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pndita ramabaee
pndita ramabaee medhavi
poora nam pndita ramabaee medhavi
janm 23 aprail, 1858 ee.
janm bhoomi maisoor
mrityu 5 aprail, 1922 ee.
mrityu sthan maharashtr
abhibhavak 'annt shastri'
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr samaj sudharak
bhasha marathi, kannad, hindi aur bngala
puraskar-upadhi 'sarasvati', 'pndita' aur "kaisar-e-hindi"
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari amerika men unake prayatn se ramabaee esosieshan bana jisane bharat ke vidhava ashram ka 10 varsh tak kharch chalane ka jimma liya.

pndita ramabaee medhavi (angrezi: Pandita Ramabai Medhavi, janm: 23 apral, 1858; mrityu: 5 aprail, 1922) prakhyat vidushi samajasudharak aur bharatiy nariyon ko unaki pichhadi huee sthiti se oopar uthane ke lie samarpit thin. medhavi kretar ka nam ramabaee medhavi ke nam par rakha gaya.

parichay

pndita ramabaee medhavi ka janm 23 aprail, 1858 ee. men maisoor riyasat men hua tha. unake pita 'annt shastri' vidvanh aur stri-shiksha ke samarthak the. parantu us samay ki parivarik roodhivadita isamen badha bani rahi. pita rama ke bachapan men hi sadhu-snton ki mehamanadari ke karan nirdhan ho ge aur unhen patni tatha rama ki ek bahan aur bhaee ke sath ganv-ganv men pauranik kathaen sunakar pet palana pada.

vidvanh rama

pndita ramabaee asadharan pratibhavan thi. apane pita se snskrit bhasha ka gyan prapt karake 12 varsh ki umr men hi 20 hazar shlok knthasth kar lie the. deshatan ke karan usane marathi ke sath-sath kannad, hindi, tatha bngala bhashaen bhi sikh lin. 20 varsh ki umr men hi ramabaee ko snskrit ke gyan ke lie sarasvati aur pndita ki upadhiyan prapt huee. tabhi se ve pndita ramabaee ke nam se jani gee. 1876-1877 ke bhishan akal men durbal pita aur mata ka shighr hi dehant ho gaya. ab ye bachche paidal bhatakate rahe aur tin varsh men inhonne 4 hazar mil ki yatra ki. 22 sal men shadi hone ke bad unhonne bal vivah ke virodh men aur vidhavaon ke halaton par bolana shuroo kiya. medikal ki upadhi hasil karake vo briten geen. yooes geen aur snatak ki upadhi li. pati ki maut ke bad unh‍honne pune men ary mahila samaj ki sthapana ki. ek kavayitri aur lekhika banane ke kram men unhonne jivan men khoob yatraen kin. ramabaee sat bhashaen janati thin, dharmaparivartan kar eesaee ban geen aur unhonne baibal ki anuvad marathi men kiya.

samaj sudharak

22 varsh ki umr men pndita ramabaee kolakata pahunchi. unhonne bal vidhavaon aur vidhavaon ki dayaniy dasha sudharane ka bida uthaya. unake snskrit gyan aur bhashanon se bngal ke samaj men halachal mach gee. bhaee ki mrityu ke bad ramabaee ne 'vipin bihari' namak achhoot jati ke ek vakil se vivah kiya, parantu ek nanhin bachchi ko chhodakar dedh varsh ke bad hi haije ki bimari men vah bhi chal basa. achhoot se vivah karane ke karan ramabaee ko kattarapnthiyon ke akrosh ka samana karana pada aur vah poona akar stri-shiksha ke kam men lag gee. usaki sthapit snstha ary mahila samaj ki shighr hi maharashtr bhar men shakhaen khul geen.
pndita ramabaee

medhavi kretar

medhavi kretar shukr grah ke ek gaddhe ka nam hai, jise ramabaee medhavi ke nam par rakha gaya tha. shukr grah jise bhor ka tara bhi kaha jata hai. is grah par bahut bade-bade gaddhe hain. in gaddhon ka nam kuchh prasiddh mahilaon ke nam par rakha gaya hai. joshi kretar ka nam bharatiy mool ki mahila anndi gopal joshi ke nam par rakha gaya tatha vinas par bane jirad kretar ka jeroosa jirad ke nam par rakha gaya.[1]

vidhavaon ke lie kary

angrezi bhasha ka gyan prapt karane ke lie pndita ramabaee 1883 ee. men inglaind geen. vahan do varsh tak snskrit ki prophesar rahane ke bad ve amerika pahunchin. unhonne inglaind men eesaee dharm svikar kar liya tha. amerika men unake prayatn se ramabaee esosieshan bana jisane bharat ke vidhava ashram ka 10 varsh tak kharch chalane ka jimma liya. isake bad ve 1889 men bharat lautin aur vidhavaon ke lie sharada sadan ki sthapana ki. bad men kripa sadan namak ek aur mahila ashram banaya.

atmanirbharata ki shiksha

pndita ramabaee ke in ashramon men anath aur pidit mahilaon ko aisi shiksha di jati thi jisase ve svayn apani jivika uparjit kar saken. unhonne mukti mishan shuroo kiya, jo thukaraee gee mahilaon-bachchon ka thikana tha. unhonne bnbee men 20 ladakiyon ke sath sharada sadan ki shuruat ki. sanh 1919 men british sarakar ne unhen "kaisar-e-hindi" ke tamage se navaja tha. pndita ramabaee ka jivan is bat ka praman hai ki yadi vyakti dridh nishchay kar le to garibi, abhav, durdasha ki sthiti par vijay prapt karake vah apane lakshy ki or badh sakata hai. unaki saphalata ka rahasy tha- pratikool paristhitiyon men sahas ke sath sngharsh karate rahana.

nidhan

5 aprail, 1922 ee. ko pndita ramabaee ka dehant ho gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. isaro se pahale shukr grah par tin bharatiy mahilaon ka nam (hindi) dailyhunt. abhigaman tithi: 18 march, 2017.

liladhar, sharma bharatiy charit kosh (hindi). bharatadiskavari pustakalay: shiksha bharati, 451 se 452.

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