विश्व विवाह दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vishv vivah divas
vishv vivah divas
vivaran 'vishv vivah divas' pati-patni ke apasi snbndhon ko nayi tajagi evn sudridhata pradan karane ke lie poore vishv men manaya jata hai.
tithi faravari mah ka doosara ravivar
uddeshy is din dampaty jivan men pyar, pranay evn sauhard bharane ka pranavan snkalp liya jata hai. yah divas snskar aur snskriti ka snvahak hai.
snbndhit lekh vivah, saptapadi, hindoo vivah men sat phere aur sat vachan, hindoo vivah
any janakari bharat ka vivah adarsh isaliye mana gaya hai, kyonki yahan vivah prakash ka doosara nam hai. samasyaon se mukti evn andheron men ujalon ke liye vivah ke bndhan men bndhakar jivan ko roshan kiya jata hai. yahi vivah ki sarthak yatra ka saransh hai.

vishv vivah divas (angrezi: World Marriage Day) pratyek varsh faravari mah ke doosare ravivar ko manaya jata hai. yah divas vivah snskar ke snkshipt snskaran ke roop men manaya jata hai. vivah do mahila-purush ke kanooni, samajik aur dharmik roop se ek sath rahane ko manyata pradan karata hai. vivah manav-samaj ki atynt mahatvapoorn pratha evn samajashastriy snstha hai. yah samaj ka nirman karane vali sabase chhoti ikaee, parivar ka mool hai. desh aur duniya men vivah ka prachalan sarvatr vibhinn shaklon men dekhane ko milata hai, isaki parampara ati prachin hai, hamari jivan shaili ka abhinn ang hai. yahi karan hai ki sampoorn vishv men faravari ke doosare ravivar ko 'vishv vivah divas' ke roop men manaya jata hai aur pati-patni ke apasi snbndhon ko nayi tajagi evn sudridhata dene ka prayas kiya jata hai.[1]

snskar aur snskriti ka snvahak

pati-patni ke rishton men ras bhara rahe, isake liye faravari mah ke doosare ravivar ko vishv vivah divas manaya jata hai aur usamen pyar, pranay evn sauhard bharane ka pranavan snkalp liya jata hai. pati-patni ki jindagi jab sari khushiyan svayn men sametakar prastuti ka bahana mangati hai, tab vivah divas jaisa avasar upasthit hota hai. yah divas snskar aur snskriti ka snvahak hai. vaivahik rishton ka snbodh parv hai. manaviy man ka vyakhya-sootr hai. bahari aur bhitari chetana ka snvad hai. yah divas disha aur darshan lene ka avasar hai. snkalp se bhagy aur purusharth ka rachane ka avasar hai. vivah parivararoopi snstha ka adhar hai. prachin evn madhy kal ke dharmashastri tatha vartaman yug ke samajashastri, samaj dvara anumodit, parivar ki sthapana karane vali kisi bhi paddhati ko vivah manate hain.

vivah ka arth

'vivah' shabd ka prayog mukhy roop se do arthon men hota hai-

  • pahala arth vah kriya, snskar, vidhi ya paddhati hai, jisase pati-patni ke sthayi-snbndh ka nirman hota hai. raghunndan ke matanusar us vidhi ko vivah kahate hain, jisase koee stri kisi ki patni banati hai. vaistaramark ne ise ek ya adhik purushon ka ek ya adhik striyon ke sath aisa snbndh bataya hai, jo is snbndh ko karane vale donon pakshon ko tatha unaki sntan ko kuchh adhikar evn kartavy pradan karata hai. manusmriti ke anusar vivah ek nishchit paddhati se kiya jane vala, anek vidhiyon se snpann hone vala tatha kanya ko patni banane vala snskar hai.
  • vivah ka doosara arth samaj men prachalit evn svikrit vidhiyon dvara sthapit kiya jane vala danpaty snbndh aur parivarik jivan bhi hota hai. is snbndh se pati-patni ko anek prakar ke adhikar aur kartavy prapt hote hain. isase jahan ek or samaj pati-patni ko kamasukh ke upabhog ka adhikar deta hai, vahan doosari or pati ko patni tatha sntan ke palan evn bharan-poshan ke lie badhy karata hai. bharat ki snskriti men vivah ko 'panigrahan' ki sngya di gee hai.[1]

vivah snskar ki manasikata

vivah snskar ke pichhe manasikata yah thi ki jisaka hath ek bar pakad liya, usaka sath ajivan nahin chhodana. duniya ke liye bharat ka vivah adarsh isaliye mana gaya hai, kyonki yahan vivah prakash ka doosara nam hai. samasyaon se mukti evn andheron men ujalon ke liye vivah ke bndhan men bndhakar jivan ko roshan kiya jata hai. yahi vivah ki sarthak yatra ka saransh hai. hamare yahan dampaty ka sukh milakar bhoga jata hai to usamen ane vali pareshaniyon ko bhi milakar hi nipataya jata hai. sathi se pyar karate hain, to usake kam se bhi pyar kiya jata hai. manav-samaj men vivah ki snstha ke pradurbhav ke bare men anek tarah ki baten prachalit hain. manav samaj ki adim avastha men vivah ka koee bndhan nahin tha, sab nar-nariyon ko yathechchhit kamasukh ka adhikar tha. mahabharat men pandu ne apani patni kunti ko niyog ke lie prerit karate hue kaha tha ki purane jamane men vivah ki koee pratha n thi, stri purushon ko yaun snbndh karane ki poori svatntrata thi. kaha jata hai, bharat men shvetaketu ne sarvapratham vivah ki maryada sthapit ki. chin, misr aur yoonan ke prachin sahity men bhi kuchh aise ullekh milate hain.

nar-nari ki anek akankshaen vivah evn sntan-prapti dvara poorn hoti hain. unhen yah sntosh hota hai ki unake n rahane par bhi sntan unaka nam aur kul ki parnpara akshunn rakhegi, unaki snpatti ki uttaradhikarini banegi tatha vriddhavastha men unake jivan ka sahara banegi. hindoo samaj men vaidik yug se yah vishvas prachalit hai ki patni pati ka adha ansh hai, pati tab tak adhoora rahata hai, jab tak vah patni prapt karake sntan nahin utpann kar leta.

naya ullas naya arambh

pati-patni ko naye varsh men naye ullas evn naye anand se paripoorn jivan banane-bitane ki nee prerana ke sath apana naya karyakram banana chahie. ab tak vaivahik jivan ast-vyast raha ho, to raha ho; par ab agale varsh ke lie yah prerana leni chahie, aisi yojana banani chahie ki vah adhikadhik utkrisht evn anandadayak ho. us din ko adhik manornjak banane ke lie chhutti ke din ke roop men manornjak karyakram ke sath bitane ki vyavastha ban sake, to vaisa bhi karana chahie. keval karmakand ki drishti se hi nahin, bhavana-ullas aur utsah ki drishti se bhi vivah din ki abhivyaktiyon ko navinikaran ke roop men mana saken, aisa prabandh karana chahie. yah tathy dhyan men rakhana chahie ki grihasth ek prakar ka prajatantr hai, jisamen tanashahi ki gunjaish nahin, donon ko ek-doosare ko samajhana, sahana aur nibahana hoga. do manushy alag-alag prakriti ke hi hote aur rahate hain, unaka poornataya ek men ghul-mil jana sambhav nahin. jinamen adhik samnjasy aur kam matabhed dikhaee padata ho, samajhana chahie ki ve sadgrihasth hain. matabhed aur prakriti bhed ka poornataya mit sakana to kathin hai. samany sthiti men kuchh n kuchh vibhed bana hi rahata hai, ise jo log shanti aur sahishnuta ke sath sahan kar lete hain, ve samanvayavadi vyakti hi grihasth ka anand le pate hain.[2]

bhoolana nahin chahie ki har vyakti apana man chahata hai. doosare ka tiraskar kar use sudharane ki asha nahin ki ja sakati. apaman se chidha hua vyakti bhitar hi bhitar kshubdh rahata hai. usaki shaktiyan rachanatmak disha men nahin, vighatanatmak disha men lagati hain. pati ya patni men se koee bhi grih vyavastha ke bare men upeksha dikhane lage, to usaka parinam arthik evn bhavanatmak kshetron men vighatanatmak hi hota hai. donon ke bich yah samajhauta rahana chahie ki yadi kisi karanavash ek ko krodh a jae, to doosara tab tak chup rahega, jab tak ki doosare ka krodh shant n ho jae. donon pakshon ka krodhapoorvak uttar-pratyuttar anishtakar parinam hi prastut karata hai. in tathyon ko donon hi dhyan men rakhana chahie.

