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bharatiy janata parti
chunav chihn bharatiy janata parti
poora nam bharatiy janata parti
snkshep nam bhajapa (BJP)
gathan varsh 1980
pratham adhyaksh atal bihari vajapeyi
vartaman adhyaksh amit shah
neta lokasabha narendr modi
neta rajyasabha arun jetali
mukhyalay 11, ashok rod, nee dilli
vicharadhara hindutv, hindoo rashtravad, arthik udarikaran, akhnd manavatavad
chunav chihn kamal ka phool
samachar patr kamal sndesh
gathabndhan rashtriy janatantrik gathabndhan (rajag)
yuva sngathan bharatiy janata yuva morcha
mahila sngathan bijepi mahila morcha
vidyarthi sngathan akhil bharatiy vidyarthi parishad
snbndhit lekh bharatiy janasngh, rashtriy svaynsevak sngh, dinadayal upadhyay, shyama prasad mukharji, lal krishn adavani
rng bhagava
any janakari bharatiy janata parti ki sthapana 1980 men ki gee thi. isase pahale 1977 se 1979 tak ise 'janata parti' aur usase pahale 1951 se 1977 tak 'bharatiy janasngh' ke nam se jana jata tha.
snsad men siton ki snkhya
lokasabha 282/543
rajyasabha 42/245
adhikarik vebasait bharatiy janata parti
adyatan‎

bharatiy janata parti (angrezi: Bharatiya Janata Party, snkshep nam:bhajapa) bharat ka ek pramukh rajanitik dal hai. is dal ke vartaman adhyaksh rajanath sinh hai. bharatiy janata yuva morcha is dal ka yuva sngathan hai. is parti ne apani shuruat hindoo ejende ke sath ki thi. parti ka gathan purnagathit janasngh ke roop men 6 aprail, 1980 ko sampann hua tha. isake pratham adhyaksh ke roop men atal bihari vajapeyi ko chuna gaya tha. is dal men adhikansh sadasy bhootapoorv janasngh ke shamil hue, jisaka 1977 men janata parti men vilay ho gaya tha. isake sath hi kuchh gair janasnghi bhi isamen shamil hue. is dal ke gathan ke bad jo chunav huye, usamen is dal ko apekshakrit saphalata nahin mili aur 1984 ke lokasabha ke am chunav men is dal ke do sadasy lokasabha ke lie nirvachit kiye gaye. 1989 men chunav tatha 1991 ke lokasabha ke madhyavadhi chunav men is dal ko paryapt saphalata mili.

itihas

bharatiy janata parti ki sthapana 1980 men ki gee thi. isase pahale 1977 se 1979 tak ise 'janata parti' ke sath ke 'bharatiy janasngh' aur usase pahale 1951 se 1977 tak 'bharatiy janasngh' ke nam se jana jata tha. bharatiy janata parti ke itihas ko tin alag-alag hisson men banta ja sakata hai-

  1. bharatiy janasngh
  2. janata parti
  3. bharatiy janata parti

bharatiy janasngh

'bharatiy janasngh' ki sthapana shyama prasad mukharji ne 1951 men ki thi. parti ko pahale am chunav men koee khas saphalata nahin mili, lekin ise apani pahachan sthapit karane men kamayabi zarur prapt ho gee thi. bharatiy janasngh ne shuru se hi kashmir ki ekata, gau-raksha, zamindari pratha aur paramit-laisens-kota raj adi samapt karane jaise muddon par vishesh roop se zor diya tha. kangres ka virodh karate hue janasngh ne rajyon men apana sngathan phailane aur use mazabooti pradan karane ka kam prarambh kiya, lekin chunavon men parti ko asha ke anuroop kamayabi prapt nahin huee.[1] kangres ka virodh karane ke lie janasngh ne jayaprakash narayan ka samarthan bhi kiya. jayaprakash narayan ne shrimati indira gandhi ke khilaf nara diya ki "sinhasan hatao ki janata ati hai." 1975 men indira gandhi ne apatakal ki ghoshana ki. is dauran doosari vipakshi partiyon ki tarah janasngh ke bhi hazaron karyakartaon aur netaon ko jel men dala gaya.

janata parti

1977 men apatakal ki samapti ke bad hue chunavon men kangres ko har ka samana karana pada. tab moraraji desaee pradhanamntri bane aur bharatiy janasngh ke atal bihari vajapeyi ko videsh mntri aur lalakrishn adavani ko soochana aur prasaran mntri banaya gaya. lekin ye sarakar adhik dinon tak tik nahin saki, kyonki apasi gutabazi aur ladaee ki vajah se sarakar tis mah men hi gir gee.

