भारतीय रुपया  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

(रुपया se punarnirdeshit)
bharatiy rupaya
bharatiy rupe ka pratik chihn
ISO kod 4217 INR
upanam taka, rupayya, rubaee
kendriy baink bharatiy rizarv baink
adhikrit sadasy bharat
anadhikrit sadasy bhootan aur nepal
mudrasphiti 5.96%, march 2013
srot Economic Adviser
up ikaee paisa
sikke 50 paise, 1 rupaye, 2 rupaye, 5 rupaye aur 10 rupaye
bainkanot 2 rupaye, 5 rupaye, 10 rupaye, 20 rupaye, 50 rupaye, 100 rupaye, 500 rupaye, 1000 rupaye
any janakari rupaya shabd sanh 1540 - 1545 ke bich sherashah soori ke dvara jari kie ge chandi ke sikkon ke lie upayog men laya gaya. mool rupaya chandi ka sikka hota tha, jisaka vajan 11.34 gram tha.
bahari kadiyan rizarv baink aauf indiya

bharatiy rupaya (angrezi: Indian Rupee, kod: INR) bharat ki rashtriy mudra hai. isaka bazar niyamak aur jarikarta bharatiy rizarv baink hai. naye pratik chihn ke ane se pahale rupaye ko hindi men darshane ke lie 'ru' aur angrezi men Re. (1 rupaya), Rs., aur Rp. ka prayog kiya jata tha. adhunik bharatiy rupaye ko 100 paise men vibhajit kiya gaya hai. sikkon ka mooly 5, 10, 20, 25 aur 50 paise hai aur 1, 2, 5 aur 10 rupaye bhi hai. bainkanot 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 aur 1000 ke mooly par hain.

mooly

sherashah soori ke shasanakal ke dauran shuroo kiya gaya ‘rupaya’ aj tak prachalan men hai. bharat men british shasan ke dauran bhi yah prachalan men raha, is dauran isaka vazan 11.66 gram tha aur isake bhar ka 91.7% tak shuddh chandi thi. 19vin shatabdi ke ant men rupaya prathagat british mudra vinimay dar ke anusar ek shiling aur char pens ke barabar tha, vahin yah ek paund starling ka 1 / 15 hissa tha. unnisavin sadi men jab duniya men sabase sashakt arthavyavasthayen svarn manak par adharit thin tab chandi se bane rupaye ke mooly men bhishan giravat ayi. snyukt rajy amerika aur vibhinn yooropiy upaniveshon men vishal matra men chandi ke srot milane ke parinamasvaroop chandi ka mooly sone ke apeksha kafi gir gaya. achanak bharat ki manak mudra se ab bahar ki duniya se jyada kharid nahin ki ja sakati thi. is ghatana ko ‘rupe ki giravat" ke roop men jana jata hai. pahale rupe (11.66 gram) ko 16 ane ya 64 paise ya 192 paee men banta jata tha. rupaye ka dashamalavikaran 1869 men silon (shrilnka) men, 1957 men bharat men aur 1961 men pakistan men hua. is prakar ab ek bharatiy rupaya 100 paise men vibhajit ho gaya. bharat men kabhi kabhi paise ke lie naya paisa shabd bhi istemal kiya jata tha.

pratik chihn

'bharatiy rupe' ka pratik chihn antararashtriy star par adan-pradan tatha arthik snbalata ko parilakshit kar raha hai. rupe ka chihn bharat ke lokachar ka bhi ek roopak hai. rupe ka yah naya pratik devanagari lipi ke 'r' aur roman lipi ke akshar 'ar' ko mila kar bana hai, jisamen ek kshaitij rekha bhi bani huee hai. yah rekha hamare rashtradhvaj tatha barabar ke chihn ko pratibinbit karati hai. bharat sarakar ne 15 julaee, 2010 ko is chihn ko svikar kar liya hai. yah chihn bharatiy praudyogiki snsthan (aeeaeeti), mumbee ke post grejuet dijain shri di. uday kumar ne banaya hai. is chihn ko vitt mntralay dvara ayojit ek khuli pratiyogita men prapt hazaron dizayanon men se chuna gaya hai. is pratiyogita men bharatiy nagarikon se rupe ke ne chihn ke lie dizain amntrit kie ge the. is chihn ko dijital takanik tatha kampyootar program men sthapit karane ki prakriya chal rahi hai.

rupaye ka itihas

bharatiy ek rupaye ka sikka (1862)
bharatiy adha ana ka sikka (1945)
aitihasik bharatiy sikke
bharatiy ek rupaye ka not (1917)
bharatiy panch rupaye ka not (1922)
bharatiy panch rupaye ka not (1937)
bharatiy das rupaye ka not (1943)
bharatiy do rupaye ka not

bharat vishv ki un pratham sabhyataon men se hai jahan sikkon ka prachalan shuroo hua. lagabhag 6vin sadi eesa poorv men rupe shabd ka arth, shabd 'roopa' se joda ja sakata hai jisaka arth hota hai chandi. snskrit men 'roopyakamh' ka arth hai 'chandi ka sikka'. rupaya shabd sanh 1540 - 1545 ke bich sherashah soori ke dvara jari kie ge chandi ke sikkon ke lie upayog men laya gaya. mool rupaya chandi ka sikka hota tha, jisaka vajan 11.34 gram tha. yah sikka british bharat ke shasan kal men bhi upayog men laya jata raha. bisavin sadi men faras ki khadi ke deshon[1] tatha arab mulkon men bharatiy rupaya mudra ke taur par prachalit thi. sone ki taskari ko rokane tatha bharatiy mudra ke bahar men prayog ko rokane ke lie mee 1959 men bharatiy rizarv baink ne galf roopi[2] ka vipanan kiya. sath ke dashak men kuvait tatha baharin ne apani svatntrata ke bad apani khud ki mudra prayog men lani shuroo ki tatha 1966 men bharatiy rupaye men hue avamoolyan se bachane ke lie qatar ne bhi apani mudra shuroo kar di .[3]

kagaz ke noton ki shuruat

rupayon ke kagaz ke noton ko sabase pahale jari karane valon men se the 'baink aauph hindustan' (1770-1832), 'd janaral baink aauph bngal end bihar' (1773-75, varen haaustigs dvara sthapit) aur 'd bngal baink' (1784-91). shuruat men baink aauph bngal dvara jari kie ge kagaz ke noton pe keval ek taraph hi chhapa hota tha. isamen sone ki ek mohar bani thi aur yah 100, 250, 500 adi vargon men the. bad ke not men ek belaboota bana tha jo ek mahila akriti, vyapar ka manavikaran darshata tha. yah not donon or chhape hote the, tin lipion urdoo, bngali aur devanagari men yah chhape hote the, jisamen pichhe ki taraph baink ki chhap hoti thi. 1800 sadi ke ant tak noton ke moolabhav britani ho ge aur jali banane se rokane ke lie uname any kee lakshan jode ge.

chandi ka rupaya

rupaya shabd ki utpatti snskrit bhasha ke shabd ‘raupy’ se huee hai, jisaka arth hota hai, chandi. bharat ki un gine-chune deshon men shumar hai jisane sabase pahale sikke jari kie. parinamat: isake itihas men anek maudrik ikaiyon (mudraon) ka ullekh milata hai. is bat ke kuchh aitihasik praman mile hain ki pahale sikke 2500 aur 1750 eesa-poorv ke bich kabhi jari kie ge the. lekin dastaveji praman satavin/chhathi shatabdi eesa-poorv ke bich sikkon ki dhalaee ke hi mile hain. in sikkon ke nirman ki vishisht takanik ke karan inhen pnch markd sikke kaha jata hai. agali kuchh sadiyon ke dauran jaise-jaise samrajyon ka uday aur patan hua, desh ki mudraon men isaka pragati-kram dikhaee dene laga. in mudraon se prayah tatkalin rajavnsh, samajik-rajanitik ghatanaon, aradhy devon aur prakriti ka parichay milata tha. inamen indo-grik kal ke yoonani devataon aur usake bad ke pashchimi kshatrap vali tanbe ki mudraen shamil hain jo pahali aur chauthi shatabdi (eesavin) ke dauran jari ki gee thin.[4]

maudrik pranali

arabon ne 712 eesavin men bharat ke sindh prant ko jit kar us par apana pramukh sthapit kiya. barahavin shatabdi tak dilli ke turk sultanon ne lnbe samay se chali a rahi arabi dijain ko hatakar unake sthan par islami likhavaton ko mudrit karaya. is mudra ko tnka kaha jata tha. dilli ke sultanon ne is maudrik pranali ka manakikaran karane ka prayas kiya aur phir bad men sone, chandi aur tanbe ki mudraon ka prachalan shuroo ho gaya. sanh 1526 men mugalon ka shasanakal shuroo hone ke bad samooche samrajy men ekikrit aur sugathit maudrik pranali ki shurooat huee. afagan sultan sherashah soori (1540 se 1545) ne chandi ke ‘rupaiye’ athava rupaye ke sikke ki shurooat ki. poorv-upaniveshakal ke bharat ke raje-rajavadon ne apani alag mudraon ki dhalaee karavaee, jo mukhyat: chandi ke rupaye jaise hi dikhati thin, keval un par unake mool sthan (riyasaton) ki kshetriy visheshataen bhar ankit hoti thin.[4]

baink noton ka prachalan

atthaharavin shatabdi ke uttarardh men, ejensi gharanon ne bainkon ka vikas kiya. baink aauph bngal, d baink aauph hindustan, oriyntal baink kaauraporeshan aur d baink aauph vestarn indiya inamen pramukh the. in bainkon ne apani alag-alag kagaji mudraen urdoo, bngala aur devanagari lipiyon men mudrit karavaee. lagabhag sau varshon tak niji aur presidensi bainkon dvara jari baink noton ka prachalan bana raha. parantu 1861 men pepar karensi qanoon banane ke bad is par keval sarakar ka ekadhikar rah gaya. british sarakar ne baink noton ke vitaran men madad ke lie pahale to presidensi bainkon ko hi apane ejent ke roop men niyukt kiya, kyonki ek bade bhoo-bhag men samany noton ke istemal ko badhaya dena ek dushkar kary tha. maharani viktoriya ke samman men 1867 men pahali bar unake chitr ki shrinkhala vale baink not jari kie ge. ye not ek hi or chhape ge (yooniphesd) the aur panch moolyon men jari kie ge the.[4]

bharatiy rizarv baink

baink noton ke mudran aur vitaran ka dayitv 1935 men bharatiy rizarv baink ke hath men a gaya. jaaurj pncham ke chitr vale noton ke sthan par 1938 men jaaurj shashtham ke chitr vale not jari kie ge, jo 1947 tak prachalan men rahe. bharat ki svatntrata ke bad unaki chhapaee bnd ho gee aur saranath ke sinhon ke stambh vale noton ne inaka sthan le liya.[4]

bharatiy mudra ka nirman

prarnbh men chhote rajy the jahan vastu vinimay arthath ek vastu ke badale doosari vastu ka adan-pradan snbhav tha. parntu kalantar men jab bade-bade rajyon ka nirman hua to yah pranali samapt hoti gee aur is kami ko poora karane ke lie mudra ko janm diya gaya. itihasakar ke. vi. ar. ayngar ka manana hai ki prachin bharat men mudraen rajasatta ke pratik ke roop men grahan ki jati thin. parntu prarnbh men kis vyakti athava snstha ne inhen janm diya, yah gyat nahin hai. anuman yah kiya jata hai ki vyapari varg ne adan-pradan ki suvidha hetu sarvapratham sikke taiyar karavae. snbhavat: prarnbh men rajy isake prati udasin the. parntu paravarti yugon men is par rajy ka poorn niyntran sthapit ho gaya tha. kautily ke arthashastr se gyat hota hai ki mudra nirman par poornat: rajy ka adhikar tha. kuchh vidvanon ka manana hai ki bharat men mudraon ka prachalan videshi prabhav ka parinam hai. vahin kuchh ise isi dharati ki upaj manate hain. vilsan aur prinsep jaise vidvanon ka manana hai ki bharat bhoomi par sikkon ka avirbhav yoonani akraman ke pashchath hua. vahin jan elan unaki is avadharana ko galat batate hue kahate hain ki ‘prarambhik bharatiy sikke jaise ‘karshapan’ athava ‘ahat’ aur yoonani sikkon ke madhy koee sampark nahin tha.[5]

utpatti samay evn sthan

utpatti sthan ke alava mudra ke janm kal men bhi vidvanon men matabhed hain. jyadatar vidvanh manate hain ki bharat men sikke 800 ee. poo. prakash men aye. vahin da. di. ar. bhandarakar tatha vitaranitj jaise vidvanh bharat men sikkon ki prachinata 3000 ee. poo. ke as-pas batate hain. janm sthan aur kal men beshak vivad ho lekin sikkon ke nirman men istemal ki jane vali dhatu ke snbndh men koee vivad nahin hai.

sikkon ka nirman

sikkon ke nirman ke lie anek dhatuen prayog men laee jati thin. inamen sona, chandi tatha tanba pramukh dhatuen thin. sona to bharat men vipul matra men tha. tanba bhi ayask ke roop men prapt hota tha. parntu chandi bahut kam matra men upalabdh thi isalie isaka ayat kiya jata tha. satavahan vnsh ne mudra nirman men ek naya prayog kiya. unhonne mudra nirman ke lie sise ka prayog karana prarnbh kar diya. vidvanh periplas ka vivaran hai ki bharatiy log sise ka bahar se ayat karate the. itihasakar plini ne isaka samarthan karate hue kaha hai ki hind yavan shasakon ne ek aur dhatu mudra nirman hetu prayukt kiya jise nikil ke nam se jana jata hai. kabhi-kabhi sikkon ke nirman hetu potin, kansy tatha pital ka bhi prayog kiya jata tha. kee bar mudra nirman men mishrit dhatuon ka bhi prayog kiya jata tha. dhatuon ko kathor banane men aur girati huee arthavyavastha ke sndarbh men inaka upayog sikkon men kiya jane laga. potin kee dhatuon ke mishran se banata tha isalie ise bhrasht dhatu kaha jata tha. kahin-kahin lohe ke sikke bhi prachalan men the. isake alava mudra ke roop men kaudiyon ka prachalan bhi vyapak kshetr men tha.[5]

mudra nirman vidhi

bharatiy mudra ke not

prachin bharat men tin prakar se mudraon ka nirman kiya jata tha:-

1. ahat athava chhapa vidhi

is vidhi se mudra taiyar karane ke lie pahale vibhinn prakar ki dhatuon ki patali chadar taiyar ki jati thi. phir unake manak taul ke anusar kee chaukor tukade kiye jate the. un tukadon par kuchh chihnon, namon ya shabdon ko ankit kiya jata tha. isake lie un par ya to ahat kiya jata tha ya phir kisi muhar se thappa lagaya jata tha. ahat mudraon ki sabase badi visheshata thi ki ye vibhinn akar ke milate the. inaka koee ek samaroop akar nahin tha. isaka sabase bada karan tha bharanusar inaki kataee-chhntaee. vibhinn bharon ke anusar inaka bharak bhi bhinn ban jata tha.

2. dhalaee vidhi

yah doosari vidhi jyada parishkrit thi. isamen ek bar men kee sikkon ka nirman kiya jata tha. jisase samay v shram donon ki hi bachat hoti thi. rohatak, takshashila, mathura, sunet, atarnjikheda, nalnda ityadi sthanon ki khudaee men mile sikke isaki pramanikata ko siddh karate hain. dhalaee vidhi men sikke sanche ki madad se banaye jate the. sarvapratham sanche taiyar karake bhatthi men rakh die jate the. pakane ke uparant inake madhy chhidr se dhatu ko dhala jata tha. dhatu nalika se uchit sthal par pahunchakar prastavit akar men phail jati thi. bhatthi ke shital hone par sanche ko vinasht kar diya jata tha. usi sanche men chihn tatha lekh bhi likhe hote the jo dhatu par ankit ho jate the. yahi paddhati sikke ke donon satahon par ankan hetu prayog men laee jati thi.

3. thappa prahar vidhi

eesvi snvath ate-ate mudra nirman men thappa prahar vidhi kafi lokapriy ho gee. is vidhi men garm dhatu ke tukade par thappe ke dabav se lekh tatha pratik chihn ankit kie jate the. is vidhi ke praman hamen keval sahityik sndarbhon men hi milate hain. kyonki abhi tak ek bhi daee prapt nahin huee hai.[5]

mudra nirman kendr

prachin bharat ke rajyon ko jab mudra ka mahatv gyat hua aur vinimay evn vyapar ke lie mudra ki avashyakata mahasoos huee to unhonne vyapak paimane par mudra nirman hetu takasal ka nirman karavaya. ye takasal adhikatar rajadhani men hote the. parantu kuchh rajyon men inaka nirman pramukh vyaparik shaharon men bhi hota tha. yakin ke sath to nahin lekin rohatak, takshashila, mathura, sunet, atarnjikheda, nalnda, kashi, kaushavi, kondapur, shishupalagadh ityadi jagahon par takasal hone ki snbhavana vyakt ki jati hai.[5]

mudraon par ankit lipi

prachin bharat ke sikkon par mukhyataya brahmi, kharoshthi evn grik lipi ka prayog kiya jata tha. vahin bhashaon men yoonani, prakrit, snskrit, dravin bhashaon ka prayog kiya jata tha. sikkon par inake alava anek chihnon ka bhi prayog kiya jata tha jisase inake sthan, samay aur visheshata ka vibhajan kiya jata tha. kee sikkon par rajakiy chihn hote the to kuchh par shasakakriti ka ankan milata tha. kuchh sikkon par kisi vishisht devata ya pashu ke chihn bhi ankit hote the.[5]

bharatiy rupaye ke not ki visheshataen

10 rupaye ke not par ankit 15 alag-alag bhashaen
  • bharatiy rupaya 1957 tak to 16 anon men vibhajit raha, parantu usake bad (1957 men hi) usane mudra ki dashamalav pranali apana li aur ek rupaye ki ganana 100 saman paison men ki gee.
  • mahatma gandhi vale kagaji noton ki shrinkhala ki shurooat 1996 men huee, jo aj tak chalan men hai.
  • noton ke ek or saphed vale bhag men mahatma gandhi ka vatar mark bana hua hai.
  • sabhi noton men chandi ka suraksha dhaga laga hua hai jis par angrezi men arabiaee aur hindi men bharat ankit hai. prakash ke samane lane par inako dekha ja sakata hai.
  • panch sau aur ek hazar rupaye ke noton men unaka mooly prakash men parivartaniy syahi se likha hua hai. dharati ke samanantar rakhane par ye snkhya hari dikhaee deti hain parantu tirachhe ya kon se dekhane par nile rng men likhi huee dikhaee deti hain.[4]
  • bat sanh 1917 ki hain, jab 1₹ rupaya 13$ daaular ke barabar hua karata tha. phir 1947 men bharat ajad hua, 1₹ = 1$ kar diya gaya. phir dhire-dhire bharat par karj badhane laga to indira gandhi ne karj chukane ke lie rupaye ki kimat kam karane ka phaisala liya usake bad aj tak rupaye ki kimat ghatati a rahi hai. suraksha karanon ki vajah se apako not ke siriyal nnbar men I, J, O, X, Y, Z akshar nahi milenge.
  • har bharatiy not par kisi n kisi chij ki photo chhapi hoti hain jaise- 20 rupe ke not par andaman ailaind ki tasvir hai. vahin, 10 rupe ke not par hathi, gainda aur sher chhapa hua hai, jabaki 100 rupe ke not par pahad aur badal ki tasvir hai. isake alava 500 rupe ke not par ajadi ke andolan se judi 11 moorti ki tasvir chhapi hain.
  • bharatiy not par usaki kimat 15 bhashaon men likhi jati hain.
  • 1₹ men 100 paise honge, ye bat sanh 1957 men lagoo ki gee thi. pahale ise 16 ane men banta jata tha. (sanh 1936 men bana 8 anen ka sikka mere pas bhi hai)
  • bharatiy rizarv baink ne janavari 1938 men pahali bar 5 ₹ ki pepar karnsi chhapi thi. jis par king jarj-6 ka chitr tha. isi sal 10,000 ₹ ka not bhi chhapa gaya tha lekin 1978 men ise poori tarah bnd kar diya gaya.
  • azadi ke bad pakistan ne tab tak bharatiy mudra ka prayog kiya jab tak unhonne kam chalane layak not n chhap lie.
  • bharatiy not kisi am kagaz ke nahin, balki kaautan ke bane hote hain. ye itane majaboot hote hain ki ap ne not ke donon siron ko pakadakar use phad nahin sakate.
  • ek samay aisa tha, jab bangladesh bled banane ke lie bharat se 5 roope ke sikke mngaya karata tha. 5 roope ke ek sikke se 6 bled banate the. 1 bled ki kimat 2 rupe hoti thi to bled banane vale ko achchha phayada hota tha. ise dekhate hue bharat sarakar ne sikka banane vala metal hi badal diya.
  • azadi ke bad sikke tanbe ke banate the. usake bad 1964 men elyuminiyam ke aur1988 men stenales stil ke banane shuroo hue.
  • bharatiy not par mahatma gandhi ki jo photo chhapati hain vah tab khinchi gee thi jab gandhiji, tatkalin barma aur bharat men british sekretari ke roop men karyarat phredarik pethik laaurens ke sath kolakata sthit vayasaray haus men mulakat karane ge the. yah photo 1996 men noton par chhapani shuroo huee thi. isase pahale mahatma gandhi ki jagah ashok stnbh chhapa jata tha.
  • bharat ke 500 aur 1,000 rupaye ke not nepal men nahin chalate.
  • 500 ₹ ka pahala not 1987 men aur 1,000 ₹ pahala not sanh 2000 men banaya gaya tha. philahal 1,000 ₹ ka not bnd ho chuka hai. aur 500₹ ka naya not bazar men a raha hai.
  • bharat men 75, 100 aur 1,000 ₹ ke bhi sikke chhap chuke hain.
  • 1 ₹ ka not bharat sarakar dvara aur 2 se 1,000 ₹ tak ke not RBI dvara jari kiye jate the.
  • ek samay par bhrashtachar se ladane ke lie 0 ₹ ka not 5th pillar nam ki gair sarakari snstha dvara jari kie ge the.
  • 10 ₹ ke sikke ko banane men 6.10₹ ki lagat ati hain.
  • noton par siriyal nnbar isalie dala jata hain taki arabiaee (RBI) ko pata chalata rahe ki is samay market men kitani karnsi hain.
  • rupaya bharat ke alava indoneshiya, maaurishas, nepal, pakistan aur shrilnka ki bhi karnsi hain.
  • bharatiy rizarv baink ke anusar bharat har sal 2,000 karod karnsi not chhapata hain.
  • kampyootar par ₹ taip karane ke lie ‘Ctrl+Shift+$’ ke batan ko ek sath dabaen.
  • ₹ ke is chinh ko 2010 men uday kumar ne banaya tha. isake lie inako 2.5 lakh rupayen ka inam bhi mila tha.
  • arabiaee sirph 10,000 ₹ tak ke not chhap sakati hain. agar isase jyada kimat ke not chhapane hain to usako rijarv baink aauph indiya ekt, 1934 men badalav karana hoga.
  • arabiaee kitane not chhap sakati hai isaka nirdharan mudra sphiti, jidipi groth, baink nots ke riplesament aur rijarv baink ke staauk ke adhar par kiya jata hai.
  • har sikke par sanh ke niche ek khas nishan bana hota hai ap us nishan ko dekhakar pata laga sakate hain ki ye sikka kahan bana hain-
    • munbee – hira [◆]
    • noeda – daaut [.]
    • haidarabad – sitara [★]
    • kolakata – koee nishan nahin
  • ek not ko chhapane men lagane vali lagat
    • 1₹ = 1.14₹
    • 10₹ = 0.66₹
    • 20₹ = 0.94₹
    • 50₹ = 1.63₹
    • 100₹ = 1.20₹
    • 500₹ = 2.45₹
    • 1,000₹ = 2.67₹
    • 2,000₹ = philahal kuchh pata nahin[6]

not par bhashaen

bharatiy rupaye ke not ke bhasha patal par bharat ki 22 sarakari bhashaon men se 15 men unaka mooly mudrit hai. oopar se niche inaka kram is prakar hai – asamiya, bngala, gujarati, kannad, kashmiri, konkani, malayalam, marathi, nepali, udiya, pnjabi, snskrit, tamil, telugu aur urdoo.[4]

prachalan

bharatiy upamahadvip men sarakari mudra ko rupaya kaha jata hai. yah bharat ke sath hi bhootan, pakistan, shrilnka, nepal, maaurishas, maladiv aur indoneshiya jaise kee deshon men prachalit hain. in sabhi deshon men bharatiy rupaya mooly, svikaryata aur lokapriyata ke hisab se sabase mahattvapoorn mana jata hai.[4]

rupaye ke any bhashaon men nam

any bhashaon men nam
bhasha asamiya udiya urdoo kannad kashmiri snskrit gujarati
shabd taauka (টকা) tnka (ଟଙ୍କା) rupaya rupaee (ರೂಪಾಯಿ) rapuyi roopyakamh rupiyo (રૂપિયો)
bhasha dogari tamil telugu nepali pnjabi bangla bodo
shabd rubaee (ரூபாய்) rupayi (రూపాయి) rupaia taka (টাকা)
bhasha manipuri marathi malayalam maithili snthali sindhi angrezi
shabd rupaya rupa (രൂപ) rupayo Rupee


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. khadi desh
  2. khadi rupaya
  3. Qatar (angrezi). . abhigaman tithi: 9 sitambar, 2010.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 sinh, shubhra. chandi se tanka raha hai hamare rupaye ka (hindi) arthakam. abhigaman tithi: 10 mee, 2013.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 sinh, shubhra. bharatiy mudra ke nirman ki kahani (hindi) bharatiy paksh. abhigaman tithi: 10 mee, 2013.
  6. bharatiy mudra (rupaya ₹) se jude 31 gazab rochak tathy (hindi) gazab hindi. abhigaman tithi: 19 navnbar, 2016.

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