शकरकंद  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

shakaraknd

shakaraknd (angrezi: Sweet Potato; vaigyanik nam : eepomoea batatas) ek khady hai, jo kafi kuchh aloo se milata-julata hai. isaka paudha ekavarshi hota hai, jo 'kaaunvaaululesi' kul ke antargat rakha gaya hai. jab paristhitiyan anukool hoti hain, tab shakaraknd bahuvarshi jaisa vyavahar karata hai. isaki roopantarit jad ki utpatti tane ki parvasandhiyon se hoti hai, jo jamin ke andar pravesh kar phool jati hai. jad ka rng lal athava bhoora hota hai evn yah apane andar bhojan sngrah karati hai. yah ek sapushpak paudha hai. shakaraknd ka ropan ashadh-savan mahine men kalam dvara hota hai.

vitamin ka srot

shakaraknd ushn amarika ka deshaj hai. amarika se philipin hote hue yah chin, japan, maleshiya aur bharat aya, jahan vyapak roop se tatha sabhi any ushn pradeshon men isaki kheti hoti hai. yah oorja utpadak ahar hai. isamen anek vitamin vidyaman rahate hain. vitamin 'e' aur 'si' ki matra isamen sarvadhik paee jati hai. isamen aloo ki apeksha adhik starch rahata hai. shakaraknd ubalakar ya ag men pakakar khaya jata hai. ise kachcha bhi khaya ja sakata hai. sookhe men yah khadyann ka sthan le sakata hai. isase starch aur ailkohaaul bhi taiyar hota hai. bihar aur uttar pradesh men vishesh roop se isaki kheti hoti hai. phalahariyon ka yah bahumooly ahar hai. isaka paudha garami sahan kar sakata hai, par tushar se shighr mar jata hai.[1]

bhoomi

shakaraknd suchoorn tatha achchhi joti huee bhoomi men achchha upajata hai. isake lie mitti baluee se baluee dumat tatha kam poshak tattv vali achchhi hoti hai. bhari aur bahut samriddh mitti men isaki upaj kam aur jaden nimnaguniy hoti hain. shakaraknd ki upaj ke lie bhoomi ki amlata vishesh badhak nahin hai. yah piech 5.0 se 6.8 tak men panap sakata hai. isaki upaj ke lie prati ekad lagabhag 50 paund naitrojan ki avashyakata hoti hai. faausfet aur pautaish urvarak labhaprad hote hain. paudha bel ke roop men ugata hai. paudha men kadachit hi phool aur bij lagate hain.

ropan

shakaraknd ka ropan ashadh-savan ke mahine men kalam dvara hota hai. kalamen pichhale mausam men boee gee fasalon se prapt ki jati hain. ye lagabhag ek phut se lnbi hoti hain. inako 2 se 3 phut ki doori par medon par ropana chahie. halaki bauchhar ke bad ropan karana achchha hota hai. ropan ki sadharanat: tin ritiyan prachalit hain-

  1. lagabhag ek phut lnbi kalamen, medon par ek se dedh phut ki doori par, 5 se 6 inch gahari tatha 60° ka kon banate hue di jati hain.
  2. kalamen medon ke oopar ek katar men lita di jati hain. phir donon siron par lagabhag 4 inch khula chhodakar baki hissa mitti se dhnk diya jata hai.
  3. kalamen uparyukt riti se hi ropit ki jati hain, kintu ve med par n hokar usaki donon dhal par hoti hain. yah riti any do ritiyon se adhik upaj deti hai.[1]

sinchaee

varsha ritu men bel ko sincha nahin jata, par varsha ke bad halki bhoomi ko tin ya char bar sincha jata hai. jab tak bhoomi belon se poori dhnk nahin jati, tab tak halaki jutaee ya any ritiyon se khet ko kharapatavar se saph rakhana chahie. sadharanat: do bar mitti chadhaee jati hai. belon ki chhntaee nishchit roop se hanikarak hai. char se panch mas men fasal taiyar ho jati hai, phir bhi knd ko bade ho jane par khoda jata hai. paripakv ho jane par hi upaj adhik hoti hai aur shakaraknd achchhe gun ka hota hai. shakaraknd ke paripakv ho jane par usaka oopari bhag hava men jald sookh jata hai.

jatiyan

shakaraknd ki tin jatiyan- 'pili', 'shvet' aur 'lal' hi sadharanat: ugaee jati hain. pili jati ke goode men pani ka ansh kam rahata hai aur vitamin 'e' ki matra adhik rahati hai. shvet jatiyon men jal ki matra adhik rahati hai. lal jatiyan sadharanat: khurakhuri hoti hai, par bhoomi ke drishtikon se any jatiyon se adhik shaktishali ya sahanashil hoti hain. kuchh nee lal jatiyan bhi anusndhan dvara vikasit ki gee hain.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 shakaraknd (hindi) bharatakhoj. abhigaman tithi: 22 joon, 2014.

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