अंतरराष्ट्रीय अहिंसा दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

antararashtriy ahinsa divas
mahatma gandhi
vivaran 'antararashtriy ahinsa divas' bharat ke pramukh svatntrata senani aur ahinsa ke pujari mahatma gandhi ke janm divas ke avasar par 2 aktoobar ko manaya jata hai.
tithi 2 aktoobar
uddeshy sampoorn vishv men shanti sthapit karana aur ahinsa ka marg apanana.
sambandhit mahapurush mahatma gandhi
snbndhit lekh mahatma gandhi, gandhi yug, satyagrah
any janakari snyukt rashtrasngh ne 15 joon, 2007 ko ek prastav parit kar duniya se yah agrah kiya ki vah shanti aur ahinsa ke vichar par amal kare aur mahatma gandhi ke janm divas ko "antararashtriy ahinsa divas" ke roop men manae.

antararashtriy ahinsa divas 2 aktoobar ko manaya jata hai. 2 aktoobar ki tithi rashtrapita mahatma gandhi ke janm ki tithi hai. mahatma gandhi ne bharat ke svatantrata andolan ka netrittv kiya tha aur ahinsa ke darshan ka prachar kiya. yah mana jata hai ki ahinsa ke darshan ka vikas mahatma gandhi ne prasiddh roosi lekhak lev talastoy ke sath milakar kiya tha. snyukt rashtr mahasabha ne 15 joon, 2007 ko ek prastav parit kar duniya se yah agrah kiya tha ki vah shanti aur ahinsa ke vichar par amal kare aur mahatma gandhi ke janm divas ko "antararashtriy ahinsa divas" ke roop men manae.

itihas

mahatma gandhi (bapoo) ka janmadin 2 aktoobar ko manaya jata hai. ahinsa ki niti ke zarie vishv bhar men shanti ke sndesh ko badhava dene ke mahatma gandhi ke yogadan ko sarahane ke lie hi is din ko 'antararashtriy ahinsa divas' ke roop men manane ka faisala kiya gaya. is silasile men 'snyukt rashtr mahasabha' men bharat dvara rakhe ge prastav ka bharapoor samarthan kiya gaya. mahasabha ke kul 191 sadasy deshon men se 140 se bhi zyada deshon ne is prastav ko sah-prayojit kiya. inamen afaganistan, nepal, shrilnka, bangladesh, bhootan jaise bharat ke padosi deshon ke alava afrika aur amarika mahadvip ke kee desh bhi shamil the. maujooda vishv vyavastha men ahinsa ki sarthakata ko manate hue bina voting ke hi sarvasammati se is prastav ko parit kar diya gaya tha.[1] 15 joon, 2007 ko mahasabha dvara parit snkalp men kaha gaya ki- "shiksha ke madhyam se janata ke bich ahinsa ka vyapak prasar kiya jaega." snkalp yah bhi pusht karata hai ki "ahinsa ke siddhant ki sarvabhaumik prasngikata evn shanti, sahishnuta tatha snskriti ko ahinsa dvara surakshit rakha jae."

gandhiji ki vicharadhara

gandhiji ka darshan aur unaki vicharadhara sath‍y aur ahinsa bhagavad gita aur hindoo manh‍yataon, jain dharm aur liyo taaulh‍sh‍taauy ki shantivadi eesaee dharm ki shikshaon se prabhavit hain. gandhiji ek shakahari aur brahmachary ke hindoo vichar ke anuyayi the. ve adhath‍yamik aur vh‍yavaharik shuddhata ka palan karate the aur saph‍tah men ek din maun vrat rakhate the. unaka vishh‍vas tha ki bolane par snyam rakhane se unh‍hen antarik shanti milati hain, yah prabhav hindoo siddhant maun aur shanti se liya gaya hai. dakshin aphrika se lautane ke bad gandhiji ne pashchimi shaili ke kapade pahanana chhod diya tha, jo unaki samh‍panh‍nata aur saphalata se juda tha. unh‍honne sh‍vadeshi roop se bune ge kapade arthath khadi ka samarthan kiya. ve aur unake anuyayiyon ne soot se bune ge khadi ke kapade ko apanaya. unh‍honne kapade ko apane ap charakhe se buna aur anh‍y logon ko bhi aisa karane ke lie prerit kiya. yah charakha age chalakar 'bharatiy rashtriy kangres' ke dhvaj men shamil kiya gaya. gandhiji ne darshan ke bare men aur jivan ki shaili ke bare men apani jivan katha sath‍y ke sath mere prayog ki kahani men bataya hai.

satyagrah

bharatiy snvidhan maulik adhikaron ke madhh‍yam se bharat ke sabhi nagarikon ko kanoon ke samaksh samanata ka adhikar deta hai. yah jati, dharm, nash‍l, ling ya janh‍m ke adhar par bhedabhav ka nishedh karata hai aur ash‍prishh‍yata ko samaph‍t karata hai. bharat sath‍y aur ahinsa ki manh‍yataon ka palan karata hai, kh‍yonki desh ki lokatantrik vh‍yavash‍tha sh‍varaj ki vicharadhara ka pratinidhith‍v karati hai. mahatma gandhi ne satyagrah ko in logon ki paristhitiyon men sudhar lane aur inh‍hen samajik nh‍yay dilane ke sadhan ke roop men ish‍temal kiya, jaise- sarvabhaumik shiksha, mahilaon ke adhikar, samudayik sauhard, nirdhanata ka unh‍moolan, khadi ko proth‍sahan dena adi. gandhiji ne sat samajik buraiyan ginaee thin, jo nimnalikhit hain-

  1. siddhanton ke bina rajaniti
  2. parishram ke bina snpatti
  3. ath‍m chetana ki bina annd
  4. charitr ke bina gyan
  5. naitikata ke bina vh‍yapar
  6. manavata ke bina vigyan
  7. balidan ke bina pooja

inhen bhi dekhen: satyagrah andolan

gandhiji ko shraddhanjali

'mahath‍ma' ke shabh‍d ko snskrit shabh‍don se banaya gaya hai- 'maha' ka arth hai 'bada' aur 'ath‍m' ka arth hai 'ath‍ma'. mahatma gandhi ko ravindranath taigor ne 'mahath‍ma' ki upadhi di thi. unh‍honne mahath‍vapoorn netaon aur rajanitik andolanon ko prabhavit kiya tha.[2] gandhiji ko kee mahapurushon ne is prakar shraddhanjali di thi-

  • "mahath‍ma gandhi ae aur bharat ke lakhon vnchit parivaron ke sath khade ho ge" - ravindranath taigor
  • "roshani ki ek matr kiran, ve in andhere dinon men hamari sahayata ke lie prakash ki ek matr kiran the" - khan abdul gaffar khan
  • "ane vali pidhiyan is bat par shayad hi yakin karengi ki had-mans ka bana hua koee aisa vh‍yakti kisi samay is prithvi par aya tha" - elh‍bart ainsh‍tain
  • "anh‍y adhikansh logon ke saman mainne bhi gandhi ko suna hai, paranh‍tu mainne kabhi gnbhiratapoorvak unaka adhh‍yayan nahin kiya. jab mainne unh‍hen padha to main ahinsa ke pratirodh par adharit unake abhiyanon ko dekhakar chakit rah gaya... sath‍yagrah ki snpoorn snkalh‍pana mere lie ath‍ynt mahath‍vapoorn thi." - daau. marten loothar king, jooniyar
  • "main aur anh‍y krantikari mahatma gandhi ke prath‍yaksh ya aprath‍yaksh shishh‍y hain, n isase kam n isase adhik" - ho chi mihn
  • "gandhiji ke prabhav? ap himalay ke kuchh prabhavon ke bare men poochh sakate hain" - barnard shaau
  • "mahath‍ma gandhi ko itihas men mahatma buddh aur eesa masih ka darja praph‍t hoga" - arl mauntabetan

vishuddh manav

yadi kisi 'vishuddh manav' jo sab naisargik manaviy gunon se paripoorn ho, isaki moort kalpana karani ho to 'ram', 'krishn', 'buddh' ke avatar ke bad gandhiji ka vyaktitv ubharakar ata hai. gandhiji se badhakar manav poojak dikhalaee dena asan nahin hai. ve sadaiv manav adhikaron aur kartavyon ke prati samarpit sabhi snsthaon aur vyaktiyon ke adarsh ke roop men dekhe jaenge. gandhi vicharon ke prasiddh mimansak achary dada dharmadhikari ne gandhiji ke manavabhimukhi vicharon aur acharanon ka gaurav karate hue unake vyaktitv ko 'manavata ka manadnd' visheshan diya hai. unake vyaktitv ka gaurav ve in shabdon men karate hain- "gandhi vichar aur achar pranali atynt udatt, shastr shuddh aur vastunishth hai. duniya men sab jagah jativad aur snpradayavad ka bolabala ho, charon taraph talavar aur shastrastron ki bhasha sunaee de rahi ho, manav, manav ka bairi banane men hi apane jivan ko sarthak man raha ho, aise men jo mahamanav uchch svar men, 'mujhe meri ahinsa ki sharm mahasoos nahin hoti'- aisa namr atm pratyay ke sath kahata ho, manav-droh ke vishaile jhnjhavat men jisaki manav nishtha bujhane ke badale aur adhik prajvalit hoti ho, usaka charitr aur charitry, usaka tatvgyan aur niti, sagar ke saman vyapak hai."[3]

inhen bhi dekhen: mahatma gandhi, gandhi yug evn bharatiy rashtriy andolan


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. gandhi jaynti antararashtriy ahinsa divas (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 01 sitambar, 2013.
  2. antararashtriy ahinsa divas ke avasar par gandhiji ko shraddhanjali (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 01 sitambar, 2013.
  3. manav adhikar ke sachche pravartak (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 01 sitambar, 2013.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah