bharatakosh ke snsthapak/snpadak ke fesabuk laiv ke lie yahan klik karen.

कुनैन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kunain (angrezi: Quinine) ek prakritik shvet kristalain elkalaaued padarth hai, jisamen jvar-rodhi, maleriya-rodhi, dardanashak, soojan rodhi gun hote hain. ye kvainidain ka stiriyo samavayav hota hai, jo kvinain se alag entierhaimik hota hai. ye dakshin ameriki ped sinakona ki chhal se prapt hota hai.

vanaspatik parichay

kunain roobiseiee kul[1] ke sikona lejariyana moins[2], sinkona kelisaya vedd[3] ityadi prajatiyon ke paudhon ki chhal se alag kiya jata hai. sadharanat: kunain in paudhon ki chhal men kuinikaml[4] aur sinkotainikaml[5] ke yaugik men ailkelaauid roop men paya jata hain.[6]

mahattv

kunain vanaspatik jagath men paya jane vala naitrojan yukt, samakshar saman, ailkolaauyad namak, rasayanik dravy hai, jo bahut hi mahatvapoorn aur lokakalyanakari oshadhi mana jata hai. yah paushtik tatha agnivardhak hai. isaka upayog gale aur sardi ke vikaron ko shant karane tatha vishesh roop se maleriya jvar ke shaman ke lie vividh prakar ki oshadhiyon men kiya jata hai.

khoj

sinakona ke paudhon ki chhal men kunain ki khoj ka kshey phoorakraauy[7] ko 1792 ee. men prapt hua, kintu ise vishuddh rasayanik roop sarvapratham peltye[8] aur kavantoo[9] ne 1820 ee. men diya.[6]

rasayanik gun

kunain ke rngavihin, suee ke sadrish, lnbe manibhon ka galanank 174.40-175.00 sentigret aur vishisht avasthaon men vishisht ghoornan-158.20 sentigret paya gaya hai. kunain ka svad bahut hi kadava hota hai aur isake salphyoorik aml ke vilayan men vishesh prakar ke rng ki pratidipti[10] dikhaee padati hai. isake prakashiy samavayav [11] kuinidin[12] ka galanank 173.50 sentigret paya gaya hai.

kunain prapt karana

sinakona ki chhal men se isake prithakkaran ke lie chhal ko bujhe hue choone aur dahak soda ke 5 pratishat vilayan ke sath pis liya jata hai. kerasin jaise upayukt vilayakon ke sath ailkelaauid ke ansh ko protin aur karbohaidret se yathasnbhav alag karake vilayak ko vashpikaran ki kriya dvara prithakh kar liya jata hai. bache hue dravyon ko thoda garam aur pani men ghule salphyoorik aml men vilin kar kuchh samay ke lie alag rakha jata hai, jisase tailiy aur rejin sadrish padarth chhanakar nikale ja saken. tatpashchath ailkailaauid ke amliy yaugik ko virnjak karban se svachchh karake aur vilayan ko gadha banakar manibh ke roop men alag kar liya jata hai. upayukt prayog dvara vishuddh ailkailaauid ko bhi avashyakatanusar purnarjivit kar liya jata hai.[6]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. Fam. Rubiaceae
  2. Cinchona ledgeriana Mones
  3. Cinchona calisaya Wedd
  4. Quinic acid
  5. Cinchotannic acid
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 kunain (hindi) bharatakhoj. abhigaman tithi: 14 agast, 2015.
  7. Fourcroy
  8. Pelletier
  9. Caventou
  10. Fluorescence
  11. Optical isomer
  12. Quinidine

snbndhit lekh

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