विश्व रक्तदान दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vishv raktadan divas
vishv raktadan divas pratik chihn
vivaran vishv svasthy sngathan dvara har sal 14 joon ko 'vishv raktadan divas' manaya jata hai.
tithi 14 joon
uddeshy rakt ki zaroorat padane par usake lie paise dene ki zaroorat nahin padani chahie, par ab tak lagabhag 49 deshon ne hi is par amal kiya hai.
shuruat sanh 1997
any janakari raktadan ke sambandh men chikitsa vigyan kahata hai, koee bhi svasthy vyakti jisaki umr 16 se 60 sal ke bich ho, jo 45 kilogram se adhik vajan ka ho aur jise jo echaeevi, hepatitis bi ya hepatitis si jaisi bimari n huee ho, vah raktadan kar sakata hai.

vishv raktadan divas (angrezi: World Blood Donor Day) 14 joon ko ghoshit kiya gaya hai. vishv svasthy sngathan dvara har sal 14 joon ko 'raktadan divas' manaya jata hai. varsh 1997 men vishv svasthy sngathan ne 100 phisadi svaichchhik raktadan niti ki ninv dali hai. varsh 1997 men sngathan ne yah lakshy rakha tha ki vishv ke pramukh 124 desh apane yahan svaichchhik raktadan ko hi badhava den. uddeshy yah tha ki rakt ki zaroorat padane par usake lie paise dene ki zaroorat nahin padani chahie, par ab tak lagabhag 49 deshon ne hi is par amal kiya hai. tnjaniya jaise desh men 80 pratishat raktadata paise nahin lete, kee deshon jinamen bharat bhi shamil hai, raktadata paise leta hai. brajil men to yah qanoon hai ki ap raktadan ke pashchath kisi bhi prakar ki sahayata nahin le sakate. aaustreliya ke sath sath kuchh any desh bhi hain jahan par raktadata paise bilakul bhi nahin lete.

14 joon hi kyon ?

bahut kam log janate hain ki vishv svasthy sngathan ne raktadan ko badhava dene ke lie 14 joon ko hi vishv raktadata divas ke taur par kyon chuna ! darasal karl lendastainar (janm- 14 joon 1868 - mrityu- 26 joon 1943) namak apane samay ke vikhyat aaustriyaee jivavigyani aur bhautikivid ki yad men unake janmadin ke avasar par din tay kiya gaya hai. varsh 1930 men sharir vigyan men nobel puraskar se sammanit uparokt manishi ko yah shrey jata hai ki unhonne rakt men aggulyutinin ki maujoodagi ke adhar par rakt ka alag alag rakt samoohon - e, bi, o men vargikaran kar chikitsa vigyan men aham yogadan diya.[1]

bharat men raktadan ki sthiti

vishv svasthy sngathan ke manak ke tahat bharat men salana ek karod yoonit rakt ki zaroorat hai lekin upalabdh 75 lakh yoonit hi ho pata hai. yani qarib 25 lakh yoonit rakt ke abhav men har sal sainkadon mariz dam tod dete hain. rajadhani dilli men ankadon ke mutabik yahan har sal 350 lakh rakt yoonit ki avashyakata rahati hai, lekin svaichchhik raktadataon se isaka mahaj 30 phisadi hi jut pata hai. jo hal dilli ka hai vahi shesh bharat ka hai. yah akaran nahin ki bharat ki abadi bhale hi sava arab pahunch gayi ho, raktadataon ka ankada kul abadi ka ek pratishat bhi nahin pahunch paya hai. visheshgyon ke anusar bharat men kul raktadan ka keval 59 phisadi raktadan svechchhik hota hai. jabaki rajadhani dilli men to svaichchhik raktadan keval 32 phisadi hai. dilli men 53 blad baink hain par phir bhi ek lakh yoonit rakt ki kami hai. vahin duniya ke kee sare desh hain jo is mamale men bharat ko kafi pichha chhod dete hain. maloom ho hal men rajashahi ke jokhad se mukt hokar ganatntr bane nepal men kul rakt ki zaroorat ka 90 phisadi svaichchhik raktadan se poora hota hai to shrilnka men 60 phisadi, thaeelend men 95 phisadi, indoneshiya men 77 phisadi aur apani nirnkush hukoomat ke lie charchit barma men 60 phisadi hissa raktadan se poora hota hai.[2]

raktadan ko lekar vibhinn bhrantiyan

rakt ki mahima sabhi janate hain. rakt se apaki zindagi to chalati hi hai sath hi kitane any ke jivan ko bhi bachaya ja sakata hai. duniya ke is sabase bade lokatntr bharat men abhi bhi bahut se log yah samajhate hain ki raktadan se sharir kamazor ho jata hai aur us rakt ki bharapaee hone men mahinon lag jate hain. itana hi nahin yah galataphahami bhi vyapt hai ki niyamit rakt dene se logon ki rogapratikarak kshamata kam hoti hai aur use bimariyan jaldi jakad leti hain. yahan bhram is qadar phaila hua hai ki log raktadan ka nam sunakar hi sihar uthate hain. bhala bataie kya isase paryapt matra men rakt ki upalabdhata sunishchit ki ja sakati hai? vishv raktadan divas samaj men raktadan ko lekar vyapt bhranti ko door karane ka aur raktadan ko protsahit karane ka kam karata hai. bharatiy redakras ke rashtriy mukhyalay ke blad baink ki nideshak daau. vanashri sinh ke anusar desh men raktadan ko lekar bhrantiyan kam huee hain par ab bhi kafi kuchh kiya jana baki hai.

raktadan ke sambandh men chikitsa vigyan

raktadan jivanadan
  • amajan ko yah pata hona chahie ki manushy ke sharir men rakt banane ki prakriya hamesha chalati rahati hai aur raktadan se koee bhi nukasan nahin hota balki yah to bahut hi kalyanakari kary hai jise jab bhi avasar mile snpann karana hi chahie.
  • raktadan ke sambandh men chikitsa vigyan kahata hai, koee bhi svasthy vyakti jisaki umr 16 se 60 sal ke bich ho, jo 45 kilogram se adhik vajan ka ho aur jise jo echaeevi, hepatitis bi ya hepatitis si jaisi bimari n huee ho, vah raktadan kar sakata hai.
  • ek bar men jo 350 miligram rakt diya jata hai, usaki poorti sharir men chaubis ghante ke andar ho jati hai aur gunavatta ki poorti 21 dinon ke bhitar ho jati hai. doosare, jo vyakti niyamit raktadan karate hain unhen hriday sambandhi bimariyan kam pareshan karati hain.
  • rakt ki snrachana aisi hai ki usamen samahit lal rakt koshikaen tin mah men (120 din) svayn hi mar jate hain, lihaza pratyek svasthy vyakti tin mah men ek bar raktadan kar sakata hai. janakaron ke mutabik adha litar rakt tin logon ki jan bacha sakata hai.
  • chikitsakon ke mutabik rakt ka lambe samay tak bhandaran nahin kiya ja sakata hai.

peshevar raktadanakarta

aj blad bainkon men kee peshevar raktadata jab-tab rakt bechate hain. tamam sharabi, dragist apani lat ki bhookh mitane ke lie thode se paise ki khatir kee-kee bar rakt bechate hain. inamen se adhikansh gnbhir rogon se bhi grast hote hai. ab aisa rakt kisi ko chadha diya jae to svabhavik hai ki vah bachane ki bajay bemaut mara jaega. lekin hota aisa hi hai. aj bhi dilli, munbee sahit kee bade shaharon men aise raktadata mil jaenge jo ki chnd rupayon ke lie apana rakt bech dete hain. inamen se adhikansh ka rakt dooshit hota hai ya unhonne do char din ke bhitar hi rakt diya rahata hai. zaroorat padane par vyakti inase rakt to le leta hai, parntu bad men use isake parinam bhugatane padate hain.

raktadanakarta

vaise raktadan ko lekar vibhinn galataphahamiyon ka shikar logon ke lie suresh kamadas, jinaki umr philavaqt 75 sal hai, ek jita jagata javab hain. 1962 se shuroo karake varsh 2000 tak vah 150 bar raktadan kar chuke hain. yah akaran nahin ki varsh 2012 ke joon mah men vishv raktadan divas (14 joon) par ve un ginechune logon men shamil the, jinhen sammanit kiya gaya. vaise ab choonki daktaron ne khud unhen rakt dene se mana kiya hai, unhonne apane star par ek alag kism ki prachar muhim hath men li hai, logon ko raktadan ke lie prerit karane ki.

raktadan karate raktadanakarta, ramatek

vaise suresh kamadas jaise log akele nahin hain jinhonne raktadan ke prachar ka bida uthaya hai. ramapura phul ek chhotasa qasba hai jo vahan ki mandi ke lie mashahoor hai. lekin bahut kam log janate hain ki pnjab ke bhatinda shahar ke is kasbe men aj se lagabhag tis sal pahale ek alag kism ke sngathit prayas ki ninv padi, jisaka prabhav n keval samooche zile men balki asapas ki any mandiyon men bhi pahuncha hai. aur isaka talluk kisi len-den se nahin hai balki ek alag kism ke dan se hai, jisake bare men shesh hindostan ke log bahut utsahit nahin rahate hain. darasal am hindostani bhale hi raktadan karane se hichakate hon, lekin bhatinda men aj das hazar se adhik svaichchhik raktadanakarta hain jo niyamit taur par raktadan karate hain. raktadan ke lie logon ke is badhate utsah ka hi parinam hai am taur par apani kshamata se kam rakt sngrahit kar sakane vale blad bainkon ki deshabhar ki sthiti ke viparit yahan ke blad bainkon ko apane yahan ekatrit rakt ko asapas ke shaharon - pharidakot, patiyala ke medikal kaaulejon men bhejana padata hai.

taeems aauf indiya men prakashit ek riport batati hai ki raktadan ke bare men vyapt tamam mithakon ke tootane ke bad logon men ise lekar itana utsah ka vatavaran rahata hai ki log shadi ke mandap ke bahar raktadan shivir rakhate hain ya kisi shraddhanjali sabha ke sthan par raktadan shivir ka ayojan karate hain. raktadan ko abhiyan ke taur par lene ke ramapur phul ke is prayas ki shuruat am bhasha men sadharan kahe jane vale vyakti ne ki thi, jinaka nam tha hazarilal bnsal. bataya jata hai ki unaki beti kisi gambhir bimari se pidit thi aur rakt ki achanak zaroorat padi. antat: rakt ka intazam kisi tarah hua aur beti bach bhi gayi, lekin is chhoti si ghatana ne hazarilal ke jivan ko ek naya makasad pradan kiya aur vah raktadan ki mahatta logo ko batane ke kam men jute aur log bhi judate ge. ant men, kya ane vale 14 joon ko ap raktadan ko lekar unhin mithakon ke gulam bane rahenge ya bagal blad baink men jakar daktar se kahenge ki main ab taiyar hoon is mahadan ke lie.

sonipat hariyana ke gabaruddin 163 bar rakt de chuke hain. unhonne bataya ki unake jivan ka dhyey rakt dekar logon ki sahayata karana hai. redakras men rakt dene ae dilli ke sarasvati vihar ke pnkaj sharma pichhale kee salon se svechchha se yah kam karate a rahe hai. unaka kahana hai ki logon ko raktadan ki mahatta samajhani hogi. yah mahadan hai.

raktadan ke lie jagarookata

vishv raktadan divas par raktadan karate raktadanakarta

sabhyata ke vikas ki daud men manushy bhale hi kitana age nikal jae, par zaroorat padane par aj bhi ek manushy doosare ko apana rakt dene men hichakichata hai. raktadan ke prati jagarookata lane ki tamam koshishon ke bavajood manushy ko manushy ka rakt kharidana hi padata hai. isase badi vidnbana aur kya ho sakati hai ki kee durghatanaon men rakt ki samay par apoorti n hone ke karan log asamay maut ke munh men chale jate hain. raktadan ke prati jagarookata jis star par laee jana chahie thi, us star par n to koshish huee aur n log jagarook hue. bharat ki bat ki jae to ab tak desh men ek bhi kendriyakrit rakt baink ki sthapana nahin ho saki hai jisake madhyam se poore desh men kahin par bhi rakt ki zaroorat ko poora kiya ja sake. teknolaauji men hue vikas ke bad niji taur par vebasaits ke madhyam se blad baink v svaichchhik raktadataon ki soochi ko banane ka kary arnbh hua. isamen thodi-bahut saphalata bhi mili, lekin sntoshajanak halat abhi nahin bane.

daau. vanashri kahati hain ki redakras men 85 phisadi raktadan svaichchhik hota hai aur ise 95 phisadi tak karane ki karyayojana hai. sarakar aur vibhinn sngathanon ko blad kainp aur mobail kainp laga kar logon ko raktadan ke lie prerit karana chahie. logon ko batana hoga ki raktadan ka koee bhi dushprabhav nahin balki yah apako logon ki jan bachane vala suparahiro banata hai. jagaruk logon ko is disha men sochana hoga ki kaise desh ki adhikansh abadi ko raktadan ki mahima samajhaee jae taki ve vakt-halat ko samajh saken aur jab bhi zaroorat ho is paropakari krity se pichhe na haten.

eds ke bad jagarookata -- assi ke dashak ke bad raktadan karate samay kafi savadhani barati jane lagi hai. raktadata bhi khud yah janakari leta hai ki kya raktadan ke dauran sahi tarike ke chikitsakiy upakaran prayog kie ja rahe hain. vaise eds ke karan jahan jagarookata badhi, vahin am raktadata ke man men bhay bhi baitha hai. isase bhi raktadan ke prati utsah men kami aee. isaka fayada kee aise logon ne uthaya jinaka kam hi rakt bechana hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
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madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 14 joon : vishv raktadan divas... (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) humsamvet.org.in. abhigaman tithi: 14 joon, 2011.
  2. raktadan ki mahatta samajhani hogi (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) baaljagat.blogspot.com. abhigaman tithi: 14 joon, 2011.

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