पोटैशियम  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

potaishiyam
safed aur chamakili dhatu
sadharan gunadharm
nam, pratik, snkhya potaishiyam, K, 19
tatv shreni kshar dhatu
samooh, avart, kaksha 1, 4, s
manak paramanu bhar 39.0983g·mol−1
ilektraaun vinyas 1s2, 2s2 2p6, 3s2 3p6,4s1
ilektraaun prati shel 2, 8, 8, 1
bhautik gunadharm
avastha thos
ghanatv (nikat k.ta.) 0.862 g·cm−3
taral ghanatv
(galanank par)
0.828 g·cm−3
galanank 336.53 K, 63.38 °C, 146.08 °F
kvathanank 1032 K, 759 °C, 1398 °F
trigun bindu 336.35 K (63°C),  kPa
snlayan ooshma 2.33 kilo jool-mol
vashpan ooshma 76.9 kilo jool-mol
vishisht ooshmiy
kshamata
29.6

jool-mol−1kilo−1

paramanvik gunadharm
aauksikaran avastha 1
ilektronegetiviti 0.82 (pailing paimana)
ayanikaran oorjaen
(adhik)
1st: 418.8 ki.jool•mol−1
2nd: 3052 ki.jool•mol−1
3rd: 4420 ki.jool•mol−1
paramanvik trijya 227 pm
sahasnyojak trijya 203±12 pm
vaindair vals trijya 275 pm
vividh gunadharm
chumbakiy kram parachumbakiy
vaidyut pratirodhakata (20 °C) 72 nΩ·m
ooshmiy chalakata (300 K) 102.5 W·m−1·K−1
ooshmiy prasar (25 °C) 83.3 µm·m−1·K−1
dhvani chal (patali chhad men) (20 °C) 2000 m.s-1
yng mapank 3.53 GPa
aparoopan mapank 1.3 GPa
sthool mapank 3.1 GPa
mohs kathorata mapank 0.4
brainal kathorata 0.363 MPa
si.e.es pnjikaran
snkhya
7440-09-7
samasthanik
samasthanik pra. prachurata arddh ayu ksharan avastha ksharan oorja
(MeV)
ksharan utpad
39K 93.26% 39K 20 nyootraaun ke sath sthir
40K 0.012% 1.248(3)×109 y β 1.311 40Ca
ε 1.505 40Ar
β+ 1.505 40Ar
41K 6.73% 41K 22 nyootraaun ke sath sthir

potaishiyam (angrezi:Potassium) ek bhautik tattv hai. potaishiyam ka pratikanusar K tatha paramanu snkhya 19 hoti hai. potaishiyam ka paramanu bhar 39.0983 hai. potaishiyam ka ilektraaunik vinyas 1s2, 2s2 2p6, 3s2 3p6, 4s1 hota hai.

prapti

  • potaishiyam upajaoo mitti ur ped-paudhon men tatha uttar bihar ki noni mitti men naitret ke roop men prapy hai.
  • potaishiyam koraid ke vidhuth-apaghatan se potaishiyam prapti hota hai.

prakriti

  • chandi- si chamakili, jal se halki, nitant abhikriyashil, mulayam, ooshma v vidyut ka shuchalak hai.
  • potaishiyam ka galanank 62.5° C, kvathanank 762° C hota hai.
  • potaishiyam muktavastha men aprapt hota hai.

manav sharir men potaishiyam ka upayog

potaishiyam manav sharir men mansapeshiyon ke snkochan men, dil ki dhadakanon ko niyamit karane men, raktachap (bladapreshar) ko kaboo men rakhane men, snayuon ki kriyaon ka thik se sncharan jaise sparsh, tapaman, dabav, poore sharir men taral srav ko pahunchana adi men labhakari rahata hai.

prapti ke srot

sntara, niboo, kela, bina paki huee sabjiyan aur aloo men potaishiyam kafi matra men paya jata hai.

potaishiyam ki matra zyada hone se hone vale rog

sharir men potaishiyam ki matra zyada hone se yuvakon men dil ka daura, mansapeshiyon men banyate ana jaise lakshan paida ho jate hain.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh


tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. ahar srot (hindi) janakalyan. abhigaman tithi: 5 apral, 2011.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah