संजय गाँधी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

snjay gandhi
snjay gandhi
poora nam snjay firoz gandhi
janm 14 disambar, 1946
janm bhoomi dilli
mrityu 23 joon, 1980
mrityu sthan dilli
mrityu karan helikaauptar durghatana
abhibhavak firoz gandhi evn indira gandhi
pati/patni menaka gandhi
sntan varun gandhi
nagarikata bharatiy
parti kangres
snbndhit lekh javaharalal neharoo, neharoo-gandhi parivar vriksh
any janakari bharat men parivar niyojan ki purush nasabndi yojana aur desh ke am adami ki kar kahalane vali maruti 800 ko desh men lane ka shrey snjay gandhi ko hi jata hai.

snjay gandhi (angrezi: Sanjay Gandhi, janm: 14 disambar, 1946; mrityu: 23 joon, 1980) bharatiy neta the. snjay gandhi indira gandhi ke chhote putr the. bharat men apatakal ke samay unaki bhoomika bahut vivadaspad rahi. alpayu men hi ek helikaauptar durghatana men unaki maut ho gayi. menaka gandhi snjay gandhi ki patni aur varun gandhi snjay gandhi ke putr hain.

jivan parichay

bharatiy rajaniti men snjay gandhi ka nam ek aise yuva neta ke roop men darj hai jisaki vajah se desh ki rajaniti men kee bade parivartan hue. bharat ki sabase prabhavi vyaktitv vali pradhanamntri indira gandhi aur firoz gandhi ke putr snjay gandhi ko ek aise vyaktitv ke roop men jana jata hai jisane bharat ke lokatntr ko tanashahi men badal diya tha. apani tej tarrar shaili aur dridh nishchayi soch ki vajah se desh ki yuva ki pasnd bane is neta ke phaisalon ke age kee bar tatkalik pradhanamntri indira gandhi ko bhi pichhe hatane ko majaboor kar diya. alochakon ke nishane par rahane ke bavajood unake kee phaisalon ko aj tak saraha jata hai. 14 disnbar 1946 ko janme snjay gandhi ne 70 ke dashak ki bharatiy rajaniti men kee udaharan pesh kiye jise aj tak yad kiya jata hai. bharatiy rajaniti men tezi se ubhare snjay gandhi 23 joon 1980 ko ek havaee durghatana shikar ho ge.[1]

parivar

desh ke sabase bade rajanitik gharane neharoo gandhi parivar men janme snjay gandhi bharat ke poorv pradhanamntri rajiv gandhi ke chhote bhaee the| kaha jata hai ki bachapan se hi apane jiddi svabhav ki vajah se vah mata pita ke tamam prayason ke vabajood padhaee men ruchi nahin lete the. jis vajah se snjay gandhi ko desh ke mashahoor skool doon kalej chhodana pada jabaki unake bade bhaee rajiv ne apani 12vin tak ki padhaee vahin poori ki thi. har kam ko apane andaj men karane ke adi snjay gandhi ne vyaktigat jivan ke sath sath desh ka bhavishy tay karane vale kuchh aise phaisale lie jinaki vajah se desh ko visham paristhitiyon se gujarana pada.[1]

apatakal ke samay

rajanitik visheshgyon ki mane to 1975 ke apatakal men snjay gandhi hi aisi takat sabit hue the jisane rashtriy kangres ke astitv ko bachane ki himmat dikhaee thi. 19 mah ke apatakal se ubharane ke bad varsh 1977 ke chunav men bhale hi kangres ko har ka samana karana pada, lekin usake bad snjay gandhi aur indira gandhi ko giraphtar kar jel bhejane ki taiyariyan bhi ki gee. halanki tatkalik sarakar jyada dinon tak satta sukh nahin bhog saki aur varsh 1979 ke chunav ne kangres ki satta men vapasi karava di.[1]

yogadan

kaha jata hai ki ek samay aisa tha jab snjay gandhi apani man indira gandhi ke samanantar apani sarakar chalaya karate the aur unake phaisalon ke age indira gandhi ko bhi jhukana padata tha. snjay gandhi ne kangres ke kuchh netaon aur adhikariyon ki dam par desh ki arthik nitiyon aur pradhanamntri indira gandhi ke phaisalon ko prabhavit karana shuroo kar diya tha. jisaka ek bahut bada udaharan parivar niyojan ki purush nasabndi yojana aur desh ke am adami ki kar kahalane vali maruti 800 ko desh men lane ka shrey snjay gandhi ko hi jata hai.[1]

