अल्लूरी सीताराम राजू  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

alloori sitaram rajoo
alloori sitaram rajoo
poora nam alloori sitaram rajoo
janm 4 julaee, 1897
janm bhoomi vishakhapattanam, andhr pradesh
mrityu 7 mee, 1924
mrityu karan shahadat
abhibhavak pita- vektaram rajoo, mata- sooryanarayanamma
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi svatntrata senani
dharm hindoo
vishesh yogadan sitaram rajoo ne logon ke man se angrez shasan ke dar ko nikal phenka aur unhen 'asahayog andolan' men bhag lene ko prerit kiya.

alloori sitaram rajoo (angrezi: Alluri Sitarama Raju; janm: 4 julaee, 1897, vishakhapattanam; shahadat- 7 mee, 1924) bharat ki azadi ke lie apane pranon ka balidan karane vale vir krantikari shahidon men se ek the. unhen aupacharik shiksha bahut kam mil paee thi. apane ek snbndhi ke snpark se ve adhyatm ki or akrisht hue tatha 18 varsh ki umr men hi sadhu ban ge. san 1920 men alloori sitaram par mahatma gandhi ke vicharon ka bahut prabhav pada aur unhonne adivasiyon ko madyapan chhodane tatha apane vivad pnchayaton men hal karane ki salah di. kintu jab ek varsh men svarajy prapti ka gandhi ji ka svapn sakar nahin hua to sitaram rajoo ne apane anuyayi adivasiyon ki sahayata se angrezon ke viruddh sashastr vidroh karake svatntr satta sthapit karane ke prayatn anrabh kar die.

janm tatha parivar

alloori sitaram rajoo ka janm 4 julaee, 1897 ee. ko pandurngi ganv, vishakhapattanam, andhr pradesh men hua tha. vah kshatriy parivar se sambandh rakhate the. unaki mata ka nam sooryanarayanamma aur pita ka nam vektaram rajoo tha. unhen apane pita ke pyar se bahut shighr hi vnchit ho jana pada. sitaram rajoo ki alpayu men hi pita ki mrityu ho gayi, jis karan ve uchit shiksha prapt nahin kar sake. bad men ve apane parivar ke sath tuni rahane a gaye. yahin se ve do bar tirthayatra ke lie prasthan kar chuke the.[1]

krantikariyon se bhent

pahali tirthayatra ke samay ve himalay ki or gaye. vahan unaki mulaqat mahanh krantikari prithvisinh azad se huee. isi mulaqat ke dauran inako chataganv ke ek krantikari sngathan ka pata chala, jo gupt roop se kary karata tha. san 1919-1920 ke dauran sadhu-sannyasiyon ke bade-bade samooh logon men rashtriyata ki bhavana jagane ke lie v sngharsh ke lie poore desh men bhraman kar rahe the. isi avasar ka labh uthate hue sitaram rajoo ne bhi mumbee, badodara, banaras, rishikesh, badrinath, asam, bngal aur nepal tak ki yatra ki. isi dauran unhonne ghudasavari karana, tirndaji, yog, jyotish v prachin shastron ka abhyas v adhyayan bhi kiya. ve kali man ke upasak the.

snnyasi jivan

apani tirthayatra se vapas ane ke bad sitaram rajoo krishnadevipet men ashram banakar dhyan v sadhana adi men lag ge. unhonne snnyasi jivan jine ka nishchay kar liya tha. doosari bar unaki tirthayatra ka prayan nasik ki or tha, jo unhonne paidal hi poori ki thi. yah vah samay tha, jab poore bharat men 'asahayog andolan' chal raha tha. andhr pradesh men bhi yah andolan apani charam sima tak pahunch gaya tha. isi andolan ko gati dene ke lie sitaram rajoo ne pnchayaton ki sthapana ki aur sthaniy vivadon ko apas men sulajhane ki shuruat ki. sitaram rajoo ne logon ke man se angrez shasan ke dar ko nikal phenka aur unhen 'asahayog andolan' men bhag lene ko prerit kiya.[1]

krantikari gatividhiyan

kuchh samay bad sitaram rajoo ne gandhi ji ke vicharon ko tyag diya aur sainy sagathan ki sthapana ki. unhonne sampoorn rampa kshetr ko krantikari andolan ka kendr bana liya. malabar ka parvatiy kshetr chhapamar yuddh ke lie anukool tha. isake alava kshetriy logon ka poora sahayog bhi unhen mil raha tha. andolan ke lie pran tak nyauchhavar karane vale log unake sath the. isilie andolan ko gati dene ke lie gudem men gam malloo dore aur gam gautam dore bndhuo ko lephtinet banaya gaya. andolan ko aur tez karane ke lie unhen adhunik shastr ki avashyakata thi. british sainikon ke samane dhanush-ban lekar adhik der tak tike rahana asan nahin tha. is bat ko sitaram rajoo bhali-bhanti samajhate the. yahi karan tha ki unhonne daka dalana shuroo kiya. isase milane vale dhan se shastron ko kharid kar unhonne pulis steshanon par hamala karana shuroo kiya. 22 agast, 1922 ko unhonne pahala hamala chintapalli men kiya. apane 300 sainikon ke sath shastron ko loota. usake bad krishnadevipet ke pulis steshan par hamala kar kiya aur virayaya dora ko mukt karavaya.

british sarakar ki chinta

alloori sitaram rajoo ki badhati gatividhiyon se angrez sarakar satark ho gayi. british sarakar jan chuki thi ki alloori rajoo koee samany dakoo nahin hai. ve sngathit sainy shakti ke bal par angrezon ko apane pradesh se bahar nikal phenkana chahate hai. sitaram rajoo ko pakadavane ke lie sarakar ne skart aur arthar nam ke do adhikariyon ko is kam par laga diya. sitaram rajoo ne ojeri ganv ke pas apane 80 anuyayiyon ke sath milakar donon angrez adhikariyon ko mar giraya. is muthabhed men britishon ke anek adhunik shastr bhi unhen mil ge. is vijay se utsahit sitaram rajoo ne angrezon ko andhr pradesh chhodane ki dhamaki vale ishtahar poore kshetr men lagavaye. isase angrez sarakar aur bhi adhik sajag ho gee. usane sitaram rajoo ko pakadavane vale ke lie das hazar rupaye inam ki ghoshana karava di. unaki gatividhiyon par ankush lagane ke lie lakhon rupaya kharch kiya gaya. marshal laau lagoo n hote hue bhi usi tarah sainik bandobast kiya gaya. phir bhi sitaram rajoo apane balaboote par sarakar ki is karyavahi ka pratyuttar dete rahe. british sarakar logon men phut dalane ka kam sarakar karati thi, lekin alloori rajoo ki sena men logon ke bharti hone ka silasila jari raha.[1]

pulis se muthabhed

british sarakar par sitaram rajoo ke hamale lagatar jari the. unhonne chhodavaran, ramavaranh adi thikanon par hamale kie. unake jasooson ka giroh saksham tha, jisase sarakari yojana ka pata pahale hi lag jata tha. unaki chaturaee ka pata is bat se lag jata hai ki jab prithvisinh azad rajamahendri jel men qaid the, tab sitaram rajoo ne unhen azad karane ka pran kiya. unaki takat v snkalp se angrez sarakar parichit thi. isalie usane as-pas ke jelon se pulis bal mngavakar rajamahendri jel ki suraksha ke lie tainat kiya. idhar sitaram rajoo ne apane sainikon ko alag-alag jelon par ek sath hamala karane ki agya di. isase phayada yah hua ki unake bhndar men shastron ki aur vriddhi ho gayi. unake in badhate hue kadamon ko rokane ke lie sarakar ne 'asam rayaphals' nam se ek sena ka sngathan kiya. janavari se lekar aprail tak yah sena bihadon aur jngalon men sitaram rajoo ko khojati rahi. mee 1924 men angrez sarakar un tak pahunch gee. 'kirabboo' namak sthan par donon senaon ke bich ghamasan yuddh hua.

shahadat

alloori rajoo vidrohi sngathan ke neta the aur 'asam rayaphals' ka netrittv upendr patanayak kar rahe the. donon or ki sena ke anek sainik mare ja chuke the. agale din 7 mee ko pulis rikaaurd ke anusar sitaram rajoo ko pakad liya gaya. us samay sitaram rajoo ke sainikon ki snkhya kam thi phir bhi 'gorati' namak ek sainy adhikari ne sitaram rajoo ko ped se bandhakar un par goliyan barasaeen. alloori sitaram rajoo ke balidan ke bad bhi angrez sarakar ko vidrohi abhiyanon se mukti nahin mili. is prakar lagabhag do varshon tak british satta ki nind haram karane vala yah vir sipahi shahid ho gaya.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 datta, sunil. alloori sitaram rajoo (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 25 navambar, 2012.

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