हिन्दी दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

hindi divas
dak tikat par hindi divas
vivaran hindi, vishv men sarvadhik boli jane vali bhashaon men se ek hai aur apane ap men ek samarth bhasha hai.
tithi 14 sitambar
uddeshy hindi ka prachar-prasar hi 'hindi divas' ka mukhy uddeshy hai.
ayojan is din vibhinn shasakiy - ashasakiy karyalayon, shiksha snsthaon adi men vividh goshthiyon, sammelanon, pratiyogitaon tatha any karyakramon ka ayojan kiya jata hai. kahin-kahin 'hindi pakhavada' tatha 'rashtrabhasha saptah' ityadi bhi manaye jate hain.
snbndhit lekh vishv hindi divas
any janakari rashtrabhasha prachar samiti, vardha ke anurodh par sanh 1953 se snpoorn bharat men 14 sitnbar ko prativarsh 'hindi divas' ke roop men manaya jata hai.

hindi divas bharat men pratyek varsh '14 sitambar' ko manaya jata hai. hindi vishv men sarvadhik boli jane vali bhashaon men se ek hai aur apane ap men ek samarth bhasha hai. prakriti se yah udar grahanashil, sahishnu aur bharat ki rashtriy chetana ki snvahika hai. is din vibhinn shasakiy, ashasakiy karyalayon, shiksha snsthaon adi men vividh goshthiyon, sammelanon, pratiyogitaon tatha any karyakramon ka ayojan kiya jata hai. kahin-kahin 'hindi pakhavada' tatha 'rashtrabhasha saptah' ityadi bhi manaye jate hain. vishv ki ek prachin, samriddh tatha mahanh bhasha hone ke sath hi hindi hamari rashtrabhasha bhi hai, atah isake prati apana prem aur samman prakat karane ke lie aise ayojan svabhavik hi hain, parantu, duahkh ka vishay yah hai ki samay ke sath-sath ye ayojan keval aupacharikata matr banate ja rahe hain.[1]

itihas

bharat ki svatntrata ke bad 14 sitnbar, 1949 ko snvidhan sabha ne ek mat se yah nirnay liya ki hindi ki khadi boli hi bharat ki rajabhasha hogi. isi mahattvapoorn nirnay ke mahattv ko pratipadit karane tatha hindi ko har kshetr men prasarit karane ke liye rashtrabhasha prachar samiti, vardha ke anurodh par san 1953 se snpoorn bharat men 14 sitnbar ko prativarsh 'hindi divas' ke roop men manaya jata hai.

neharoo ji ka kathan

pndit javaharalal neharoo ne snvidhan sabha men 13 sitambar, 1949 ke din bahas men bhag lete hue tin pramukh baten kahi thin-

  1. kisi videshi bhasha se koee rashtr mahanh nahin ho sakata.
  2. koee bhi videshi bhasha am logon ki bhasha nahin ho sakati.
  3. bharat ke hit men, bharat ko ek shaktishali rashtr banane ke hit men, aisa rashtr banane ke hit men jo apani atma ko pahachane, jise atmavishvas ho, jo snsar ke sath sahayog kar sake, hamen hindi ko apanana chahie.[2]

bhasha vishayak bahas

javaharalal neharoo ki bahas 12 sitambar, 1949 ko char baje dopahar men shuroo huee aur 14 sitnbar, 1949 ke din samapt huee. 14 sitambar ki sham bahas ke samapan ke bad bhasha snbndhi snvidhan ka tatkalin bhag '14 k' aur vartaman bhag 17, snvidhan ka bhag ban gaya.
hindi bharat ki rashtrabhasha hai
snvidhan sabha ki bhasha vishayak bahas lagabhag 278 prishthon men mudrit huee. isamen daau. kanhaiyalal manikalal munshi aur shri gopal svami ayngar ki mahati bhoomika rahi thi. bahas ke bad yah sahamati bani ki sngh ki bhasha hindi aur lipi devanagari hogi, kintu devanagari men likhe jane vale ankon tatha angrezi ko 15 varsh ya usase adhik avadhi tak prayog karane ke lie tikhi bahas huee. antat: ayngar-munshi farmoola bhari bahumat se svikar hua. vastav men ankon ko chhodakar sngh ki rajabhasha ke prashn par adhikatar sadasy sahamat ho ge. ankon ke bare men bhi yah spasht tha ki antarrashtriy ank bharatiy ankon ka hi ek naya snskaran hai. kuchh sadasyon ne roman lipi ke paksh men prastav rakha, lekin devanagari ko hi adhikatar sadasyon ne svikar kiya.
  • svatantr bharat ki rajabhasha ke prashn par kafi vichar-vimarsh ke bad yah nirnay liya gaya, jo bharatiy snvidhan ke bhag 17 ke adhyay ki dhara 343 (1) men is prakar varnit hai-

sngh ki raj bhasha hindi aur lipi devanagari hogi. sngh ke rajakiy prayojanon ke lie prayog hone vale ankon ka roop antarrashtriy roop hoga.

hindi ka mahattv

aj bharat-bhasha hindi bhavishy men vishv-vani banane ke path par agrasar hai. vishv ke sarvadhik shaktishali rashtr amerika ke rashtrapati barak obama kadhik avasaron par amarikiyon ko hindi sikhane ke liye sachet karate hue kah chuke hain ki- "hindi sikhe bina bhavishy men kam nahin chalega". yah salah akaran hi nahin hai. bharat ko ubharati huee vishv-shakti ke roop men sakal vishv men jana ja raha hai. snskrit tatha us par adharit hindi ko dhvani-vigyan aur door snchari tarngon ke madhyam se antariksh men any sabhyataon ko sandesh bheje jane ki drishti se sarvadhik upayukt paya gaya hai.[3]

sarvadhik upayukt bhasha

bharat men bhale hi kuchh logon dvara angrezi bolana samman ki bat mani jati ho, par vishv ke bahusnkhyak deshon men angrezi ka itana mahattv nahin hai. hindi bolane men hichak ka ekamatr karan poorv prathamik shiksha ke samay angrezi madhyam ka chayan kiya jana hai. aj bhi bharat men adhikatar abhibhavak apane bachchon ka dakhila aise skoolon men karavana chahate hain, jo angrezi madhyam se shiksha pradan karate hain. jabaki manovaigyanikon ke anusar shishu sarvadhik asani se apani matr-bhasha ko hi grahan karata hai aur isi bhasha men kisi bhi bat ko bhali-bhanti samajh sakata hai. angrezi bharatiyon ki matribhasha nahin hai. at: bharat men bachchon ki shiksha ka sarvadhik upayukt madhyam hindi hi hai.

hindi ke kamazor hone ka karan

bharat ki vartaman shiksha paddhati men balakon ko poorv prathamik se hi angrezi ke git rataye jate hain. yadi ghar men balak bina arth jane hi ane vale atithiyon ko angrezi men kavita adi suna de to mata-pita ka mastak garv se ooncha ho jata hai. hindi ki kavita keval do din '15 agast' aur '26 janavari' par padhi jati hai, isake bad men hindi bolana koee nahin chahata. angrezi bhashi vidyalayon men to kisi vidyarthi dvara hindi bolane par apamanajanak vaky likh kar ek takhti laga di jati hai. atah bachchon ko samajhane ke sthan par ratana hota hai, jo ki avaigyanik hai. aise adhikansh bachche uchch shiksha men madhyam badalate hain tatha bhashik kamazori ke karan khud ko samuchit tarike se abhivyakt nahin kar pate aur pichhad jate hain. is manasikata men shikshit bachcha madhyamik aur uchchtar madhyamik men majaboori men hindi yatkinchit padhata hai, phir vishayon ka chunav kar lene par vyavasayik shiksha ka dabav hindi chhudava hi deta hai.[3]

shabd samarthy

hindi ki shabd samarthy par prayah akaran tatha janakari ke abhav men prashn chihn lagaye jate hain. vaigyanik vishayon, prakriyaon, niyamon tatha ghatanaon ki abhivyakti hindi men karana kathin mana jata hai, kintu vastav men aisa nahin hai. hindi ki shabd sampada apar hai. hindi sadanira salila ki tarah satat pravahini hai, usamen se lagatar kuchh shabd kal-bahy hokar bahar ho jate hain to anek shabd usamen pravisht bhi hote hain. hindi ke anek roop desh men anchalik/sthaniy bhashaon aur bolion ke roop men prachalit hain. is karan bhashik niyamon, kriya-karak ke roopon, kahin-kahin shabdon ke arthon men antar svabhavik hai, kintu hindi ko vaigyanik vishayon ki abhivyakti men saksham vishv bhasha banane ke liye is antar ko patakar kramashah manak roop lena hoga. anek kshetron men hindi ki manak shabdavali hai, jahan nahin hai, vahan kramashah akar le rahi hai.

samany tatha takaniki bhasha

jan samany bhasha ke jis deshaj roop ka prayog karata hai, vah kahi gayi bat ka ashay snpreshit karata hai, kintu vah poori tarah shuddh nahin hota. gyan-vigyan men bhasha ka upayog tabhi snbhav hai, jab shabd se ek sunishchit arth ki pratiti ho. is disha men hindi ka prayog n hone ko do karan ichchha shakti ki kami tatha bhashik evn shabdik niyamon aur unake arth ki spashtata n hona hai. hindi ke samaksh sabase badi samasya vishv ki any bhashaon ke sahity ko atmasat kar hindi men abhivyakt karane ki tatha gyan-vigyan ki har shakha ki vishayavastu ko hindi men abhivyakt karane ki hai. hindi ke shabd kosh ka punarnirman paramavashyak hai. isamen parnparik shabdon ke sath vividh boliyon, bharatiy bhashaon, videshi bhashaon, vividh vishayon aur vigyan ki shakhaon ke paribhashik shabdon ko joda jana zaroori hai. angrezi ke naye shabdakoshon men hindi ke hajaron shabd samahit kiye gaye hain, kintu kee jagah unake arth, bhavarth adi galat hain. hindi men anyatr se shabd grahan karate samay shabd ka ling, vachan, kriyaroop, arth, bhavarth tatha prayog shabd kosh men ho to upayogita men vriddhi hogi. yah mahanh kary sainkadon hindi premiyon ko milakar karana hoga. vividh vishayon ke nishnat jan apane vishayon ke shabd-arth den, jinhen hindi shabd kosh men joda jaye.[3]

shabdon ke vishisht arth

takaniki vishayon v gatividhiyon ko hindi bhasha ke madhyam se snchalit karane ka sabase bada labh yah hai ki unaki pahunch asnkhy logon tak ho sakegi. hindi men takaniki kshetr men shabdon ke vishisht arth sunishchit kiye jane ki mahati avashyakata hai. udaharan ke liye angrezi ke do shabdon 'shep' aur 'saiz' ka arth hindi men samanyatah 'akar' kiya jata hai, kintu vigyan men donon mool shabd alag-alag arthon men prayog hote hain. 'shep' se akriti aur saiz se bade-chhote hone ka bodh hota hai. hindi shabdakosh men akar aur akriti samanarthi hain. atah saiz ke liye ek vishesh shabd 'parimap' nirdharit kiya gaya. nirman samagri ke chhanni parikshan men angrezi men 'ritend aaun siv' tatha 'pasd phraaum siv' ka prayog hota hai. hindi men is kriya se juda shabd 'chhanan' upayogi padarth ke liye hai. atah ukt donon isi tarah vigyan men arth vishesh men prayog kiye jane vale shabdon ke liye vishesh paryay nirdharit karane ka kary us takanik ki pratinidhi snstha ko karana chahie.

  • takaniki vishayon ke rachanakaron ko hindi ka pramanik shabd kosh, vyakaran tatha pingal ki pustaken apane sath rakhakar jab jaise samay mile, padhane ki adat dalani hogi. hindi ki shuddhata se ashay urdoo, angrezi yani kisi bhasha, boli ke shabdon ka bahishkar nahin, apitu bhasha ke snskar, pravritti, ravanagi, pravah tatha arthavatta ko banaye rakhana hai. choonki inake bina koee bhasha jivnt nahin hoti.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. hindi divas (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) sngh parivar. abhigaman tithi: 26 disnbar, 2010.
  2. himanshu, rameshvar kamboj. hindi -divas aur hamari bhasha (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) hindi gaurav. abhigaman tithi: 26 disnbar, 2010.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 takaniki gatividhiyan rashtriy bhasha men (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 14 sitambar, 2013.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah