आनंदी गोपाल जोशी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

anndi gopal joshi
anndi gopal joshi
poora nam anndi gopal joshi
any nam yamuna
janm 31 march, 1865
janm bhoomi kalyan, thane, maharashtr
mrityu 26 faravari, 1887
mrityu sthan pune, maharashtr
pati/patni gopal rav
karm bhoomi bharat
vidyalay vimens kaaulej aauf philadelphiya ka medikal kaaulej, amerika
prasiddhi bharat ki pratham mahila daauktar
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari anndi gopal joshi ke jivan par kairolin vils ne sal 1888 men bayographi bhi likhi. is bayographi ko dooradarshan chainal par ‘anndi gopal’ nam se hindi tivi siriyal ka prasaran kiya gaya jisaka nirdeshan kamalakar sarng ne kiya tha.
adyatan‎

anndi gopal joshi (angrezi: Anandi Gopal Joshi, janm: 31 march, 1865, pune; mrityu: 26 faravari, 1887) pahali bharatiy mahila thin, jinh‍honne daaukh‍tari ki digri prapt ki thi. jis daur men mahilaon ki shiksha bhi doobhar thi, us samay videsh jakar daaukh‍tari ki digri hasil karana unake lie ek misal thi. anndi gopal joshi ka vh‍yaktith‍v mahilaon ke lie preranash‍trot tha. unh‍honne san 1886 men apane sapane ko sakar roop diya. jab unh‍honne daauktar banane ka nirnay liya tha to unaki samaj men kafi alochana huee thi ki ek vivahit hindoo sh‍tri videsh (penisilh‍veniya) jakar daaukh‍tari ki padhaee kare. lekin anndibaee ek dridhanishh‍chayi mahila thin aur unh‍honne alochanaon ki tanik bhi paravah nahin ki. yahi vajah thi ki unh‍hen pahali bharatiy mahila daaukh‍tar hone ka gaurav praph‍t hua.

parichay

daauktar anndi gopal joshi ka janm ek marathi parivar men 31 march, 1865 ko kalyan, thane, maharashtr men hua tha. mata-pita ne unaka nam yamuna rakha. unaka parivar ek roodhivadi marathi parivar tha, jo keval snskrit padhana janata tha. unake pita zamindar the. british shasakon dvara maharashtr men zamindari pratha samapt kie jane ke bad unake parivar ki sthiti behad kharab ho gee. ve kisi tarah apana gujar-basar kar rahe the. aise hi parivar men janmi anndi gopal urph yamuna ka vivah nau varsh ki umr men hi unase 20 varsh bade ek vidhur se kar diya gaya. hindoo samaj ke rivaz ke anusar vivah ke bad unaka nam yamuna se badal kar anndi rakh diya gaya aur ve anndi gopal joshi nam se jani jane lagin.[1]

daauktar banane ka snkalp

anndi gopal joshi us samay matr chaudah sal ki thin, jab unhonne apane bete ko janm diya. lekin durbhagyavash uchit chikitsa ke abhav men das dinon men hi usaka dehant ho gaya. is ghatana se unhen gahara sadama pahuncha. vah bhitar-hi-bhitar toot-si geen. unake pati gopal rav ek pragatishil vicharak the aur mahila-shiksha ka samarthan bhi karate the. anndi gopal joshi ne kuchh dinon bad apane apako snbhala aur khud ek daauktar banane ka nishchay liya. vah chikitsa ke abhav men asamay hone vali mauton ko rokane ka prayas karana chahati thin, choonki us samay bharat men ailopaithik daauktari ki padhaee ki koee vyavastha nahin thi, isalie padhaee karane ke lie videsh jana padata tha.[2]

roodhivadi hindoo samaj ka vidroh

anndi gopal joshi dvara achanak lie ge faisale se parijan aur as-pados men virodh ki lahar uth khadi huee. unaki kafi alochana bhi ki gayi. samaj ko yah katee svikar nahin tha ki ek vivahit hindoo mahila videsh jakar daauktari ki padhaee kare, kyonki unhen ashnka thi ki vahan jakar donon pati-patni apana dharm badal kar eesaee dharm apana lenge. jab yah bat anndi rav ko pata chali to unhonne siramapur kaaulej ke haaul men logon ko jama karake yah ailan kiya ki- "main keval daauktari ki uchch shiksha prapt karane ke lie amerika ja rahi hoon. mera irada n to dharm badalane ka hai aur n vahan naukari karane ka. mera makasad bharat men rah kar yahan ke logon ki seva karane ka hai, kyonki bharat men ek bhi mahila daauktar nahin hai, jisake abhav men asamay hi bahut-si mahilaon aur bachchon ki maut ho jati hai." anndi gopal joshi ke bhashan ka roodhivadi logon par vyapak asar hua aur poore desh se unaki daauktari ki padhaee ke lie madad dene ke lie peshakash ki gee.[3]

sngharshakalin samay

anndi gopal joshi ke is vaktavy ke prakashit hone ke bad poore bharat ne unhen sahayata pradan ki, yahan tak ki vaisaray ne bhi unhen 200 rupaye ki sahayata rashi bheji. unhonne apane sone ke sabhi abhooshan bech die aur kuchh yooropiyan mahilaon ke sath kolakata se nyooyaaurk ke lie ravana ho geen, jahan joon 1883 men unaki mulakat misej karapentar se huee. isake bad unhonne vimens kaaulej aauf philadelphiya ke medikal kaaulej men pravesh ke lie avedan kiya aur shighr hi kaaulej ke din ka patr unhen mila, jisamen unase kaaulej men pravesh lene ke lie kaha gaya tha. amerika anndi ke lie ek ajanabi shahar tha. vahan ki bahut sari baten unhen samajh nahin ati thin. unake aur amerikiyon ke rahan-sahan aur khan-pan men bahut antar tha. lekin unake aur misej karapentar ke bich ek atmiy rishta kayam ho gaya tha. kaaulej ke suparintendet aur sekretri is bat se bahut prabhavit the ki ek ladaki samajik virodhon ko jhelate hue yahan itani door padhane ayi hai. unhonne tin sal ki unaki padhaee ke lie 600 daaular ki skaaularaship mnjoor kar di.