pratigya dharan karana

jis prakar janmadin ke avasar par koee buraee chhodane aur achchhaee apanane ke sambandh men pratigyaen ki jati hain, usi tarah vivah divas ke upalaksh men pativrat aur patnivrat ko paripusht karane vale chhote-chhote niyamon ko palan karane ki kam se kam ek-ek pratigya is avasar par leni chahie. paraspar 'ap ya tum' shabd ka upayog karana 'too' ka ashisht evn laghuta prakat karane vala sambodhan n karana jaisi pratigya to asani se li ja sakati hai. pati dvara is prakar ki pratigyaen li ja sakati hain, jaise[2]-

  1. katuvachan ya gali adi ka prayog n karana.
  2. koee dosh ya bhool ho, to use ekant men hi batana-samajhana, bahar ke logon ke samane usaki tanik bhi charcha n karana.
  3. yuvati-striyon ke sath akele men bat n karana.
  4. patni par santanotpadan ka kam se kam bhar ladana.
  5. use padhane ke lie kuchh niyamit vyavastha banana.
  6. kharch ka bajat patni ki salah se banana aur paise par usaka prabhutv rakhana.
  7. grih vyavastha men patni ka hath bntana.
  8. usake sadgunon ki samay samay par prashnsa karana.
  9. bachchon ki dekhabhal, saj-snbhal, shiksha-diksha par samuchit dhyan dekar patni ka kam saral karana.
  10. parda ka pratibandh n lagakar use anubhavi-svavalambi hone ki disha men badhane dena.
  11. patni ki avashyakataon, suvidhaon par samuchit dhyan dena adi.
vishv vivah divas


patni dvara bhi isi prakar ki pratigyaen ki ja sakati hain, jaise-

  1. chhoti-chhoti baton par kudhane, jhallane ya roothane ki adat chhodana.
  2. bachchon se katu shabd kahana, gali dena ya marana-pitana band karana.
  3. sas, nanad, jithani adi badon ko katu shabdon men uttar n dena.
  4. hnsate-muskarate rahane aur sahan kar lene ki adat dalana, parishram se ji n churana, alasy chhodana.
  5. sabun, suee, buhari in tinon ko door n jane dena, saphaeeaur marammat ki or poora dhyan rakhana.
  6. uchchhrinkhal phaishan banane men paisa ya samay tanik bhi kharch n karana.
  7. pati se chhipa kar koee kam n karana.
  8. apani shiksha-yogyata badhane ke lie nity kuchh samay nikalana.
  9. pati ko samaj seva evn lokahit ke karyon men bhag lene se rokana nahin, varanh protsahit karana.
  10. svasthy ke niyamon ka palan karane men upeksha n baratana.
  11. ghar men pooja ka vatavaran banaye rakhana, bhagavanh ki pooja, arati aur bhog ka nity kram rakhana.
  12. parda ke bekar bandhan ki upeksha karana.
  13. pati, sas adi ke nity charan sparsh karana. adi- adi.


har dampaty jivan ki apani-apani samasyaen hoti hain. apani kamajoriyon, bhoolon, durbalataon aur avashyakataon ko ve svayn adhik achchhi tarah samajhate hain, isalie unhen svayn hi yah sochana chahie ki kin buraiyon-kamiyon ko unhen door karana hai aur kin achchhaiyon ko abhyas men lana hai. upasthit logon ke samane apane snkalp ki ghoshana bhi karani chahie; taki unhen usake palane men lok-laj ka dhyan rahe, sath hi jo upasthit hain, unhen bhi vaisi pratigyaen karane ke lie protsahan mile.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 vishv vivah divas (hindi) dainiklokmat.in. abhigaman tithi: 13 faravari, 2018.
  2. 2.0 2.1 vivah divas snskar (hindi) literature.awgp.org. abhigaman tithi: 13 faravari, 2018.

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