ममता बनर्जी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

mamata banarji
mamata banarji
poora nam mamata banarji
any nam didi (badi bahan)
janm 5 janavari, 1955
janm bhoomi kolakata
nagarikata bharatiy
parti trinamool kangres
pad poorv relamntri, pashchim bngal ki vartaman mukhyamntri
kary kal mukhyamntri- 20 mee, 2011 se abatak

relamntri- 22 mee, 2009 - 19 mee, 2011 tak

shiksha vakalat
vidyalay jogesh chndr chaudhari laau kaaulej
bhasha hindi, angrezi, bangla
any janakari mamata rabad ki chappal, snkari kinari vali sooti sadi ki pahachan ban gee hain. ab bhi vah lal khaparail ki chhat vale ghar men rahati hain. niyamit roop se tredamil par abhyas karati hain.
adyatan‎

mamata banarji (angrezi: Mamta Banerjee; janm- 5 janavari, 1955, kolakata) bharatiy rajy pashchim bngal ki vartaman mukhyamntri evn trinamool kangres ki pramukh hain. ye apane samarthakon men 'didi' (badi bahan) ke nam se atyadhik lokapriy hain. sooti sadi, havaee chappal, kndhe par kapade ka thaila aur chehare par hamesha sngharsh ke bhav, inaki mukhy pahachan hain. trinamool kangres ki adhyaksh mamata banarji apani sadagi aur sngharsh ki buniyad par pashchim bngal men vamamorcha ke 34 sal purane qile ko dhahane men saphal rahin. mamata ka vyaktitv ek zamini, sngharshashil, tez tarrar aur mukhar neta ke saman hai. vah chhote phayade ke lie kabhi apane lakshy se nahin bhataki.

shiksha

mamata banarji ka janm kolakata men 5 janavari, 1955 ko hua tha. unhonne 'basnti devi kaaulej' se apani snatak ki shiksha ko poorn kiya. bad men apane 'jogesh chndr chaudhari laau kaaulej' se apani qanoon ki digri prapt ki.

vyaktitv

mamata rabad ki chappal, snkari kinari vali sooti sadi ki pahachan ban gee hain. ab bhi vah lal khaparail ki chhat vale ghar men rahati hain. niyamit roop se tredamil par abhyas karati hain. subah apani parti ke sahayogiyon se batachit karati hain, baithakon, railiyon aur relave se jude samarohon se nibatane ke bad hi aram karati hain.

sngharsh ke din

kabhi aisa samay bhi tha, jab mamata banarji ko garibi se sngharsh karate hue doodh bechane ka kam bhi karana pada tha. unake lie apane chhote bhaee-bahanon ke palan-poshan men apani vidhava man ki madad karane ka yahi akela tarika tha. mamata ke pita svatntrata senani the aur jab ve bahut chhoti thin, tabhi unaki mrityu ho gee thi. bad men unhonne apane parivar ko chalane ke lie doodh vikreta ka kary karane ka nirnay liya. musibat ke un dinon ne mamata ko sakht bana diya aur unhonne pashchim bngal men kamyuniston ko satta se bedakhal karane ke apane sapane ko poora karane men dashakon gujar die.

rajaniti

pashchim bngal men yooth kangres ki adhyaksh ke taur par mamata banarji ne rajaniti ki shuruat ki. ye pahali bar 1984 men somanath chatarji ko harakar jadavapur sit se lok sabha men pahunchi. kangres se alag hone ke bad inhonne 1997 men trinamool kangres ki sthapana ki. dakshin kolakata sit se 1991, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2004 aur 2009 men inhen lokasabha ke lie chuna gaya. mamata banarji do bar rel mntri rah chuki hain. inhonne pahale rajag ke sath gathabndhan men aur phir snprag sarakar-do men yah zimmedari snbhali. qarib 13 sal ke sngharsh ke bad akhirakar pashchim bngal men vamamorcha ko hatakar mamata banarji itihas rachane men saphal rahin.

mukhyamntri

trinamool kangres ki adhyaksh mamata banarji ne shukravar, 20 mee, 2011 ko pashchim bngal ke mukhyamntri pad ki shapath grahan ki. inhonne ne keval rajy men 34 sal ke vamapnthi shasan ka ant kiya, balki rajy ki pahali mahila mukhyamntri banane ka gaurav bhi hasil kiya. hamesha ki tarah mamat banarji safed sadi pahanakar samaroh sthal pahunchi thi. rajyapal em. ke. narayanan ne dopahar ek bajakar ek minat par rajabhavan men unhen pad evn gopaniyata ki shapath dilaee. mamata ne yah samay svayn tay kiya tha. rajy ki 11vin mukhyamntri bani mamata ne bangla men shapath li. mamata banarji ke sath trinamool kangres ke 36 mntri v kangres ke 7 mntriyon ne bhi shapath li.

mamata ka rajanitik saphar

desh ki shaktishali netaon men shumar mamata banarji ke jivan ki kuchh mahattvapoorn ghatanaen is prakar hain-

  • 1970: men kangres parti ki karyakarta bani|
  • 1976-1980 : mamata banarji pashchim bngal mahila kangres ki mahasachiv banin.
  • 1984 : mamata ne marksavadi kamyunist parti (makapa) ke varishth neta somanath chatarji ko jadavapur lok sabha sit se haraya. unhen desh ki sabase yuva sansad banane ka gaurav bhi prapt hua. unhen akhil bharatiy yuva kangres ka mahasachiv banaya gaya.
  • 1989 : kangres virodhi lahar men mamata jadavapur lok sabha sit par malini bhattachary se parajit hueen.
  • 1991 : mamata dobara lok sabha ki sadasy banin. unhonne dakshini kalakatta (kolakata) lok sabha sit se makapa ke biplav dasagupta ko parajit kiya. varsh 1996, 1998, 1999, 2004 aur 2009 men vah isi sit se lokasabha sadasy nirvachit hueen.
  • agast 1989 : dakshin kolakata men hajara kransing par virodh pradarshan ke dauran makapa ke karyakartaon dvara kathit taur par pite jane ki vajah se unake sir men choten aeen.
  • 1991 : kolakata se lokasabha ke lie chuni gee. narasimha rav sarakar men manav snsadhan vikas, yuva mamalon aur mahila evn bal vikas vibhag men rajy mntri

banin. narasimhan rav sarakar men khel mntri banaee gee.

  • 21 julaee, 1993 : mamata ke netritv men yuva kangres samarthakon ka dal 'raauyatars bilding' ki taraph badh raha tha usi samay ki gee golibari men 13 karyakartaon ki maut ho gee. ve matadata pahachan patr ko matadan ke lie ekamatr dastavez mane jane ki mang kar rahe the.
  • julaee 1996 : mntri hone ke bavajood mamata ne lok sabha men petrol ki qimaton men vriddhi ka virodh kiya.
  • 1996 se 2009 tak dakshin kolakata lokasabha sit se vijayi hoti rahi hain.
  • faravari 1997 : tatkalin rel mntri 'ramavilas pasavan' ke rel bajat men pashchim bngal ko najarandaz karane ki bat kahate hue mamata ne apani shal unake oopar phenk di aur apane istiphe ki ghoshana ki.
  • 22 disambar, 1997 : mamata ne kangres chhodi aur kolakata men akhil bharatiy trinamool kangres ka gathan karane ki ghoshana ki.
  • 1 janavari, 1998 : trinamool kangres aupacharik roop se astitv men aee.
  • 1998 aur 1999 : bharatiy janata parti (bhajapa) ke sath siton ka bntavara kar lok sabha ka chunav lada.
  • 1999 : rashtriy janatantrik gathabndhan (rajag) ke netritv men banane vali sarakar men trinamool kangres bhi shamil huee aur mamata rel mntri bani.
  • 2001: tahalaka ke khulase ke bad rajag chhod diya.
  • march 2001 : rajag chhodakar rajy vidhanasabha chunav ke lie kangres gathabndhan men shamil hueen. chunav men vam morche ko 199 aur trinamool-kangres gathabndhan ko 86 siten milin.
  • agast 2001 : mamata banarji pun: rajag men launti aeen.
  • janavari 2004 : kendriy koyala evn khadan mntri banin. lok sabha chunav men trinamool kangres ne kharab pradarshan kiya. pashchim bngal men mamata ki parti ko keval ek sit mili.
  • 2005: p. bngal ke nndigram men indoneshiyan samooh salim ke nivesh ka virodh kiya
  • mee 2006 : trinamool kangres ne bhajapa ke sath milakar vidhanasabha ka chunav lada, lekin pradarshan kharab raha. is gathabndh ko keval 30 siten mili, jabaki vam morcha ko 233 siten mili.
  • navambar 2006 : pashchim bngal men hugali zile ke singoor men tata motars ki prastavit pariyojana ka virodh kiya aur 12 ghnte ke bnd ka ailan kiya. trinamool kangres ke vidhayakon ne vidhanasabha men todaphod ki.
  • disambar 2006 : singoor men anichchhuk kisanon ki adhigrahit zamin vapas lautane ki mang ko lekar mamata banarji ne shahar men sthit metro chainal par 25 dinon ki bhookh hadatal ki. yoo pi e sarakar men rel mntri banaee gee
  • march 14, 2007 : pashchimi midanapur zile ke nndigram men pashchim bngal sarakar ki bhoomi adhigrahan yojana ka virodh kar rahe kisanon par pulis dvara ki gee golibari men 14 kisanon ki maut ho gee.
  • 14 navambar, 2007 : bngal men prakhyat buddhijiviyon ne trinamool kangres ke netaon ke sath kolakata se nndigram tak ek shanti march nikala.
  • mee 2008 : trinamool kangres ne pashchimi midanapur aur dakshin 24 paragana ki zila parishad ki sit par qabza kar liya. yah sit vam morche ke qabze men thi. trinamool kangres ne nndigram aur singoor men bhi vam morche ka saphaya kar diya.
  • apane chunav abhiyan ke lie paisa jutane ke lie mamata banarji kafi vyast rahin. varsh 2007 aur 2008 men apane tail chitron ki bikri kar char lakh aur 15 lakh rupaye kamaye aur ise dan kar diya.
  • 2009 : kangres aur trinamool kangres ne ek sath milakar lok sabha chunav lada. trinamool ko pashchim bngal ki 42 lokasabha siton men se 26 par jit hasil huee. mamata ek bar phir rel mntri banin.
  • joon 2010 : nagar nigam chunav men trinamool kangres ne kolakata nagar nigam par apana paracham laharaya. kolakata nagar nigam par trinamool kangres ne 62 siton ke antar se kabza jamaya.
  • 18 march, 2011 : mamata ne kangres ke sath milakar pashchim bngal vidhanasabha ka chunav lada.
  • 13 mee, 2011 : vidhanasabha chunav men trinamool kangres-kangres gathabndhan ne rajy ki 294 siton men se 227 par apana paracham laharaya.
  • mee 20, 2011 : mamata banarji ne pashchim bngal ki mukhyamntri ke roop men shapath li.[1]

snvedanashil kavayitri

bngal ke janamanas men ‘poribortan’ ka sapana bharane vali, pashchim bngal ki mukhyamntri evn trinamool kangres adhyaksh mamata banarji ke jivan ka ek anajana pahaloo yah bhi hai ki, ve ek snvedanashil kavayitri hain. unaki kavitaon men bhi ‘badarng’ ho chuki rajaniti ke ‘poribartan’ (badalav) ki chhatapatahat hai aur sath-sath isaki is ashay ki hunkar bhi hai. sushri banarji ki is ashay ki kavita ‘rajaniti’ isi manovyatha ko darshati hai aur khasi charchit hai.[1]

‘rajaniti’ ek shabd, jisase man men kabhi jagata tha shraddhabhav
ab ho gaye hain isake mayane bada karobar
parti ke daftar ban gaye hain bazar
sach, rajaniti banakar rah gayi hai ‘gnda khel’
‘rajaniti’ jo honi chahie thi siddhanton aur moolyon ka paryay
samay ne badala hai isaka arth ab hai yah hai aparadh ki pathashala
nahin bita hai bahut vaqt jab rajaniti ki kunji thi ‘janashakti’
afasos, ab isake mayane ho gaye hain ‘dhanashakti’
bharosa, eemanadari, nishtha hai ye shabd behad nek, behad pak
lekin gayab hote ja rahe hain dhire-dhire ab ye rajaniti ke shabdakosh se
‘rajaniti hai janaseva, deshaseva’ banati ja rahi hain ye sab baten
ab bhooli-bisari-si yaden
rajaniti to hai aj glaimar aur phaishan
‘sach’ glaimar aur phaishan
badalane hi honge hamen ye halat, badalani hogi rajaniti ki badarng tasvir
kahin aisa n ho himalay ki yah gnga
gndagi ke bhnvarajal men doob jaye, sama jae.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 mamata banarji ke jivan ki mahattvapoorn ghatanaen (hindi) (pi.ech.pi.) moneycontrol.com. abhigaman tithi: 23 mee, 2011.

snbndhit lekh

bharatiy rajyon men padasth mukhyamntri
kramank rajy mukhyamntri (parti) padabhar grahan
1. arunachal pradesh pema khandoo (bhajapa) 17 julaee 2016
2. asam sarbanand sonoval (bhajapa) 24 mee 2016
3. andhr pradesh chndrababoo nayadoo (tedepa) 8 joon 2014
4. uttar pradesh yogi adityanath (bhajapa) 19 march 2017
5. uttarakhand trivendr sinh ravat (bhajapa) 18 march 2017
6. odisha navin patanayak (bijad) 5 march 2000
7. karnatak siddharamaiya (kangres) 13 mee 2013
8. keral pinaraee vijayan (makapa) 25 mee 2016
9. gujarat vijay roopani (bhajapa) 7 agast, 2016
10. gova manohar parrikar (bhajapa) 14 march 2017
11. chhattisagadh raman sinh (bhajapa) 7 disambar 2003
12. jammoo-kashmir mahabooba mufti (jekepidipi) 4 aprail 2016
13. jharakhand raghuvar das (bhajapa) 28 disambar, 2014
14. tamil nadu ke. palanisvami (anna dramuk) 16 faravari 2017
15. tripura biplab kumar deb (bhajapa) 9 march 2018
16. telngana ke. chandrashekhar rav (teras) 2 joon 2014
17. dilli aravind kejarival (ap) 14 faravari 2015
18. nagalaind nephiyoo riyo (enadipipi) 8 march 2018
19. pnjab amarindar sinh (kangres) 16 march 2017
20. pashchim bngal mamata banarji (trinamool kangres) 20 mee 2011
21. puducheri vi. narayanasami (kangres) 6 joon 2016
22. bihar nitish kumar (jadayoo) 27 julaee 2017
23. manipur en biren sinh (bhajapa) 15 march 2017
24. madhy pradesh shivaraj sinh chauhan (bhajapa) 29 navnbar 2005
25. maharashtr devendr phadanavis (bhajapa) 31 aktoobar 2014
26. mizoram lal thanahavala (kangres) 11 disnbar 2008
27. meghalay kaaunarad sngama (enapipi) 6 march, 2018
28. rajasthan vasundhara raje sindhiya (bhajapa) 13 disnbar 2013
29. sikkim pavan kumar chamaling (esadieph) 12 disnbar 1994
30. hariyana manohar lal khattar (bhajapa) 26 aktoobar 2014
31. himachal pradesh jayaram thakur (bhajapa) 27 disnbar 2017

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