मदनमोहन मालवीय  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

madanamohan malaviy
Pandit-Madan-Mohan-Malaviya.jpg
poora nam pndit mahamana madanamohan malaviy
janm 25 disambar, 1861
janm bhoomi ilahabad
mrityu 12 navambar, 1946
mrityu sthan ilahabad
abhibhavak brajanath aur bhoonadevi
pati/patni kundan devi
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi samaj sudharak
parti kangres
pad kangres ke adhyaksh
shiksha eph.e., bi.e., vaqalat
vidyalay shri dharmgyanopadesh pathashala, ilahabad zila skool, myor sentral kaaulej
bhasha hindi
puraskar-upadhi 'bharat ratn' (24 disambar, 2014)
vishesh yogadan kashi hindoo vishvavidyalay ki sthapana, hindi bhasha ka vikas, shiksha ka vikas
karmakshetr shikshak, vakil, sampadak, samaj sudharak, neta, svatntrata senani
rachanaen abhyuday, lidar, hindustan taims, maryada, sanatan dharm-sngrah

madanamohan malaviy (angrezi: Madan Mohan Malaviya, janm- 25 disambar, 1861 ; mrityu- 12 navambar, 1946) mahanh svatntrata senani, rajanitigy aur shikshavid hi nahin, balki ek bade samaj sudharak bhi the. itihasakar visi sahoo ke anusar hindoo rashtravad ke samarthak madan mohan malaviy desh se jatigat bediyon ko todana chahate the. unhonne daliton ke mandiron men pravesh nishedh ki buraee ke khilaf deshabhar men andolan chalaya. 24 disambar, 2014 ko bharat ke rashtrapati pranab mukharji ne pndit madanamohan malaviy ko maranoparant desh ke sabase bade nagarik samman 'bharat ratn' se navaja.

snkshipt parichay

  • bahuayami vyaktitv. shikshavid. banaras hindoo vishvavidyalay (birachayoo) ke snsthapak. svatntrata sngram senani. hindoo mahasabha ke neta.
  • 25 disambar, 1861 ko ilahabad men janm. ilahabad distrikt skool men shiksha ke roop men kariyar shuroo karane ke sath padhaee jari rakhi.
  • vakalat ki padhaee karane ke bad pahale zila aur bad men haee kort men prektis shuroo ki. 1886 men navagathit kangres ke kolakata men ayojit doosare varshik satr men preranadayak bhashan dekar rajanitik paridrishy men ubhare.
  • 50 varshon tak kangres men sakriy rahe. 1909 (lahaur), 1918 (dilli), 1930 (dilli) aur 1932 (kolakata) men kangres adhyaksh rahe.
  • svatntrata sngharsh ke dauran udaravadiyon aur rashtravadiyon ke bich setu ka kam kiya.
  • 1930 men jab gandhi ji ne namak satyagrah aur savinay avgya andolan shuroo kiya to madanamohan malaviy ne usamen hissa liya aur jel ge.
  • 50vin varshaganth par desh seva ke lie vakalat chhodane ka phaisala liya.
  • 1909 men ilahabad se prabhavi angrezi akhabar 'd lidar' shuroo kiya.
  • 1903-18 ke dauran prantiy vidhayi parishad aur 1910-20 tak kendriy parishad ke sadasy rahe.
  • 1916-18 ke dauran bharatiy vidhayi sabha ke nirvachit sadasy rahe.
  • 1931 men doosare golamez sammelan dvitiy men hissa liya
  • 1937 men rajaniti se sannyas liya. samajik muddon ke prati dhyan kendrit kiya.
  • mahilaon ki shiksha, vidhava punarvivah ka samarthan kiya aur bal vivah ka virodh kiya.
  • 12 navambar, 1946 ko nidhan ho gaya.

jivan parichay

ilahabad men 25 disambar, 1861 men janme pndit madan mohan malaviy apane mahanh karyon ke chalate 'mahamana' kahalaye. inake pita ka nam brajanath aur mata ka nam bhoonadevi tha. choonki ye log malava ke mool nivasi the, isilie malaviy kahalae. mahamana malaviy ji ne sanh 1884 men uchch shiksha samapt ki. shiksha samapt karate hi unhonne adhyapan ka kary shuroo kiya par jab kabhi avasar milata ve kisi patr ityadi ke liye lekhadi likhate. 1885 ee. men ve ek skool men adhyapak ho gaye, parantu shighr hi vaqalat ka pesha apana kar 1893 ee. men ilahabad haeekort men vaqil ke roop men apana nam darj kara liya. unhonne patrakarita ke kshetr men bhi pravesh kiya aur 1885 tatha 1907 ee. ke bich tin patron- hindustan, indiyan yooniyan tatha abhyuday ka sampadan kiya.

shiksha

madanamohan malaviy ki prathamik shiksha ilahabad ke hi shri dharmgyanopadesh pathashala men huee jahan sanatan dharm ki shiksha di jati thi . isake bad malaviyaji ne 1879 men ilahabad zila skool se entrens ki pariksha uttirn ki aur myor sentral kaaulej se eph.e. ki. arthik sthiti achchhi n hone ke karan madanamohan ko kabhi-kabhi fis ke bhi lale pad jate the. is arthik vipannata ke karan bi.e. karane ke bad hi malaviyaji ne ek sarakari vidyalay men 40 rupe masik vetan par adhyapaki shuroo kar di.

vivah

madan mohan malaviy ka vivah mirajapur ke pn. nandalal ji ki putri kundan devi ke sath 16 varsh ki ayu men hua tha.[1]

rajanitik jivan

jivanakal ke prarambh se hi malaviy ji rajaniti men ruchi lene lage aur 1886 ee. men bharatiy rashtriy kangres ke doosare adhiveshan men sammilit hue. malaviy ji do bar 1909 tatha 1918 ee. men kangres ke adhyaksh hue. 1902 ee. men malaviy ji uttar pradesh 'inpiriyal lejisletiv kaunsil' ke sadasy aur bad men 'sentral lejisletiv asenbali' ke sadasy chune gaye. malaviy ji british sarakar ke nirbhik alochak the aur unhonne pnjab ki daman niti ki tivr alochana ki, jisaki charam parinati jaliyanvala bag kand men huee. ve kattar hindoo the, parantu shuddhi (hindoo dharm ko chhodakar doosara dharm apana lene valon ko pun: hindoo bana lete) tatha asprishyata nivaran men vishvas karate the. ve tin bar hindoo mahasabha ke adhyaksh chune gaye. unaki sabase badi upalabdhi 1915 ee. men 'kashi hindoo vishvavidyalay' ki sthapana hai. vishvavidyalay sthapana ke lie unhonne sare desh ka daura karake deshi rajaon tatha janata se chnda ki bhari rashi ekatrit ki.

sampadak

balakrishn bhatt ke ‘hindi pradip’ men hindi ke vishay men unhonne un dinon bahut kuchh likha sanh 1886 ee. men kangres ke doosare adhiveshan ke avasar par kalakankar ke raja ramapal sinh se unaka parichay hua tatha malaviy ji ki bhasha se prabhavit hokar raja sahab ne unhen dainik 'hindustan' ka sampadak banane par raji kar liya. malaviy ji ke lie yah ek yashasvi jivan ka shubh shriganesh siddh hua.

rachanaen

abhyuday

san 1905 ee. men malaviy ki hindoo vishvavidyalay ki yojana pratyaksh roop dharan kar chuki thi. isi ke prachar ki drishti se unhonne 1907 ee. men 'abhyuday' ki sthapana ki. malaviy ji ne do varsh tak isaka sampadan kiya. prarambh men yah patr saptahik raha, phir sanh 1915 ee. se dainik ho gaya.

lidar aur hindustan taims

'lidar' aur 'hindustan taims' ki sthapana ka shrey bhi malaviy ji ko hi hai. 'lidar' ke hindi snskaran 'bharat' ka arambh sanh 1921 men hua aur 'hindustan taims' ka hindi snskaran 'hindustan' bhi varshon se nikal raha hai. inaki mool prerana men malaviy ji hi the.

maryada

'lidar' ke ek varsh bad hi malaviy ji ne 'maryada' namak patrika nikalavane ka prabandh kiya tha. is patr men bhi ve bahut dinon tak rajanitik samasyaon par nibandh likhate rahe. yah patrika kuchh dinon tak gyanamandal limited, varanasi se prakashit hoti rahi.

sanatan dharm

san 1906 ee. men ilahabad ke kumbh ke avasar par unhonne sanatan dharm ka virat adhiveshan karaya, jisamen unhonne 'sanatan dharm-sngrah' namak ek brihat grnth taiyar karakar mahasabha men upasthit kiya. kee varsh tak us sanatan dharm sabha ke bade-bade adhiveshan malaviy ji ne karaye. agale kumbh men triveni ke sngam par inaka sanatan dharm sammelan bhi is sabha se mil gaya. sanatan dharm sabha ke siddhanton ke prachararth kashi se 20 julaee, 1933 ee. ko malaviy ji ki snrakshata men 'sanatan dharm' namak saptahik patr bhi prakashit hone laga aur lahaur se ’mishrabandhu’ nikala yah sab malaviy ji ke prayatnon ka hi phal tha.
any patron ko bhi malaviy ji sada sahayak karate rahe. ve patron dvara janata men prachar karane men bahut vishvas rakhate the. aur svayn varshon tak kee patron ke sampadak rahe. patrakarita ke atirikt ve vividh sammelanon, sarvajanik sabhaon adi men bhi bhag lete rahe. kee sahityik aur dharmik snsthaon se unaka sampark hua tatha unaka sambandh ajivan bana raha. isake atirikt 'sanatan dharm sabha' ke neta hone ke karan desh ke vibhinn bhagon men jitane bhi sanatan dharm mahavidyalayon ki sthapana huee, vah malaviy ji ki sahayata se hi huee. inamen kanapur, lahaur, aligadh, adi sthanon ke sanatan dharm mahavidyalay ullekhaniy hain.

prachin snskriti ke samarthak

kashi hindoo vishvavidyalay, varanasi
Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi

malaviy ji prachin snskriti ke ghor samarthak the. sarvajanik jivan men unaka padarpan visheshakar do ghatanaon ke karan hua-

  1. angrezi aur urdoo ke badhate hue prabhav ke karan hindi bhasha ko kshati n pahunche, isake lie janamat sngrah karana.
  2. bharatiy sabhyata aur snskriti ke mool tatvon ko protsahan dena.

ary samaj se matabhed

ary samaj ke pravartak tatha any karyakartaon ne hindi ki jo seva ki thi, malaviy ji usaki kadr karate the kintu dharmik aur samajik vishayon par unaka ary samaj se matabhed tha. samast karmakand, ritirivaj, moortipoojan adi ko ve hindoo dharm ka maulik ang manate the. isalie dharmik mnch par aryasamaj ki vichar dhara ka virodh karane ke lie unhonne janamat sngathit karana arambh kiya. inhin prayatnon ke phalasvaroop pahale 'bharatadharm mahamandal' aur pichhe 'akhil bharatiy sanatan dharm' sabha ki ninv padi. dharmik vicharon ko lekar donon sampradayon men chahe jitana matabhed raha ho kintu hindi ke prashn par donon ka matabhed tha. shiksha aur prachar ke kshetr men sanatan dharm sabha ne hindi ko unnat karane ke lie jo kuchh kiya, usaka shrey malaviy ji ko hi hai.

hindi ke vikas men yogadan

malaviy ji ek saphal patrakar the aur hindi patrakarita se hi unhonne jivan ke karmakshetr men padarpan kiya. vastav men malaviy ji ne us samay patron ko apane hindi-prachar ka pramukh sadhan bana liya aur hindi bhasha ke star ko ooncha kiya tha. dhire-dhire unaka kshetr vistrit hone laga. patr sampadan se dharmik snsthaen aur inase sarvajanik sabhaen visheshakar hindi ke samarthanarth aur yahan se rajaniti ki or is kram ne unase sampadan kary chhudava diya aur ve vibhitr snsthaon ke sadasy, snsthapak athava snrakshak ke roop men samane ane lage. patrakar ke roop men unaki hindi seva ki yahi sima hai, yadyapi lekhak ki haisiyat se ve bhasha aur sahity ki utrati ke lie sada prayatnashil rahe. hindi ke vikas men unake yogadan ka tab doosara adhyay arambh hua.

Blockquote-open.gif "bharatiy vidyarthiyon ke marg men ane vali vartaman kathinaeeyon ka koee ant nahin hai. sabase badi kathinata yah hai ki shiksha ka madhyam hamari matribhasha n hokar ek atynt duruh videshi bhasha hai. sabhy snsar ke kisi bhi any bhag men jan-samuday ki shiksha ka madhyam videshi bhasha nahin hai." Blockquote-close.gif

- madanamohan malaviy

hindi ki sabase badi seva malaviy ji ne yah ki ki unhonne uttar pradesh ki adalaton aur daftaron men hindi ko vyavahar yogy bhasha ke roop men svikrit karaya. isase pahale keval urdoo hi sarakari daftaron aur adalaton ki bhasha thi. yah andolan unhonne sanh 1890 ee. men arambh kiya tha. tark aur ankadon ke adhar par shasakon ko unhonne jo avedan patr bheja usamen likha ki “pashchimottar pradesh tatha avadh ki praja men shiksha ka phailana is samay sabase avashyak kary hai aur gurutar pramanon se yah siddh kiya ja chuka hai ki is kary men saphalata tabhi prapt hogi jab kachahariyon aur sarakari daftaron men nagari akshar jari kiye jayenge. atev ab is shubh kary men jara-sa bhi vilamb n hona chahie. sanh 1900 ee. men gavarnar ne unaka avedan patr svikar kiya aur is prakar hindi ko sarakari kamakaj men hissa mila. 'kashi hindoo vishvavidyalay' ke kulapati ki sthiti men upadhivitaranontsavon par pray: malaviy ji hindi men hi bhashan karate the. shiksha ke madhyam ke vishay men malaviy ji ke vichar bade spasht the. apane ek bhashan men unhonne kaha tha ki "bharatiy vidyarthiyon ke marg men ane vali vartaman kathinaeeyon ka koee ant nahin hai. sabase badi kathinata yah hai ki shiksha ka madhyam hamari matribhasha n hokar ek atynt duruh videshi bhasha hai. sabhy snsar ke kisi bhi any bhag men jan-samuday ki shiksha ka madhyam videshi bhasha nahin hai."

kashi nagari pracharini sabha

san 1893 ee. men malaviy ji ne kashi nagari pracharini sabha ki sthapana men poorn yog diya. ve sabha ke pravartakon men the aur arambh se hi sabha ko unaki sahayata ka sambal raha. sabha ke prakashan, shodh aur hindi prasar-kary men malaviy ji ki ruchi barabar bani rahi aur antim din tak ve usaka margadarshan karate rahe.

akhil bharatiy hindi sahity sammelan

hindi andolan ke sarvapratham neta hone ke karan malaviy ji par hindi sahity ki abhivriddhi ka dayitv bhi a gaya. inhin uddeshyon ki poorti hetu sanh 1910 ee. men unaki sahayata se ilahabad men 'akhil bharatiy hindi sahity sammelan' ki sthapana huee. usi varsh aktoobar men sammelan ka pratham adhiveshan kashi men hua. jisake sabhapati malaviy ji the. malaviy ji vishuddh hindi ke paksh men the. ve hindi aur hindustani ko ek nahin manate the. shiksha ke kshetr men unhonne jo advitiy kary kiya hai, usaka bhi ek avashyak ang sahityik hai.

uchch koti ke vakta aur lekhak

Blockquote-open.gif ham dharm ko charitr-nirman ka sidha marg aur sansarik sukh ka sachcha dvar samajhate hain. ham desh-bhakti ko sarvottam shakti manate hain jo manushy ko uchchakoti ki niahsvarth seva karane ki or pravritt karati hai. Blockquote-close.gif

- madan mohan malaviy

'hindi sahity sammelan' jaisi sahityik snsthaon ki sthapana dvara 'kashi hindoo vishvavidyalay' tatha any shikshan kendron ke nirman dvara aur sarvajanik roop se hindi andolan ka netritv kar use sarakari daftaron men svikrit karake malaviy ji ne hindi ki seva ki use sadharan nahin kaha ja sakata. unake prayatnon se hindi ko yash vistar aur uchch pad mila hai kintu is bat par kuchh ashchary hota hai ki aisi shiksha-diksha pakar aur virasat men hindi tatha snskrit ka gyan prapt karake malaviy ji ne ek bhi svatntr rachana nahin ki. unake agralekhon, bhashanon, tatha dharmik pravachanon ke sngrah hi unaki shaili aur oj poorn abhivyakti ke parichayak ke roop men upalabdh hai. isamen koee sandeh nahin ki ve uchch koti ke vidvan, vakta aur lekhak the. sambhav hai bahudhandhi hone ke karan unhen koee pustak likhane ka samay nahin mila. apane jivan kal men jo unhonne kuchh hindi bhasha aur sahity ke lie kiya sabhi hindi premiyon ke lie paryapt hai kintu unaki niji rachanaon ka abhav khatakata hai. unake bhashanon aur phutakar lekhon ka koee achchha sngrah aj upalabdh nahin hai. keval ek sngrah unake jivanakal men hi sita ram chaturvedi ne prakashit kiya tha, vah bhi purane dhng ka hai aur utana upayogi nahin jitana hona chahie.

hindi, hindoo aur hindustan

lokamany tilak, rajendr baboo, aur javaharalal neharoo ke maulik ya anudit sahity ki tarah malaviy ji ki rachanaon se hindi ki sahity nidhi bharit nahin huee. isalie unake sampoorn krititv ko ankate hue yah manana hoga ki hindi bhasha aur sahity ke vikas men malaviy ji ka yogadan kriyatmak adhik hai, rachanatmak sahityakar ke roop men kam hai. mahamana malaviy ji apane yug ke pradhan netaon men the. jinhonne hindi, hindoo aur hindustan ko sarvochch sthan par prasthapit karaya.

asahayog andolan

sarojini nayadoo, mahatma gandhi aur pndit madanamohan malaviy

malaviy ne gandhi ji ke asahayog andolan men badh-chadhakar bhag liya. 1928 men unhonne lala lajapat ray, javahar lal neharoo aur any svatntrata senaniyon ke sath milakar saiman kamishan ka zabardast virodh kiya aur isake khilaf deshabhar men janajagaran abhiyan bhi chalaya. mahamana tushtikaran ki nitiyon ke khilaf the. unhonne 1916 ke lakhanoo paikt ke tahat musalamanon ke lie alag nirvachak mndal ka virodh kiya. vah desh ka vibhajan nahin hone dena chahate the. unhonne gandhiji ko agah kiya tha ki vah desh ke bntavare ki kimat par svatntrata svikar n karen. malaviy ji ne 'satyamev jayate' ke nare ko jan-jan men lokapriy banaya. unhonne 1931 men pahale golamej sammelan men desh ka pratinidhitv kiya.

samajik kary

pn. madan mohan malaviy ji kee snsthaon ke snsthapak tatha kee patrikaon ke sampadak rahe. is roop men ve hindoo adarshon, sanatan dharm tatha snskaron ke palan dvara rashtr-nirman ki pahal ki thi. is disha men 'prayag hindoo sabha' ki sthapana kar samasamayik samasyaon ke snbndh men vichar vyakt karate rahe. sanh 1884 ee. men ve hindi uddharini pratinidhi sabha ke sadasy, sanh 1885 ee. men 'indiyan yooniyan' ka sampadan, sanh 1887 ee. men 'bharat-dharm mahamandal' ki sthapana kar sanatan dharm ke prachar ka kary kiya. sanh 1889 ee. men 'hindustan' ka sampadan, 1891 ee. men 'indiyan opiniyan' ka sampadan kar unhonne patrakarita ko nee disha di. isake sath hi sanh 1891 ee. men ilahabad haeekort men vakalat karate hue anek mahattvapoorn v vishisht mamalon men apana loha manavaya tha. sanh 1913 ee. men vakalat chhod di aur rashtr ki seva ka vrat liya taki rashtr ko svadhin dekh saken.

  • yahi nahin ve arambh se hi vidyarthiyon ke jivan-shaili ko sudharane ki disha men unake rahan-sahan hetu chhatravas ka nirman karaya. sanh 1889 ee. men ek pustakalay bhi sthapit kiya.
  • ilahabad men myunispailiti ke sadasy rahakar sanh 1916 tak sahayog kiya. isake sath hi bharatiy rashtriy kangres ke sadasy ke roop men bhi kary kiya.
  • sanh 1907 ee. men basant pnchami ke shubh avasar par ek saptahik hindi patrika abhyuday nam se arambh ki, sath hi angreji patr lidar ke sath bhi jude rahe.
  • pita ki mrityu ke bad pndit ji desh-seva ke kary ko adhik mahatv diya. 1919 ee. men 'kumbh-mele' ke avasar par prayag men 'prayag seva samiti' banaee taki tirthayatriyon ki dekhabhal ho sake. isake bad nirantar ve svartharahit karyo ki or agrasar hue tatha mahabharat, mahakavy ke nimnalikhit udaharan ko apana adarsh jivan banaya -
n tvahn kamaye rajyn n svargn n punarbhavamh . kamaye duahkh taptanamh praninamartanashanamh ..[1]

kashi hindoo vishvavidyalay ki sthapana

malaviy ji ne sanh 1916 ee. men 'kashi hindoo vishvavidyalay' ki sthapana ki aur kalantaron men yah eshiya ka sabase bada vishvavidyalay ban gaya. vastav men yah ek aitihasik kary hi unaki shiksha aur sahity seva ka amit shilalekh hai. pn0 madan mohan malaviy ji ke vyaktitv par ayarish mahila daau. eni besent ka abhootapoorv prabhav pada, jo hindustan men shiksha ke prachar-prasar hetu dridhapratigy rahin. ve varanasi nagar ke kamachchha namak sthan par 'sentral hindoo kaaulej' ki sthapana sanh 1889 ee. men ki, jo bad men chalakar hindoo vishvavidyalay ki sthapana ka kendr bana. pndit ji ne tatkalin banaras ke maharaj shri prabhunarayan sinh ki sahayata se sanh 1904 ee. men 'banaras hindoo vishvavidyalay' ki sthapana ka man banaya. sanh 1905 ee. men banaras shahar ke taun hal maidan ki amasabha men shri di. en. mahajan ki adhyakshata men ek prastav parit karaya. sanh 1911 ee. men daau. eni besent ki sahayata se ek prastavana ko mnjoori dilaee jo 28 navambar 1911 ee. men ek 'sosaiti' ka svaroop liya. is 'sosayati' ka uddeshy 'di banaras hindoo yoonivarsiti' ki sthapana karana tha. 25 march 1915 ee. men sar harakort batalar ne impiriyal lejisletiv esembali men ek bil laya, jo 1 aktoobar sanh 1915 ee. ko 'aikt' ke roop men mnjoor kar liya gaya. 4 pharavari, sanh 1916 ee. (magh shukl pratipada, snvath 1972) ko 'di banaras hindoo yoonivarsiti' ki ninv dal di gee. is avasar par ek bhavy ayojan hua. jisamen desh v nagar ke adhikadhik ganamany log, maharajagan upasthit rahe.[1]

snsmaran

nyayamoorti 'giradhar malaviy ji' ke anusar - mahamana ke age jhuk gee angrejon ki snginen

