आर्गन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

argan
rngahin gais ko jab uchch voltej bijali ke kshetr men rakha jata hai to halake nile rng ki chamak ka pradarshan hota hai.

Argon-Spectrum.jpg
argan ki varnakram rekhaen
sadharan gunadharm
nam, pratik, snkhya argan, Ar, 18
tatv shreni akriy gais
samooh, avart, kaksha 18, 3, p
manak paramanu bhar 39.948g·mol−1
ilektraaun vinyas 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6
ilektraaun prati shel 2, 8, 8
bhautik gunadharm
avastha gais
ghanatv (0 °C, 101.325 kPa)
1.784 g/L
taral ghanatv (galanank par) 1.40 g·cm−3
galanank 83.80 K, −189.35 °C, −308.83 °F
kvathanank 87.30 K, −185.85 °C, −302.53 °F
trigun bindu 83.8058 K (-189°C), 69 kPa
snkat bindu 150.87 K, 4.898 MPa
snlayan ooshma 1.18 kilo jool-mol
vashpan ooshma 6.43 kilo jool-mol
vishisht ooshmiy
kshamata
5R/2 = 20.786

jool-mol−1kilo−1

vashp dab
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K)   47 53 61 71 87
paramanvik gunadharm
aauksikaran avastha 0
ayanikaran oorjaen
(adhik)
1st: 1520.6 ki.jool•mol−1
2nd: 2665.8 ki.jool•mol−1
3rd: 3931 ki.jool•mol−1
sahasnyojak trijya 106±10 pm
vaindair vals trijya 188 pm
vividh gunadharm
chumbakiy kram pratichumbakiy
ooshmiy chalakata (300 K) 17.72x10-3  W·m−1·K−1
dhvani ki gati (gas, 27 °C) 323 m/s
si.e.es pnjikaran
snkhya
7440–37–1
samasthanik
samasthanik pra. prachurata arddh ayu ksharan avastha ksharan oorja
(MeV)
ksharan utpad
36Ar 0.337% 36Ar 18 nyootraaun ke sath sthir
37Ar syn 35 d ε 0.813 37Cl
38Ar 0.063% 38Ar 20 nyootraaun ke sath sthir
39Ar tres 269 y β 0.565 39K
40Ar 99.600% 40Ar 22 nyootraaun ke sath sthir
41Ar syn 109.34 min β 2.49 41K
42Ar syn 32.9 y β 0.600 42K

argan (angrezi:Argon) ek rngahin, gndhahin gaisiy tatv hai, jo vayu men tatha jvalamukhi parvaton se nikali gaison men milata hai. sanh‌ 1785 ee. men henari kaivendish ne vayu men vidyutsphuling dvara nirmit naitrojan aksaidon ko kastik soda vilayan men avashoshit karaya. isake pashchath‌ aur aauksijan pravisht karake ukt kriya kee bar duharaee gee. sabhi gaison ke avashoshan ke pashchath‌ ek bulabula shesh rah gaya jo anavashoshit rah gaya. in prayogon se kaivendish ne yah nishkarsh nikala ki yadi vayumndal ke naitrojan ka koee bhi ansh usake sheshansh se bhinn he aur naitras aml men parivartit nahin hota, to vah poori vayu ke 1/120 ven ansh se adhik nahin hai.

sanh‌ 1892 ee. men lard raile ne praut ke siddhant ki pariksha karane ke lie haidrojan jaisi pramukh gaison ke ghanatv gyat kie. vayumndal ke naitrojan ka ghanatv 1.25718 nikala aur amoniya ya naitrik aauksaid se prapt rasayanik naitrojan ka ghanatv 1.25107 dekha gaya. is prakar vayumndal ke naitrojan ka ghanatv 0.47 pratishat adhik paya gaya. is naitrojan men ne kisi prakar ki ashuddhiyan paee gee aur n ath mas tak rakhe rahane par usake ghanatv men kisi prakar ka parivartan hi dekha gaya.

do vibhinn sroton se prapt naitrojan ke ghanatvon ke bich is prakar ke antar ko samajhane ke lie keval prayogik trutiyan hi paryapt nahin thin, at: vayumndal ke naitrojan men thodi matra men haidrojan ki upasthiti ki snbhavana bataee gee. kintu raimaze (sanh‌ 1894 ee.) ne is prakar ke anumanon ko niradhar siddh karate hue usamen ek agyat, bhari gais ki upasthiti bataee. unhonne vayu men se karban daeeaauksaid, ardrata, aauksijan tatha naitrojan ko hatane ke pashchath‌ is gais ko prithakh‌ karake isaka nam argan rakha gaya. argan grik shabd se nikala hai jisaka arth hota hai nishkriy ya sust. haidrojan ke sapeksh isaka ghanatv 20 ke nikat tha aur rasayanik roop men bilakul nishkriy hone ke karan kisi prakar ke yaugik banane ka samarthy isamen nahin paya gaya. isake pashchath‌ raile, raimaze tatha any logon ki khojon ke phalasavaroop nishkriy gaison ki poori shrinkhala nikal aee, jisamen hiliyam, niyan, argan, kriptan, zenan tatha raidan milakar avart sarani ke shoonyasamooh men ate hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah