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हाइड्रोजनीकरण  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

haidrojanikaran (angrezi: Hydrogenation) se abhipray hai ki keval asntript karbanik yaugikon se haidrojan ki kriya dvara sntript yaugikon ko prapt karana. jaise haidrojanikaran dvara ethilin athava aisetilin se ethen prapt kiya jata hai. haidrojanikaran men ethil ailkohaaul, aisitik aml, ethil aisited, sntript haidrokarban jaise haidrokarbanon men narmal heksen[1], dekalin aur saikloheksen vilayakon ka prayog adhikata se hota hai.

itihas

navajat avastha men haidrojan kuchh sahaj apachey yaugikon ke sath sakriy hai. is bhanti kiton se dvitiyak ailkohaaul tatha naitro yaugikon se aimin sugamata se prapt ho jate hain. ajakal yah man liya gaya hai ki karbanik padarthon ka utprerak ke prabhav se haidrojan ka pratyaksh snyojan bhi haidrojanikaran hai. aitihasik drishti se utprerakiy haidrojanikaran se haidrojan tatha haidrojan sainaid ke mishran ko plaitinam kalikh par pravahit kar methil aimin sarvapratham prapt kiya gaya tha. pal saivaitiye (1854-1941) tatha inake sahayogiyon ke anusndhanon se vashp avastha men haidrojanikaran vidhi men vishesh pragati huee. 1905 men drav avastha haidrojanikaran sookshm kanik dhatuon ke utprerak upayogon ke anusndhan arnbh hue aur usamen vishesh saphalata mili, jisake phalasvaroop drav avastha men haidrojanikaran audyogik prakramon men vishesh roop se prachalit hai. bisavin shatabdi men vaigyanikon ne haidrojanikaran vidhi men vishesh pragati ki aur usake phalasvaroop hamari janakari bahut badh gee.. skita tatha inake sahayogiyon ne nikil, kobalt, loha, tanba aur sare pletinam varg ki dhatuon ki upasthiti men haidrojanikaran ka vishesh adhyayan kiya.

mahattv

aj ke vaigyanik yug men haidrojanikaran bade mahattv ka takaniki prakram hai. pashchaty deshon men telon men maragarin, bharat men telon se vanaspati ghi, koyale se petroliyam, anek karbanik vilayakon, plastik madhyam, lnbi shrinkhala vale karbanik yaugikon, jinaka upayog petrol ya sabun banane men aj hota hai, haidrojanikaran se taiyar hote hain. hvel aur machhali ke telon ke is prakar haidrojanikaran se maragarin aur moongaphali ke tel se kotojem, nariyal ke tel se phokojem aur moongaphali ke tel se dalada adi banate hain. ethilin sadrish yugmabndhavale, aisitilin sadrish trikabndh vale aur kiton samooh vale yaugik shighrata se haidrojanikrit ho jate hain. aise yaugikon men yadi elkil samooh joda jae to haidrojanikaran ki gati unake bhar ke anusar dhimi hoti jati hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. n-hexane

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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