy)

rani gaidinalyoo

nagaon ne madonang ke netritv me andolan kiya. is andolan ko 'jiyalarng andolan' ke nam se jana jata hai. madonang par hatya ka arop lagakar phansi de di gee. isake bad usaki bahan gaidinalyoo ne naga vidroh ki bagador snbhali. ise giraftar kar ajivan karavas de diya gaya. javaharalal neharoo ne gaidinalyoo ko 'rani' ki upadhi pradan ki. isake bare men javaharalal neharoo ne likha hai ki- "ek din aisa ayega, jab bharat inhen snehapoorn smaran karega."

daman chakr ka bhayanak roop

bambee ke is andolan ka kenndr 'dharasana' tha, jahan par sarakar daman chakr ka sabase bhayanak roop dekhane ka mila. sarojani nayadoo, imam sahab aur manilal ke netritv men lagabhag 25 hazar svayn sevakon ko dharasana namak karakhane par dhava bolane se poorv hi lathiyon se pita gaya. dharasana ke bhayanak roop ka ullekh karate hue amerika ke nyoo frimain akhabar ke patrakar milar ne likha hai ki- "snvadadata ke roop men pichhale 18 varsh men asnkhy nagarik vidroh dekhen hain, dnge, gali koochon men mar-kat evn vidroh dekhe hain, lekin dharasana jaisa bhayanak drishy mainne apane jivan men kabhi nahin dekha."

any gatividhiyan

'savinay avgya andolan' ke dauran, mukhy roop se bihar men 'kar n adayagi' ka andolan chalaya gaya. bihar ke saran, munger tatha bhagalapur ke zilon men 'chaukidari kar n ada karane' ka andolan chalaya gaya. munger ke bahari namak sthan par sarakar ka shasan samapt ho gaya. is samay madhy prant, maharashtr aur karnatak men kade van niyamon ke virudv 'van satyagrah' chalaya gaya. 'savinay avgya andolan' ke samay hi ladakiyon ne 'majeri sena' tatha bachchon ne 'vanar sena' ka gathan kiya. mahatma gandhi ki dandi yatra ke bare men subhashachandr bos ne likha hai- "mahatma ji ki dandi march ki tulana 'ilba' se lautane par nepoliyan ke 'peris march' aur rajanitik satta prapt karane ke lie musolini ke 'rom march' se ki ja sakati hai."

andolan ki vyapakata

dandi march par jari dak tikat

1930 ee. ke 'savinay avgya andolan' ke samay hi uttar pashchimi sima pradesh ke kabayali logon ne gandhi ji ko 'malng baba' kaha. andolan kramashah vyapak roop se poore bharat men phail gaya. mahilaon ne parde se bahar akar satyagrah men sakriy roop se hissa liya. videshi kapadon ki anek sthanon par holiyan jalaee gayin. mahila varg ne sharab ki dukanon par dharana diya tatha krishakon ne kar adayagi se inkar kar diya. 'savinay avgya andolan' ki mukhy visheshata thi 'bade paimane par pahali bar kisi andolan men mahilaon ki mukhy sahabhagita'. isake poorv bahut kam auraton ne sarvajanik kism ke rajanitik pradarshanon men hissa liya tha. unamen se bhi adhikatak ya to chitarnjan das ya motilal neharoo jaise rashtriy netaon ke parivaron se snbnddh thin ya kaaulej ki chhatrayen thin.

sarakar ki jhallahat

charon taraf phaili is asahayog ki niti se angrez british hukoomat buri tarah se jhalla gayi. 5 mee, 1930 ee. ko gandhi ji ko giraftar kar liya gaya. andolan ki prachandata ka ahasas kar tatkalin vayasaray laaurd iravin ne gandhi ji se samajhauta karana chaha.

gandhiji ka kathan

gandhi ji ne yatra ke lie aur jel jane ke lie alag-alag do thaile taiyar kie the, jo unaki yatra ki tasviron men dekhe ja sakate hain, kyonki samagr yatra ke dauran kab jel jana pad jae, yah tay nahin tha. 16 march ko gandhi ji ne navajivan men likha tha- "british shasan ne sayanapan dikhaya, ek bhi sipahi mujhe dekhane ko nahin mila. jahan log utsav manane ae hon, vahan sipahi ka kya kam? sipahi kya kare? poorn svarajy yadi hamara janm siddh adhikar hai, to hamen yah adhikar prapt karane men kitana samay lagana chahie? 30 koti manushy jab svatntrata prapti ka snkalp karen, to vah use milati hi hai. 12 march ki subah ka vah drishy usi snkalp ka ek suhana roop tha."

