मुलायम सिंह यादव  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

mulayam sinh yadav
mulayam sinh yadav
poora nam mulayam sinh yadav
janm 22 navambar, 1939
janm bhoomi saiphee ganv, itava, uttar pradesh
abhibhavak sudhar sinh (pita), moorti devi (mata),
pati/patni sv. malati devi (pratham patni), sadhana gupta
sntan akhilesh yadav, pratik yadav
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi 'kisan neta' aur 'dharatiputr' ke nam se prasiddh
parti 'samajavadi parti'
pad poorv mukhyamntri, uttar pradesh (tin bar)
kary kal mukhyamntri- 5 disambar, 1989 se 24 janavari, 1991; 5 disambar, 1993 se 3 joon, 1995 aur 29 agast, 2003 se 11 mee, 2007

rakshamntri- 1996 se 1998

shiksha em.e., bi.ti.
vidyalay 'agara vishvavidyalay', jain intar kalej (mainapuri)
jel yatra apat kal men 19 mah jel men rahe.
any janakari varsh 1954 men matr 15 varsh ki ayu men mahanh samajavadi neta daau. ram manohar lohiya ke ahvan par 'nahar ret andolan' men bhag liya aur pahali bar jel ge.
adyatan‎

mulayam sinh yadav (angrezi: Mulayam Singh Yadav, janm- 22 navambar, 1939, itava, uttar pradesh) ek prasiddh rajaneta aur uttar pradesh ke bhootapoorv mukhyamntri hain. ve ek kisan neta aur janata ke bich 'netaji' tatha 'dharatiputr' ke nam se bhi jane jate hain. mulayam sinh tin bar, 1989 se 1991 tak, 1993 se 1995 tak aur 2003 se 2007 tak, uttar pradesh ke mukhyamntri pad ki garima badha chuke hain. ve kenndr sarakar men ek bar rakshamntri ke pad ko bhi sushobhit kar chuke hain. bharat ki 'samajavadi parti' ke ve adhyaksh hain. mulayam sinh yadav ke vishay men chaudhari charan sinh kahate the- "yah chhote kad ka bada neta hai". kalantar men usi chhote kad ke bade neta ne chaudhari charan sinh ki poori rajanitik virasat par kabja kar liya aur unake bete ajit sinh ko siyasat ke hashiye par pahuncha diya.[1]

parichay

navambar, 1939 ko itava zila, saiphee ganv ke ek kisan parivar men mulayam sinh yadav ka janm hua tha. unaki mata ka nam 'moorti devi' v pita 'sudhar sinh' the. mulayam sinh apane panch bhaee-bahanon men ratan sinh se chhote v abhayaram sinh, shivapal sinh yadav, ramagopal sinh yadav aur kamala devi se bade hain. mulayam sinh ke pita unhen pahalavan banana chahate the. rajaniti men ane se poorv mulayam sinh ne agara vishvavidyalay se snatakottar (em.e.) aur jain intar kalej, karahal (mainapuri) se bi. ti. ki digri prapt ki thi. isake bad unhonne kuchh dinon tak intar kaaulej men adhyapan kary bhi kiya.

vivah

mulayam sinh ji ka pratham vivah malati devi ke sath hua tha. unake putr akhilesh yadav ka janm inhin ke garbh se 1 julaee, 1973 ko hua. lekin akhilesh yadav ke balyakal men hi malati devi ka svargavas ho gaya. isake bad mulayam sinh yadav ka doosara vivah sadhana gupta ke sath sampann hua, jinase inhen pratik yadav ke roop men doosare putr ratn ki prapti huee.

rajaniti men pravesh

'samajavadi parti' ke neta mulayam sinh yadav pichhale tin dashak se rajaniti men sakriy hain. apane rajanitik guru natthoosinh ko mainapuri men ayojit ek kushti pratiyogita men prabhavit karane ke pashchath mulayam sinh ne natthoosinh ke paramparagat vidhan sabha kshetr jasavant nagar se hi apana rajanitik saphar arambh kiya tha. mulayam sinh yadav jasavnt nagar aur phir itava ki sahakari baink ke nideshak chune ge the. vidhayak ka chunav bhi 'soshalist parti' aur phir 'praja soshalist parti' se lada tha. isamen unhonne vijay bhi prapt ki. unhonne skool ke adhyapan kary se istipha de diya tha. pahali bar mntri banane ke lie mulayam sinh yadav ko 1977 tak intazar karana pada, jab kangres virodhi lahar men uttar pradesh men bhi janata sarakar bani thi. 1980 men bhi kangres ki sarakar men ve rajy mntri rahe aur phir chaudhari charan sinh ke lokadal ke adhyaksh bane aur vidhan sabha chunav har ge. chaudhari sahab ne vidhan parishad men manonit karavaya, jahan ve pratipaksh ke neta bhi rahe.

lokapriyata

1967 men mulayam sinh pahali bar uttar pradesh, vidhan sabha ke lie chune ge the. shuruat se hi mulayam sinh yadav daliton aur pichhade vargon se jude mudde uthate rahe aur aj bhi yah varg unaka sabase bada adhar hain, jahan unhen bahut lokapriyata prapt hai. ayodhya men babari masjid ke mudde par hindoo kattapnthi sngathano ke unake mukhar virodh ne mulayam sinh ko muslim samuday men bhi lokapriy bana diya. 1992 men babari masjid tootane ke bad uttar pradesh ki rajaniti sanpradayik adhar par bnt gee aur mulayam sinh ko rajy ke muslimon ka samarthan hasil hua. alpasnkhyakon ke prati unake rujhan ko dekhate hue kahin-kahin un par "maulana mulayam" ka thappa bhi laga.[2]

mukhyamntri

san 1989 men jab uttar pradesh sarakar ka gathan hone vala tha, tab mukhyamntri pad ki daud men do neta the- mulayam sinh aur ajit sinh. mulayam sinh janadhar vale neta the, jabaki ajit sinh amerika se laute the. vi. pi. sinh har hal men ajit sinh ko uttar pradesh ka mukhyamntri banana chahate the. mulayam sinh ko yah mnjoor nahin tha. mukhyamntri ka nam tay karane ke lie gujarat ke samajavadi neta aur poorv mukhyamntri chimanabhaee patel ko lakhanoo bheja gaya. ve us samay uttar pradesh ke janata dal prabhari the. vi. pi. sinh ka dabav unake oopar tha ki ajit ko phainal karen. yahan mulayam sinh yadav ne jabaradast rajanitik chatury ka pradarshan kiya. chimanabhaee patel ne lakhanoo se lautate hi mulayam sinh ke nam par thappa laga diya.

varsh 1993 men mulayam sinh yadav ne 'bahujan samaj parti' ke sath milakar uttar pradesh ka vidhanasabha chunav lada tha. halanki yah morcha jita nahin, lekin 'bharatiy janata parti' bhi sarakar banane se chook gee. mulayam sinh yadav ne kangres aur janata dal donon ka sath liya aur phir mukhyamntri ban ge. joon 1995 tak ve mukhyamntri rahe aur usake bad kangres ne samarthan vapas le liya.

mulayam sinh yadav tisari bar 2003 men uttar pradesh ke mukhyamntri bane aur vidhayak banane ke lie unhonne 2004 ki janavari men gunnaur sit se chunav lada tha, jahan unhonne rikaaurd bahumat se vijay prapt ki thi. kul dale ge maton men se 92 pratishat mat unhen prapt hue the, jo aj tak vidhanasabha chunav ka ek shanadar rikaaurd hai.[3]

pradhanamntri pad ke davedar

1996 men mulayam sinh yadav gyarahavin lokasabha ke lie mainapuri lokasabha kshetr se chune ge the aur us samay jo snyukt morcha sarakar bani thi, usamen mulayam sinh bhi shamil the aur desh ke rakshamntri bane the. yah sarakar bahut lnbe samay tak chali nahin. mulayam sinh yadav ko pradhanamntri banane ki bhi bat chali thi. pradhanamntri pad ki daud men ve sabase age khade the, kintu unake sajatiyon ne unaka sath nahin diya. laloo prasad yadav aur sharad yadav ne unake is irade par pani pher diya. isake bad chunav hue to mulayam sinh snbhal se lokasabha men vapas laute. asal men ve kannauj bhi jite the, kintu vahan se unhonne apane bete akhilesh yadav ko sansad banaya.[3]

kendriy rajaniti

kendriy rajaniti men mulayam sinh ka pravesh 1996 men hua, jab kangres parti ko hara kar snyukt morcha ne sarakar banaee. ech. di. devegauda ke netritv vali is sarakar men vah rakshamntri banae ge the, kintu yah sarakar bhi zyada din chal nahin paee aur tin sal men bharat ko do pradhanamntri dene ke bad satta se bahar ho gee. 'bharatiy janata parti' ke sath unaki vimukhata se lagata tha, vah kangres ke nazadik honge, lekin 1999 men unake samarthan ka ashvasan na milane par kangres sarakar banane men asaphal rahi aur donon partiyon ke snbndhon men kadavahat paida ho gee. 2002 ke uttar pradesh vidhan sabha chunav men samajavadi parti ne 391 siton par apane ummidavar khade kie, jabaki 1996 ke chunav men usane keval 281 siton par hi chunav lada tha.

rajanitik darshan tatha videsh yatra

mulayam sinh yadav ki rashtravad, lokatntr, samajavad aur dharmanirapekshata ke siddhanton men atoot astha rahi hai. bharatiy bhashaon, bharatiy snskriti aur shoshit pidit vargon ke hiton ke lie unaka anavarat sngharsh jari raha hai. unhonne briten, roos, phrans, jarmani, svitajaralaind, polaind aur nepal adi deshon ki bhi yatraen ki hain.

lokasabha sadasy

Blockquote-open.gif kaha jata hai ki mulayam sinh uttar pradesh ki kisi bhi janasabha men kam se kam pachas logon ko nam lekar mnch par bula sakate hain. samajavad ke fransisi purodha 'kaaum di simaaun' ki abhijatyavargiy prishthabhoomi ke viparit unaka bharatiy snskaran kendriy bharat ke kabhi nipat ganv rahe sainphee ke akhade men taiyar hua hai. vahan unhonne pahalavani ke sath hi rajaniti ke paintare bhi sikhe.[1] Blockquote-close.gif

lokasabha se mulayam sinh yadav gyarahavin, barahavin, terahavin aur pndrahavin lokasabha ke sadasy chune gaye the.

sadasyata

  • vidhan parishad 1982-1985
  • vidhan sabha 1967, 1974, 1977, 1985, 1989, 1991, 1993 aur 1996 (ath bar)
  • vipaksh ke neta, uttar pradesh vidhan parishad 1982-1985
  • vipaksh ke neta, uttar pradesh vidhan sabha 1985-1987

kendriy kaibinet mntri

bhajapa se najadiki

mulayam sinh yadav midiya ko koee bhi aisa mauka nahin dete, jisase ki unake oopar 'bhajapa' ke qaribi hone ka arop lage. jabaki rajanitik halakon men yah bat mashahoor hai ki atal bihari vajapeyi se unake vyaktigat rishte behad madhur the. varsh 2003 men unhonne bhajapa ke apratyaksh sahayog se hi pradesh men apani sarakar banaee thi. ab 2012 men unaka akalan sach bhi sabit hua. uttar pradesh men 'samajavadi parti' ko ab tak ki sabase badi jit hasil huee hai. 45 muslim vidhayak unake dal men hain.

puraskar v samman

poorv mukhyamntri evn samajavadi parti ke rashtriy adhyaksh mulayam sinh yadav ko 28 mee, 2012 ko lndan men 'antarrashtriy joori puraskar' se sammanit kiya gaya. intaraneshanal kaunsil aauf joorist ki jari vigypti men haeekort aauf lndan ke sevanivritt nyayadhish sar gavin laitamain ne bataya ki shri yadav ka is puraskar ke liye chayan bar aur pith ki pragati men bejhijhak yogadan dena hai. unhonne kaha ki shri yadav ka vidhi evn nyay kshetr se jude logon men bhaeechara paida karane men sahayog duniyabhar men lajavab hai.

gyatavy hai ki mulayam sinh yadav ne vidhi kshetr men khasa yogadan diya hai. samaj men bhaeechare ki bhavana paidakar mulayam sinh yadav ka logon ko nh‍yay dilane men vishesh yogadan hai. unhonne kee vidhi vishh‍vavidyalayon men bhi mahattvapoorn yogadan kiya hai.

mulayam sinh par pustaken

mulayam sinh par kee pustaken bhi likhi ja chuki hain. inamen pahali pustak ka nam 'mulayam sinh yadav- chintan aur vichar' ka hai, jise ashok kumar sharma ne sampadit kiya tha. isake atirikt ram sinh tatha anshuman yadav dvara likhi gayi 'mulayam sinh: e paaulitikal bayografi' ab unaki pramanik jivani hai. lakhanoo ki patrakar daau. nootan thakur ne bhi mulayam sinh yadav ke samajik, sanskritik aur rajanitik mahatv ko rekhankit karate hue ek pustak likhane ka kary kiya hai.

rajanitik saphar

rajanitik saphar[4]
kr.s. vivaran
1. varsh 1954 men matr 15 varsh ki ayu men mahanh samajavadi neta daau. ram manohar lohiya ke ahvan par 'nahar ret andolan' men bhag liya aur pahali bar jel ge.
2. varsh 1967 men snyukt soshalist parti ke tikat par pratham bar uttar pradesh vidhan sabha ke sadasy chune gaye.
3. punah varsh 1974, 1977, 1985, 1989, 1991, 1993, 1996 aur 2004 tatha 2007 men das bar uttar pradesh vidhan sabha ke sadasy chune gaye.
4. varsh 1977-1978 men shri ram naresh yadav aur shri banarasi das mntrimandal men sahakarita evn pashupalan mntri banae ge.
5. tin bar uttar pradesh ke mukhyamntri rahe - varsh 1989 se 1991 tak, varsh 1993 se 1995 tak aur varsh 2003 se 2007 tak.
6. varsh 1982 se 1985 tak uttar pradesh vidhan parishad ke sadasy aur neta virodhi dal rahe.
7. varsh 1985 se 1987 tak uttar pradesh vidhan sabha men neta, virodhi dal rahe. punah 14 mee, 2007 se 26 mee, 2009 tak uttar pradesh vidhan sabha men neta, virodhi dal rahe.
8. varsh 1996, 1998, 1999, 2004 aur 2009 men lokasabha ke sadasy chune gaye.
9. pradhanamntri shri ech. di. devegauda aur shri indr kumar gujaral ki sarakaron men 1996 se 1998 tak bharat ke rakshamntri ka padabhar sambhala.
10. mulayam sinh yadav ke netritv men 4 navambar aur 5 navambar, 1992 ko lakhanoo men samajavadi parti ki sthapana ki gayi. bharat ke rajanitik itihas ki yah ek krantikari ghatana thi, jab lagabhag dedh-do dashakon se mritapray samajavadi andolan ko punarjivit kiya gaya.
11. samajavadi parti ki sthapana se poorv mulayam sinh yadav uttar pradesh lokadal aur uttar pradesh janata dal ke adhyaksh rahe the.
12. apat kal men mulayam sinh 19 mah jel men bhi rahe.
13. aktoobar, 1992 men devariya ke ramakola men ganna kisanon par pulis fayaring ke khilaf chalae ge kisan andolan sahit vibhinn andolanon men 9 bar itava, varanasi aur fatehagadh adi jelon men rahe.

mulayam sinh yadav svatntrata ke bad arthik, samajik, sanskritik aur rajanitik nyay ke kshetr men sngharsh karane vale chaudhari charan sinh ke uttaradhikari hain. ve daau. bhimarav ambedakar ke bhi uttaradhikari hain aur khule dimag ke ek sngharshashil samajavadi karyakarta ke roop men ram manohar lohiya, jayaprakash narayan, achary narendr dev, madhulimaye aur raj narayan, in sabake vicharon aur rajanitik prayogon aur prayason ke uttaradhikari hain. daau. lohiya ke vicharon par 'samajavadi parti' ka gathan karane vale mulayam sinh yadav ek bar phir se rajanitik chunautiyon ka samana karane ke lie kamar kas chuke hain.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 mulayam sinh yadav: main hoon aur nahin bhi (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 4 disambar, 2012.
  2. mulayam sinh yadav (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 31 agast, 2012.
  3. 3.0 3.1 mulayam sinh yadav (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 4 disambar, 2012.
  4. mulayam sinh yadav (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el.). . abhigaman tithi: 31 agast, 2012.

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