अंतरराष्ट्रीय अल्पसंख्यक अधिकार दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

antararashtriy alpasnkhyak adhikar divas
antararashtriy alpasnkhyak adhikar divas
vivaran antararashtriy alpasnkhyak adhikar divas vishvabhar men pratyek varsh 18 disnbar ko manaya jata hai.
shuruat sayunkt rashtr sngh dvara 18 disnbar 1992 se
uddeshy alpasnkhyak samudayon ke adhikaron ki raksha, rashtr nirman men yogadan ke roop men chihnti kar alpasnkhyakon ke kshetr vishesh men hi unaki bhasha, jati, dharm, snskriti, parnpara adi ki suraksha ko sunishchit karana.
alpasnkhyak kisi rashtr-rajy men rahane vale aise samuday jo snkhya men kam hon aur samajik, rajanaitik aur arthik roop se kamazor hon evn jinaki prajati, dharm, bhasha adi bahusnkhyakon se alag hote hue bhi rashtr ke nirman, vikas, ekata, snskriti, parnpara aur rashtriy bhasha ko banaye rakhane men apana mahatvapoorn yogadan dete hon, to aise samudayon ko us rashtr-rajy men alpasnkhyak mana jana chahie.
any janakari bharat sarakar ne alpasnkhyak adhikaron ko suraksha pradan karane ke lie 1978 men alpasnkhyak ayog ka gathan kiya tha. ise bad men rashtriy alpasnkhyak ayog adhiniyam-1992 ke tahat kanoon ke roop men 1992 men parit kiya gaya.

antararashtriy alpasnkhyak adhikar divas (angrezi: International Minorities Rights Day) vishvabhar men pratyek varsh 18 disnbar ko manaya jata hai. yah divas prati varsh 18 disnbar 1992 se sayunkt rashtr sngh dvara alpasnkhyak samudayon ke adhikaron ki raksha, rashtr nirman men yogadan ke roop men chihnti kar alpasnkhyakon ke kshetr vishesh men hi unaki bhasha, jati, dharm, snskriti, parnpara adi ki suraksha ko sunishchit karane hetu manaya jata hai.

alpasnkhyak ka arth

snyukt rashtr ke ek vishesh prativedak phrensisko kaaupotorti ne ek vaishvik paribhasha di, jisake anusar- “kisi rashtr-rajy men rahane vale aise samuday jo snkhya men kam hon aur samajik, rajanaitik aur arthik roop se kamazor hon evn jinaki prajati, dharm, bhasha adi bahusnkhyakon se alag hote hue bhi rashtr ke nirman, vikas, ekata, snskriti, parnpara aur rashtriy bhasha ko banaye rakhane men apana mahatvapoorn yogadan dete hon, to aise samudayon ko us rashtr-rajy men alpasnkhyak mana jana chahie.”[1]

shuruat evn uddeshy

antararashtriy alpasnkhyak adhikar divas ki shuruat 18 disnbar 1992 ko snyukt rashtr dvara ek ghoshana se huee thi. bharat men alpasnkhyak kary mntralay alpasnkhyakon se snbndhit muddon par dhyan kendrit karata hai tatha alpasnkhyak samuday ke hiton ke lie samagr niti ke nirman, inaki ayojana, samanyav, moolyankan tatha niyamak rooparekha tatha niyamak vikas karyakramon ki samiksha bhi karata hai. mntralay ke lakshy men alpasnkhyakon ka vikas karana shamil hai. bharat men alpasnkhyakon ke vikas aur snvriddhi ke lie alpasnkhyak kary mntralay nimnalikhit karyon ko sunishchit kar raha hai-

  1. shiksha ka adhikar
  2. snvaidhanik adhikar
  3. arthik sashaktikaran
  4. mahilaon ka sashaktikaran
  5. saman avasar
  6. kanoon ke tahat suraksha aur snrakshan
  7. kimati parisampattiyon ki suraksha jaise ki vakf parisampatiyan
  8. ayojana prakriya men sahabhagita[2]

rashtriy alpasnkhyak ayog

  • bharat ke snvidhan men alpasnkhyak hone ka adhar dharm aur bhasha ko mana gaya hai. bharat ki kul janasnkhya ka anumanat 19 pratishat alpasnkhyak samudayon ka hai. isamen muslim, sikh, eesaee, bauddh aur parasi shamil hain. jain, bahaee aur yahoodi alpasnkhyak to hain, lekin inhen snbndhit snvaidhanik adhikar prapt nahin hain.
  • bharat sarakar ne alpasnkhyak adhikaron ko suraksha pradan karane ke lie 1978 men alpasnkhyak ayog ka gathan kiya tha. ise bad men rashtriy alpasnkhyak ayog adhiniyam-1992 ke tahat kanoon ke roop men 1992 men parit kiya gaya.
  • rashtriy alpasnkhyak ayog ko varsh 2006 janavari men yoopie sarakar ne alpasnkhyak mamalon ke mntralay ke adhin kar diy. ise ve sare snvaidhanik adhikar prapt hain, jo divani adalaton ko hain. is ayog ka gathan bharat ke lie isalie bhi mahatv rakhata hai, kyonki poore yoorop ke kisi bhi rashtr men aisa koee ayog nahin hai. aj bharat ke kee any rajyon men bhi rajy alpasnkhyak ayog hain.[1]



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 vishvabhar men antararashtriy alpasnkhyak adhikar divas 18 disnbar ko manaya gaya (hindi) jagaran josh. abhigaman tithi: 9 disambar, 2014.
  2. alpasnkhyak adhikar divas (hindi) bahujan indiya. abhigaman tithi: 9 disambar, 2014.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah