मुख्यमंत्री  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

niyukti

mukhyamntri ki niyukti rajyapal ke dvara snvidhan ke anuchchhed 163 ke tahat ki jati hai. rajyapal mukhyamntri ki niyukti ya to am chunav ke bad karata hai ya phir tab karata hai, jab mukhyamntri ke tyagapatr dene ke karan ya barkhast kar diye jane ke karan usaka pad rikt ho jata hai. am chunav men kisi ek hi dal ko vidhanasabha men bahumat prapt ho jaye aur us dal ka koee nirvachit neta ho, tab use mukhyamntri pad par niyukt karana rajyapal ki snvaidhanik badhyata hai. yadi mukhyamntri apane dal ke antarik matabhedon ke karan tyagapatr deta hai, to us dal ke naye nirvachit neta ko mukhyamntri pad par niyukt kiya jata hai. chunav men kisi paksh ke bahumat prapt n karane ki sthiti men ya mukhyamntri ki barkhastagi ki sthiti men rajyapal apane vivek se mukhyamntri ki niyukti karata hai aur use niyat samay ke andar vidhanasabha men bahumat sabit karane ka nirdesh deta hai.

yogyata

mukhyamntri pad ke lie snvidhan men koee yogyata vihit nahin ki gayi hai, lekin mukhyamntri ke lie yah avashyak hai ki vah rajy vidhanasabha ka sadasy ho. is prakar mukhyamntri men rajy vidhanasabha ke sadasy ki yogyata honi chahie. rajy vidhanasabha ka sadasy n hone vala vyakti bhi mukhyamntri pad par niyukt kiya ja sakata hai, lekin isake lie avashyak hai ki vah 6 mas ke antargat rajy vidhanasabha ka sadasy nirvachit ho jaye. 21 sitambar, 2001 ko uchchatam nyayalay ke ek nirnay ke anusar kisi sazayafta ko mukhyamntri pad ke lie ayogy mana jaega.

kartavy tatha adhikar

rajy mntriparishad

mukhyamntri ke kartavy tatha adhikar nimnalikhit hain–

  1. vah rajy ke shasan ka vastavik adhyaksh hai aur is roop men vah apane mntriyon tatha snsadiy sachivon ke chayan, unake vibhagon ke vitaran tatha padamukti aur lok seva ayog ke adhyaksh tatha any sadasyon evn mahadhivakta aur any mahattvapoorn padadhikariyon ki niyukti ke lie rajyapal ko paramarsh deta hai.
  2. rajy men asainik padadhikariyon ke sthanantaran ke adesh mukhyamntri ke adesh par jari kiye jate hain tatha vah rajy ki niti se sambandhit vishayon ke sambandh men nirnay karata hai.
  3. vah rashtriy vikas parishad men rajy ka pratinidhitv karata hai.
  4. mukhyamntri parishad ki baithak ki adhyakshata karata hai tatha samoohik uttaradayitv ke siddhant ka palan karata hai. yadi mntriparishad ka koee sadasy mntriparishad ki nitiyon se bhinn mat rakhata hai, to mukhyamntri use tyagapatr dene ke lie kahata hai ya rajyapal use barkhast karane ki sifarish kar sakata hai.
  5. vah rajyapal ko rajy ke prashasan tatha vidhayan sambandhi sabhi prastavon ki janakari deta hai.
  6. yadi mntriparishad ke kisi sadasy ne kisi vishay par akele nirnay liya hai, to rajyapal ke kahane par us nirnay ko mntriparishad ke samaksh vichararth rakh sakata hai.
  7. vah rajyapal ko vidhanasabha bhng karane ki salah deta hai.

pad vimukti

samanyat: mukhyamntri apane pad par tab tak bana rahata hai, jab tak use vidhanasabha ka vishvas mat prapt rahata hai. at: jaise hi usaka vidhanasabha men bahumat samapt ho jata hai, use tyagapatr de dena chahie. yadi vah tyagapatr nahin deta hai, to rajyapal use barkhast kar sakata hai. isake atirikt mukhyamntri nimnalikhit sthitiyon men barkhast kiya ja sakata hai–

  1. yadi rajyapal mukhyamntri ko vidhanasabha ka adhiveshan bulane tatha usamen bahumat siddh karane ki salah de aur yadi rajyapal ke dvara nirdharit avadhi ke bhitar mukhyamntri vidhanasabha ka adhiveshan bulane ke lie taiyar nahin ho, to rajyapal mukhyamntri ko barkhast kar sakata hai.
  2. yadi rajyapal anuchchhed 356 ke adhin rashtrapati ko yah riport de ki rajy ka shasan snvidhan ke anusar nahin chalaya ja sakata ya rashtrapati ko any sroton yah samadhan ho jae ki shasan snvidhan ke pravadhanon ke anusar nahin chalaya ja sakata, to rashtrapati mukhyamntri ko barkhast karake rajy ka shasan chalane ka nirdesh rajyapal ko de sakata hai.
  3. jab mukhyamntri ke viruddh rajy vidhanasabha men prastav parit ho jae aur mukhyamntri tyagapatr dene se inkar kar de, tab rajyapal mukhyamntri ko barkhast kar sakata hai.

