मोतीलाल नेहरू  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

motilal neharoo
pn. motilal neharoo
poora nam pn. motilal neharoo
janm 6 mee, 1861
janm bhoomi agara
mrityu 6 pharavari, 1931
mrityu sthan lakhanoo, uttar pradesh
abhibhavak gngadhar neharoo
pati/patni svaroop rani
sntan javaharalal neharoo, vijayalakshmi pndit, krishna
nagarikata bharatiy
dharm hindoo
andolan bharatiy svatntrata andolan
any janakari pn. motilal neharoo ne ilahabad haeekort ki vakalat ki pariksha men 'pratham sthan' hi prapt nahin kiya, balki inhen ek 'svarn padak' bhi mila tha.

pn. motilal neharoo (angrezi: Pt. Motilal Nehru, janm: 6 mee, 1861 - mrityu: 6 faravari, 1931) bharat ke pratham pradhanamntri javaharalal neharoo ke pita the. ye kashmiri brahman the. inaki patni ka nam 'svaroop rani' tha. bharat ke svatntrata andolan men motilal neharoo ek aise vyakti the jinhonne n keval apani zindagi ki shanoshaukat ko poori tarah se tak par rakh diya balki desh ke lie parijanon sahit apana sab kuchh danv par laga diya. motilal neharoo apane samay men desh ke pramukh vakilon men the. vah pashchimi rahan-sahan, veshabhoosha aur vicharon se kafi prabhavit the. kintu bad men vah jab mahatma gandhi ke snpark men ae to unake jivan men parirvatan a gaya. pndit motilal neharoo apane samay ke shirsh vakilon men the. us samay vah hazaron rupe ki phis lete the. unake muvakkilon men adhikatar bade zamindar aur sthaniy rajavadon ke varis hote the, kintu vah garibon ki madad karane men pichhe nahin rahate the.

parivarik prishthabhoomi

pn. motilal neharoo ke pita pndit gngadhar neharoo, jab dilli men lootapat aur katle am macha tha, apana sab kuchh chhodakar apane parivar ko lekar kisi tarah surakshit roop se agara pahunch ge the. lekin vah agara men apane parivar ko sthayi roop se jama nahin pae the ki sanh 1861 men keval chauntis varsh ki chhoti-si ayu men hi vah apane parivar ko lagabhag nirashrit chhodakar is snsar se kooch kar ge. pndit gngadhar neharoo ki mrityu ke tin mahine bad 6 mee 1861 ko pndit motilal neharoo ka janm hua tha. pndit gngadhar neharoo ke tin putr the. sabase bade pndit bnsidhar neharoo the, jo bharat men viktoriya ka shasan sthapit ho jane ke bad tatkalin nyay vibhag men naukar ho ge. unase chhote pndit nndalal neharoo the jo lagabhag das varsh tak rajasthan ki ek chhoti-si riyasat 'khetadi' ke divan rahe. bad men vah agara laut ae. unhonne agara men rahakar qanoon ki shiksha prapt ki aur phir vahin vakalat karane lage. in do putron ke atirikt tisare putr pndit motilal neharoo the. pndit nandalal neharoo ne hi apane chhote bhaee motilal ka palan-poshan kiya aur padhaya-likhaya.[1]pndit nandalal neharoo ki ganana agara ke saphal vakilon men ki jati thi. unhen muqadamon ke silasile men apana adhikansh samay ilahabad men haeekort ban jane ke karan vahin bitana padata tha. isalie unhonne ilahabad men hi ek makan banava liya aur apane parivar ko lekar sthayi roop se ilahabad a ge aur vahin rahane lage. jab motilal neharoo 25 varsh ke the to unake bade bhaee ka nidhan ho gaya.

