अनुग्रह नारायण सिंह  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

anugrah narayan sinh
BiharVibhuti Dr Anugrah Narayan Sinha.jpg
poora nam anugrah narayan sinh
any nam anugrah baboo
janm 18 joon ,1887
janm bhoomi bihar
mrityu 5 julaee, 1957
mrityu sthan patana
nagarikata bharatiy
parti bharatiy rashtriy kangres
pad bihar ke pratham up mukhyamntri
kary kal 2 janavari, 1946 se 05 julaee,1957
shiksha snatak, bi. el., qanoon men mastar digri aur daauktaret
vidyalay kalakatta vishvavidyalay, presidensi kaaulej (kalakatta)
bhasha hindi,angrezi
puraskar-upadhi bihar vibhooti
vishesh yogadan bharat ki svatantrata, ahinsak andolan, satyagrah
snbndhit lekh asahayog andolan, namak satyagrah adi

anugrah narayan sinh (angrezi: Anugrah Narayan Sinha, janm: 18 joon ,1887; mrityu: 5 julaee, 1957) bharatiy rajaneta aur bihar ke pahale up mukhyamntri, sah vittamntri (1946-1957) the. anugrah baboo (1887-1957) bharat ke svatntrata senani, shikshak, vakil, rajanitigy tatha adhunik bihar ke nirmata rahe the. unhen 'bihar vibhooti' ke roop men jana jata tha. vah svadhinata andolan ke yoddha the. svadhinata ke bad rashtr nirman v janakalyan ke karyo men unhonne sakriy yogadan diya. anugrah baboo ne mahatma gandhi evn daau. rajendr prasad ke sath rashtriy andolan men mahattvapoorn bhoomika nibhayi.

adhunik bihar ke nirmata

daau. anugrah narayan sinha manavatavadi pragatishil vicharak evn daliton ke utthan ke prabal samarthak aur adhunik bihar ke nirmataon men se ek the. unaka jivan darshan desh ki akhnd svatntrata aur navanirman ki bhavanaa se sarabor raha. unaka saubhy, snigdh, shital, paropakari, ahnkarahin aur darpodipt shakhsiyat bihar ke janaganaman par adhikar kie hue tha. ve sharir se durbal, krishakay the, par is arth men mahapran koee snkat unake othon ki muskurahat nahin chhin saka. unamen shakti aur shil ekakar ho gaye the aur isilie ve buddhijiviyon ko vishesh priy the. bihar ke vikas men unaka yogadan atulaniy hai. rajy ke prashasanik dhancha ko taiyar karane ka kam anugrah baboo ne kiya tha. inhonne rajy ke pratham up mukhyamntri aur sah vittamntri ke roop men 11 varshon tak bihar ki anavarat seva ki.

prarnbhik jivan

anugrah baboo ka janm bihar ke poeeava namak ganv men 18 joon, 1887 ko hua tha. unake pita thakur visheshvar dayal sinh ji apane ilake ke ek vir purush the. panch basnt jab ve par kar gaye to unaki shiksha ka shriganesh hua. sanh‌ 1900 men aurngabad midil skool, 1904 men gaya zila skool aur 1908 men patana kaaulej men pravisht hue. jis samay ye patana kaaulej men aye, us samay desh ke shikshit vyaktiyon ke hriday men paratntrata ki vedana ka anubhav hone laga tha. gulami ki jnjir men jaqadi huee manavata ka chitkar ab unhen sunayi p़dane laga tha. ve us jnjir ko tod phenkane ke lie vyakul hone lage the. surendranath banarji tatha yogiraj aravind jaisi mahanh atmaon ka pradurbhav ho chuka tha. in mahanh atmaon ke karyakalapon tatha vyakhyanon ka samuchit prabhav anugrah baboo ke hriday par p़da. unaka hriday bhi bharat mata ki seva ke lie tadap utha aur ve us pavan marg par agrasar ho gaye. sarphooddin ke netritv men ‘bihari chhatr sammelan’ namak snstha sngathit ki gee, jisamen desharatn daau. rajendr baboo aise medhavi chhatron ko kary karane tatha netritv karane ka suavasar prapt hua.

bharatiy svatntrata andolan

Blockquote-open.gif mera parichay anugrah baboo se bihari chhatr sammelan men hi pahale pahal hua tha. main unaki sngathan shakti aur hath men ae hue kary men utsah dekhakar mugdh ho gaya aur vah bhavana samay bitane se kam n hokar adhik gahari hoti gee. Blockquote-close.gif

inhonne angrejon ke viruddh champaran se apana satyagrah andolan shuroo kiya tha. anugrah baboo ke hriday men seva ki uchch bhavana to balyakal se hi tha, use kary roop men parinat karane tatha use poorn roop se vikasit karane ka suavasar bhi unhen is sngathan men pravisht hone par mil gaya. sanh‌ 1910 men aee e ki pariksha bhi unhonne pratham shreni men pas ki phir bie men pravesh kiya. usi varsh mahamana polak sahab jo mahatma gandhi ke sahakarmi the, patana padhare, afrika ke pravasi bharatiyon ke bare men jo unaka vyakhyan hua. usase anugrah baboo bahut prabhavit hue. usi varsh prayag men akhil bharatiy kangres adhiveshan hua, jisamen ve apani utsahi sahapathiyon ke sath gaye. us adhiveshan men mahamana gokhale adi vidvanh rashtrabhakton ke bhashanon ko sunane ka svarn avasar bhi inhen prapt hua, jisase ve b़de prabhavit hue. anugrah baboo vidyarthi jivan men hi sngathanashakti tatha kary snchalan ki kabiliyat hasil kar li thi. sanh‌ 1914 men itihas se em.e. karane ke bad 1915 men bi el ki pariksha men bhi saphalata prapt ki. bhagalapur ke tejanarayan juvil kaaulej men itihas ke ek prophesar ki avashyakata huee. apane sathiyon ke paramarsh karane ke pashchath turnt unhonne apana avedan patr bhej diya aur us pad par unaki niyukti ho gee. varsh 1916 men unhonne kaaulej ki naukari se tyagapatr de diya aur patana haeekort men vakalat prarnbh kar di. vakalat ke silasile men saralata ki moorti desharatn rajendr baboo ke snsarg men adhik rahane ka suavasar bhi inhen prapt hua aur unase peshe ko unnat karane ki prerana bhi mili. kalakatte men bhi unhen rajendr baboo ke sampark men rahane ka svarn avasar mila tha. jis samay rajendr baboo laau kaaulej men adhyapak the, usi samay usi kaaulej men ve ek vidyarthi the. isaliye ve rajendr baboo ki pratishtha kiya karate the.

gandhiji ka satyagrah

unhen vakalat karate hue abhi ek varsh bhi nahin bita tha ki champaran men nil andolan uth khada hua. is andolan ne unake jivan ki dhara hi badal di. champaran ke kisanon ki tabahi ka samachar jab mahatma gandhi se sune to ve karuna se vichalit ho uthe.

Blockquote-open.gif jo deshabhakt jel men anugrah baboo ke chauke men khate the, ve jab jel se nikale to yah kahate nikale ki anugrah baboo sachamuch prant ke arthamntri pad ke yogy hain. is kam men unase koee bazi nahin mar sakata."- Blockquote-close.gif

mujaffarapur ke kamishnar ki ray ke viruddh gandhiji champaran gaye aur janch kary prarnbh kar diya.
chnparan satyagrah andolan ke dauran daau. rajendr prasad aur anugrah narayan sinha
atyacharon ki janch prarnbh huee. isamen kuchh aise vakilon ki avashyakata thi, jo nirbhikata poorvak kary kar saken aur samay ane par jel jane ke lie bhi taiyar rahen. is vikat kary ke lie vrij kishor baboo ke protsahan par rajendr baboo ke sath hi anugrah baboo bhi tatpar ho gaye. unhonne isaki tanik bhi chinta nahin ki ki unaka pesha naya hai aur unhen bhari kshati uthani p़d sakati hai. ek bar jo tyag ke marg par age b़dh chuka hai, use bhala in tuchchh chizon ka kya bhay ho sakata hai. champaran ka kisan andolan 45 mahinon tak zor shor se chalata raha. anugrah baboo barabar usamen kam karate rahe aur akhir tak date rahe . svavalnban aur atmanirbharata ka path unhen gandhiji ke ashram men hi rahakar p़dhane ka suavasar prapt hua. anugrah baboo ne champaran ke nil andolan men gandhiji ke sath lagan aur nirbhikata ke sath kam kiya aur andolan ko saphal banakar unake adeshanusar 1917 men patana aye. bapoo ke sath rahane se unhen jo atmik bal prapt hua, vahi inake jivan ka snbal bana. sanh‌ 1920 ke disnbar men nagapur men kangres ka varshik adhiveshan hua, jisamen anugrah baboo ne bhi bhag liya. sanh‌ 1929 ke disnbar men saradar patel ne kisan sngathan ke silasile men munger adi shaharon ka daura kiya, tab anugrah baboo sabhi jagah unake sath the. 26 janavari 1930 ko sare desh men svatntrata ki ghoshana p़dhi gee. anugrah baboo ko bhi kee sthanon men ghoshana patr p़dhana p़dha. kuchh dinon ke bad mahatma gandhi ne namak satyagrah andolan shuroo kar diya. us silasile men unhen champaran, mujaffarapur adi sthanon ka daura karana p़da. 26 janavari, 1933 ko jab patana men ghoshana p़dh rahe the, usi samay unhen giraphtar kar liya gaya. unhen pndrah mas ki saza huee aur unhen hazaribag jel bhej diya gaya. jis samay ve jel men the, bihar men itihas vikhyat pralaynkari bhooknp aya. hriday vidarak samacharon ko p़dhakar unaka hriday dard se karah utha. chaharadivari ke andar bnd rahane ke karan ye koee rahat kary nahin kar sakate the. lekin sarakar ne tin haphton ke bad inhen chh़od diya. chhootate hi anugrah baboo rahat kary men snlagn ho gaye. rajendr baboo ke sath kndhe se kndha milakar inhonne athak parishram ke sath pidit manavata ki seva ki. mujaffarapur, munger adi shaharon ka daura kiya. isake liye rajendr baboo ki adhyakshata men ek kameti bani, jisake upadhyaksh anugrah baboo chune gaye tatha khoob lagan ke sath seva kary kiya. sanh‌ 1940 ko march mahine men akhil bharatiy kangres ka adhiveshan ramagadh men hua. adhiveshan ka snpoorn bhar anugrah baboo ke kndhe par tha. usamen jo apani tatparata dikhalaee usake phalasvaroop hi kangres ka adhiveshan saphal hua. desh ki paristhiti ko dekhate hue jab gandhiji ne vyaktigat satyagrah apanaya tab unake priy sahayogi anugrah baboo kab chookane vale the. phalasvaroop 1940 ko vah giraphtar kar liye gaye aur agast 1941 men riha hue.
'mujhe apane lie chinta nahin hai, kintu desh ke lie mujhe chinta hai.’ bihar vibhooti daau. anugrah narayan sinha

gandhiji ka ‘karo ya maro’ ka nara bulnd hua. 7 agast, 1942 ko gandhiji giraphtar kiye gaye. sare desh men ek bar hi bijali ki tarah andolan ki ag phail gee. kangres kamitiyan jabt kar li gee aur kangres neta jahan ke tahan giraphtar kar liye gaye. 10 agast ko anugrah baboo bhi jab apane mitron se milane gaye, ekaek marg men hi giraphtar kar liye gaye. sanh‌ 1944 men jab sare kangresi neta jel se mukt kiye jane lage, to anugrah baboo bhi karavas ki kaid se azad kar diye gaye.

bihar ke pahale up mukhyamntri sah vitt mntri

anugrah narayan sinh

1937 men hi baboo sahab bihar prant ke vitt mntri bane. anugrah baboo bihar vidhanasabha men 1937 se lekar 1957 tak kangres vidhayak dal ke up neta the. 1946 men jab doosara mntrimndal bana tab vitt aur shram donon vibhagon ke pahale mntri bane aur unhonne apane mntritv kal men visheshakar shram vibhag men apani nyay priyata lokatantrik vicharadhara evn shramikon ke prati apani pratibaddhata ka jo parichay diya vah sarahaniy hi nahin anukaraniy hai. shram mntri ke roop men anugrah baboo ne ‘bihar kendriy shram paramarsh samiti’ ke madhyam se shram prashasan tatha shramik samasyaon ke samadhan ke lie jo niyam evn pravadhan banaye ve aj poore desh ke liye mapadnd ke roop men kam karate hain. tritiy mntrimndal men unhen khad, bij, mith‌ti, maveshi men sudhar lane ke lie shodh kary karavae aur pahali bar japani dhng se dhan upajane ki paddhati ka prachar karaya. poosa ka krishi anusndhan pharm unaki hi den hai.

nidhan

is tejasvi mahapurush ka nidhan 5 julaee, 1957 ko unake nivas sthan patana men bimari ke karan hua. unake samman me tatkalin mukhyamntri ne sat din ka rajakiy shok ghoshit kiya, unake antim snskar men vishal janasamooh upasthit tha. anugrah baboo 2 janavari, 1946 se apani mrityu tak bihar ke up mukhyamntri sah vitt mntri rahe.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika-tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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