mntriparishad ka gathan

mntriparishad ka gathan rajyapal ke dvara kiya jata hai. rajyapal mukhyamntri ki niyukti karata hai aur mukhyamntri ki salah par vah mntriparishad ke any sadasyon ki niyukti karata hai. mntriparishad men samanyat: unhin vyaktiyon ko shamil kiya ja sakata hai, jo rajy vidhanasabha ya rajy vidhan parishad ke sadasy hon, lekin vishesh paristhiti men mntriparishad men aise vyaktiyon ko bhi shamil kiya ja sakata hai, jo rajy vidhanasabha ya vidhan parishad ka sadasy n ho. is prakar niyukt kiye gaye mntriparishad ke sadasy ko vidhanasabha ya vidhan parishad ka sadasy 6 mah ke andar banana avashyak hai. yadi 6 mah ke andar vah vidhanasabha ya vidhan parishad ka sadasy nahin ban jata hai, to usake pad grahan ki tithi se 6 mah ki samapti par svat: usaka mntri pad rahana samapt ho jata hai. parantu snvidhan men yah vyavastha nahin di gayi hai ki aisa vyakti istifa dekar pun: mntriparishad ka sadasy ban sakata hai ya nahin. sarakar ne is aspasht pravadhan ka labh uthate hue us vyakti ko pun: mntriparishad men shamil kar lete the. ab 16 agast, 2001 ko sarvochch nyayalay ne ek mahattvapoorn nirnay dete hue vyavastha di ki vidhayika ka sadasy nirvachit hue bina koee vyakti chhah mahine se adhik mntri pad dharan nahin kar sakata. yadi is vyakti ko chhah mahine ke bad vidhayika ke usi satr men mntri pad par dobara bahal kiya jata hai to avashyak hai ki vah chunav jit kar sadan ka sadasy bane. yadi mntri pad par asin gair nirvachit vyakti diye gaye chhah mahine ki avadhi men chunav jitane men asaphal rahata hai aur us vyakti ko dubara mntri pad par bahal kiya jata hai to yah snvidhan ke 164(1) aur 164(4) ki yojana aur bhavana par aghat hoga.

mntriparishad ka akar

prarambh men snvidhan men yah nirdharit nahin tha ki rajy mntriparishad ka akar kya hoga. isaka nirdharan mukhyamntri apane vivek se karata tha. parantu 91van snvidhan snshodhan adhiniyam, 2004 ke anusar yah nirdharit kar diya gaya hai ki rajy mntriparishad men mukhyamntri sahit mntriyon ki kul snkhya rajy vidhanasabha ke kul sadasy snkhya ke 15 pratishat adhik nahin hogi.

mntriparishad ki padavadhi

mntriparishad tab tak karyarat rahata hai, jab tak mukhyamntri pad par rahata hai. mukhyamntri ke tyagapatr dene ya barkhast hone se mntriparishad ka svat: hi vighatan ho jata hai.



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

bharatiy rajyon men padasth mukhyamntri
kramank rajy mukhyamntri (parti) padabhar grahan
1. arunachal pradesh pema khandoo (bhajapa) 17 julaee 2016
2. asam sarbanand sonoval (bhajapa) 24 mee 2016
3. andhr pradesh chndrababoo nayadoo (tedepa) 8 joon 2014
4. uttar pradesh yogi adityanath (bhajapa) 19 march 2017
5. uttarakhand trivendr sinh ravat (bhajapa) 18 march 2017
6. odisha navin patanayak (bijad) 5 march 2000
7. karnatak siddharamaiya (kangres) 13 mee 2013
8. keral pinaraee vijayan (makapa) 25 mee 2016
9. gujarat vijay roopani (bhajapa) 7 agast, 2016
10. gova manohar parrikar (bhajapa) 14 march 2017
11. chhattisagadh raman sinh (bhajapa) 7 disambar 2003
12. jammoo-kashmir mahabooba mufti (jekepidipi) 4 aprail 2016
13. jharakhand raghuvar das (bhajapa) 28 disambar, 2014
14. tamil nadu ke. palanisvami (anna dramuk) 16 faravari 2017
15. tripura biplab kumar deb (bhajapa) 9 march 2018
16. telngana ke. chandrashekhar rav (teras) 2 joon 2014
17. dilli aravind kejarival (ap) 14 faravari 2015
18. nagalaind nephiyoo riyo (enadipipi) 8 march 2018
19. pnjab amarindar sinh (kangres) 16 march 2017
20. pashchim bngal mamata banarji (trinamool kangres) 20 mee 2011
21. puducheri vi. narayanasami (kangres) 6 joon 2016
22. bihar nitish kumar (jadayoo) 27 julaee 2017
23. manipur en biren sinh (bhajapa) 15 march 2017
24. madhy pradesh shivaraj sinh chauhan (bhajapa) 29 navnbar 2005
25. maharashtr devendr phadanavis (bhajapa) 31 aktoobar 2014
26. mizoram lal thanahavala (kangres) 11 disnbar 2008
27. meghalay kaaunarad sngama (enapipi) 6 march, 2018
28. rajasthan vasundhara raje sindhiya (bhajapa) 13 disnbar 2013
29. sikkim pavan kumar chamaling (esadieph) 12 disnbar 1994
30. hariyana manohar lal khattar (bhajapa) 26 aktoobar 2014
31. himachal pradesh jayaram thakur (bhajapa) 27 disnbar 2017

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