सोनिया गाँधी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

soniya gandhi
Sonia-Gandhi-3.jpg
poora nam soniya gandhi
janm 9 disnbar 1946
janm bhoomi itali
abhibhavak stiphaino
pati/patni sv.shri rajiv gandhi
sntan rahul gandhi aur priynka gandhi
nagarikata bharatiy
parti kangres
pad kangres ki poorv adhyaksh
kary kal adhyaksh- 14 march 1998 – 11 disnbar 2017 (19 varsh)
bhasha hindi, angrezi
any janakari soniya gandhi kangres ke adhyaksh ke pad par sabase jyada samay (19 varsh) tak karyarat rahi hain.
adyatan‎

soniya gandhi (angrezi: Sonia Gandhi) prasiddh bharatiy netri hain. soniya ka janm 9 disnbar 1946 ko itali ke 'lusiyana' men 'maino' parivar men hua tha. soniya gandhi bharatiy rashtriy kangres ki adhyaksh hain. ve rayabareli, uttar pradesh ki sansad hain aur isake sath hi ve 14 vin lokasabha men 'yoopie' ki bhi pramukh hain. pati rajiv gandhi ki hatya hone ke bad unhonne apana qadam rajaniti men rakha. rashtriy aur anrtarashtriy rajanitik kshitij par soniya gandhi ne mahattvapoorn sthan prapt kiya hain. soniya gandhi bharat ke prabhavashali rajanitik gharane ki bahoo hain.

jivan parichay

soniya ke paida hone par lusiyana ke gharon men parnpara ke anusar gulabi riban bandhe ge. charch men soniya ka nam 'edavije enatoniya alabina maino' rakha gaya, lekin unake pita 'stiphaino' ne unhen soniya ke nam se pukara. roosi nam rakhakar vo un roosi parivaron ka shukriya ada karana chahate the jinhonne dvitiy vishvayuddh ke dauran unaki jan bachaee thi. soniya ke pita stiphaino, musolini ki sena men the jo roosi sena se har gee thi.

soniya gandhi
Sonia Gandhi

soniya ne 'jiyaveno' ke kaaunvent skool men shiksha grihan ki, vo achchhi stoodent nahin thi, lekin hnsamukh aur doosaron ki madad karane vali thin. qaph aur asthama ki shikayat ki vajah se vo bording skool men akeli soti thin. age jakar 'toorin' men padhaee ke dauran unake man men eyar hostes banane ka araman bhi jaga lekin vo sapana jald hi badal gaya. isake bad vo 'videshi bhasha ki adhyapika' ya 'snyukt rashtr men anuvadak' bhi banana chahati thin. kangres adhyaksh soniya gandhi ko bharatiyon ne bhale hi badi sahajata se svikar kar liya ho, par doosare deshon ke lie unaki saphalata ashchary ka vishay bani huee hai. ek sadharan parivar se duniya ke sabase bade lokatntr ke shirsh par pahunchane ka unaka yah safar logon men gahari utsukata jagata raha hai. isi ko dhyan men rakhakar 'spainish lekhak aur patrakar' 'jeviyar moro' ne unake jivan par 'el sari rojo' (d red sadi) namak ek kitab likhi hai.

vaivahik jivan

prarambhik shiksha ke pashchat, unhonne videshi bhasha sikhane vale ek shaikshik snstha men dakhila liya aur angrezi, phrench v roosi bhashaen sikhin. shri rajiv gandhi se unaki mulakat 'kainbrij' men huee thi, jahan ve angrezi bhasha men age ki padhaee kar rahi thin. rajiv, us vaqt kainmbrij ke triniti kaaulej men padh rahe the. sal 1965 men donon ki mulakat ek 'grik restran' men huee. usake bad soniya gandhi bharat a gee. rajiv gandhi ke sath inaka vivah 1968 men nayi dilli men sampann hua. rajiv gandhi payalat the aur unaki dilachaspi rajaniti men nahin thi. soniya gandhi ne apane vaivahik jivan ka adhikansh samay apane parivar ki dekhabhal karate hue bitaya. apani sas indira gandhi ke sahayogi ke roop men bhi apani zimmedariyon ko inhonne bakhoobi nibhaya. soniya gandhi ki do sntan, beta rahul gandhi aur beti priynka gandhi hain.[1]

pati ke sath yogadan

soniya gandhi ke pati rajiv gandhi ko rajaniti men koee ruchi nahin thi aur vo ek eyaralain payalet ki naukari karate the. imarajensi ke uparant jab indira gandhi ko satta chhodani padi thi tab kuchh samay ke lie rajiv gandhi parivar ke sath videsh men rahane chale ge the. parntu 1980 men apane chhote bhaee snjay gandhi ki ek havaee jahaz durghatana men asamayik mrityu ke bad mata indira gandhi ko sahayog dene ke lie 1982 men rajiv gandhi ne rajaniti men pravesh liya. prarambh men soniya rajanitik gatividhiyon se bachati rahi aur poori tarah ek 'grihini' ki bhoomika men dhal chuki thin. bharatiy sarvajanik jivan men unaki maujoodagi unaki sas tatha poorv pradhanamntri indira gandhi ki hatya aur unake pati ke pradhanamntri nirvachit hone ke bad badhi.
soniya gandhi evn rajiv gandhi
Rajiv Gandhi And Sonia Gandhi
pradhanamntri ki patni hone ke nate soniya unaki sarakari mezaban ki bhoomika ada karatin aur unake sath alag alag desho ki yatra par jatin. vah apane pati ke nirvachan kshetr amethi se jude mamalon ko bhi samay samay par dekhati rahin. uttar pradesh ke vikas karyon par unhonne poora dhyan diya, khasataur par 'svasthy snbndhi kainp' evn 'jan kalyan karyon' ko unhonne apani bhagidari se bahut badhava diya. sanh 1984 men unake pati ke pradhanamntritv kal men 'bharatiy sena' dvara 'bofors top' ki kharidari men lie gaye 'kikabaik (kamishan - ghoos) ka mudda' uchhala jisaka mukhy patr itali ka ek nagarik, otaviyo kvatorachi tha jo ki soniya gandhi ka mitr tha. agale chunav men kangres ki har huee aur rajiv gandhi ko pradhanamntri pad se hatana pada. agale chunavon men kangres ke jitane aur rajiv gandhi ke pun: pradhanamntri banane ki poori snbhavana thi parntu 21 mee , 1991 ko tamil atnkavadiyon ne rajiv gandhi ki ek bam visfot men hatya kar di thi.

snstha adhyaksh

1991 men apane pati ki hatya ke bad unhonne 'rajiv gandhi phaundeshan' aur isaki sahayogi snstha 'rajiv gandhi instityoot faaur kantempreri stadiz' ki sthapana ki. in snsthaon ke adhyaksh ke roop men unhonne apane pati ki vaicharik virasat ko age badhane men sakriy yogadan kiya. sath hi ve aur bhi any gair sarakari snsthaon ki adhyaksh hain.

soniya gandhi ka rajanitik jivan

pati ki hatya hone ke pashchath kangres ke varishth netaon ne soniya se poochhe bina soniya gandhi ko kangres ka adhyaksh banaye jane ki ghoshana kar di parntu soniya ne ise svikar nahin kiya aur rajanitigyon ke prati apani nafarat aur avishvas ko in shabdon men vyakt kiya ki main apane bachchon ko bhikh mangate dekh loongi, parntu main rajaniti men qadam nahin rakhoongi. kafi samay tak rajaniti men qadam n rakh kar unhonne apane bete aur beti ka palan poshan karane par apana dhyan kendrit kiya. 'pi vi narasinharav' ke kamazor pradhanamntritv kal ke karan kangres 1996 ka am chunav bhi har gee aur usake bad 'sitaram kesari' ke kangres ke kamazor adhyaksh hone se kangres ka samarthan kam hota ja raha tha jisase kangres ke netaon ne phir se neharu-gandhi parivar ke kisi sadasy ki avashyakata anubhav ki. 1997 men kolakata men kangres ke sammelan men akhirakar vah kangres ki prathamik sadasy ke roop men shamil ho geen. unake dabav men soniya gandhi ne 1997 men kolakata ke 'plenari seshan' men kangres ki prathamik sadasyata grahan ki aur usake 62 dinon ke andar 1998 men soniya gandhi kangres ki adhyaksh chuni gayin. unhonne sarakar banane ki naqamayab koshish bhi ki. rajaniti men qadam rakhane ke bad unaka videshi hone ka mudda uthaya gaya. unaki kamazor hindi ko bhi mudda banaya gaya. un par parivaravad ka bhi arop laga lekin kangresiyon ne unaka sath nahin chhoda aur in muddon ko nakarate rahe.

rajanitik jivan ki shuruat

daau. manamohan sinh aur soniya gandhi
Manmohan Singh and Sonia Gandhi

rajanitik jivan ki shuruat men kangres adhyaksh soniya gandhi ko sabase zyada madad poorv kendriy mntri divngat madhavarav sindhiya se mili thi. soniya gandhi aktoobar 1999 men bellari, karnatak se aur sath hi apane divngat pati ke nirvachan kshetr amethi, uttar pradesh se lokasabha ke lie chunav ladin aur qarib tin lakh voton ki vishal badhat se vijayi hueen. 1999 men 13 vin lok sabha men ve vipaksh ki neta chuni gayi. 2003 men tatkalik pradhanamntri atal bihari vajapeyi ki en di e sarakar ke viruddh soniya gandhi sabake virodh ke bavazood akele hi ek avishvas prastav laeen jo saphal nahin ho paya parntu isase en di e sarakar ki virodhi ke roop men soniya gandhi ki vyaktigat chhavi achchhi tarah sthapit ho gee jisaka labh unhen 2004 ke am chunavon men mila.

sansad

vamapnthi dalon ne bharatiy janata parti ko satta se bahar rakhane ke liye kangres aur sahayogi dalon ki sarakar ka samarthan karane ka faisala kiya jisase kangres aur unake sahayogi dalon ka spasht bahumat poora hua. 2004 ke chunav se poorv am ray ye banaee gee thi ki atal bihari vajapeyi hi pradhanamntri banenge par soniya ne desh bhar men ghoomakar khoob prachar kiya aur sab ko chaunka dene vale natijon men kangres ko anapekshit 200 se zyada siten mili. 2004 ke am chunav men unhonne kangres parti ke chunav abhiyan ka saphalatapoorvak netritv kiya, jisake parinam-svaroop kangres parti sabase bade dal ke roop men ubhar kar ayi aur kangres ke netritv men snyukt pragatishil gathabndhan (UPA) ki gathabndhan sarakar bani. is chunav men soniya gandhi uttar pradesh ke rayabareli kshetr se sansad chuni gayin.

pradhanamntri banane se inkar

apani har par khije hue en di e ke netaon ne soniya gandhi par videshi mool ka hone par akshep lagae aur kuchh sushama svaraj aur uma bharati jaisi jani mani netaon ne aisi ghoshana kar di ki yadi soniya gandhi pradhanamntri banin to vo apana sir mundava lengin aur bhoomi par hi soyengin. kangres parti ne sarvasammati se snsad men soniya gandhi ko apana neta chuna tatha janata ki apeksha thi ki ve pradhanamntri pad ki shapath lengi parntu unhonne is pad ke lene se inkar kiya aur yah ghoshit kiya ki ve pradhan mntri nahin banana chahati. 18 mee ko unhonne manamohan sinh ko apana ummidavar bataya aur parti ko unaka samarthan karane ki guzarish ki . sabane isaka khoob virodh kiya aur unase is faisale ko badalane ki guzarish ki gee par unhonne kaha ki pradhanamntri banana unaka lakshy kabhi nahin tha. sab netaon ne manamohan sinh ka samarthan kiya aur ve pradhanamntri bane par soniya ko dal ka tatha gathabndhan ka adhyaksh chuna gaya.

tyagapatr

'rashtriy sujhav samiti' ka adhyaksh hone ke karan soniya gandhi par labh ke pad par hone ke sath lokasabha ka sadasy hone ka akshep laga jisake phalasvaroop 23 march 2006 ko unhonne rashtriy sujhav samiti ke adhyaksh ke pad aur lokasabha ka sadasyata donon se tyagapatr de diya. mee 2006 men ve rayabareli, uttarapradesh se pun: sansad chuni gee aur unhonne apane samipasth pratidvndi ko char lakh se adhik voton se haraya.[2]

arthik mudde

mee, 2006 tak soniya gandhi 'rashtriy salahakar parishad' ki adhyaksh rahin. 'rashtriy salahakar parishad' ne samay samay par sarakar ko mahattvapoorn samajik arthik muddon par sujhav diye. parishad ke sujhavon par adharit jo yojanaen v nitiyan karyaroop men samane ayin, unamen 'rashtriy gramin rozagar yojana', 'soochana ka adhikar', 'rashtriy gramin svasthy yojana', 'mid de mil skim', javaharalal neharoo 'shahari navikaran mishan' aur 'rashtriy punarvas niti' shamil hain. mahatma gandhi ki varshaganth 2 aktoobar 2007 ko soniya gandhi ne snyukt rashtr sngh ko snbodhit kiya. aj, shrimati gandhi hindustan ki siyasat men sabase takatavar shakhsiyaton men se ek hain jinhen 'phorbs patrika' ne duniya ki tin sabase takatavar mahilaon men shumar kiya hai. ve sal 2007 aur 2008 ke lie 'taeem maigajin' ki list men duniya ke 100 taqatavar shakhsiyaton men bhi jagah bana chuki hain.

janakalyanakari yojanaen

rashtriy salahakar parishad ke adhyaksh ke taur par unaki pahal par sarakar ne kee janakalyanakari yojanaon ko lagoo kiya. unhen paryavaran ke muddon, kamazor yuvakon aur mahila sashaktikaran aur bachchon ke kalyan ke lie chalaee ja rahi yojanaon men khasi dilachaspi hai. inamen se kuchh aham hain-

soniya gandhi aur rahul gandhi
Sonia Gandhi and Rahul Gandhi
  • rashtriy gramin rozagar yojana
  • soochana ka adhikar
  • rashtriy gramin svasthy mishan
  • dopahar ka bhojan
  • javaharalal araban rinyooel mishan
  • rashtriy punarvas niti adi.

ruchi aur pasnd

unhonne apane pati par do kitab - 'rajiv' aur 'rajivs varld' bhi likhi hain. isake alava do bhag men samahit pustak - 'fridams daautar' evn 'too elon, too tugedar' ka sampadan kiya hai. jinamen pndit javaharalal neharoo aur indira gandhi ke bich, 1922 se 1964 ke dauran hue patrachar ka snkalan kiya gaya hai. isake alava shrimati gandhi ko hindustani, shastriy aur adivasi kala ka bhi shauq hai. ve hathakaragha, hastakala, bharatiy samakalin sahity, parnparik aur adivasi kala, aur lokagiton men bhi dilachaspi rakhati hain. unhonne tailachitron ke snrakshan vishay men bakayada 'neshanal myoojiyam' se diploma bhi hasil kiya hai.

kangres adhyaksh

soniya gandhi desh ki sabase purane rajanitik dal kangres ke sabase lnbe samay tak rahane vali kangres adhyaksh rahi hain. is mamale men inhonne neharoo-gandhi parivar ke sare rikaaurd ko tod diya hai. varsh 1885 eesvi men kangres ki sthapana munbee men huee. isake pahale adhyaksh 'dablyoo si banarji' hain. kangres parti ke 1885 eesvi men sthapana ke bad ke 125 varshon ke itihas men 35 sal neharoo-gandhi parivar ke log adhyaksh rahe. isamen 2 sal motilal neharoo, javaharalal neharoo 6 sal, indira gandhi 8 sal, rajiv gandhi 7 sal, jabaki soniya gandhi 12 sal kangres ke adhyaksh ke pad par rahe. ab soniya gandhi pun: aur 4 sal ke lie kangres ki adhyaksh chun li gayi hain. apane poore rajanitik jivan men kangres adhyaksh soniya gandhi ne tyag aur seva ki prachin bharatiy parnpara ka udaharan prastut kiya hai. unhonne satta ke lie rajaniti ki parnpara ko todakar ek nayi misal qayam ki hai. shrimati gandhi darasal pndit neharu, indira gandhi aur rajiv gandhi ke unhin kamon ko age badha rahi hain jisaka makasad hindustan ko ek adhunik, takatavar aur gatishil desh banana hai.[3]

avichalit sahasi

soniya gandhi bharat ki ek avichalit sahasi hain. ve bharat ki sabhyata, snskriti, kala, vishvas, riti-rivaj men basi huee hain. ve bharat ke mahanh svatntrata senaniyon ke parivar ki bahoo hain, unhonne pn. motilal neharoo, shrimati indira gandhi v apane bharat ratn pati rajiv gandhi ke adarshon, paramparaon ko badi shiddat se mahasoos kiya hai. ve bharat ayin to desh shrimati indira gandhi ke netritv men duniya ke vikasavad men apane hone ka ehasas kara raha tha. sari duniya ne is mahila ki pad ke prati nirlipt bhavana ko dekha hai.[4]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. shrimati soniya gandhi (hindi) bharatiy rashtriy kangres. abhigaman tithi: 25 sitambar, 2010.
  2. soniya gandhi bayografi (hindi) ilekshan mitar. abhigaman tithi: 25 sitambar, 2010.
  3. soniya gandhi bani sabase lnbe samay tak rahane vali kangres adhyaksh, toda neharoo-gandhi parivar ka rikaaurd (hindi) janatntr. abhigaman tithi: 25 sitambar, 2010.
  4. soniya gandhi (rajaniti ki pavitr gnga) (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) dayamand pablikeshan. abhigaman tithi: 25 sitambar, 2010.

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