अनुदार दल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

anudar dal anudar dal athava kanzaravetiv parti inglaind ka ek pramukh rajanitik dal hai. kaitholik dharmavalnbi jems dvitiy ke uttaradhikari ke samarthan or virodh men tori aur hvig do rajanitik dalon ka avirbhav charls dvitiy (1660-1685) ke samay hua tha. inamen se tori dal knzaravetiv parti ka mool poorvaj hai. tori dal rajapad ke vnshanugat aur vishesh adhikar tatha keval englikan dharmavyavastha ka samarthak tha. hvig dal ne niyntrit rajatntr, parlament ki sarvashaktimatta tatha dharmavyavastha men sahishnuta ke siddhant ko manyata di thi. jarj tritiy (1760-1820) ke rajyarohan tak desh ki rajaniti men hvig dal ki pradhanata rahi. jaaurj ke shasanakal men tori dal sattaroodh hua. is dal ke laaurd naaurth ke barah varshon (1770-82) ke pradhan mntritv kal men shasan men raja ke vyaktigat prabhav ki vriddhi huee. isi dal ka viliyam pit (chhota pit) 1784 se 1801 tak pradhan mntri raha. phrans ki rajyakranti aur nepoliyan (1789-1815 ee) ke yug tatha bad ke pndrah varshon men tori dal ne udar aur lokatantrik andolanon ke daman aur inglaind ke samrajy ke vistar ki niti apanaee. kintu yuddh aur aughogik kranti se utpann nee paristhitiyon ka nirvah dal ki niti se snbhav n tha. 1830 men parlament ke nirvachan men sudharavadi hvig dal ki vijay huee. dal ne 1830 men pahala sudhar kanoon (ripharm aikt) parit kiya. tori dal ne kuchh prachalit vyasthaon men jo apekshit sudhar kie unaka samarthan tori dal ne nahin kiya.

is kal toridal ka kanjaravetiv parti (anudar) nam pad gaya. 1824 men ek bhoj ke avasar par jaaurj kening ne tori parti ke lie pahale pahal is shabd ka upayog kiya tha. dal ke neta raaubart pil ne dal ki niti ki jo ghoshana temnavarth ke matadataon ke samaksh 1835 ee. men ki thi usamen dal ke lie kanjaravetiv shabd ko apana liya tha. shighr hi tori dal ke lie yah naya nam prachalit ho gaya.

1834-35 aur 1841-46 men pil ke netritv men shasanasootr anudar dal ke hath men raha. anaj ke ayat se pratibngh utha lene ke prashn par serakshan niti ke samarthak dal ke sadasyon ne pil ka virogh kiya aur is snbndh ka kanoon parit hone par unhonne pil ka sath chhod diya. pil ke anuyayi udar dal men sammilit ho ge. sudharon ke snbndh men udar niti ko karyanvit karane ke karan hvig dal libaral parti (udar dal) kaha jane laga tha. 1868 men benjamin dijareli ne anudar dal ka punargathan kiya. is varsh tori dal ki sarakar thi. dal ne doosara sudhar kanoon parit kar matadhikar ka vistar kiya. dal ke sngathan ko pusht karane ke lie dijareli ne 1870 men dal ka kendriy karyalay khola aur dal ke uddeshy aur karyo ki poorti ke lie 1880 men ek kendriy samiti bhi bana di. dal ke kshetr aur karyo ka vistar is samiti ka mukhy kary hai.

viktoriya (1837-1901) ke rajyakal men dal ki sthiti kaphi dridh ho gee thi. ayaralaind ko svarajy dene ke snbndh men udar dal ke neta viliyam ivart glaidastan ke prastavon ka pratyek avasar par dal ne tivr virodh kiya tha. udar dal ke kuchh sadasy bhi is prashn par dal ke neta ki niti se sahamat n the . ve anudar dal men sammilit ho ge aur donon yooniyanist (ekatavadi) kahe jane lage. bahut samay tak anudar dal ke lie is nam ka hi upayog hota raha.

1895 se 1905 tak anudar dal ke hath men desh ka shasan raha. agale das varsh udar dal sataroodh raha kintu pratham vishvamahayuddh ki avaghi (1914-18) men udar aur anudar dal donon ki snyukt sarakar rahi. vartaman shatabdi men lebar parti (majadoor dal) ke uday aur vistar ke bad udar dal desh ki rajaniti men pichhad gaya. pratham vishvamahayuddh ke bad samay-samay par anusar aur majadoor dalon ki pradhanata desh ki rajaniti men rahi hai. dvitiy vishvamahayuddh ki avadhi (1936-44) men bhi donon dalon ki snyukt sarakar rahi jo 1950 tak bani rahi. . 1950 ke chunav me majadoor dal ke keval 17 adhik sadasy ae. dal ka mntrimndal ek varsh bhi n tik saka. ne chunav men anudar dal ko bahumat prapt hua. 1951 se anudar dal ke hath men desh ka shasanasootr hai.[1]

anudar dal sadharanataya prachalit vyavasthaon men parivartan ke paksh men nahin raha hai. ugr aur krantikari vyavasthaon ka vah ghor virodhi hai. anivary paristhitiyon men parnparagat snsthaon aur vyavasthaon men sudhar dal ne svikar kiya hai kintu unaka samool nash usako abhisht nahin hai. dal ki yah niti rahi hai ki kisi bhi vyavastha men kramash: is prakar parivartan kiya jay ki parnparagat sthiti se dasaka snbndh bana rahe. yah dal rajapad, lard sabha, ainglikan dharmavyavastha aur jamindaron ke adhikaron ka samarthak raha hai. vyaktigat snpatti ki raksha men dal sada sachesht raha hai. samajavad ke andolan aur rashtriyakaran ki yojanaon ko dal ne kshama ki drishti se dekha hai aur yathasnbhav unaka virodh kiya hai. vyavasay aur vyapar ke hit men dal ne snrakshan niti ka samarthan kiya hai. rajy ki sabal aur sudridh vaideshik niti tatha any deshon men inglaid ki pratishtha ki manyata dal ko abhisht hai. samrajyavad ka dal ki niti men pramukh sthan hai. adhinasth deshon ko svadhinata dekar samrajy ke angabhng ka yah dal virodhi hai. dvitiy mahayudv ke bad ke am chunav men vinstan charchil ne antararashtriy aur samrajy snbndhi samasyao ko mahatv diya tha.

desh ka samriddh aur kulin varg anudar dal ka samarthak hai. bade-bade jamindar, vyavasayi, poonjipati, vakil, daktar aair vishvavidyalay ke pradhyapak adhikansh men anudar dal ke sadasy hai. anudar dal ki niti ke samarthan men hi desh ke hiton ki ve raksha snbhav samajhate hain.



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. sn.gr.-phredarikh astin aaug : inglish gavarnament aind paaulitiks (snshodhit snkaran), maikamilan, nyooyark: es.vi. punatanbekar : kanstityooshanal histri aauv anglaid, 1485-1931, nndakishor bradars, varanasi: brendan, je.e. dvara snpadit, di dikshanari aauv british histri, edavard arnald aind knpani, lndan : mahadevaprasad sharma : british snvidhan, kitabamahal, ilahabad, : trilochan pnt : inglaid ka sanvidhanik itihas, nndakishor bradars, varanasi.
  1. hindi vishvakosh, khand 1 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 120,121 |

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