कैल्सियम हाइपोक्लोराइट  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kailsiyam haipoklorait rasayan vigyan men ek akarbanik yaugik hai. isaka rasayanik sootr Ca(OCl)Cl hai. ise 'virajnk choorn' (bliching paudar) bhi kaha jata hai. yah safed rng ka ek thos hai, jisamen se klorin ki kafi tez gndh nikalati rahati hai. jal ke shuddhikaran men isaka upayog kiya jata hai. klorofaaurm tatha klorin ke nirman men bhi isaka prayog kiya jata hai.

parichay

virnjak choorn sthayi nahin hota. samay bitane ke sath-sath isamen klorin ki matra kam hoti jati hai, jisase isake virnjak gun ka hras hota jata hai. vyaparik virnjak choorn men virnjan ki drishti se paryapt matra men nishkriy padarth mile rahate hain. uchch tap par yah vighatit ho jata hai. vayu ki ardrata aur karban daiaauksaid se bhi isaka vighatan dhire dhire hota hai.

nirman

yah choone ka kloraid hota hai aur dekhane men choone ki tarah safed rng ka hota hai; par isamen klorin ki gndh hoti hai. isaka nirman sarvapratham glaisago ke charls tenaint ne san 1799 ee. men kiya tha. virnjak choorn ka nirman choone aur klorin se hota hai. bujhe choone par klorin ki kriya se yah banata hai. choone ke do se tin inch gahare star par klorin gais pravahit ki jati hai. choone ka yah star 10 se lekar 20 phut chaude, 100 phut lnbe aur 6 se lekar 7 phut oonche kaksh men bana hota hai aur avashyakatanusar samay-samay par star ko ulatate rahane ki vyavastha rahati hai. klorin ka avashoshan pahale tivrata se hota hai par pichhe mnd pad jata hai. kaksh ke sthan men ab nalon ka vyavahar hota hai, jinamen oopar se choona girata hai aur niche se klorin pravisht karata hai aur donon nalon ke madhy choone dvara klorin ke avashoshan se tatkal choorn prapt hota hai.

kailsiyam prakram se nirman

2 Ca(OH)2 + 2 Cl2 → Ca(ClO)2 + CaCl2 + 2 H2O

sodiyam prakram se nirman

2 Ca(OH)2 + 3 Cl2 + 2 NaOH → Ca(ClO)2 + CaCl2 + 2 H2O + 2 NaCl


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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