जस्ता  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

jasta
safed aur bhoora chamakili dhatu
sadharan gunadharm
nam, pratik, snkhya jasta, Zn, 30
tatv shreni snkraman dhatu
samooh, avart, kaksha 12, 4, d
manak paramanu bhar 65.38(2)g·mol−1
ilektraaun vinyas 1s2, 2s2 2p6, 3s2 3p6 3d10, 4s2
ilektraaun prati shel 2, 8, 18, 2
bhautik gunadharm
avastha thos
ghanatv (nikat k.ta.) 7.14 g·cm−3
taral ghanatv
(galanank par)
6.57 g·cm−3
galanank 692.68 K, 419.53 °C, 787.15 °F
kvathanank 1180 K, 907 °C, 1665 °F
snlayan ooshma 7.32 kilo jool-mol
vashpan ooshma 123.6 kilo jool-mol
vishisht ooshmiy
kshamata
25.470

jool-mol−1kilo−1

vashp dab
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 610 670 750 852 990 1179
paramanvik gunadharm
aauksikaran avastha +2, +1, 0
ilektronegetiviti 1.65 (pailing paimana)
ayanikaran oorjaen
(adhik)
1st: 906.4 ki.jool•mol−1
2nd: 1733.3 ki.jool•mol−1
3rd: 3833 ki.jool•mol−1
paramanvik trijya 134 pm
sahasnyojak trijya 122±4 pm
vaindair vals trijya 139 pm
vividh gunadharm
kristal snrachana shatkoniy
chumbakiy kram parachumbakiy
vaidyut pratirodhakata (20 °C) 59.0 nΩ·m
ooshmiy chalakata (300 K) 116 W·m−1·K−1
ooshmiy prasar (25 °C) 30.2 µm·m−1·K−1
yng mapank 108 GPa
aparoopan mapank 43 GPa
sthool mapank 70 GPa
paauyazan anupat 0.25
mohs kathorata mapank 2.5
brainal kathorata 412 MPa
si.e.es pnjikaran
snkhya
7440-66-6
samasthanik
samasthanik pra. prachurata arddh ayu ksharan avastha ksharan oorja
(MeV)
ksharan utpad
64Zn 48.6% 64Zn 34 nyootraaun ke sath sthir
65Zn syn 243.8 d ε 1.3519 65Cu
γ 1.1155 -
66Zn 27.9% 66Zn 36 nyootraaun ke sath sthir
67Zn 4.1% 67Zn 37 nyootraaun ke sath sthir
68Zn 18.8% 68Zn 38 nyootraaun ke sath sthir
70Zn 0.6% 70Zn 40 nyootraaun ke sath sthir
72Zn syn 46.5 h β 0.458 72Ga

jasta (angrezi:Zinc) avart sarani ka ek tattv hai. jaste ka pratikanusar 'Zn' tatha paramanu snkhya 30 hoti hai. jaste ka paramanu bhar 65.38 hota hai. jaste ka ilektraaunik vinyas 1s2, 2s2 2p6, 3s2 3p6 3d10, 4s2 hai.

prapti

jasta prakriti men mukt avastha men nahin paya jata hai. yah snyukt avastha men vibhinn ayaskon ke roop men paya jata hai. yah jink blaind aur kailamain ayask ke roop men prachur matra men milata hai.

jasta ka nishkarshan

jasta dhatu ka nishkarshan mukhyatah isake salphaid ayask jink blaind (ZnS) se kiya jata hai.

jasta ke bhautik gun

jasta nila safed kada tatha bhungar hota hai. jaste ka dravanank 419° C, kvathanank 920° C tatha vishisht gurutv 7.1 hota hai. 100° C-150° C, par yah tany tatha aghatavardhy hota hai. jasta ooshma tatha vidyut ka suchalak hota hai.

jasta ayask

sisa evn jasta ayask prayah avasadi shailon ki naso men paye jate hain. jasta ki prapti jink salphaid tatha kailemin, jinkait, vilemait evn haimimirephait se hoti hai. isaka adhik upayog lohe ko jngarodhi banane hetu usaki paaulish ke lie kiya jata hai. isaka any upayog hai rng evn rogan, vidyut sel, baitari, motaroke kal purje, davaiyan adi. bharat men vyaparik star par snchalit hone vali ek matr khan rajasthan men udayapur ke samip javar men hai, jisaka snchalan hindustan jink li. dvara kiya jata hai. sisa ayask ki bhanti yah bhi mochhiyamagara, barodamagara tatha javaramala se prapt kiya jata hai. isake any kshetr hain- bhilavada zile men ramapura-angucha kshetr, jammoo kashmir ke udhamapur zile men sthit darabi kshetr, tamilanadu ke dakshin arkat zile men sthit mamanadoor kshetr adi.

bharat men jasta bahut hi kam matra men prapt hota hai. atah avashyakata poorti hetu yoogoslaviya, beljiyam, japan, kango ganarajy, snyukt rajy amarika adi desho se ise ayat kiya jata hai. ek anuman ke anusar desh me lagabhag 10,000 tan jasta ka bhndar hai. 2005-06 ke dauran desh men kul 8.62 lakh tan jasta ka utpadan hua. vartaman men hindustan jink limited ne isaka niryat prarnbh kiya hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

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