सुषमा स्वराज  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

sushama svaraj
sushama svaraj
poora nam sushama svaraj
janm 14 faravari, 1952
janm bhoomi anbala chhavani, hariyana
mrityu 6 agast 2019
mrityu sthan dilli
mrityu karan hriday gati rook jane se
abhibhavak shri haradev sharma
pati/patni svaraj kaushal
sntan ek putri
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi bhajapa ki shirsh mahila netri
parti 'bharatiy janata parti'
pad poorv kendriy videsh mntri, dilli ki poorv mukhyamntri
kary kal mukhyamntri- 13 aktoobar 1998 se 3 disambar 1998 tak; vipaksh ki neta- 21 disnbar 2009 se 26 mee 2014 tak; videsh mntri- 26 mee, 2014 se 24 mee 2019 tak
shiksha kala snatak aur vidhi snatak
vidyalay keral vishvavidyalay, pnjab vishvavidyalay
bhasha hindi, angrezi
puraskar-upadhi 'utkrisht sansad samman' (2004)
any janakari sushama svaraj kendriy videsh mntri aur desh ki rajadhani dilli ki pratham mahila mukhyamntri rahin.
adyatan‎

sushama svaraj (angrezi: Sushma Swaraj, janm- 14 faravari, 1952 - mrityu- 6 agast, 2019) bharat sarakar ki kendriy kebinet men shamil videsh mntri thin. bharat ki pramukh rajanitik partiyon men se ek 'bharatiy janata parti' (bhajapa) ki shirsh mahila netriyon men gini jati hain. sushama svaraj gyarahavin, barahavin aur pndrahavin lok sabha ki sadasy chuni gayi thin. unhen san 2009 men lokasabha chunavon ke liye bhajapa ki 19 sadasyiy "chunav prachar samiti" ka adhyaksh bhi banaya gaya tha. sushama svaraj kendriy mntri aur desh ki rajadhani dilli ki pratham mahila mukhyamntri rahi hain. 26 mee 2014 se 24 mee 2019 tak bharat ki videsh mntri rahin.

janm tatha shiksha

14 faravari, 1952 ko hariyana ki anbala chhavani men sushama ka janm hua tha. unake pita ka nam shri haradev sharma tha. sushama ne apani shiksha ke antargat kala snatak aur vidhi snatak ki digriyan prapt kin. ve suprim kort men vakalat bhi karati hain. 13 julaee, 1975 ko unaka vivah svaraj kaushal ke sath sampann hua, jo chh: sal tak rajy sabha men sansad rahe aur sath hi mijoram men rajyapal bhi rahe. svaraj kaushal abhi tak ke sabase kam ayu men rajyapal ka pad prapt karane vale vyakti hain. sushama aur unake pati ki upalabdhiyon ka yah svarnim rikaaurd 'limka buk aauf varld rikaaurd' men darj ho chuka hai. sushama svaraj ek beti ki man bhi hai, jo vakalat kar rahi hai.

rajaniti men pravesh

sattar ke dashak men chhatr rajaniti se apana rajanitik saphar shuroo karane vali sushama, hariyana vidhanasabha ki vidhayak rahin aur janata parti ki vidhayak ke taur par unhen chaudhari devilal ki sarakar men kaibinet mntri banaya gaya tha. ve lagatar tin varshon tak hariyana vidhanasabha ki sarvashreshth vakta bhi rahin. varsh 1990 men ve rajy sabha aur 1996 men 11vin lok sabha ke lie dakshin dilli se chuni geen. 1996 men atal bihari vajapeyi ki terah dinon tak chali sarakar men unhen 'soochana aur prasaran mntri' banaya gaya tha. 12vin lok sabha men bhi ve chunakar aeen aur phir 'soochana prasaran mntri' banin. bad men ve kuchh samay ke lie dilli ki pahali mahila mukhh‍yamntri bhi rahin. bhajapa ke vidhanasabha chunav harane ke bad ve phir se kendriy rajaniti men lautin. varsh 1999 ke lok sabha chunavon men unhonne karnatak ke bellari snsadiy chunav kshetr se kangres pramukh soniya gandhi ke khilaf chunav lada tha. halanki ve chunav har geen, lekin unhonne soniya gandhi ko kadi takkar di. varsh 2000 men ve uttarakhnd se rajy sabha ke lie chuni geen aur rajy sabha men rahate hue soochana prasaran, svasthy aur parivar kalyan tatha snsadiy karyamntri ke pad par rahin.

akhil bharatiy vidyarthi parishad se judav

pnjab vishvavidyalay men padhaee ke dauran sushama 'akhil bharatiy vidyarthi parishad' ka hissa ban gee thin. arun jetali jab 1974 men dilli vishvavidyalay ke chhatr sngh ka chunav lad rahe the, tab vah dilli chunav prachar se sambandhit kary hetu aee thin. 80 ke dashak men vah bhajapa se judin.

parti ko sthayitv

varsh 1999 men jab sushama ko bellari sit se soniya gandhi ke khilaf chunav ladane ke lie kaha gaya, tab us samay vahan unhonne parti ko sthayitv pradan kar diya tha, jisaka astitv vahan pahale nahin tha. chunav men soniya gandhi ko 51.7 phisadi vot mile the, jabaki sushama svaraj ko 44.7 phisadi mila vot hasil hue. karnatak men hue pichhale vidhanasabha chunav men vidhan saudh men bhajapa vidhayak dal men sabase adhik hissedari bellari kshetr ki hi thi. lekin saman roop se unhonne parti men apane sahayogi jasavnt sinh ki badi alochana ki aur yah bhi kaha ki lok lekha samiti ke adhyaksh pad se unhen istipha de dena chahie. godhara dngon ke mamale men jab atal bihari vajapeyi ne narendr modi ko rajadharm nibhane ki salah di, tab sushama isase sahamat najar aeen, kintu jab chndrababoo nayadoo ne is mudde par rajag se samarthan vapas lene ke lie kaha, us samay sushama ne parti ke doosare netaon ki tarah kaha ki 'dabav men modi ko nahin badala ja sakata.'

gambhir vicharak

sushama svaraj ek achchhi shikshika ke roop men bhi jani-pahachani jati hain. ve parti ke un netaon men se ek hain, jinhonne vasundhara raje sindhiya ko rajasthan men vipaksh ka neta banae rakhane ki bat kahi thi. isake lie unhonne tark diya tha ki "kisi neta ko nasht karane men ek minat ka samay lagata hai, jabaki banane men kee sal lag jate hain." unhonne kee bar yadagar bhashan bhi die, lekin unaka sabase achchha bhashan vah hai, jo udiya men diya gaya tha. bijoo janata dal ne jab bhajapa se nata tod liya tha, tab char din bad sushama vahan pahunchi thin aur tab udiya men unhonne yah yadagar bhashan diya tha. nau sal ke mukhyamntritv kal men navin patanayak ek bar bhi udiya men sarvajanik bhashan nahin de pae the. unaki maujoodagi ki vajah se snsad pray: sajiv si pratit hoti hai.

rajy sabha men bhajapa neta

aprail, 2006 men sushama svaraj pun: rajy sabha ke lie chuni geen, lekin is bar unhen madhy pradesh se chunakar bheja gaya. rajy sabha men ve bhajapa ki upaneta bhi rahin aur ek samay par to unhen parti ka pramukh banae jane ki snbhavanaen zahir ki jane lagin. ve bhajapa ki rashtriy karyakarini ki sadasy hone ke sath kee samajik aur sanskritik snsthaon se judi huee hain. ve char varshon tak hariyana ke 'hindi sahity sammelan' ki adhyaksh bhi rahin. is bar parti ne unhen madhy pradesh ke vidisha snsadiy chunav kshetr se apana ummidavar banaya. pndrahavin lokasabha ke lie chunav ladane ke sath-sath hi sushama kee rajyon ke lie bharatiy janata parti ki pramukh rananitikar bhi niyukt ki gee thin.

utkrisht sansad ka samman

snsad ke kendriy kaksh men sampann ek garimamay karyakram men rashtrapati shrimati pratibha patil ne bharatiy janata parti ki varishth neta aur rajy sabha sansad sushama svaraj ko varsh 2004 ke lie 'utkrisht sansad samman' se alnkrit kiya tha. pratibha patil ne sushama svaraj ki prashnsa karate hue unhen rashtrahit se jude muddon ki prakhar vakta bataya tha. is mauke par sushama ne is puraskar ke lie pahali bar kisi mahila ko chunane ke lie chayan samiti ko dhanyavad diya aur kaha ki "yah saubhagy ki bat hai ki unhen yah puraskar desh ki pahali mahila rashtrapati ke hathon mila hai." unhonne kaha "mera qad to chhota tha. sahayogiyon ne yah puraskar dekar mere qad ko aur bhi bada kar diya hai." isake sath hi sushama ne eeshvar se is puraskar ki maryada ko banae rakhane ki shakti pradan karane ki kamana ki aur vachan diya ki vah har snbhav prayas kar is puraskar ka man samman banae rakhane ka prayas karengi.

prashasti patr

sushama svaraj ko prashasti patr bhi prapt hua hai. inako arpit prashasti patr men kaha gaya hai ki- "shrimati sushama svaraj ka tin dashakon se adhik ka utkrisht sarvajanik jivan raha hai. unhen hariyana sarakar men sabase kam umr ki kaibinet mntri tatha dilli ki pratham mahila mukhyamntri hone ka gaurav prapt hai. ek pratibhashali vakta hone ke sath-sath unhonne desh men snsadiy lokatntr ko sudridh karane men vishisht yogadan diya hai."

chunav kshetr

rajanaitik safar

sadasyata
kendriy kaibinet mntri
  • videsh mntri- 26 mee 2014 se ab tak
  • shram aur rozagar 1977-1979
  • shiksha, khady aur nagarik apoorti 1987-1990
  • soochana aur prasaran 16 mee 1996-1 joon 1996
  • soochana aur prasaran aur doorasnchar (atirikt prabhar) 19 march-12 aktoobar 1998
  • soochana aur prasaran 30 sitnbar 2000 se 29 janavari 2003
  • 29 janavari 2003 se 22 mee 2004 svasth mntri evn snsadiy mntri
  • aprel 2006, panchavi bar rajy sabha ke lie pun: chuni geen.
  • 16 mee 2009, pndrahavin lokasabha ke lie chhatavin bar chuni geen.
  • 3 joon 2009 ko lok sabha ke upaneta vipaksh chuni geen.
  • 21 disambar 2009 ko neta vipaksh chuni geen.
  • 26 mee 2014 se 24 mee 2019 tak videsh mntri ke pad par asin rahin.

nidhan

poorv videsh mntri sushama svaraj ka 6 agast ki rat ko nidhan ho gaya. vah 67 varsh ki thin. ems ke sootron ne bataya ki svaraj ko rat 10 bajakar 15 minat par aspatal laya gaya aur unhen sidhe apatakalin vard men le jaya gaya. bhajapa ki varishth neta ka 2016 men gurda pratiropit kiya gaya tha aur svasthy karanon se unhonne lokasabha chunav nahin lada tha. dilli men apane ghar par kardiek arest ke bad sushama svaraj ko ems aspatal le jaya gaya. lekin sushama ko bachaya nahin ja saka.



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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