मैंगनीज  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

mainganij
chamakili dhatu
sadharan gunadharm
nam, pratik, snkhya mainganij, Mn, 25
tatv shreni snkraman dhatu
samooh, avart, kaksha 7, 4, d
manak paramanu bhar 54.938045g·mol−1
ilektraaun vinyas 1s2 2s2 2p6, 3s2 3p6, 14s2 3d5
ilektraaun prati shel 2, 8, 13, 2
bhautik gunadharm
avastha thos
ghanatv (nikat k.ta.) 7.21 g·cm−3
taral ghanatv
(galanank par)
5.95 g·cm−3
galanank 1519 K, 1246 °C, 2275 °F
kvathanank 2334 K, 2061 °C, 3742 °F
snlayan ooshma 12.91 kilo jool-mol
vashpan ooshma 221 kilo jool-mol
vishisht ooshmiy
kshamata
26.32

jool-mol−1kilo−1

vashp dab
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 1228 1347 1493 1691 1955 2333
paramanvik gunadharm
aauksikaran avastha 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, -1, -2, -3
(aauksaid : aauksikaran avastha ke adhar par amliy, kshariy ya emphoterik)
ilektronegetiviti 1.55 (pailing paimana)
ayanikaran oorjaen
(adhik)
1st: 717.3 ki.jool•mol−1
2nd: 1509.0 ki.jool•mol−1
3rd: 3248 ki.jool•mol−1
paramanvik trijya 127 pm
sahasnyojak trijya 139±5 (kam ghumav), 161±8 (adhik ghumav) pm
vaindair vals trijya 184 pm
vividh gunadharm
chumbakiy kram parachumbakiy
vaidyut pratirodhakata (20 °C) 1.44 µΩ·m
ooshmiy chalakata (300 K) 7.81 W·m−1·K−1
ooshmiy prasar (25 °C) 21.7 µm·m−1·K−1
dhvani chal (patali chhad men) (20 °C) 5150 m.s-1
yng mapank 198 GPa
sthool mapank 120 GPa
mohs kathorata mapank 6.0
brainal kathorata 196 MPa
si.e.es pnjikaran
snkhya
7439-96-5
samasthanik
samasthanik pra. prachurata arddh ayu ksharan avastha ksharan oorja
(MeV)
ksharan utpad
52Mn syn 5.591 d ε - 52Cr
β+ 0.575 52Cr
γ 0.7, 0.9, 1.4 -
53Mn tres 3.74 ×106 y ε - 53Cr
54Mn syn 312.3 d ε 1.377 54Cr
γ 0.834 -
55Mn 100% 55Mn 30 nyootraaun ke sath sthir

mainganij (angrezi:Manganese) avart sarani ka ek tattv jo sthan- upavarg VII B, avart- chaturth, blaauk- d men sthit hai. mainganij ka pratikanusar 'Mn', paramanu snkhya- 25 tatha paramanu bhar- 54.93 hai. mainganij ka ilektraaunik vinyas- 1s2 2s2 2p6, 3s2 3p6, 14s2 3d5 hai.

nishkarshan

mainganij ka nishkarshan mukhyatah pairolusait namak ayask se kiya jata hai.

yaugik

potaishiyam paramainganet

potaishiyam paramainganet (KMnO4) ek baingani rng ka kristaliy thos hai. ise lal dava ke nam se jana jata hai. audyogik paimane par isaka utpadan mainganij ke ayask pairolusait se hota hai. isaka rava baingani rng ka hota hai. tatha usamen dhatuee chamak bhi hoti hai. yah jal men sadharan viley hai tatha gulabi rng ka vilayan banata hai. ise prabalata se garm karane par potaishiyam mainganet evn mainganij daiaauksaid banata hai. potaishiyam paramainganet ka vistrit upayog ayataniy vishleshan men aauksikarak ke roop men hota hai. karbanik yaugikon men dvibndhan ki janch men bhi isaka upayog hota hai. ooni, reshami evn sooti kapadon ke virnjan tatha telon ko rngahin banane men bhi isaka upayog hota hai. yah jal ko kitanurahit karata hai.

mainganij daiaauksaid

shushk selon men mainganij daiaauksaid (MnO2) vidhruvak ka kary karata hai.

vishesh

jivit manav sharir men mainganij sabase kam paya jane vala tattv hai.

prapti sthan

lauh ispat udyog men ek pramukh kachche mal ke roop men prayukt hone vali dhatu mainganij prayah kale rng ki prakritik bhasmon ke roop men maravad yug ki avasadi chattanon men payi jati hai. sailonmailin tatha bronait isake pramukh ayask hai. isaki prapti pairoloosait, haaulaindait, sitaiparait, hausamainait, maingenait, rodonait, rodokrosait evn jaisobsait jaise ayaskon se bhi hoti hai. bharat men milane vale mainganij ayask men dhatu ka ansh 52 pratishat tak paya jata hai, jo isaki utkrishtata ka soochak hai. desh men maingajin khanij ka nikala ja sakane yogy bhndar 16 karod 70 lakh tan hai, jisamen 4 karod tan pramanit, 4 karod 90 lakh tan apramanit aur 7 karod 80 lakh tan snbhavit shreni ke hai. madhy pradesh aur maharashtr desh ke pramukh mainganij utpadak rajy hain. yahan 15 kimi chaudi tatha lagabhag 205 kimi lnbi peti men mainganij ka jamav hain, jo pashchim men maharashtr ke nagapur evn bhndara zilon tak vistrit hai. madhy pradesh men mainganij utkhanan karane vale pramukh zile hain - balaghat tatha chhindavada. inake atirikt mandala, bastar, bilasapur, jabalapur, dhar, jhabua adi zilon men bhi mainganij ki prapti hoti hai. maharashtr ke nagapur tatha bhandara zilon men 19 kimi lambi peti men maiganij utkhanan kiya jata hai.

desh men mainganij khanij ke mukhy bhndar karnatak men se aur usake bad udisa, madhy pradesh, maharashtr aur gova men hain. gujarat[1], gova[2], andhr pradesh[3], rajasthan[4] karnatak adi rajyon men bhi mainganij ki prapti hoti hai. bharat men mainganij utpadan men pratham udisa, dvitiy sthan madhy pradesh tatha tritiy maharashtr ka hai. 2006-07 ke dauran 1882 hazar tan mainganij ayask ka utpadan hua.

bharat se briten, snyukt rajy amarika, japan, jarmani, phrans, chek tatha slovak ganarajyon, beljiyam adi deshon ko mainganij ka niryat kiya jata hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. badodara, pnchamahal, sabarakantha, banasakantha zile
  2. paranem tatha barader kshetr
  3. vishakhapatnam, kudappa tatha shrikakulam zile
  4. udayapur, bansavada, pali zile

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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