महात्मा गाँधी की मृत्यु  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

mahatma gandhi vishay soochi
mahatma gandhi ki mrityu
Mahatma-Gandhi-2.jpg
poora nam mohanadas karamachnd gandhi
any nam bapoo, mahatma ji
janm 2 aktoobar, 1869
janm bhoomi porabndar, gujarat
mrityu 30 janavari, 1948
mrityu sthan nee dilli
mrityu karan hatya
abhibhavak karamachnd gandhi, putalibaee
pati/patni kastooraba gandhi
sntan harilal, manilal, ramadas, devadas
smarak rajaghat (dilli), birala haus (dilli) adi.
parti kangres
shiksha bairistar
vidyalay bnbee yoonivarsiti, samaladas kaaulej
snbndhit lekh gandhi yug, asahayog andolan, namak satyagrah, bharat chhodo andolan, dandi march, vyaktigat satyagrah, savinay avgya andolan, khilafat andolan

svatntrata ke bad sampoorn bharatavarsh men mahatma gandhi ki smriti ko snjone ke lie unake bhraman sthalon par smarakon ka nirman kiya gaya, jisamen uttar pradesh ke haradoee men gandhi bhavan ka nirman hua. mahatma ji ki vishram sthali rahe uttarakhand ke kausani men anasakti ashram sthapit hua. bihar ke gaunaha prakhnd men bhitiharava ashram sthapit hua. karnatak ke bengळooroo shahar men kumar kuroopa marg par gandhi bhavan men gandhi ji dvara likhe ge patron evn unake khadaoo adi ka sngrah hai.

antim charan

gandhi bhavan, haradoee parisar men sthapit moorti
mahatma gandhi ka mrit sharir

doosara vishv yuddh shuroo hone ke sath hi bharat ka rashtravadi sngharsh apane antim mahattvapoorn charan men pravesh kar gaya. bharatiy svashasan ka ashvasan die jane ki shart par bharatiy rashtriy kangres yuddh men angrezon ka sath dene ko taiyar thi. ek bar phir gandhi ji rajanitik roop se sakriy ho ge. 1942 ke grishm men gandhi ji ne angrezon se tatkal bharat chhodane ki mang ki. fasivadi shaktiyon (eksis), visheshakar japan ke khilaf yuddh mahattvapoorn charan men tha. angrezon ne turant hi pratikriya dikhaee aur kangres ke samooche netritv ko giraftar kar liya aur parti ko hamesha ke lie kuchal dene ka prayas kiya. isake phalasvaroop hinsa bhadak uthi, jise sakhti se daba diya gaya. bharat aur briten ke bich ki doori pahale se bhi kahin adhik badh gee.

1945 men lebar parti ki jit ke sath hi bharat-briten ke sambandhon men ek ne adhyay ki shuruat huee. agale do varsh ke dauran british sarakar muslim lig ke neta em. e. jinna aur kangres parti ke netaon ke bich lambi tripakshiy vartaen hueen, jisake phalasvaroop 3 joon, 1947 ko mauntabetan yojana taiyar huee aur 15 agast, 1947 ko do ne rashton, bharat v pakistan ka nirman hua.

rashtron ki pragati kramik vikas aur kranti donon tariqon se huee hai. kramik vikas aur kranti donon hi saman roop se zaroori hain. -mahatma gandhi

bharat ki akhandata ke bina desh ka svatntr hona gandhi ji ke jivan ki sabase badi nirashaon men se ek tha. jab gandhi tatha unake sahayogi jel men the, to muslim alagavavad ko kafi badhava mila aur 1946-1947 men, jab snvaidhanik vyavasthaon par antim daur ki batachit chal rahi thi, hinduon aur musalamanon ke bich bhadaki sampradayik hinsa ne aisa apriy mahaul bana diya ki jisamen gandhi ki tark aur nyay, sahishnuta aur vishvas sambandhi apilon ke lie koee sthan nahin tha. jab unaki ray ke khilaf upamahadvip ke vibhajan ke prastav ko svikar kar liya gaya, to vah sampradayik sngharsh se samaj par lage zakhmon ko bharane men tan man se jut ge. unhonne bngal v bihar ke dngagrast kshetron ka daura kiya. isake shikar hue logon ko dilasa diya aur sharanarthiyon ke punarvas ka prayas kiya. shnka aur ghrina se bhare mahaul men yah ek mushkil aur hriday vidarak kary tha. gandhi par donon samudayon ne arop lagae. jab unaki baton ka koee asar nahin hua to vah anashan par baith ge. unhen kam se kam do mahattvapoorn saphalataen milin-

porabndar ke samudr men mahatma gandhi ki asthi visarjan

nidhan

30 janavari, 1948 ki sham ko jab gandhi ji ek prarthana sabha men bhag lene ja rahe the, tab ek yuva hindoo kattarapnthi nathooram godase ne goli marakar unaki hatya kar di.

shokakul soochana

apane mahanh neta ki mrityu ka samachar sunakar sara desh shokakul ho utha. tatkalin pradhanamntri javaharalal neharoo ne rashtr ko mahatma ji ki hatya ki soochana in shabdon men di-

"hamare jivan se prakash chala gaya aur aj charon taraf andhakar chha gaya hai. main nahin janata ki main apako kya bataoon aur kaise bataoon. hamare pyare neta, rashtrapita bapoo ab nahin rahe."

mahatma gandhi vastav men bharat ke rashtrapita the. 27 varshon ke alpakal men unhonne bharat ko sadiyon ki dasata ke andhere se nikalakar azadi ke uzale men pahuncha diya. kintu gandhi ji ka yogadan sirf bharat ki simaon tak simit nahin tha. unaka prabhav sampoorn manav jati par pada, jaisa ki arnald tayanabin ne likha hai--'hamane jis pidhi men janm liya hai, vah n keval pashchim men hitalar aur roos men stalin ki pidhi hai, varanh vah bharat men gandhi ji ki pidhi bhi hai aur yah bhavishyavani bade vishvas ke sath ki ja sakati hai ki manav itihas par gandhi ji ka prabhav stalin ya hitalar se kahin zyada aur sthayi hoga.[1]



pichhe jaen
mahatma gandhi ki mrityu
age jaen


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. mohanadas karamachnd gandhi—atmakatha, da. ji0 tendulakar krit 'mahatma', luee phishar krit 'laiph aauph gandhi', ech. mukharji krit gandhi ji, arnald tayanabi krit 'stadi aauph histri' khand 12

snbndhit lekh

suvyavasthit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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