netaji subhash chndr bos ne kaha ki "mahatma ji ke tyag aur deshaprem ko ham sabhi janate hi hain, par is yatra ke dvara ham unhen ek yogy aur saphal rananitikar ke roop men pahachanenge."

yatra ke mukhy bindu

dandi march ke samay mahatma gandhi
  • annd se lage saradar patel ki karmabhoomi karamasad aur baradoli se is andolan ki ninv padi. ilake aur asapas ke kisanon ne saradar ko apani samasyaen bataeen, to unhonne poore kshetr ka daura kiya. isase kisanon aur ganv ke logon se sidha judav hua. kisanon se saradar ka sidha snpark hone ke karan hi gandhi ji ne namak satyagrah ki poori bagador unhen saunpi. isaki poori yojana aur marg ka nirdharan patel ne kiya tha.
  • yatra ki saphalata ke lie saradar patel march se pahale ganvon ke daure par nikal ge the. saradar ki is rananiti se ghabarae angrezon ne unhen 7 march ko giraphtar kar liya, taki gandhi ji ka manobal toot jae. lekin aisa hua nahin, kyonki tab tak andolan ne gati pakad li thi.
  • 12 march, 1930 ko gandhi ji ne sabaramati men apane ashram se samudr ki or chalana shuroo kiya. is andolan ki shurooat men 78 satyagrahiyon ke sath dandi kooch ke lie nikale bapoo ke sath dandi pahunchate-pahunchate poora avam jut gaya tha.
  • angrezon ke khilaf namak andolan men dandi pahunchane se pahale gandhi ji ne soorat ko apana padav banaya.
  • isake bad gandhe ji ne dindauri, vanj, dhaman ke bad navasari ko yatra ke akhiri dinon men apana padav banaya.
  • navasari se chalakar gandhi ji karadi pahunche. unhonne karadi men dopahar aur rat ka vishram kiya.
  • gandhi ji ne knkapura se dandi ke lie agale padav ka saphar mahisagar tat se poora kiya. nav se 9 ki.mi. ki yatra karane ke bad unhonne kareli men ratri vishram kiya.
  • 24 din bad 6 aprail, 1930 ee. ko dandi pahunchakar unhonne samudratat par namak qanoon ko toda.

patel ko saphalata ka shrey

gandhi ji ne apane andolan ki saphalata ka shrey saradar patel ko dete hue kaha tha ki "ye mera saradar hai. ye nahin hote to shayad mera andolan saphal nahin ho pata." unaki is bat ka praman annd men dekhane ko milata hai. jahan unhonne kisanon ko ekajut kar aisi snstha ki ninv rakhi, jisaka desh-duniya men bada nam hai. saradar patel ne kisanon ko sujhav diya tha ki "bichaulie aur hukoomat unake utpad ka mooly nahin deti hai. unhen utpad dena bnd kar do. bhale isase unhen nukasan uthana pade, lekin kisanon aur utpadakon ko unaka vastavik mooly milana hi chahie." unake is sootr ne mainnejament ki aisi misal pesh ki, jise siddhant manakar bade- bade mainnejament guroo kam kar rahe hain.

gandhi ji ki giraftari

andolan ki samapti ke bad mahatma gandhi karadi ki jhopadi men hi rahane lage the. karadi men am ke ped ke niche khajoor ke patton se bani jhopadi ko apana thikana banaya. ve yahan lnbe samay tak rahe. ve lagabhag 20 dinon tak yahan rahe the. satyagrah par nikalane se pahale gandhiji ne pran liya tha ki ve desh ko ajad karae bina sabaramati ashram nahin lautenge. isake bad unhonne andolan ka vistar karate hue karadi se dharasana kooch karane ka ailan kiya. dharasana men namak ka karakhana lootane ki ghoshana ki thi. isase angrez sarakar sakate men a gee thi aur 4 mee ki adhi rat ko karadi ki jhonpadi se unhen giraftar kar liya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 gandhiji ki dandi yatra (hindi) mahesh parimal blaaugaspaaut. abhigaman tithi: 11 march, 2015.

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