bharatiy janata parti

1980 ke chunavon men vibhajit janata parti ki har huee. bharatiy janasngh, janata parti se prithakh ho gaya aur ab usane apana naya nam 'bharatiy janata parti' rakh liya. is samay parti snsat ke daur se gujar rahi thi. atal bihari vajapeyi ko parti ka adhyaksh banaya gaya. disnbar, 1980 men munbee men bharatiy janata parti ka pahala adhiveshan hua. bhajapa ne kangres ke sath apane virodh ko jari rakha aur pnjab aur shrilnka ko lekar tatkalin indira gandhi ki sarakar ki alochana ki.[1]

1984 ki chunavi har

1984 men indira gandhi ki hatya ke bad hue am chunavon men unake putr rajiv gandhi ko tin-chauthaee bahumat prapt hua. chunav men bhajapa ko sirf do siten hi prapt hueen. ye bijepi ke lie ek bahut bada jhataka tha. parti ne is jhatake se ubarane ke prayas shuru kar die. usane 1984 men hue am chunavon ke natijon ka vishleshan kiya. chunav sudharon ki vaqalat ki gee. bngaladesh se ane vale ghusapaithiyon ki samasya ko uthaya gaya. bhajapa ne bofors top saude ko lekar tatkalin pradhanamntri rajiv gandhi ko ghera. 1989 ke chunavon men bhajapa ne vishvanath pratap sinh ke netritv vale janata dal se siton ka talamel kiya. in chunavon men bhajapa ne lokasabha men apane sadasyon ki snkhya 1984 men do se badhakar 89 tak kar di. vishvanath pratap sinh ki sarakar ko bhajapa ne bahar se bina shart samarthan dene ka ailan kiya. bad men parti ke netaon ne apane is faisale ko galat thaharaya.

1991 ki chunavi vijay

vishvanath pratap sinh ne pichhadi jatiyon aur janajatiyon ko sarakari naukariyon men arakshan dene ke lie mndal ayog ki sifarishen lagoo kin. bhajapa ko aisa lagane laga ki ve apana vot baink khada karana chahate hain. isilie ab bhajapa ne hindutv ke mudde ko dobara uthaya. parti ne ayodhya men 'babari masjid' ki jagah ram mndir banane ki bat kahi. is prakar hindoo vot baink ko ikaththa rakhane ki koshish ki gee, jisake mndal riport ane ke bad bnt jane ka khatara paida ho gaya tha. adhyaksh lalakrishn adavani ne somanath se ayodhya tak rath yatra bhi ki. unaki giraftari ke bad bhajapa ne sarakar se samarthan vapas le liya. isake bad 1991 men hue chunavon men prachar ke dauran hi rajiv gandhi ki hatya kar di gee. bhajapa ko in chunavon men 119 siton par vijay mili. isaka bada shrey ayodhya mudde ko jata tha. kangres ko spasht bahumat nahin mila, lekin pi. vi. narasinharav alpamat ki sarakar chalate rahe. bhajapa ne sarakar ka virodh kiya. sheyar ghotale aur arthik udarikaran ko lekar usane sarakar ko gherana lagatar jari rakha.[1]

jit-har ka silasila

1996 ke chunavon men bharatiy janata parti sabase badi parti ke rup men ubhari. rashtrapati daauktar shnkaradayal sharma ne atal bihari vajapeyi ko sarakar banane ke lie amntrit kiya. lekin lokasabha men bahumat sabit n kar pane ki vajah se unaki sarakar sirf 13 din men gir gee. bad men kangres ke bahari samarthan se banin ech.di. devagauda aur indr kumar gujaral ki sarakaren bhi karyakal poora karane men asamarth rahin. 1998 men ek bar phir am chunav hue. in chunavon men bhajapa ne kshetriy partiyon se gathabndhan aur siton ka talemal kiya. khud parti ko 181 siton par jit hasil huee. atal bihari vajapeyi ek bar phir pradhanamntri bane, lekin gathabndhan ki ek pramukh sahayogi jayalalita ki eaeeediemake ke samarthan vapas lene se vajapeyi sarakar gir gee. 1999 men ek bar phir am chunav hue. in chunavon ko bhajapa ne 23 sahayogi partiyon ke sath sajha ghoshana-patr par lada aur gathabndhan ko "rashtriy janatantrik gathabndhan" (en.di.e.) ka nam diya. enadie ko poorn bahumat prapt hua. atal bihari vajapeyi phir pradhanamntri banaye gaye. ve sahi mayanon men pahale gair-kangresi pradhanamntri the.


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  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 bharatiy janata parti (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 31 agast, 2012.

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