1924 ke prayag kunbh mela kshetr men bans balliyon ko bandh kar banae ge avarodhak aur isake ek taraph 'aaul indiya seva samiti' ke svaynsevak aur doosari or angrez sipahiyon ki snginen tani thin. ek avaz ke sath hi sainkadon yuvak beriketing ke par kar ge. unhen n goli ka dar tha, na hi angrejon ka dar. is samay angrejon ne gnga men snan par pratibndh lagane ki ghoshana ki thi. mahamana madan mohan malaviy ne is pratibndh ka jamakar virodh kiya tha v apane svaynsevakon ke sath gnga snan ke lie mela kshetr men dat ge the. is andolan men pn. javahar lal neharoo bhi shamil hue the. goli ab chali tab chali ke mahaul men malaviy ke ahvan par beriketing ke par chhalang lagane valon men vah pahali pnkti men shamil the. malaviy ji ki pautr v haee kort ke poorv nyayadhish nyayamoorti 'giradhar malaviy ji' ke anusar mahamana ka vyaktitv hi aisa tha. koee unase prabhavit hue bina rah nahin sakata tha. angrez bhi unase khase prabhavit the. yahi vajah thi ki mahamana dvara virodh karane ke sath hi angrejon ki bndooken jhuk gee thin. unake anusar gnga ke lie mahamana lagatar sakriy rahe. unhonne 1913 men haridvar men bandh banane ki angrejon ki yojana ka virodh kiya tha. unake dabav men angrez sarakar ko jhukana pada tha. tatkalin bharat sarakar ne mahamana ke sath samajhauta kiya tha. is samajhaute men gnga ko hinduon ki anumati ke bina n bandhane v 40 pratishat gnga ka pani kisi bhi sthiti men prayag tak pahunchane ki shart shamil thi. nyayamoorti pn. malaviy ke anusar yahi vajah hai ki aj gnga men kuchh pani hamen mil ja raha hai.[2]

pn. shashi malaviy' ke anusar

mahamana madan mohan malaviy samiti ke sachiv 'pn. shashi malaviy' ke anusar gau, gnga v gayatri mahamana ka pran the. unhonne banaras hindoo vishvavidyalay men bakayada ek badi gaushala banavayi thi. is gaushala ko dekharekh ke lie vishvavidyalay ke krishi kaaulej ko saunpa gaya tha. gnga unhen is qadar pyari thin ki unhonne n sirf gnga ke lie bade andolan kie varanh gnga ko vishvavidyalay ke andar bhi le ge the, jisase ki poora prangan hamesha pavitr rahe. nyayamoorti malaviy ke anusar mahamana sahi mayanon men adhunik bharat ke nirmanakarta the. desh men injiniyaring, pharmesi adi ki padhaee ka kary mahamana ne hi prarnbh kiya tha. kashi hindoo vishvavidyalay men desh men pahali bar injiniyaring ki padhaee shuroo huee thi. dashakon tak desh men injiniyaring ki digri khas kar 'ilektrikal' v 'maikenikal' ki digri banaras injiniyaring kaaulej ke madhyam se hi di jati rahi hai.

sanatan dharmi chhatron ko shakahari bhojan v rahane ki vyavastha sulabh karane ke lie ilahabad men hindoo chhatravas (hindoo bordig haus) ki sthapana, bharati bhavan pustakalay, do akhabar prarnbh karane adi ke kary mahamana ne kie the. hindoo chhatravas aj bhi ilahabad vishvavidyalay ka sabase bada chhatravas hai. nyayamoorti malaviy ke anusar mahamana hindi ke prabal samarthak the. vah angrezi men bat karane ko deshadroh manate the. mahamana ke athak prayason ke phalasvaroop hi tatkalin angrez sarakar ne 18 aprail 1900 ko adesh jari kar devanagari ko sarakari karyalayon v nyayalayon men prayog ki anumati di thi.[2]

mrityu

malaviy ji ajivan desh seva men lage rahe aur 12 navambar, 1946 ee. ko ilahabad men unaka nidhan ho gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 mahamana pn. madan mohan malaviy ka jivan-parichay (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) malaviy mooly anushilan kendr. abhigaman tithi: 25 disambar, 2012.
  2. 2.0 2.1 aur mahamana ke age jhuk gee angrejon ki snginen (hindi) (pi.ech.pi) jagran.yahoo.com. abhigaman tithi: 31 janavari, 2011.

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