पेरीन बेन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

perin ben
perin ben
poora nam perin ben
janm 12 aktoobar 1888
janm bhoomi kachchh zila, gujarat
mrityu 17 faravari, 1958
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi krantikari evn gandhi ji ki anuyayi.
jel yatra 1930 v 1932 men
puraskar-upadhi padm shri
any janakari perin ben ne 'gandhi seva sena' ke sachiv ke roop men kam kiya aur 1935 men sthapit 'hindustani prachar sabha' ke kam men bhi judi rahi thin.
adyatan‎
perin ben (angrezi: Perin Ben, janm- 12 aktoobar, 1888, zila kachchh , gujarat; mrityu- 17 faravari, 1958) pahale krantikari aur bad men mahatma gandhi ki anuyayi thin. ve desh ki svatntrata ke lie kam karati thin. 1930, 1932 men perin ben ko giraphtar karake jel men dal diya gaya tha. munbee pradesh kangres ki sngharsh samiti ki ve pratham mahila adhyaksh thin. perin ben ne 'gandhi seva sena' ke sachiv ke roop men kam kiya. svatntrata ke arnbhik varshon men rashtrapati dvara perin ben ko 'padmashri' se sammanit kiya gaya tha.[1] perin ben suprasiddh british bharat ke ek parasi buddhijivi, shikshashastri, kapas ke vyapari tatha arambhik rajanaitik evn samajik neta dadabhaee nauroji ki pautri thin. unhonne apane sabhi aisho-aram man bharati ki svatntrata ke lie prati samarpit kar die the.

parichay

krantikari perin ben ka janm 12 aktoobar, 1888 ee. ko kachchh riyasat ke mandavi kasbe men hua tha. vah bharat ke parasi buddhijivi aur shikshashastri tatha arambhik rajanaitik evn samajik neta dadabhaee nauroji ki pautri thin. dadabhaee nauroji ko bharat ka vayovriddh purush kaha jata hai. dadabhaee nauroji vah vyakti the, jinase prabhavit hokar mahatma gandhi ne svarajy ke lie apane pran tak nyochhavar kar die. dadabhaee nauroji ki poti hone ke karan hi kahin n kahin perin ben ke rakt men hi svarajy ki bhavana vidyaman ho chuki thi. halanki ve bharat men shiksha prapt karane ke bad age ke adhyayan ke lie peris geen. 1925 men perin ben ne dhunajisha es. kaipten se vivah kiya, jo ek vakil the. vivah ke bad bhi ve rajanitik gatividhiyon men sakriy rahin.[2]

svatntrata sntram ki shuruat

is peris yatra ne perin ben ke jivan ki disha hi mod di. peris men padhaee ke dauran unaki bhent madam bhikhaee ji kama, lala haradayal, shyamaji krishn varma jaise krantikariyon se huee. jab angrez purtagal ke samudr men vir savarakar ko le ja rahe the, vah kood kar bhag ge the.

darasal 1 julaee 1909 ko madanalal dhingara ne viliyam hat karjan vayali ko goli mar di thi, jis par vir savarakar ne landan taims men ek lekh likha tha aur jab vah 13 mee 1910 ko peris se landan pahunche to unhen giraftar kar liya gaya; parantu 8 julaee 1910 ko es.es. moriya namak jahaj se jab unhen bharat le jaya ja raha tha, tab vah sivar hol ke raste bhag nikale. british sarakar unhen pakadane ke lie vyakul ho uthi aur unaki khoz men lag gee. vir savarakar ko bachane ka prayas kar rahe krantikariyon men peris ben bhi shamil ho geen aur yahan se shuroo huee unaki svatntrata sngram ki yatra.

gandhiji ki anuyayi

san 1911 men perin ben bharat aeen aur unhen yahan angrezon ke hathon bhedabhav ka bada apamanajanak anubhav hua. 1919 men perin ben ki mahatma gandhi se bhent hueen aur ve gandhi ji ki anuyayi ho geen. perin ben ne ‘videshi chhodo svadeshi apanao’ ke gandhiji ke abhiyan ka anusaran karate hue khadi ke vastr pahanana shuroo kar diya. vah khadi ke prachar aur harijan uddhar ke karyon men jut geen. svadeshi ka prachar, mady nishedh aur mahilaon ko sngathit karana perin ben ke priy vishay ban ge the. san 1921 men perin ben ne gandhivadi adarshon par adharit auraton ke abhiyan, rashtriy stri sabha ke gathan men mahatvapoorn yogadan diya.[2]

1930 men ve baaumbe (ab munbee) prantiy kangres kamiti ki adhyaksh pad ke lie chuni jane vali pahali mahila banin. unhonne mahatma gandhi dvara shuroo kiye gaye asahayog andolan men bhag liya aur jisake chalate unhen 1930 men giraphtar karake jel men dal diya gaya tha. 1932 men jel se mukt hone ke bad perin ben ne ‘gandhi seva sena’ ke sachiv ke roop men kam kiya aur 1935 men sthapit ‘hindustani prachar sabha’ ke kam men bhi jud geen. munbee pradesh kangres ki sngharsh samiti ki ve pratham mahila adhyaksh thin.

padmashri

svatntrata ke arnbhik varshon men rashtrapati ne perin ben ko padmashri se sammanit bhi kiya.

nidhan

17 pharavari, 1958 ko perin ben ka dehant ho gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. bharatiy charit kosh |lekhak: liladhar sharma 'parvatiy' |prakashak: shiksha bharati, madarasa rod, kashmiri get, dilli |snkalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 480 |
  2. 2.0 2.1 peris ne badali di perin ki disha aur kood padin svatntrata andolan men (hindi) yuvapress.com. abhigaman tithi: 14 aktoobar, 2020.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah