महिला समानता दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

mahila samanata divas
mahila samanata divas
vivaran 'mahila samanata divas' pratyek varsh '26 agast ko manaya jata hai. nyoojilaind pahala desh hai, jisane 1893 men mahila samanata ki shuruat ki thi.
tithi 26 agast
shuruat 1971
snbndhit lekh antararashtriy mahila divas, matri divas
any janakari mahilaon ko samanata ka darja dilane ke lie lagatar sngharsh karane vali ek mahila vakil bella abzug ke prayas se 1971 se 26 agast ko 'mahila samanata divas' ke roop men manaya jane laga.

mahila samanata divas (angrezi: Women's Equality Day, pratyek varsh '26 agast' ko manaya jata hai. nyoojilaind vishv ka pahala desh hai, jisane 1893 men mahila samanata ki shuruat ki. bharat men azadi ke bad se hi mahilaon ko vot dene ka adhikar prapt to tha, lekin pnchayaton tatha nagar nikayon men chunav ladane ka qanooni adhikar 73ve snvidhan snshodhan ke madhyam se svargiy pradhanamntri rajiv gandhi ke prayas se mila. isi ka parinam hai ki aj bharat ki pnchayaton men mahilaon ki 50 pratishat se adhik bhagidari hai.

26 agast hi kyon

nyoojilaind duniya ka pahala desh hai, jisane 1893 men 'mahila samanata' ki shuruvat ki. amarika men '26 agast', 1920 ko 19ven snvidhan snshodhan ke madhyam se pahali bar mahilaon ko matadan ka adhikar mila. isake pahale vahan mahilaon ko dvitiy shreni nagarik ka darja prapt tha. mahilaon ko samanata ka darja dilane ke lie lagatar sngharsh karane vali ek mahila vakil bella abzug[1] ke prayas se 1971 se 26 agast ko 'mahila samanata divas' ke roop men manaya jane laga.

bharat men mahilaon ki sthiti

bharat ne mahilaon ko azadi ke bad se hi matadan ka adhikar purushon ke barabar diya, parantu yadi vastavik samanata ki bat karen to bharat men azadi ke itane varsh bit jane ke bad bhi mahilaon ki sthiti gaur karane ke layak hai. yahan ve sabhi mahilaen nazar ati hain, jo sabhi prakar ke bhedabhav ke bavajood pratyek kshetr men ek mukam hasil kar chuki hain aur sabhi un par garv bhi mahasoos karate hain. parantu is katar men un sabhi mahilaon ko bhi shamil karane ki zaroorat hai, jo har din apane ghar men aur samaj men mahila hone ke karan asamanata ko jhelane ke lie vivash hai. chahe vah ghar men beti, patni, man ya bahan hone ke nate ho ya samaj men ek ladaki hone ke nate ho. aye din samachar patron men ladakiyon ke sath hone vali chhedachhad aur balatkar jaisi khabaron ko padha ja sakata hai, parantu in sabhi ke bich ve mahilaen jo apane hi ghar men sirph isilie pratadit ho rahi hain, kyonki vah ek aurat hai.

desh men pradhanamntri ke pad par indira gandhi aur rashtrapati ke pad par pratibha devi sinh patil rah chuki hain. dilli ki satta par kangres ki shila dikshit, tamilanadu men annadramuk adhyaksh jayalalita, pashchim bngal men trinamool kangres ki adhyaksh mamata banarji aur 'bahujan samaj parti' ki adhyaksh mayavati ne achchha nam arjit kiya hai. kangres adhyaksh soniya gandhi ko to vishv ki takatavar mahilaon men shumar kiya hi ja chuka hai. yadi desh ki snsad men dekhen to sushama svaraj aur mira kumar bhi bharatiy rajaniti men prasiddh hain. kaauraporet sektar, bainking sektar jaise kshetron men indira nooee aur chnda kochar jaisi mahilaon ne bhi apana loha manavaya hai.[2]

in kuchh upalabdhiyon ke bad bhi dekhen to aj bhi mahilaon ki kamayabi adhi-adhoori samanata ke karan kam hi hai. har sal 26 agast ko 'mahila samanata divas' to manaya jata hai, lekin doosari or mahilaon ke sath doyam darje ka vyavahar aj bhi jari hai. har kshetr men mahilaon ki bhagidari aur pratishat kam hai.

mahila saksharata

saksharata dar men mahilaen aj bhi purushon se pichhe hain. varsh 2011 ki janaganana ke anusar mahilaon ki saksharata dar men 12 pratishat ki vriddhi zaroor huee hai, lekin keral men jahan mahila saksharata dar 92 pratishat hai, vahin bihar men mahila saksharata dar abhi bhi 53.3 pratishat hai.

'dilli mahila ayog' ki sadasy roopindar kaur kahati hain ki "badalav to ab kafi dikh raha hai. pahale jahan mahilaen gharon se nahin nikalati thin, vahin ab ve apane hak ki bat kar rahi hain. unhen apane adhikar pata hain aur isake lie ve ladaee bhi lad rahi hain." dilli vishvavidyalay ke 'daulat ram kaaulej' men sahayak prophesar daau. madhuresh pathak mishr kahati hain ki "kaaulejon men ladakiyon ki snkhya dekhakar lagata hai ki ab unhen adhikar mil rahe hain. lekin ek shikshika ke taur par jab mainne ladakiyon men khasakar chhote shahar ki ladakiyon men sirph vivah ke lie hi padhaee karane ki pravritti dekhi to yah mere lie kafi chaunkane vala raha. aj bhi samaj ki manasikata poori tarah nahi badali nahin hai. kafi had tak isake lie ladakiyan bhi jimmedar hain."[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. Bella Abzug
  2. 2.0 2.1 mahila samanata divas (hindi) vebaduniya. abhigaman tithi: 22 julaee, 2015.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

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