आलू  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

aloo
Potato

aloo bharat ki sabziyon ki ek mahath‍vapoorn fasal hai. aloo ka vanaspatik nam solenam tayoobarosam hai aur angrezi bhasha men poteto kaha jata hai. adhik upaj dene vali kismen ki samay se buaee, sntulit matra men urvarakon ka prayog, samuchit rog evn kit niyantran, uchit jal prabandh dvara isaki upaj badhaee ja sakati hai.[1] bharat men aloo ki fasal vibhinn jalavayu kshetron men lagaee jati hai, jisase varsh bhar aloo prachur matra men upalabdh rahata hai aloo ki fasal ki vibhinn avasthaon men 80 se adhik prakar ke kit pratyaksh ya apratyaksh roop se jude hai, lekin fasal ko arthik roop se hani pahunchane vale kiton ki snkhya 10 se 12 hai.[2] aloo ko kheti thnde mausam men jahan pale ka prabhav nahin hota hai, saphalatapoorvak ki ja sakati hai aloo ke kndon ka nirman 20 digri selsiyas tapakram par sabase adhik hota hai.[3]

rng

aloo ka rng oopar se bhoora v kalapan liye aur yah andar se safed hota hai.

utpatti

aloo ka utpatti sthal dakshini amerika hai, jahan se yah yoorop tatha any deshon men phaila.[4] aloo ke utpadan men chin aur roos ke bad bharat tisare sthan par hai.

aloo ke poshak tatv

aloo men kailshiyam, loha, vitamin bi tatha phaausphoras bahutayat men hota hai. aloo men poteshiyam salt hota hai jo alpapitt ko rokata hai.

aloo ka vikas

bharat men aloo vishesh roop se uttar pradesh men ugaya jata hai. tamilanadu evn keral ko chhodakar aloo sare desh men ugaya jata hai. bharat men aloo ki ausat upaj 152 kvintal prati haikh‍teyar hai jo vishh‍v ausat se kafi kam hai. anh‍y fasalon ki tarah aloo ki achh‍chhi paidavar ke lie unh‍nat kish‍mon ke rog rahit bijo ki upalabh‍dhata bahut avashh‍yak hai. isake alava urvarakon ka upayog, sinchaee ki vh‍yavash‍tha, tatha rog niyntran ke lie dava ke prayog ka bhi upaj par gahara prabhav padata hai.[5]

aloo ke fayade

aloo
  • aloo ke chhilake zyadatar phenk die jate hain, jabaki chhilake sahit aloo khane se zyada shakti milati hai.[6]
  • aloo ko pis kar tvacha par male. rng gora ho jaega.
  • sardi men thandi havaon se hathon ki tvacha par jhurriyan padane par kachche aloo ko pis kar hathon par malen.[7]
  • aloo khate rahane se raktavahiniyanbadi ayu tak lachakadar bani rahati hain tatha kathor nahin hone pati.
  • kabhi-kabhi chot lagane par nil pad jati hai. nil padi jagah par kachcha aloo pisakar lagayain.
  • pathari ke rogi ko keval aloo khilakar aur bar-bar adhik pani pilate rahane se gurde ki pathariyan asani se nikal jati hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. aloo (hindi) gramin soochana evnm gyan kendr. abhigaman tithi: 26 agast, 2010.
  2. aloo ki fasal men kit prabndh (hindi) nee dishaen. abhigaman tithi: 26 agast, 2010.
  3. aloo (hindi) dil. abhigaman tithi: 26 agast, 2010.
  4. aloo (hindi) uttara krishi prabha. abhigaman tithi: 26 agast, 2010.
  5. aloo ki kheti ki unh‍nat vidhi (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) krishiseva. abhigaman tithi: 26 agast, 2010.
  6. aloo ke ghareloo upachar (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) bichchhu daaut kaaum. abhigaman tithi: 26 agast, 2010.
  7. aloo ke asarakari nuskhe (hindi) vebaduniya. abhigaman tithi: 26 agast, 2010.

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