फ़्लोरेन्स नाइटिंगेल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

florens naitingel
florens naitingel
poora nam florens naitingel
janm 12 mee, 1820
janm bhoomi phlorens, graind dachi aauph taskaini
mrityu 13 agast, 1910
mrityu sthan park len, lndan, snyukt rajashahi
prasiddhi adhunik narsing
nagarikata british
snbndhit lekh antararashtriy nars divas
vishesh prem, daya v seva-bhavana ki pratimoorti florens naitingel "d ledi vid d lainp" (dipak vali mahila) ke nam se prasiddh hain.
any janakari har varsh 12 mee ko florens naitingel ki jaynti par antararashtriy nars divas ka ayojan kiya jata hai. yah ayojan aaustreliya, snyukt rajy amerika aur kanada jaise kee deshon men poore ek saptah tak manaya jata hai.
adyatan‎

florens naitingel (angrezi: Florence Nightingale, janm- 12 mee, 1820; mrityu- 13 agast, 1910) 'adhunik narsig andolan ki janmadata' mani jati hain. prem, daya v seva-bhavana ki pratimoorti florens naitingel "d ledi vid d lainp" (dipak vali mahila) ke nam se prasiddh hain. har varsh 12 mee ko florens naitingel ki jaynti par antararashtriy nars divas ka ayojan kiya jata hai. yah ayojan aaustreliya, snyukt rajy amerika aur kanada jaise kee deshon men poore ek saptah tak manaya jata hai. ek uchch, samriddh british parivar men janm lene ke bad bhi florens naitingel ne logon ki seva ka marg chuna tha. san 1845 men parivar ke tamam virodhon v krodh ke pashchath bhi florens naitingel ne abhavagrast logon ki seva ka vrat grahan kar liya aur ant tak apane is nirnay se bilkul bhi nahin digin.

parichay

florens naitingel ka janm 12 mee san 1820 ko phlorens, graind dachi aauph taskaini men hua tha. ve ek achchhe parivar men paida huee thin. unaka nam itali ke ek shahar ke nam par rakha gaya tha, jahan par vah paida huee thin. florens naitingel inglaind men javan hueen. ghar par hi unake pita ne unhen padhana shuroo hua. unhonne angrezi, itailiyan, laitin, jarmani, french, itihas aur darshan sikha. florens naitingel ne apani bahan aur mata-pita ke sath anek deshon ki yatra ki. us yug ke british vaibhavapoorn jivan ke prati unamen koee akarshan nahi tha. isake viparit du:khi manavata ke lie florens naitingel ke hriday men apar snvedana thi.

narsing prashikshan

san 1840 men inglaind men bhaynkar akal pada aur akal piditon ki dayaniy sthiti dekhakar florens naitingel baichain ho gayin. apane ek parivarik mitr daau. phouler se unhonne nars banane ki ichchha prakat ki. unaka yah nirnay sunakar unake parijanon aur mitron men khalabali mach gayi. unaki man ko yah ashnka thi ki unaki putri kisi daauktar ke sath bhag jayegi. aisa in dinon shayad am tha. itane prabal virodh ke bavajood florens naitingel ne apana irada nahin badala. vibhinn deshon men aspatalon ki sthiti ke bare men unhonne janakari jutaee aur shayan kaksh men momabatti jalakar usaka adhyayan kiya. unake dridh snkalp ko dekhakar unake mata-pita ko jhukana pada aur unhen kainsavarth snsthan men narsing ke prashikshan ke lie jane ki anumati deni padi.

d ledi vid d lemp

san 1854 men krimiyam yuddh men florens naitingel ko "d ledi vid d lemp" ka upanam taims samachar patr men chhapi is khabar ke adhar par mil gaya-

"vah to sakshat devadoot hai. durgandh aur chikh-pukar se bhare in asthayi aspatalon men vah ek dalan se doosare dalan men jati hai aur har ek mariz ki bhavamudra unake prati abhar aur sneh ke karan dravit ho jati hai. rat men jab sabhi chikitsak aur karmachari apane-apane kamaron men so rahe hote hain, tab vah apane hathon men lainp lekar har bistar tak jati hai aur marizon ki zaruraton ka dhyan rakhati hai."

pustak rachana v samman

san 1859 men florens naitingel ne sent thaaumas aspatal men narsing prashikshan ki sthapana ki. aktoobar, 1854 men unhonne 38 striyon ke ek dal ko ghayalon ki seva ke lie turki bheja. unhonne 'nots aauf narsing' (Notes of Nursing namak pustak likhi thi. jivan ka baki samay unhonne narsing ko badhava dene aur ise adhunik roop dene men bitaya. san 1861 men unhen maharani viktoriya ne 'raauyal red kraaus medal' dekar sammanit kiya tha.

mrityu

florens naitingel ka 90 varsh ki ayu men 13 agast, 1910 nidhan ho gaya. vartaman yug men aspatalon ke prabandhan aur rogiyon ke svasthy labhon men narson ka vishesh mahatv hai. ek nars ko samman ki drishti se dekha jata hai, lekin 19vin shatabdi ke madhy tak ki sthiti isake sarvatha viparit thi. nars ka kary bahut ghatiya samajha jata tha. nimn varg ki mahilayen hi is peshe men ati thin. unamen se adhikansh anapadh aur charitrahin hoti thin aur nasha karati thin. unhen apane kary ke lie koee vyavasthit prashikshan bhi nahin milata tha. is peshe ko samman dilane ka shrey sirf florens naitingel ko jata hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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