अक्रिय गैस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

akriy gais (angrezi:Inert Gases) hiliyam (He), niaaun (Ne), argan (Ar), kriptan (Kr), jenan (Xe) tatha redaaun (Rn) avart sarani ke shoony varg ke tatv hain. shoony varg ke tattv rasayanik drishti se nishkiy hote hain. is karan in tatvon ko akriy gais ya 'utkrisht gais' kaha jata hain. redaaun ko chhodakar any sabhi gaisen vayumndal men payi jati hain.

  • akriy gais ki khoj ka shrey 'lokeyar', 'raimaje', 'raile' adi ko jata hai. akriy gaison ki prapti durlabh hone ke karan unhen 'durlabh gais' bhi kaha jata hai.
  • akriy gais un gaison ko kahate hain, jo sadharanat: rasayanik abhikriyaon men bhag nahin letin aur sada mukt avastha men prapy hain.
  • in gaison men hiliyam, niaaun, argan, jinaaun aur radaaun sammilit hain. ye utkrisht gaison[1] ke nam se bhi prasiddh hain.
  • samast akriy gaisen rngahin, gndhahin tatha svadahin hoti hain.
  • sthir dab aur sthir ayatan par pratyek gais ki vishisht ushmaon ka anupat 1.67 ke barabar hota hai, jisase pata chalata hai ki ye sab ek paramanuk gaisen hain.

upayog

  1. hiliyam- yah gubbaron aur vayupoton men bharane ke kam men ati hai. gahare samudr men gota lagane vale sans lene ke lie vayu ke sthan par hiliyam aur aauksijan ka mishran kam men late hain. dhatu karm men jahan akriy vayumndal ki avashyakata hoti hai, hiliyam ka prayog kiya jata hai. vayu se yah bahut halki hoti hai, at: bade-bade havaee jahajon ke tayaron men isi gais ko bhara jata hai.[2]
  2. niaaun - bahut kam dab par niaaun se bhari tyoobon men se vidyut gujarane par narngi rng ki chamak paida hoti hai, jisaka vidyut snketon men upayog kiya jata hai.
  3. argan- 26 pratishat naitrojan ke sath milakar argan vidyut ke balbon men tatha rediyo valbon aur tyoobon men prayukt hoti hai.
  4. kriptan aur jinaaun inaka prayog kisi kam men nahin hota.
  5. redan- yah ghatak phodon aur thik n hone vale ghavon ke ilaj men kam ati hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. Noble gases
  2. akriy gais (hindi) bharatakhoj. abhigaman tithi: 26 pharavari, 2015.

snbndhit lekh

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