प्रताप सिंह कैरों  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

pratap sinh kairon
pratap sinh kairon
poora nam saradar pratap sinh kairon
janm 1 aktoobar, 1901
janm bhoomi amritasar
mrityu 6 faravari, 1965
nagarikata bharatiy
parti kangres
pad pnjab ke mukhyamntri
kary kal 1956 se 1964 tak
shiksha em.e.
vidyalay mishigan vishvavidyalay, amarika
any janakari bharatiy svatntrata sngram ke liye amarika men 'gadar parti' ke nam se jo snstha sthapit huee thi, usake karyon men sakriy roop se bhag liya. bharat vapas ane par 1926 ee. men ve bharatiy rashtriy kangres men shamil hue aur tab se svatntrata prapt hone tak kangres ke andolanon men nirntar bhag lete rahe aur jel ge.

pratap sinh kairon (angrezi: Partap Singh Kairon janm: 1 aktoobar 1901; mrity: 6 faravari 1965) prasiddh svatntrata senani, pnjab ke bhootapoorv mukhyamntri evn pramukh neta the. us samay 'pnjab' ke antargat hariyana aur himachal pradesh bhi the.

jivan parichay

pratap sinh ka janm 1 aktoobar 1901 ko amritasar zile ke 'kairon' namak gramak gram men hua tha. khalasa kalej se bi.e. kar amarika ge aur vahan ke mishigan vishvavidyalay se em.e. kiya; aur vahin ve bharat ki rajaniti ki or agrasar hue. bharatiy svatntrata ke liye amarika men 'gadar parti' ke nam se jo snstha sthapit huee thi, usake karyon men sakriy roop se bhag lene lage. bharat vapas ane par 1926 ee. men ve bharatiy rashtriy kangres men shamil hue aur tab se svatntrata prapt hone tak kangres ke andolanon men nirntar bhag lete rahe aur jel ge.

pnjab ke mukhyamntri

bharat ke svadhin hone ke pashchath vidhan sabha ke sadasy nirvachit hue aur pnjab ke mukhyamntri bane. jin dinon ve mukhyamntri the un dinon pnjab ki rajanitik sthiti atynt visphotak thi. un dinon mastar tarasinh ke netritv men svatntr pnjab ka andolan joron se chal raha tha. prant men ek prakar ki arajakata phaili huee thi. kairon ne apane sudridh vyaktitv aur rajanitik dooradarshita se andolan ka samana kiya aur unaki kootaniti andolan ke mukhy stnbh mastar tara sinh aur snt fatah sinh men phoot utpann karane men saphal huee tatha andolan chhinn bhinn ho gaya. ve ek sthir aur prabhavashali shasak ke roop men ubharakar samane ae. unhonne apane pradesh ki arthik avastha ko vikasit karane ka sarvagin prayas kiya. udyog aur krishi donon hi kshetron men pnjab men abhootapoorv unnati ki. 1962 ee. men jab chin ne bharat par akraman kiya to kairon ne apane pradesh se jan aur dhan se jaisi sahayata ki vah apane ap men ek itihas hai.

vishesh yogadan

1929 men shiromani akali dal men sammilit hokar bharatiy svatntrata sngram men bhi yogadan diya. kairon ne asahayog andolan men bhag liya aur 1932 men panch varsh ke lie jel men bnd kar diye gaye. bharat chhodo andolan men bhi sakriy roop se bhag liya. pratap sinh kairon ne apane mukhyamntritv karyakal men vikas ke anek kary poore kiye. inamen mukhy bhakhada-nangal bandh, kurukshetr aur patiyala ki pnjab yoonivarsiti, ludhiyana ka krishi vishvavidyalay, hisar ka pashu chikitsa kaaulej pramukh the. inhonne pnjab ke audyogikaran ke lie bhi kee kadam uthaye.[1]

ek ghatana

saradar pratap sinh kairo, svatntrata senani ke sath-sath bade qaddavar neta the. ek bar dilli se chndigadh ja rahe the. unake sath unake snsadiy sachiv chaudhari devilal bhi the. saradar kairon ki gadi tezi se bhag rahi thi ki ek kutta bich men a gaya. kutte ki maut ho gee. saradar kairon ne thodi door jakar gadi rukavaee. sadak kinare do chakkar lagae aur devilal ji ko bulaya. unhonne poochha, devilal ye batao kutta kyon mara? kafi sochane ke bad devilal ne kaha ki kutte to marate rahate hain, yoon hi mar gaya hoga. saradar pratap sinh kairon ne phir poochha, batao kutta kyon mara? devilal ji khamosh rahe, phir kaha ki ap hi bataiye. tab saradar pratap sinh kairon ne devilal se kaha ki yah kutta isalie mara, kyonki yah phaisala nahin kar paya ki sadak ke is kinare jana hai ya us kinare, phaisala n lene ki vajah se vah bich men khada rah gaya. agar isane phaisala kar liya hota to sadak ke is kinare ya us kinare chala gaya hota aur bach jata. phaisala nahin lene ki vajah se yah kutta mara gaya. devilal ko rajaniti ka mntr mil gaya. unhonne jivan bhar isaka palan kiya. vah kabhi bich men nahin rahe. rajaniti men unhonne hamesha phaisala liya. hamesha idhar ya udhar khade rahe. isi sikh ki vajah se vah desh ke upapradhanamntri bhi bane.[2]

nidhan

apane karyakal ke dauran hi un par vyaktigat pakshapat aur bhrashtachar ke arop lage aur unhen 1964 ee. men mukhyamntri pad ka parityag karana pada. usake kuchh hi dinon bad 1965 ke arnbh men ek din jab vah motar kar dvara dilli se vapas laut rahe the, marg men kuchh logon ne unhen goli mar di aur tatkal unaki mrityu ho gee.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. pustak- bharatiy charit kosh | lekhak- liladhar sharma 'parvatiy' | prishth snkhya- 486
  2. bhnvar men anna (hindi) chauthi duniya. abhigaman tithi: 21 sitambar, 2013.

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