lekin samasyaen abhi khatm nahin huee thin. unake vastr vahan ki sardi ke anukool nahin the. nau gaji maharashtriyan sadi pahanane par unaki kamar aur hath khule rahate the. jabaki pashchimi poshaken sardi se bachav ke lie jyada upayukt thin. vaise unake pati ne unhen ashvast kiya tha ki yadi ve mansahar karati hain aur pashchimi dhng ki poshak pahanati hain to unhen koee apatti nahin hogi, lekin ve isake lie khud ko taiyar nahin kar pa rahi thin. unhonne 'gita' ka smaran kiya, jisamen kaha gaya hai ki- "sharir to matr atma ka avaran hai jo apavitr nahin ho sakata." unhonne socha ki agar yah saty hai to mere pashchimi sabhyata ke vastr pahanane se meri atma kaise apavitr ho sakati hai? kafi sochane-vicharane ke bad unhonne gujarati dhng se sadi pahanane ka nishchay kiya aur apane pati ko is bat ki soochana bhi de di. kaaulej ki taraf se unako rahane ke lie jo kamara diya gaya tha, usaka phayar ples thik se kam nahin karata tha. lakadiyan jalate vakt usase lagatar dhuna uthata rahata. unake pas do hi vikalp the ya to thnd men raho ya dhunen men. unhonne doosara kamara talash karane ki koshish ki, lekin koee bhi bharatiy hindoo ladaki ko jo daauktar banane ki koshish kar rahi thi, kamara dene ko taiyar nahin tha. lagatar dedh-do sal tak us kamare men rahane ke karan unhen bukhar aur khansi ki shikayat ho gee.

desh ki pahali mahila daauktar

daauktar anndi gopal joshi ke pati gopal rav ne har qadam par unaki hausala badhaya. sal 1883 men anndi gopal ne amerika (penasilveniya) ki zamin par qadam rakha. us daur men ve kisi bhi videshi zamin par qadam rakhane vali pahali bharatiy hindoo mahila thin. nyoo jarsi men rahane vali thiyodishiya ne unaka padhaee ke dauran sahayog kiya. unnis sal ki umr men sal 1886 men anndibaee ne em.di kar liya. digri lene ke bad vah bharat laut aee. jab unhonne yah digri prapt ki, tab maharani viktoriya ne unhen badhaee-patr likha aur bharat men unaka svagat ek nayika ki tarah kiya gaya.[2]

mrityu

daauktar anndi rav joshi 1886 ke ant men bharat laut aeen aur albart edavard aspatal, prinsali stet aaf kolhapur men ek mahila daauktar ke roop men charj le liya. lekin kuchh hi dinon bad hi vah tibi ki shikar ho gee, jisase 26 faravari, 1987 ko matr ikkis sal ki umr men unaka nidhan ho gaya. unake jivan par kairolin vils ne sal 1888 men bayographi bhi likhi. is bayographi ko dooradarshan chainal par ‘anndi gopal’ nam se hindi tivi siriyal ka prasaran kiya gaya jisaka nirdeshan kamalakar sarng ne kiya tha.[1]

anndi gopal joshi par jari googal-doodal

googal doodal

googal ne 31 march, 2018 ko bharat ki pahali mahila daauktar anndi gopal joshi ki 153vin jaynti par unhen ek khas doodal banakar apani shraddhanjali arpit ki. googal ne apane is khas doodal men anndi gopal joshi ko hath men digri pakade hue darshaya hai. isake sath hi unhonne apane gale men stethoskop bhi lataka rakha hai. anndi gopal joshi daauktar banane vali bharat ki pahali thin, jinhonne amerika se kvaliphaee kiya. yahi nahin, ameriki dharati par kadam rakhane vali anndi joshi pahali bharatiy mahila bhi thin.

joshi kretar

shukr grah jise "bhor ka tara" bhi kaha jata hai, is par bahut bade-bade gaddhe hain. is grah ke tin gaddhon ke nam bharat ki tin prasiddh mahilaon ke nam par rakhe gaye hain[4]-

  1. joshi kretar - yah nam anndi gopal joshi ke nam par rakha gaya hai.
  2. medhavi kretar - isaka nam ramabaee medhavi ke nam par rakha gaya hai.
  3. jirad kretar - isaka nam jeroosa jirad ke nam par rakha gaya hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 daauktar anndi gopal rav joshi bharat ki pahali mahila daauktar (hindi) tarzezindagi.com. abhigaman tithi: 19 march, 2017.
  2. 2.0 2.1 anndibaee joshi: desh ki pahali mahila daauktar (hindi) feminisminindia.com. abhigaman tithi: 19 march, 2017.
  3. daauktar anndi gopal rav joshi bharat ki pahali mahila daauktar (hindi) pratibhaba-bhagwanbharose.blogspot.in. abhigaman tithi: 19 march, 2017.
  4. isaro se pahale shukr grah par tin bharatiy mahilaon ka nam (hindi) dailyhunt. abhigaman tithi: 08 aprail, 2017.

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