prarnbhik jivan

motilal neharoo ka janm ek kashmiri pandit parivar men hua tha. unake pita ka nam gngadhar tha. vah pashchimi dhng ki shiksha pane vali pratham pidhi ke gine-chune bharatiyon men se ek the. pndit motilal neharoo padhane-likhane men adhik dhyan nahin dete the lekin apane skool aur kaaulej men apani hnsi-mazak aur khel-kood ke lie vikhyat the. arambh men unhonne arabi aur farasi ki shiksha prapt ki thi.

shiksha

pn. motilal neharoo ke samman men bharat sarakar dvara jari dak tikat

pndit motilil neharoo ne apani padhaee-likhaee ki or gnbhirata se dhyan nahin diya. jab bi.e. ki pariksha ka samay aya to unhonne pariksha ki taiyari bilakul hi nahin ki thi. unhonne pahala hi pepar kiya tha to laga ki is pariksha men uttirn hone ki koee asha nahin hai, kyonki us pepar se unhen santosh nahin hua hai aur sochakar unhonne baki pepar nahin die aur tajamahal ki sair karane chale ge. lekin vah pepar thik hi hua tha. isalie prophesar ne unhen bulakar bahut danta, lekin ab kya ho sakata tha. isaka parinam yah hua ki motilal neharoo ki shiksha yahin samapt ho gee. vah bi.e. pas nahin kar pae. unaki shuruati shiksha kanapur aur bad men ilahabad men huee. shuruat men unhonne kanapur men hi vakalat ki.

pashchimi sabhyata ka prabhav

apane kaaulej jivan men hi motilal neharoo pashchimi sabhyata se itane prabhavit ho ge the ki unhonne apane apako poori tarah usi dhanche men dhal liya tha. us jamane men kalakatta aur bambee jaise bade-bade nagaron me hi logon ne pashchaty vesh-bhoosha, rahan-sahan aur sabhyata ko apanaya tha lekin motilil neharoo ne ilahabad jaise chhote-se shahar men pashchaty vesh-bhoosha aur sabhyata ko apanakar ek nee kranti ko janm diya. bharat men jab pahali 'baisikal' aee to motilal neharoo hi ilahabad ke pahale vyakti the jinhonne baisikal kharidi thi.

vakalat

motilal neharoo ki padhaee bhale hi adhoori rah gee thi lekin ve arambh se hi atyant kushagr buddhi the. gyan aur vidvata ki unamen kami nahin thi. unhonne ilahabad haeekort ki vakalat ki pariksha di to sab chakit rah ge. unhonne is pariksha men 'pratham sthan' hi prapt nahin kiya tha, balki unhen ek 'svarn padak' bhi mila tha. unaki ruchi arambh se hi vakalat men thi. un par apane bade bhaee nndalal neharoo ka gahara prabhav pada tha. nndalal neharoo ki ganana kanapur ke achchhe vakilon men ki jati thi. isalie motilal neharoo ne apani vakalat unake sahayak ke roop men hi arambh ki. pndit motilil neharoo ne vakalat ke peshe men saphalata prapt karane ka dridh nishchay kar liya tha. isalie unhonne ji-tod parishram kiya aur bahut jald unaki ginati kanapur ke tez-tarrar vakilon men hone lagi. unhonne tin varsh tak kanapur ki zila adalaton men vakalat ki aur phir ilahabad akar haeekort men praiktis karane lage. motilal neharoo ek bairistar bane aur ilahabad, uttar pradesh ke shahar men bas ge. motilal jald hi apane lie ilahabad ke qanooni vyavasay men prasiddh ho gaye. apani saphalata ke sath unhonne ilahabad ke 'sivil len' men aur ek ghar kharida aur us ghar ka nam 'annd bhavan' rakha. 1909 men 'privi kaunsil, gret briten' men apani yogyata pradarshit kar apane qanooni kairiyar ke shikhar par pahunch gaye. lagatar yoorop ke daure karane se parnparik roodhivadi hindoo dharm ka kashmiri brahman samuday unase naraz ho gaya. samaj men pratishtha pane ke lie unhen kuchh dharmik anushthan karane ke lie kaha, kyonki roodhivadi brahman samuday men pratishtha pane ke lie yah anivary tha, kintu motilal in sab baton ko nahin manate the.

unaki jivan shaili pashchaty thi. vah ek dhani vyakti the. 1918 men mahatma gandhi ke prabhav se bharatiy rashtriy kangres ke prabhav men aye aur gandhi ji se prabhavit hokar deshi bharatiy jivan shaili apanakar apane jivan ko badalane ki pahale ki gee. apane bade parivar aur parivar ke kharchon ko poora karane ke lie neharoo kabhi kabhi qanoon ke apane vyavasay ko apanate the. bad men unhonne parivar ke lie 'svaraj bhavan' banavaya. motilal neharoo ne 'svaroop rani', ek kashmiri brahman se shadi kar li.

sntan

motilal neharoo (daen khade) apane bete javaharalal, bahoo kamala neharoo (bich men) aur parivar ke any sadasyon ke sath

motilal ke ghar javaharalal neharoo 1889 men paida hue. bad men unake do putriyan saroop, jo bad men vijayalakshmi pndit ke nam se vikhyat huee aur krishna, jo bad men krishnahathi sinh ke nam se jani gayin, paida huee. vijayalakshmi pndit ne apani atmakatha 'd skop aauph haippines' men bachapan ki yadon ko taja karate hue likha hai ki 'unake pita poori tarah se pashchimi vicharon aur rahan-sahan ke kayal the. us daur men unhonne apane sabhi bachchon ko angrezi shiksha dilavaee.' vijayalakshmi pndit ke anusar 'us daur men motilal neharoo annd bhavan men bhavy partiyan diya karate the jinamen desh ke nami girami log aur angrez adhikari shamil hua karate the. lekin bad men inhin motilal ke jivan men mahatma gandhi se milane ke bad amoolachool parivartan a gaya aur yahan tak ki unaka bichhauna zamin par lagane laga.'

rajanitik kairiyar

pndit motilal ki qanoon par pakad kafi mazaboot thi. isi karan se saiman kamishan ke virodh men sarvadaliy sammelan ne 1927 men motilal neharoo ki adhyakshata men ek samiti banaee jise bharat ka snvidhan banane ka dayitv saunpa gaya. is samiti ki riport ko 'neharoo riport' ke nam se jana jata hai. isake bad motilal ne ilahabachd uchch nyayalay akar vakalat prarambh kar di. motilal 1910 men snyukt prant, vartaman men uttar pradesh vidhanasabha ke lie nirvachit hue. amritasar men 1919 ke jaliyanvala bag golikand ke bad unhonne mahatma gandhi ke ahvan par apani vakalat chhod di. vah 1919 aur 1920 men do bar kangres ke adhyaksh chune ge. unhonne 'deshabndhu chitarnjan das' ke sath 1923 men 'svaraj parti' ka gathan kiya. is parti ke jarie vah 'sentral lejisletiv asembali' pahunche aur bad men vah vipaksh ke neta bane. asembali men motilal ne apane qanooni gyan ke karan sarakar ke kee qanoonon ki jamakar alochana ki. motilal neharoo ne azadi ke andolan men bharatiy logon ke paksh ko samane rakhane ke lie 'indipendet akhabar' bhi chalaya.

nidhan

bharat ki azadi ke lie kee bar jel jane vale motilal neharoo ka nidhan 6 pharavari, 1931 ee. ko lakhanoo men hua. motilal neharoo ki mrityu par rashtrapita mahatma gandhi ne kaha tha ki- "yah chita nahin, rashtr ka havan kund hai aur ygy men dali huee yah mahanh ahuti hai.


inhen bhi dekhen: neharoo-gandhi parivar vriksh


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani

  1. yug purush neharoo (hindi) pustak.org. abhigaman tithi: 2 mee, 2011.

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