vyaktitv evn lokapriyata

ajad bharat ke itihas men snjay gandhi ikalaute aise rajaneta hain jinake vyaktitv aur kriyakalapon ke bare men janane ki jigyasa bharatiy janamanas men ab bhi hai, lekin unake bare men jyada likhit samagri upalabdh nahin hai, lihaja unake bare men sabase jyada kivadntiyan suni jati rahi hain. snjay gandhi khud kaha karate the ki unaki railiyon ke dauran kisi ko bhi paise dekar raili men nahin laya jata hai balki ye logon ki mere bare men janane aur mujhako dekhane ki jigyasa se meri raili men khinche chale ate hain. apatakal ke dauran snjay gandhi ke tanashahi ravaiye ko lekar kafi kuchh likha gaya hai, unake doston aur yuva kangres karyakartaon ki jyadatiyon ke bare men bhi saikadon lekh likhe ge, kitaben bhi aeen. is bat ki bhi kafi charcha huee ki snjay gandhi ki mahatvakanksha indira gandhi ko lagatar kamazor karati rahi. snjay gandhi ko bharat men kee lokatantrik snsthaon ko khatm karane ya kamazor karane ka bhi jimmedar mana jata hai. apatakal, us dauran sarakari kamakaj, indira gandhi ke danv pench adi ke bare men rajanitik tippanikar itane ulajh ge ki snjay gandhi ki jivani ya unapar koee mukkamal kitab likhane ke bare men socha hi nahin gaya. agar socha gaya hota to snjay gandhi par likhane ke lie behad shram karana hota kyonki unake vyaktitv ke kee pahaloo hain aur vishleshan ke anek vindu. snjay gandhi ko bhagavan ne bahut chhoti si umr di lekin us chhoti umr men hi snjay ne desh ko hilakar rakh diya tha.[2]

ekamatr jivani

ab tak snjay gandhi ki ekamatr jivani likhi gee hai jisaka nam hai –d snjay stori- aur usake lekhak hain – varishth patrakar vinod mehata. yah jivani bhi na to pramanik hone ka dava karati hai aur na hi adhikarik. snjay gandhi ki jivani men vinod mehata ne behad vastunishthata ke sath snjay gandhi ke bahane us daur ko bhi paribhashit kiya hai. apatakal ki jyadatiyon ke alava maruti kar projekat ke ghapalon par to vistar se likha hai lekin sath hi apatakal hatane par sarakari kamakaj men dhilaee par bhi apane chutile andaj men var kiya hai. vo likhate hain- jis din 21 march ko apatakal hataee gee us din rajadhani eksapres char ghnte ki deri se pahunchi. kanapur men el aee si ke karmachariyon ne lnch taim men morcha nikala, dilli ke pres klab men mukkebaji huee, kalakatta men do phaimili planing vain jalaee gee, mumbee ke sham ke akhabaron men dans klases ke vigyapan chhape, taskari kar laee jane vali vhiski ki kimat das rupe kam ho gee. desh men halat samany ho ge. vyagnyatmak shaili men ye kahate hue vinod apatakal ke daur men in halaton ke thik hone ki tasdik karate hain.
vinod mehata ki kitabon men kee tathy purane hain- jaise doon skool men hi snjay ko kamalanath jaisa dost mila jo lagatar do sal tak phel ho chuka tha. skool se vapas ane ke bad snjay gandhi ki doston ke sath masti kafi badh gee thi aur vinod mehata ne bilkul phikshan ke andaj men usako likha hai jisaki vajah se rochakata apane charam par pahunch jati hai. snjay gandhi ki is kitab men jo sabase dilachasp adhyay hai vo hai maruti kar ke bare men dekhe ge snjay ke sapane ke bare men. maruti- san aauph d vind gaaud men vinod mehata ne snjay gandhi ki kisi bhi kimat par apani man ki karane, kisi bhi kimat par apani chahat ko hasil karane ki, us hasil karane ke bich men rode atakane vale ko hashie par pahuncha dene ki manovritti ka saph taur par chitran kiya hai. snjay gandhi ki bachapan se mashinon aur upakaranon men khas ruchi thi jise dekhakar neharoo ji kaha karate the ki unaka nati ek behatarin injiniyar banega.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 snjay gandhi ki 32vin punyatithi par vishesh (hindi) hindi pardaphash. abhigaman tithi: 15 joon, 2013.
  2. 2.0 2.1 snjay gandhi ki anakahi kahani (hindi) visfot daaut kaaum. abhigaman tithi: 15 joon, 2013.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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