सुचेता कृपलानी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

sucheta kripalani
sucheta kripalani
poora nam sucheta kripalani
any nam sucheta mazoomadar
janm 25 joon, 1908
janm bhoomi ambala, hariyana
mrityu 1 disnbar, 1974
pati/patni je. bi. kripalani
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi bharat ki pratham mahila mukhyamntri
parti bharatiy rashtriy kangres
pad uttar pradesh ki chauthi mukhyamntri
kary kal 2 aktoobar, 196313 march, 1967
shiksha bi.e, em.e.
vidyalay pnjab vishvavidyalay, dilli vishvavidyalay
bhasha hindi, angrezi
any janakari 1948 se 1960 tak vah bharatiy rashtriy kangres ki mahasachiv rahin. banaras hindoo vishvavidyalay men itihas ki pradhyapika bhi rahin.

sucheta kripalani athava 'sucheta mazoomadar' (angrezi: Sucheta Kriplani, janm- 25 joon, 1908, ambala; mrityu- 1 disnbar, 1974) prasiddh bharatiy svatntrata senani evn rajanitigy thin. ye uttar pradesh ki chauthi aur bharat ki pratham mahila mukhyamntri thin.

jivan parichay

sucheta kripalani ka janm 25 joon, 1908 ko bharat ke hariyana rajy ke ambala shahar men hua. unaki shiksha lahaur aur dilli men huee thi. 1963 se 1967 tak vah uttar pradesh ki mukhyamntri rahin. sucheta kripalani desh ki pahali mahila mukhyamntri thin. ve bntavare ki trasadi men mahatma gandhi ke behad qarib rahin. sucheta kripalani un chnd mahilaon men shamil thin, jinhonne bapoo ke qarib rahakar desh ki azadi ki ninv rakhi. vah novakhali yatra men bapoo ke sath thin. varsh 1963 men uttar pradesh ki mukhyamntri banane se pahale vah lagatar do bar lokasabha ke lie chuni geen. sucheta dil ki komal to thin, lekin prashasanik phaisale lete samay vah dil ki nahin, dimag ki sunati thin. unake mukhyamntri kal ke dauran rajy ke karmachariyon ne lagatar 62 dinon tak hadatal jari rakhi, lekin vah karmachari netaon se sulah ko tabhi taiyar hueen, jab unake rukh men narami aee. jabaki sucheta ke pati achary kripalani khud samajavadi the. azadi ke andolan men bhag lene ke lie unhen jel ki saza huee. 1946 men vah snvidhan sabha ki sadasy chuni geen. 1948 se 1960 tak vah bharatiy rashtriy kangres ki mahasachiv thin.

majaboot ichchhashakti aur jujharoopan ki misal

bharat chhodo andolan men sucheta kripalani ne ladakiyon ko dril aur lathi chalana sikhaya. noakhali ke dnga pidit ilakon men gandhi ji ke sath chalate hue pidit mahilaon ki madad ki. 15 agast, 1947 ko snvidhan sabha men vandemataramh gaya. uttar pradesh ki mukhyamntri ke roop men unhonne rajy karmachariyon ki hadatal ko majaboot ichchhashakti ke sath vapas lene par majaboor kiya. ve pahale samyavad se prabhavit hueen aur phir poori tarah gandhivadi ho geen. uttar pradesh ki pahali mahila mukhyamntri sucheta kripalani ki jindagi ke ye pahaloo unhen aisi mahila ki pahachan dete hain, jisamen apanatv aur jujharoopan koot-koot kar bhara tha. ek shakhsiyat kee roop- aj itane gunon vale rajaneta shayad hi milen. bharat chhodo andolan men jab sare purush neta jel chale ge to sucheta kripalani ne alag raste par chalane ka phaisala kiya. ‘bakiyon ki tarah main bhi jel chali gee to andolan ko age kaun badhaega.’ vah bhoomigat ho geen. us dauran unhonne kangres ka mahila vibhag banaya aur pulis se chhupate-chhupate do sal tak andolan bhi chalaya. isake lie andaragraund valntiyar phors banaee. ladakiyon ko dril, lathi chalana, prathamik chikitsa aur snkat men ghir jane par atmaraksha ke lie hathiyar chalane ki trening bhi di. rajanitik kaidiyon ke parivar ko rahat dene ka jimma bhi uthati rahin. dngon ke samay mahilaon ko rahat pahunchane, chin hamale ke bad bharat ae tibbati sharanarthiyon ke punarvas ya phir kisi se bhi milane par usaka dukh-dard poochhakar usaka hal talashane ki koshish hamesha rahati.[1]

je.bi. kripalani aur sucheta kripalani

jivataram bhagavanadas kripalani aur sucheta majoomadar[2] ki pahali mulakat kahan huee ye kahana mushkil hai lekin ye jaroor kaha ja sakata hai ki banaras hindoo vishvavidyalay kahin n kahin unake pyar ki dhuri bana tha. bad men mahatma gandhi ke sath kam karate hue donon najadik ate ge, lekin gandhiji yah janakar hairan rah ge ki unhin ke ashram men un donon ka pyar phala-phoola. donon kangres ke diggaj neta the lekin ane vale salon men unaki bhoomika aisi badali ki vo virodhi kainpon men shamil ho ge. kripalani sindh ke haidarabad men paida hue the. asadharan taur par padhane men behad kushagr aur kuchh tarah se sochane vale shakhs the. aise shakhs bhi jo apane ap men rahana jyada pasnd karate the. unake bare men kaha jata tha ki vo bahut asani ke sath apane priy logon se khud ko alag kar lete the. kripalani ko jo bhi janate hain vo manate the vo behad anushasit aur adarshon ke pakke shakhs the. striyon se khud ko hamesha door rakhane vale the. ye mana jane laga tha ki vivah unaki dikshanari men nahin hai. kripalani azadi se pahale lnbe samay tak kangres ke mahasachiv rahe aur 1947 jab desh azad ho raha tha tab vah is parti ke adhyaksh the. halanki azadi ke bad sthitiyan aisi banin ki kangres virodh aur vipaksh ki rajaniti karane lage. ajivan aisa karate rahe. vahin sucheta bad men kangres men mntri bhi banin aur mukhyamntri bhi.

sucheta kripalani se prem

kripalani banaras hindoo vishvavidyalay men itihas ke prophesar banakar ae, halanki vah yahan ek hi sal rahe, lekin vo ek sal hi us vishvavidyalay par unaka prabhav chhodane ke lie kaphi tha. isake bad unhonne gandhiji ke asahayog andolan ke lie naukari chhod di. isake kuchh sal bad banaras hindoo vishvavidyalay ke itihas vibhag men sucheta majumadar prophesar banakar aeen. unake kanon men aksar achary kripalani ki baten sunaee padati thin. khasakar unake jiniyas tichar hone ki aur phir unake gandhiji ke khas sahayogi ban jane ki. unhin dinon kripalani jab kabhi banaras ate to biechayoo ke itihas vibhag jaroor jate. usi dauran unaki mulakat sucheta se huee, jinamen ek prakharata bhi thi aur azadi andolan se judane ki tivrata bhi. kaha ja sakata hai ki kripalani kahin n kahin is bngali yuvati se prabhavit ho ge the. donon men kaphi baten hone lagin. jab kuchh mulakaton ke bad sucheta ne unase gandhiji se judane ki ichchha jahir ki to kripalani isamen sahayak bhi bane. halanki vah unhen rajaniti men ane se lagatar hatotsahit bhi karate the, kyonki unhen lagata tha ki mahilaon ko rajaniti men daman saph bachakar rakhana mushkil hota tha. isalie vah unase lagatar kahate bhi the apana daman saph rakhana. achary kripalani unake margadarshak aur vishvast ban ge. samay ke sath jab donon ka kaphi samay ek doosare ke sath bitane laga to vo karib ane lage, halanki kisi ko bhi andaza nahin tha ki kripalani jaise shakhs ke jivan men bhi prem dastak de sakata hai aur dabe panv unake man ke ghar par kabja kar sakata hai. kripalani lnbe kad ke sudarshan vyaktitv ke dhani the to sucheta sadharan kad kathi vali thin, lekin kuchh to tha unake vyaktitv men jisane kripalani jaisi shakhsiyat ko unake pyar men bandh liya tha. donon jab ek doosare ke pyar men pade to unhen kabhi umr ka lnba phasala apane bich mahasoos nahin hua, han lekin jab unhonne apas men shadi karane ki ichchha apane parivaron ke samane jahir ki to toophan a gaya. apane gharon men unhen gusse aur virodh ka samana karana pada.

gandhiji bane virodhi

sucheta ne apani kitab 'sucheta en anaphinishd aautobaauyographi' men likha, gandhiji ne unake vivah ka virodh kiya tha, unhen lagata tha ki parivarik jimmedariyan unhen azadi ki ladaee se vimukh kar dengi. gandhi ne kripalani se kaha, agar tum usase shadi karoge to mera dayan hath tod doge. tab sucheta ne unase kaha, vah aisa kyon sochate hain balki unhen to ye sochana chahie ki unhen azadi ki ladaee men ek ki bajae do karyakarta mil jaenge. kripalani is bat se nakhush to bahut the ki gandhi unake vyaktigat mamalon men dakhal de rahe hain lekin isake bad bhi unhonne unaki bat karib-karib man hi li, sucheta bhi is par sahamat ho geen. lekin isake bad gandhiji ne jo kuchh kiya, usane unake apas me shadi karane ke vichar ko majaboot kar diya. sucheta apani baauyographi men likhati hain, gandhi chahate the ki vah kisi aur se shadi kar len. unhonne isake lie dabav bhi dala. maine ise ekasire se kharij kar diya. maine unase kaha, jo prastav vah de rahe hain vo anyayapoorn bhi hai aur anaitik bhi. sucheta jo khushavnt sinh ke kahane par ilaistreted vikali maigajin men apani atmakatha likhane par raji ho geen thin. bad men yahi unaki atmakatha ke roop men ahamadabad ke navajivan pablishing haus ne varsh 1978 men prakashit ki. isamen unhonne likha, jab gandhi ne mere samane aisa prastav rakha to main unaki or palati, unase kaha ki jo vo kah rahe hain vah galat hai. gandhi ke pas isaka koee javab nahin tha. hamari bat vahin khatm ho gee. javaharalal neharoo ki sahanubhooti hamare sath thi. unhonne gandhi se hamari shadi ke bare men bat ki.

