महात्मा गाँधी का इतिहास में स्थान  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

mahatma gandhi vishay soochi
mahatma gandhi ka itihas men sthan
Mahatma-Gandhi-2.jpg
poora nam mohanadas karamachnd gandhi
any nam bapoo, mahatma ji
janm 2 aktoobar, 1869
janm bhoomi porabndar, gujarat
mrityu 30 janavari, 1948
mrityu sthan nee dilli
mrityu karan hatya
abhibhavak karamachnd gandhi, putalibaee
pati/patni kastooraba gandhi
sntan harilal, manilal, ramadas, devadas
smarak rajaghat (dilli), birala haus (dilli) adi.
parti kangres
shiksha bairistar
vidyalay bnbee yoonivarsiti, samaladas kaaulej
snbndhit lekh gandhi yug, asahayog andolan, namak satyagrah, bharat chhodo andolan, dandi march, vyaktigat satyagrah, savinay avgya andolan, khilafat andolan
gandhi ji ke prati angrezon ka rukh prashnsa, kautuk, hairani, shnka aur akrosh ka mila-jula roop tha. gandhi ji ke apane hi desh men, unaki apani hi parti men, unake alochak the. naramapnthi neta yah kahate hue virodh karate the ki vah bahut tezi se badh rahe hain. yuva garamapnthiyon ki shikayat yah thi ki ve tezi se nahin hain. vamapnthi neta arop lagate the ki vah angrezon ko bahar nikalane ya rajavadon aur samnton ka samapt karane ke prati gambhir nahin hain. daliton ke neta samaj sudharak ke roop men unake sadabhav par shnka karate the aur musalaman neta un par apane samuday ke sath bhedabhav ka arop lagate the.
meri manyata hai ki koee bhi rashtr dharm ke bina vastavik pragati nahin kar sakata. -mahatma gandhi

mahatma gandhi par shodh

gandhi kul ka vnsh vriksh

hal men hue shodh ne gandhi ji ki bhoomika mahanh madhyasth aur sndhi karane vale ke roop men sthapit ki hai. yah to hona hi tha ki janamanas men unaki rajaneta-chhavi adhik vishal ho, kintu unake jivan ka mool rajaniti nahin, dharm men nihit tha aur unake lie dharm ka arth aupacharikata, roodhi, rasm-rivaj aur sampradayikata nahin tha. unhonne apani atmakatha men likha hai-

"main in tis varshon men eeshvar ko amane-samane dekhane ka prayatn aur prarthana karata hoon."

unake mahanatam prayas adhyatmik the. lekin apane anek aise hi ichchhuk deshavasiyon ke saman unhonne dhyan lagane ke lie himalay ki gufaon men sharan nahin li. unaki ray men vah apani gufa apane bhitar hi sath lie chalate the. unake lie sachchaee aisi vastu nahin thi, jise niji jivan ke ekant men dhoondha ja sake. vah samajik aur rajanitik jivan ke chunautipoorn kshanon men qayam rakhane ki chiz thi. apane lakhon deshavasiyon ki nazaron men vah 'mahatma' the. unake ane-jane ke marg par unhen dekhane ke lie ekatr bhid dvara andhashraddha se unaki yatraen kathin ho jati thin. vah mushkil se din men kam kar pate the ya rat ko vishram. unhonne likha hai ki- "mahatmaon ke kasht sirf mahatma hi janate hain."

gandhi ke prashnsak

gandhi ji ke sabase bade prashnsakon men alabart ainstain bhi the, jinhonne gandhi ji ke ahinsa ke siddhant ko anu ke vikhandan se paida hone vali danavakar hinsa ki pratikari aushadhi ke roop men dekha. svidan ke arthashastri gunnar mirdal ne avikasit vishv khnd ki samasyaon ke samajik, arthik sarvekshan ke bad gandhi ji ko lagabhag sabhi kshetron men ek gyanavar udar vyakti ki sngya di.

gandhi smriti sngrahalay

desh ki rajadhani nee dilli men 'tis janavari marg' par sthit 'gandhi smriti sngrahalay' ka sirph aitihasik hi nahin, paryatakiy mahatv bhi hai. desh-videsh se ane vale sailaniyon men yah behad lokapriy hai. ise dekhe bina ve dilli ya desh ke paryatan ko adhoora manate hain. gandhivadiyon ke lie to yah tirth sthal hi hai. rashtrapita mahatma gandhi ne apani antim sansen yahin li thin. aj jo sthan 'gandhi smriti' ke nam se jana jata hai, vah kabhi 'bidala haus' kahalata tha. jis shraddha se log yahan mahatma gandhi ke jivan se jude smriti chihnon ko dekhate hain, utane hi shauk aur shiddat se 'bidala haus' ke prangan men ghoomate bhi hain. 'bidala haus' ke bare men kaha jata hai ki 'bapoo' jab bhi dilli ate the, apane anuyayi ghanashyam das birala ke isi alishan ghar men thaharate the. sham ko panch baje prarthana sabha ke dauran vah logon se yahin milate the aur unase baten karate the. 'bidala haus' ka bharat sarakar dvara 1971 men adhigrahan kiya gaya aur ise rashtrapita ke rashtriy smarak ke roop men parivartit kar diya gaya. 15 agast, 1973 ko ise bharat ki am janata ke lie khol diya gaya.

vishesh tathy

mahatma gandhi sirf ek nam hi nahin, ek poori vicharadhara hai. jitana zyada samajhane ki koshish hoti hai, utani hi nee baten samane ati hain. sabaramati ke snt mahatma gandhi se sambndhit kuchh mahattvapoorn tathy nimn prakar hain-

gandhi ji se sambndhit vishesh tathy
1. briten yani vah desh jisake viruddh gandhi ji ne svatntrata andolan ki shuruat ki, vahin se unaki mrityu ke 21 sal bad unake samman men dak tikat jari kiya gaya tha.
2. mahatma gandhi jivan bhar har din 18 ki.mi. ki padayatra karate rahe. bataya jata hai ki vah roz lagabhag 800 shabd likhate the. inamen rajaniti, azadi aur samanata se jude tamam vishayon par likhe ge unake lekh shamil hain.
3. taaulsataauy, albart ainstain aur edolf hitalar jaisi shakhsiyaton ke sath mahatma gandhi ka jivan bhar patr vyavahar chalata raha.
4. mahatma gandhi ki antim yatra ka kafila ath kilomitar lamba tha.
5. jab bharat ki azadi ki ghoshana huee, tab gandhi ji dilli men nahin the. vah kolakata men dharmik sadbhav ke lie anashan par baithe the.
6. duniya bhar men apane netritv ke lie charcha men rahe mahatma gandhi apane jivan kal men kabhi bhi kisi rajanitik dal men kisi adhikarik pad par nahin rahe.
7. mahatma gandhi ko nobel puraskar ke lie bhi panch bar namankit kiya gaya tha.
8. dakshin afrika men unhen salana 15,000 daaular ki tanakhyah milati thi. yah us samay ke hisab se kafi badi rakam thi, lekin gandhi ji vah sab chhodakar bharat laute aur satyagrahi ban ge.
9. afrika men nasliy bhedabhav mitane ki koshish men mahatma gandhi ne futabaaul klab bhi banavae.
10. gandhi ji pahale aise bharatiy the, jise amerika ki saptahik patrika dvara har sal diya jane vala 'taim parsan aauf d eeyar' taital diya gaya.
11. tamilanadu ke maduree men jab gandhi ji ka kuchh garib logon se samana hua, tab unhonne jivan bhar ke lie vastr tyag kar sirf dhoti pahanane ka nirnay liya.[1]



pichhe jaen
mahatma gandhi ka itihas men sthan
age jaen


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. anadi se ant tak, gandhi ke lie jagah -amar ujala, 22 janavari, 2017

snbndhit lekh

suvyavasthit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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