bharatakosh ke snsthapak/snpadak ke fesabuk laiv ke lie yahan klik karen.

नेपोलियन बोनापार्ट  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

nepoliyan bonapart

nepoliyan bonapart (janm- 15 agast, 1769; mrityu- 5 mee, 1821) ek fransisi sainy adhikari aur rajanitik neta tha. vah fransisi kranti ke bad ke charanon ke dauran pramukhata se chhaya raha. vah qarib dashak tak poore pashchimi aur madhy yoorop ka svami raha. nepoliyan ne apane saphal abhiyanon, kootanitik chatury, sndhiyon aur vaivahik sambandhon se yoorop ka naksha hi badal diya tha. usane frans ki jarjar sena ko adhunik aur shaktishali sena men parivartit kar diya tha. frans ke medhavi aur vir sapooton ko sammanit karane ki parampara ki shuruat usane ki thi. vishv itihas men usaka hastakshep anek paravarti mahattvapoorn ghatanaon ka gavah bana.

janm tatha shiksha

nepoliyan ka janm korsika, frans men 15 agast, 1769 ko bhoomadhy sagar ke prayadvip men hua tha. usane biyenn aur peris ke sainy skoolon se shiksha prapt ki thi. matr 16 varsh ki ayu men hi vah fransisi sena men bharti ho gaya tha. toolo par briten ke hamale ke samay vah unake bachav ke lie aya aur angrezon ko khadedane aur vahan se mar bhagane men saphal raha. rabsapiyare ke patan ke bad nepoliyan bndi bana liya gaya tha. vah gilotin ki bhent chadh gaya hota, lekin usaka kaushal v bhagy tatha baras v karnot namak dayarektaron se usaka sampark is mushkil samay men usake kam aya.[1]

saphalataen

apadasth samrat ke vafadaron ko kuchalakar nepoliyan dayarektaron aur sath hi apane saphal itali abhiyan se janata ki najaron men chadh gaya. 1799 se 1804 ee. tak vah primiyar kaunasool ki haisiyat se frans ka shasak bhi niyukt kiya gaya. 1804 se 1814 ee. tak tatha varsh 1815 ee. men sau dinon ke lie vah frans ka samrat aur itali ka raja raha. aktoobar, 1813 men laipajig men parajay ke poorv vah qarib ek dashak tak sampoorn pashchimi v madhy yoorop ka svami bana raha tha. nepoliyan sampoorn yoorop ka ekachhatr shasak banana chahata tha. usane briten ki mahadvipiy nakebndi karane ki bhi koshish ki aur bharat par abhiyan karane ke prayojan se misr par akraman kiya aur roos-abhiyan men masko tak dhava bola.

nepoliyan bonapart
vivah

nepoliyan ne apani pratham patni 'josefin' ke nissntan rahane par aaustriya ke samrat ki putri 'mairi luees' se doosara vivah kiya, jisase use sntan prapt huee thi aur pita ban saka.

parajay

apane anek saphal abhiyanon ko poora karane ke bad mahanayak nepoliyan ko british senapati 'nelsan' se mat khani padi. 'vaautaraloo ki ladaee', 1815 ee. men nepoliyan ki parajay huee. is nirnayak parajay ne usake virat sapane ko, jo usane dekha tha, sada ke lie bhng kar diya. parajay ke uparant nepoliyan ko bandi bana liya gaya aur use 'sent hailena dvip' par bhej diya gaya.

mrityu

nepoliyan bonapart ki maut ko lekar tarah-tarah ki baten kahi jati hain. adhikansh itihasakar ye manate hain ki usaki maut pet ke kainsar ki vajah se huee thi. 'vaautaraloo ki ladaee' men har jane ke bad nepoliyan ko 1821 men 'sent hailena dvip' nirvasit kar diya gaya tha, jahan 52 sal ki umr men usaki mrityu ho gee, lekin san 2001 men fransisi visheshgyon ne nepoliyan ke bal ka parikshan karake paya ki usamen 'arsanik' namak zahar tha. yah mana jata hai ki snbhavat sent hailena ke tatkalin british gavarnar ne frans ke kaunt ke sath milakar nepoliyan ki hatya ki sazish rachi thi. lekin amariki vaigyanikon ne bilkul hi alag vyakhya ki hai, unhonne kaha ki nepoliyan ki bimari ka jo upachar kiya gaya tha, usi ne use mar diya. nepoliyan ko niyamit roop se 'poteshiyam tartret' namak zaharila namak diya jata tha, jisase vah ulti kar sake aur ainima lagaya jata tha. isase nepoliyan ke sharir men poteshiyam ki kami ho gee, jo ki hriday ke lie ghatak hoti hai. nepoliyan ko usaki anton ki safaee ke lie 600 miligram marakyoorik kloraid diya gaya aur do din bad hi usaki mrityu ho gee.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. nepoliyan bonapart (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 19 julaee, 2012.
  2. nepoliyan ki mrityu (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 19 julaee, 2012.

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