हकीम अजमल ख़ाँ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

hakim ajamal khan
hakim ajamal khan
poora nam masih-ul-mulk hakim ajamal khan
janm san 1863
janm bhoomi dilli
mrityu 29 disnbar, 1927
nagarikata bharatiy
parti bharatiy rashtriy kangres
pad adhyaksh (bharatiy rashtriy kangres)
vishesh yogadan hakim ajamal khan ne 1920 men ‘jamiya miliya’ ki sthapana men vishesh yogadan diya.
any janakari ajamal khan ke poorvaj, jo prasiddh chikitsak the, bharat men mugal samrajy ke snsthapak babar ke shasanakal men bharat ae the. hakim ajamal khan ke parivar ke sabhi sadasy yoonani hakim the. unaka parivar mugal shasakon ke samay se chikitsa ki is prachin shaili ka abhyas karata a raha tha.

hakim ajamal khan (angrezi: Hakim Ajmal Khan, janm- 1863 dilli, mrityu- 29 disambar, 1927) rashtriy vicharadhara ke samarthak aur yoonani chikitsa paddhati ke prasiddh chikitsak the. hakim ajamal khan apane samay ke sabase kushagr aur bahumukhi vyaktitv ke roop men prasiddh hue. bharat ki azadi, rashtriy ekata aur sanpradayik sadbhav ke kshetron men unaka yogadan atulaniy hai. ve ek sashakt rajanitigy aur uchchatam kshamata ke shikshavid the.

jivan parichay

hakim ajamal khan ka janm 1863 ee. men dilli ke us parivar men hua, jisake purakhe mugal samraton ke parivarik chikitsak rahate ae the. ajamal khan hakimi apani shiksha prapt karane ke bad 10 varshon tak ramapur riyasat ke hakim rahe. 1902 ee. men ve eerak chale ge aur vapas ane par dilli men ‘madarase tibbiya’ ki ninv dali, jo ab ‘tibbiya kaaulej’ ke nam se prasiddh hai. ajamal khan ke poorvaj, jo prasiddh chikitsak the, bharat men mugal samrajy ke snsthapak babar ke shasanakal men bharat ae the. hakim ajamal khan ke parivar ke sabhi sadasy yoonani hakim the. unaka parivar mugal shasakon ke samay se chikitsa ki is prachin shaili ka abhyas karata a raha tha. ve us zamane men dilli ke rees ke roop men jane jate the. unake dada hakim shariph khan mugal shasak shah alam ke chikitsak the aur unhonne shariph mnzil ka nirman karavaya tha, jo ek aspatal aur mahavidyalay tha jahan yoonani chikitsa ki padhaee ki jati thi.[1]

bachapan aur shiksha

unhonne apane parivar ke bujurgon, jinamen se sabhi prasiddh chikitsak the, ki dekharekh men chikitsa ki padhaee shuru karane se pahale, apane bachapan men quran ko apane hriday men utara aur parnparik islamik gyan ki shiksha bhi prapt ki jisamen arabi aur farasi shamil thi. unake dada hakim shariph khan tibb-i-yoonani ya yoonani chikitsa ke abhyas ke prachar par jor dete the aur is uddeshy ke lie unhonne shariph mnzil namak aspatal roopi kaaulej ki sthapana ki, jo poore upamahadvip men sabase lokopakari yoonani aspatal ke roop men prasiddh tha jahan garib marijon se koee bhi shulk nahin liya jata tha.[1]

masiha-e-hind

yogy hone par hakim ajamal khan ko 1892 men ramapur ke navab ka pramukh chikitsak niyukt kiya gaya. koee bhi prashasti hakim saheb ki lie bahut badi nahin hai, unhen "masiha-e-hind" aur "betaj badashah" kaha jata tha. unake pita ki tarah unake ilaj men bhi chamatkarik asar tha, aur aisa mana jata tha ki unake pas koee jaduee chikitsakiy khazana tha, jisaka raz keval ve hi janate the. chikitsa men unaki buddhi itani tez thi ki yah kaha jata tha ki ve keval insan ka chehara dekhakar usaki kisi bhi bimari ka pata laga lete the. hakim ajamal khan marij ko ek bar dekhane ke 1000 rupaye lete the. shahar se bahar jane par yah unaka dainik shulk tha, lekin yadi marij unake pas dilli aye to usaka ilaj muft kiya jata tha, phir chahe vah maharaja hi kyon n hon.

yoonani chikitsa

hakim ajamal ne yoonani chikitsa ki deshi pranali ke vikas aur vistar men kafi dilachaspi li. hakim ajamal khan ne shodh aur abhyas ka vistar karane ke lie tin mahattvapoorn snsthaon ka nirman karavaya, dilli men sentral kaaulej, hindustani davakhana tatha ayurvedik aur yoonani tibbiya kaaulej; aur is prakar bharat men chikitsa ki yoonani pranali ko vilupt hone se bachane men madad ki. yoonani chikitsa ke kshetr men unake athak prayas ne british shasan men samapti ki kagar par pahunch chuki bharatiy yoonani chikitsa pranali men nee oorja aur jivan ka snchar kiya. ajamal khan ki hakim ke roop men deshavyapi khyati thi.

rajaniti men pravesh

1918 men hakim ajamal khan kangres men sammilit ho ge. hakim sahab ke rajaniti men pravesh karate hi unaka ghar (unaka pushtaini ghar aj bhi ballimaran men shariph mnzil ke nam se prasiddh hai) rajanitigyon ka kendr ban gaya. un dinon shariph mnzil men netaon ke ane jane se bahut chahal pahal bani rahati thi. hakim sahab ek bade takht par baith kar netaon se vichar vimarsh karate rahate the. gupt bat ke lie angan men lage hue chhote kamare men baithate the. us chhote se kamare men na jane kitani samasyaon ka samadhan kiya gaya tha, jisamen ajakal sannata chhaya rahata hai. hakim sahab ki yojana ke anusar 30 march, 1919 ee. ko dilli men sabase badi hadatal huee thi. is hadatal ko saphal banane ke lie unhonne bahut daud-dhoop ki thi. unake is kary ki bade-bade netaon ne dil kholakar prashnsa ki thi. 1919 ee. ke antar men unake prayatnon se hi shahidon ka shanadar smarak bana, jisaki desh ke bade-bade netaon ne prashnsa ki. 1921 men apane kangres ke ahamadabad adhiveshan ki aur khilafat kangres ki adhyakshata ki. ‘aaul indiya go raksha kanfrens’, jisake adhyaksh lala lajapat ray the, svagat samiti ki adhyakshata ka dayitv bhi hakim sahab ne hi uthaya tha. us sammelan men musalamanon se apil ki gee thi ki, ve is mamale men hinduon ki bhavanaon ka samman karen. hakim sahab ne 1918 ee. se lekar 1927 tak svatntrata andolan ki rajaniti men khul kar bhag liya tha. 1927 ee. men yah mahapurush paralok sidhar gaya tha. 9 varshon ke thode se samay men unhonne aise mahattvapoorn kary kie, jisake karan unhen yugon-yugon tak yad kiya jata rahega. [2]

gandhiji se mulakat

hakim sahab ka gandhiji se pahala sampark 1919 ee. men hua tha. is samay (1919) rolet bil ke viruddh satyagrah chal raha tha. satyagrah ke sambandh men hi gandhiji dilli ae hue the. hakim sahab satyagrah ke sambandh men batachit karane ke lie gandhiji ke pas pahunche aur ve gandhiji se prabhavit hue bina nahin rah sake. usake bad hakim sahab ka sampark gandhiji se nirantar pragadh hota chala gaya. gandhiji jab bhi kisi sampradayik samasya ko sulajhana chahate the, tab ve is sambandh men hakim sahab se paramarsh karate the. 1920 ee. men laaurd hardi ne hakim sahab ko tibbiya kaaulej ki sahayata ke lie chh: lakh rupaye dene ka vachan diya tha, parntu 1921 ee. men jab hakim sahab ne gandhiji ke asahayog andolan men sakriy roop se bhag liya, to laaurd hardi ne sahayata dene se mana kar diya. hakim sahab ne isaki koee paravah nahin ki. ve jivan ke antim samay tak desh ki azadi ke lie angrezon se sngharsh karate rahe. unaka tibbiya kaaulej aj bhi unhin ki bhanti sar ooncha kie hue khada hai, apani sevaon se us mahanh deshabhakt ki smriti ko taja kar deta hai.[2]

deshabhakti bhavana

hakim sahab men deshabhakti ke bhav koot-koot kar bhare hue the. ve majahab se bhi desh ko bada manate the. unhonne desh seva ke lie aram, sukh-chain tatha sampatti adi ki koee paravah nahin ki. ve desh ke lie dhan ko thukarate rahe. ve ek sahasi aur vir senani the. unhen jo kuchh kahana hota, kah dalate evn kar dalate the. hakim sahab ke jivan ke yadagar ka sabase bada smarak unaka davakhana aur tibbiya mahavidyalay hai. ek bar raja ne apane mahal men apani bimar rani ko dikhane ke lie hakim sahab ko bulaya. hakim sahab jab rani ke kamare men pahunche, to unhonne dekha ki rani videshi vastr pahane hue thi evn unaka poora kamara videshi vastuon aur saj saman se bhara hua tha. hakim sahab ne rani ki nabz ko dekhate hue kaha, 'samay badal raha hai. ab to ap logon ko videshi kapade nahin pahanane chahie. keval khadi ko hi kam men lana chahie.' rani ne isaka uttar dete hue hakim sahab se kaha ki, 'hakim sahab khadi pahanane se koee harj nahin hai, kintu vah itani moti aur khuradari hoti hai ki sharir men gadati hai.' yah sunate hi hakim sahab ne rani ki nabz ko chhod diya aur khade hokar kahane lage, 'phir to main apaki nabz nahin dekh paoonga. jab khadi apake sharir men gadati hai, to meri ungali bhi apake hath men chubhati hongi, kyonki main bhi hindustani hoon.' hakim sahab ki bat sunakar maharaja bade sharminda hue. unhonne hakim sahab se maphi mangate hue kaha ki ab ve apane ghar men ek bhi videshi chiz nahin rakhenge.[2]

jamiya miliya islamiya ki sthapana

jamiya miliya islamiya vishvavidyalay ke snsthapakon men se ek, ajamal khan ko 22 navambar 1920 men isaka pratham kuladhipati chuna gaya. jamiya miliya islamiya ki sthapana aur snrakshan men hakim ajamal khan ka bahut bada hath tha. snsthan ki amadani ka srot hakim sahab ki ay thi. ve khandani rees the aur ek tarah se ve jamiya ka sampoorn kharch chala rahe the. mahatma gandhi ka bhi hakim ajamal khan se gahara snbndh tha. donon hindoo-muslim ekata ke prabal samarthak the. durbhagyavash jab 29 disambar, 1927 ko inaki mrityu ho gee to jamiya miliya ki ay ka srot sookh gaya. kintu daau. zakir husain isase bahut nirash nahin hue kyonki hakim ajamal khan ne unake atmabal ko paryapt dridh kar diya th. inaka spasht manana tha ki allah ki rahamat men sada yakin karana chahiye aurusase mayoos rahana adharm hai.[3]

vyaktittv

hakim ajamal khan ki haveli, dilli

hakim sahab mridul svabhav ke the. ve kabhi bhi kisi ko kadavi bat nahin kahate the. yahan tak ki jo galati karata tha, use bhi badi bat men nahin dantate the. jab ve kisi par naraj hote the to muskarate hue sirf itana hi kahate the, 'tum bade bevakooph ho.' hakim sahab apane naukaron ko bhi ap kah kar bulate the. ek din jab unake kisi mitr ne is bare men unake poochha, 'hakim sahab ap naukaron ko ap kyon kaha karate hain.' hakim sahab ne isaka uttar dete hue kaha, 'naukar bhi hamare tarah hi insan hain. insan ko insan ki ijjat karani chahie.' hakim sahab pratidin prat:kal hote hi apane pushtaini makan ke divanakhane men takht par baith kar rogiyon ko dekhate the. unaka halachal poochhate the. ve rogi se bahut dhime svar men bat karate the. ve lagabhag do ghnte men do sau rogiyon ko dekh lete the. yoon to hakim sahab pratidin prat:kal niyamit roop se rogiyon ko dekhate the, par unake ghar ka davakhana rogiyon ke lie hamesha khula rahata tha. koee bhi rogi kisi bhi samay jakar unhen apani bimari dikha sakata tha. kabhi kabhi to hakim sahab khan chhod kar rogi ko dekhate the. unake lie rogi ki seva se badh kar duniya men aur koee doosara kam nahin tha. hakim sahab apane vishisht gunon ke karan sare bharat men prasiddh the. ve chhote bade, amir garib adi men ek saman lokapriy the. ve ilaj karate samay kisi prakar ka bhedabhav nahin karate the. unaki drishti men raja ya navab, garib aur mazadoor men koee antar nahin tha. ve jis prem se raja ka ilaj karate the, usi prem se garib aur mazadoor ka ilaj karate the.[2]

garibon ke prati gahari sahanubhooti

hakim sahab garibon ke prati bahut sahanubhooti rakhate the. nimnalikhit ghatana se is bat ki pushti hoti hai ki garibon ke prati gahari sahanubhooti rakhate the. ek bar hakim sahab ek garib ladake ka ilaj karane ja rahe the, tabhi gvaliyar ke raja ke adami ne das hazar rupaye nakad hakim sahab ko bhent karate hue kaha, 'gvaliyar ki maharani ki tabiyat kharab hai. raja sahab ne apako yad kiya hai.' hakim sahab ne rupaye lautate hue us vyakti se kaha, 'raja sahab se mera salam kahana. main chalata zaroor, par vivash hoon. ek garib ladake ka ilaj mere hathon men hai. yadi main chala gaya, to usaka ilaj kaise hoga. raja sahab ke pas rupaye hain. unhen to bade bade daauktar mil sakate hain, kintu us garib ka kya hoga, jo mere hi oopar ashrit hai. hakim sahab ne gvaliyar ke raja ke adami ko das hazar rupaye lauta die, parantu ve garib ladake ka ilaj chhod kar gvaliyar nahin ge. is ghatana se pata chalata hai ki hakim sahab ke dil men garibon ke lie kitana pyar tha. unhonne apane sampoorn jivan men paison ke sthan par insaniyat tatha manavata ko kitana mahattv diya. unhonne kaha tha, 'khuda insan ke hi sharir ke bhitar rahata hai. isalie insan ki khidamat ko mahattv dena chahie.' [2]

samman aur puraskar

hakim ajamal khan ne apani sarakari upadhi chhod di aur unake bharatiy prashnsakon ne unhen masih-ul-mulk (rashtr ko arogy pradan karane vala) ki upadhi di. unake bad daau. mukhtyar ahamad ansari jeemaee ke kuladhipati bane. ek atalata-rodhi ejent ajmalin, aur ek karak snkar ajmalan ka namakaran unake nam par hi kiya gaya.

nidhan

hakim ajamal khan ka poora jivan paropakar aur balidan ka pratiroop hai. hakim ajamal khan ki mrityu 29 disnbar 1927 ko dil ki samasya ke karan ho gayi thi. hakim ajamal khan ke tyag, deshabhakti aur balidan ke karan unaka nam bharatiy svatntrata sngram ke itihas men sada svarn aksharon men likha jaega. unhonne keval nau varsh tak rajaniti men itani sakriy bhoomika ada ki ki ve dilli ke betaj badashah ban ge. ve dilli ki janata ke dil men rahate the aur yahan ki janata unake ek ishare par bade se bada balidan karane ke lie taiyar rahati thi. yadyapi ve aj hamare bich nahin hain, tathapi janata aj bhi unhen shraddha ke sath yad karati hai. hindi ke kavi ne unaki pavitr smriti men yahan tak likha hai-[2]

pran desh ke lie dena sikha ge,
bhnvar men padi nav ko khena sikha ge.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bharatiy charit kosh |lekhak: liladhar sharma 'parvatiy' |prakashak: shiksha bharati, madarasa rod, kashmiri get, dilli |prishth snkhya: 967 |

  1. 1.0 1.1 Hakim Ajmal Khan [1863-1927) Medicine, Freedom Fighter] (angrezi) Indian Muslims. abhigaman tithi: 28 disambar, 2012.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 svatntrata senani kosh (gandhiyugin) |lekhak: daau. es.el. nagori aur shrimati kanta nagori |prakashak: gitnjali prakashan, jayapur |prishth snkhya: 463 |ISBN: 978-81-88418-38-1
  3. bharat ke rashtrapati (hindi) googal buks. abhigaman tithi: 28 disambar, 2012.

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