umr men tha 20 sal ka phasala

1936 men gandhi ne sucheta aur achary kripalani ko bulava bheja. gandhi ne unase kaha ki unhen unaki shadi se koee dikkat nahin hai lekin vah unhen arshivad nahin de sakenge. gandhi ne kaha ki vah unake lie prarthana karenge. sucheta ne apani kitab men likha, ham unaki prarthana bhar se sntusht the. aprail 1936 men sucheta aur achary kripalani ne shadi kar li. us samay kripalani 48 sal ke the to sucheta matr 28 sal ki thin.

virodhi hokar bhi sath-sath rahe

bad men halat ne aisi karavat li ki donon virodhi dalon men shamil ho ge. rahate donon sath the lekin ek kangres men raha to doosara ajivan kangres virodh ki rajaniti karata raha. achary kripalani aksar majak men kaha karate the ki kangresi itane badamash hain ki vo meri patni hi bhaga le ge. beshak donon pati-patni the lekin unamen dosti ka bhav jyada tha. sucheta azadi ke andolan men shamil un tin bangla mahilaon men thin, jo uchch shikshit thin aur jinhonne poore jor-shor azadi ki ladaee men hissa liya aur tinon ne apana karyakshetr uttar pradesh ko banaya. tinon ne dharm jati ki paravah nahin karate hue apane jivanasathi chune. azadi ke bad badale halat men achary kripalani ne jahan kangres se alag hokar pahale apani kisan majadoor praja parti banaee aur phir ram manohar lohiya ke sath praja soshalist parti ki sthapana ki. sucheta ne 1950 men dilli se lokasabha chunav kisan majadoor parti se lada. chunav jita, lekin isake bad vah kangres men chali geen aur bad uttar pradesh ki mukhyamntri bhi banin. 1971 men jab tak vah rajaniti men sakriy rahin tab tak kangres men shamil rahin. varsh 1971 men rajaniti se ritayar hone ke bad vah achary kripalani ke sath dilli ke apane bngale men rahane lagin. ek patni ke nate unhonne apane pati ka poora khyal rakha.[3]

rajanitik safar

  • 1939 men naukari chhodakar rajaniti men aeen.
  • 1940 men vyaktigat satyagrah kiya aur giraphtar.
  • 1941-1942 men akhil bharatiy kangres kameti ke mahila vibhag aur videsh vibhag ki mntri.
  • 1942 se 1944 tak nirantar nirantar saphal bhoomigat andolan chalaya phir 1944 men giraphtar kiya gaya.
  • 1946 men kendriy vidhanasabha ki sadasy.
  • 1946 men snvidhan sabha ki sadasy aur phir isaki praroop samiti ki sadasy banin.
  • 1948-1951 tak kangres karyakarini ki sadasy.
  • 1948 men pahali bar vidhanasabha ke lie chuni geen.
  • 1950 se lekar 1952 tak praauvijanal lokasabha ki sadasy rahin.
  • 1949 men snyukt rashtrasngh mahasabha adhiveshan men bharatiy pratinidhi mndal ki sadasy ke roop men geen.
  • 1952 aur 1957 men nee dilli se lokasabha ke lie nirvachit. is dauran laghu udyog mntralay men rajy mntri rahin.
  • 1962-1967 tak menhadaval se uttar pradesh vidhanasabha ke lie nirvachit.
  • 2 aktoobar, 1963 se 13 march, 1967 tak uttar pradesh ki mukhyamntri.
  • 1967 men gonda se lokasabha ke lie chuni geen.[1]

nidhan

svatntrata andolan men shrimati sucheta kripalani ke yogadan ko hamesha yad kiya jaega. 1 disnbar, 1974 ko unaka nidhan ho gaya. apane shok sndesh men shrimati indira gandhi ne kaha ki "sucheta ji aise durlabh sahas aur charitr ki mahila thin, jinase bharatiy mahilaon ko samman milata hai."


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 sucheta kripalani jaisi mahilaon ki hamadard ab kahan (hindi) hindustan laiv. abhigaman tithi: 18 joon, 2014.
  2. (vivah poorv yahi nam tha)
  3. vo kangres adhyaksh jinaki shadi se gandhi ko tha etaraz (hindi) nyooz 18. abhigaman tithi: 6 faravari, 2018.

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