बेंज़ोइक अम्ल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

benzoik aml (angrezi; Benzoic Acid) airometik karboksilik aml hai. isaka sootr C6H5 COOH hai. is aml ka galanank 122.4 digri sentigret aur kvathanank 250 digri sentigret hota hai. benzoik aml halke, rngahin, chamakadar aur kristaliy choorn ke roop men prapy hai. yah jal men alp viley, kintu eethar aur ailkohaaul men apekshakrit sugamata se viley ho jata hai.

  • yah aml prakriti men svatntr roop se ya snyukt avastha men loban men aur kee prakar ke balsamon men paya jata hai.
  • audyogik star par vyaparik benzoik aml ka nirman anek vidhiyon se kiya jata hai, jaise-
  1. benjon-traikloraid (C6H5. CCI3) ke jal vishleshan se, jisamen loh choorn aur choona utprerak ke roop men prayukt hote hain.
  2. bhap aur jink aauksaid ki upasthiti men thailik ainahaidraid se thailik aml banakar, usaka dikarboksileshan se.
  3. mainganiz daiaauksaid evn salphyoorik aml se, ya kobalt utprerak ke samaksh hava se, taaulooeen ke aauksikaran se.
  • benzoik aml ki rasayanik sakriyata apekshakrit kam hone ke karan rasayanik snshleshan men usaki upadeyata simit hai.
  • salphyoorik aur naitrik amlon ke mishran dvara sidha naitreshan karane se sadharan tap par meta-naitro-benzoik aml aur oonche tap par 3, 5- dainaitrobenzoik aml banate hain.
  • yah aml tnbakoo ke shodhan ke lie aur chhint chhapaee men prayukt hota hai. isake anek snjat, jaise- sodiyam benzoet, estar aur benzoil kloraid mahatv ke aur upayogi padarth hain.
  • isaka adhik mahatv ka upayog khady padarthon ke parirakshan men hai. chataniyon, achar, murabbe, phal, phoolon ke ras, sharabat adi tatha dibbe aur botalon men bnd parirakshit aharon ko sadane, kinvan aur kharab hone se bachane ke lie unake sath thodi matra men sodiyam benzoet dala jata hai aur isake is upayog men vaidhanik apatti bhi nahin hai.
  • benzoik aml ke estar sungadhit hote hain aur sugndh tatha aushadhi nirman men prayukt hote hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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