विश्व मानसिक स्वास्थ्य दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vishv manasik svasthy divas
vishv manasik svasthy divas
vivaran 'vishv manasik svasthy divas' poore vishv men manasik svasthy ke muddon par jagarookata paida karane ke lie prativarsh manaya jata hai. is varsh is divas ka vishay "karyasthal men manasik svasthy" rakha gaya hai.
uddeshy duniya bhar men logon ko manasik bimari ke prati jagarook karana aur janahit ko dhyan men rakhate hue sarakar ko svasthy nitiyon ke nirman ke lie prerit karana.
shuruat 1982
tithi 10 aktoobar
snbndhit lekh vishv svasthy divas
any janakari vishv svasthy sngathan ke anusar manasik vikaron se pidit vyaktiyon ki anumanit snkhya 450 miliyan hai. bharat men lagabhag 1.5 miliyan vyakti, jinamen bachche evn kishor bhi shamil hai, gnbhir manasik svasthy samasyaon se prabhavit hain.
adyatan‎

vishv manasik svasthy divas (angrezi: World Mental Health Day) poore vishv men manasik svasthy ke muddon par jagarookata paida karane ke lie prativarsh 10 aktoobar ko manaya jata hai. is varsh vishv manasik svasthy divas ka vishay "karyasthal men manasik svasthy" rakha gaya hai. isake anusar manovaigyanik prathamik chikitsa men samajik evn manovaigyanik donon sahayogon ko shamil kiya gaya hai. jaise ki samany svasthy dekhabhal kabhi bhi akele sharirik prathamik upachar ke nahin hoti hai, vaise hi manasik svasthy dekhabhal pranali akele manovaigyanik prathamik upachar ke nahin hoti hai. nissndeh, manovaigyanik prathamik chikitsa ke kshetr men nivesh lnbi avadhi ke prayas ka hissa hai jo ki yah sunishchit karata hai ki snkat ke karan koee bhi gnbhir samasya se pidit vyakti buniyadi sahayog prapt karane men saksham hoga tatha jin logon ko manovaigyanik prathamik chikitsa se zyada sevaon ki avashyakata hogi, unhen atirikt unnat sahayog svasthy, manasik svasthy evn samajik sevaon se prapt hoga.[1]

kya hai manasik bimari

manasik svasthy vikar vishv bhar men hone vali samany bimariyon men se ek hai. vishv svasthy sngathan ke anusar manasik vikaron se pidit vyaktiyon ki anumanit snkhya 450 miliyan hai. bharat men lagabhag 1.5 miliyan vyakti jinamen bachche evn kishor bhi shamil hai, gnbhir manasik svasthy samasyaon se prabhavit hain. manasik bimari vyakti ke mahasoos, sochane evn kam karane ke tarike ko prabhavit karati hai. yah rog vyakti ke manoyog, svabhav, dhyan aur snyojan evn batachit karane ki kshamata men samasya paida karata hai. antatah vyakti asamany vyavahar ka shikar ho jata hai. use dainik jivan ke karyakalapon ke lie bhi sngharsh karana padata hain, jisake karan yah gnbhir samasya svasthy chinta ka vishay ban gayi hai. isalie bharat sarakar ne desh men manasik bimari ke badhate bojh par vichar karane ke uddeshy se varsh 1982 men rashtriy manasik svasthy karyakram (enemechapi) ki shurooat ki thi.[1]

bimari ke mool karan

manasik svasthy samasyaon ke lie nimnalikhit karak uttaradayi hain, jaise ki –

  1. parivesh snbndhi tanav jaise ki chinta, akelapan, sathiyon ka dabav, atmasamman men kami, parivar men mrityu ya talak.
  2. durghatana, chot, hinsa evn balatkar se manovaigyanik aghat hona.
  3. anuvnshik asamanyataen.
  4. mastishk ki chot/dosh.
  5. alkohal evn drags jaise madak padarthon ka sevan.
  6. snkraman ke karan mastishk ki kshati.

logon men vyapt bhrantiyan

yah sabase badi galat dharana hai ki manasik vikaron se pidit vyakti janata ke lie hinsak evn khataranak hote hain. is tarah ka nakaratmak ravaiya evn galatafahami ke parinamasvaroop manasik vikaron se pidit vyakti samaj se adhik door ho jate hain. isaka parinam samajik bhrantiyan hi hain. manasik vikar se pidit vyaktiyon ka prabhavi dhng se snvad n karane ki kshamata ke karan, unaka snpoorn samaj ke sath-sath samany janata par hanikarak prabhav padata hai lekin manasik vikar se pidit vyakti jan-jagarookata evn samajik sahayog se in bhrantiyon ko door karane men mahatvapoorn bhoomika ka nirvah kar sakata hai.[1]

pidit vyakti se vyavahar

  1. unaki bhavanaon evn svabhav ko samajhen tatha unake sath prabhavi dhng se snvad karane ka prayas karen.
  2. unhen bhavanatmak evn samajik sahayog den.
  3. unake sath dhairyapoorvak vyavahar karen tatha unake atmavishvas ko badhava dene men sahayog karen.
  4. unhen rachanatmak evn manornjak gatividhiyon jaise ki padhane, khelane, ghoomane, yog v dhyan evn yatra men bhag lene ke lie protsahit karen.
  5. unhen naya sikhane evn nayi ruchiyan vikasit karane men prerit karen.
  6. unamen jivan ke prati sakaratmak soch evn ravaiya paida karen.
  7. apane dainik kamakajon se samay nikalakar unaki sahayata karen.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 vishv manasik svasthy divas (hindi) hi.nhp.gov.in. abhigaman tithi: 14 aktoobar, 2016.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah