रुक्माबाई  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

rukmabaee
rukmabaee
poora nam rukmabaee raut
janm 22 navambar, 1864
janm bhoomi mumbee
mrityu 25 sitambar, 1955
abhibhavak pita- janardan pandurng, mata- jayntibaee
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr chikitsa
prasiddhi bharat ki pahali mahila chikitsak
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari rukh‍mabaee ne apane jivanakal men paintis sal tak mukhy chikitsa adhikari ke roop men kary kiya. unake 153ven janm divas ke avasar par googal ne doodal banakar unhen sammanit kiya.

rukmabaee raut (angrezi: Rukhmabai Raut, janm- 22 navambar, 1864; mrityu- 25 sitambar, 1955) bharat ki pratham mahila chikitsak thin. vah ek aitihasik qanooni mamale ke kendr men bhi thin, jisake parinamasvaroop 'ej aauph kaaunsent ekt, 1891' namak qanoon bana tha. rukmabaee ko daauktar banane ki ichchha thi aur ve logon ki seva karana chahati thin. unake is phaisale ko gharavalon aur logon ka samarthan mila. isake lie 'lndan skool aauf medisan' men bhejane aur padhaee ke lie ek phnd taiyar kiya gaya tha. vahan se rukmabaee ne snatak ki upadhi prapt ki aur 1895 men vapas bharat lautin. rukmabaee ne soorat ke mahila astapal ko chuna. unhonne jivan bhar daauktari ki. daau. rukmabaee ek samajik sudharak bhi thin, jinhonne kee buraeeyon ke lie avaj uthaee aur mahila aur bal adhikaron ke lie khulakar bola.

parichay

rukmabaee ka janm 22 navambar, 1864 ko badhee samuday men munbee men hua tha. unake pita ka nam janardan pandurng v mata ka nam jayntibaee tha. janardan pandurng ki maut ke bad jayntibaee ne apani snpatti 8 sal ki rukh‍mabaee ko saunp di.

rukmabaee ka vivah dadaji bhikaji ke sath gyarah varsh ki umr men hi unaki ichchha ke viruddh ho gaya tha. us samay bal vivah am bat thi. halanki unhen apani shiksha poori karane ki ijajat thi, lekin unake pati dadaji bhikaji raut ne dhire-dhire unhen apane sath rahane ke lie majaboor kiya. march 1884 men dadaji ne mumbee uchch nyayalay men patni par vaivahik hakon ko bahal karane ke lie yachika dayar ki, jisaka phaisala dadaji ke hak men aya. nyayalay ne kaha ki ya to ve nyayalay ka phaisala mane ya unhen jel jana hoga. rukmabaee ne british sarakar se kaha ki apane pati ke sath vaivahik rishton men ulajhakar rahane ke ke bajay ve jel men rahana pasnd karengi.[1]

salon pahale jab mahilaon ke lie koee adhikar bhi nahin the, us vakt rukmabaee ne apane adhikaron ke lie ladaee ladi aur bal vivah ke khilaph khadi hueen. unhonne 11 sal ki umr men vivah ki vaidhata par saval khade kie. us vakt unake pati 19 sal ke the. unhonne garibi aur kharab svasthy ka havala dekar pati ke sath rahane se inakar kar diya tha. 1885 men jajon ke nirnay ne dadaji bhikaji ke vaivahik adhikaron ke saunpe jane ke dave ko radd kar diya. halanki sal 1888 men rukmabaee aur dadaji ke bich ek samajhauta hua, jisake maddenajar rukmabaee ne pati ko muavaja diya aur shadi se poori tarah se mukti paee.

bharat ki pahali mahila daauktar

'hindoo ledi' ke nam se mashahoor hueen rukmabaee ne akhabaron men kee patr likhe, jis par unhen kaphi samarthan bhi mila. jab unhonne padhane ki ichchha jataee to unake samarthan men phnd ikattha ho gaya, jisase unhen inglaind men lndan skool aauph medisin men padhane ka mauka mila. kama aspatal men daau. edith pechee ne rukmabaee ko protsahit kiya, jinhonne unaki shiksha ke lie dhan jutane men madad ki thi. rukmabaee 1889 men inglaind gee thin. unako matadhikar karyakarta eeva maikaleran aur valtar maikaleran aur bharat ki mahilaon ko chikitsa sahayata pradan karane ke lie dafarin ke phnd ki kauntes dvara sahayata di gee thi. ediled maining aur kee any ne rukmabaee raksha samiti ko ek nidhi ki sthapana men madad ki. yogadanakartaon men shivajirav holkar shamil the, jinhonne parnparaon ke viruddh hastakshep karane ka sahas dikhaya aur 500 rupaye ka dan diya tha. rukmabaee to unaki antim pariksha ke lie edinabarg geen aur soorat men ek aspatal men shamil hone ke lie 1894 men bharat laut aeen. 1904 men, bhikaji ki mrityu ho gee aur rukmabaee ne hindoo parnpara men vidhavaon ki safed sadi pahani. 1918 men rukmabaee ne mahila chikitsa seva men shamil hone ke prastav ko kharij kar diya aur rajakot men mahilaon ke lie ek rajy aspatal men shamil ho geen. unhonne 1929-1930 men mumbee men sevanivritt hone ke pashchat paintis sal ke lie mukhy chikitsa adhikari ke roop men kary kiya. unhonne sudhar ke lie apana kam jari rakha. 'pardah-isaki samapti ki avashyakata' ko prakashit kiya.

rukmabaee par film

rukmabaee ki kahani ko upanyas aur filmon men shamil kiya gaya hai. tanishtha chatarji, jo ki ek bharatiy abhinetri hain, unhonne 'engri indiyan gaaudes' 'shaidoj aauph taim', 'parchd' aur 'daauktar rukmabaee' jaisi filmon men apani abhinay kshamata ka loha manavaya hai. jab tanishtha jagaran film phestival men hissa lene aee thin, tab unaki film 'daauktar rukmabaee' pradarshit huee. film 'dekh indiyan sarkas' ke lie nyooyaaurk film phestival men sarvashreshth abhinetri ka khitab jit chukin tanishtha ne rukmabaee ki bhoomika nibhane ke lie apani taraph se poori taiyari ki aur kiradar ke sath nyay karane ki koshish ki. tanishtha chatarji ka kahana tha ki- "rukmabaee bharat ki pahali mahila daauktar thin. unaka nidhan 1955 men hi ho jane ke karan mujhe unase milane ka saubhagy to nahin mila, lekin apani bhoomika ki taiyari ke lie mainne unaki bayographi padhi. unaki kahani akarshit karati hai. vah mahilaon ke lie preranasrot hain. main khushakismat hoon ki mujhe unaki bhoomika nibhane ka mauka mila."

rukmabaee ke 153ven janm divas par jari googal-doodal

samman

angrezon ke jamane men jab uchch shiksha kisi bade ya khas parivar ke log hi hasil kar pate the, aise vaqt men sadharan parivar ki rukmabarhi ne oonchi shiksha prapt karake daaktari jaise kathin peshe ko chuna. jisake bad vah us jamane men pahali bharatiy mahila daauktar ban gayin. rukh‍mabaee ne apane jivanakal men paintis sal tak mukhy chikitsa adhikari ke roop men kary kiya. kam umr men vivah ho jane ke bad bhi rukh‍mabaee ne apani padhaee poori ki aur daauktar banin. rukmabaee ke 153ven janm divas ke avasar par googal ne doodal banakar unhen sammanit kiya. doodal men rukmabaee ko ek odasvi mahila ke roop men dikhaya gaya hai aur unake as-pas marijon ki seva men lage karmachariyon ko bhi dikhaya gaya hai.

mrityu

daauktar rukmabaee ka nidhan 25 sitambar, 1955 ko hua.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. desh ki pahali mahila mahila daauktar rakhamabaee ki 153vin jaynti par googal ne doodal se di shraddhanjali (hindi) inkhabar.com. abhigaman tithi: 22 navambar, 2017.

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