विश्व सामाजिक न्याय दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vishv samajik nyay divas
vishv samajik nyay divas
vivaran 'vishv samajik nyay divas' vishv bhar men manaye jane vale mahattvapoorn divason men se ek hai. snyukt rashtr ke ahvan par yah divas pratyek varsh manaya jata hai.
tithi 20 faravari
sthapana 2007
uddeshy bahishkar, berojagari tatha garibi se nipatane ke prayason ko badhava dene ke lie.
vishesh bharat men aj bhi kee log apani kee mool jaruraton ke lie nyay prakiya ko nahin janate, jisake abhav men kee bar unake manavadhikaron ka hanan hota hai aur unhen apane adhikaron se vnchit rahana padata hai.
any janakari bharat men ashiksha, garibi, berojagari, mahngaee aur arthik asamanata jyada hai. inhin bhedabhavon ke karan samajik nyay behad vicharaniy vishay ho gaya hai.

vishv samajik nyay divas (World Day of Social Justice) pratyek varsh sampoorn vishv men 20 faravari ko manaya jata hai. yah divas vibhinn samajik muddon, jaise- bahishkar, berojagari tatha garibi se nipatane ke prayason ko badhava dene ke lie manaya jata hai. is avasar par vibhinn sngathanon, jaise- snyukt rashtr evn antararashtriy shram sngathan dvara logon se samajik nyay hetu apil jari ki jati hai. snyukt rashtr ke anusar, samajik nyay deshon ke madhy samriddh aur shantipoorn sahastitv ke lie ek antarnihit siddhant hai. samajik nyay ka arth hai- ling, ayu, dharm, akshamata tatha snskriti ki bhavana ko bhoolakar saman samaj ki sthapana karana.

manane ki pahal

snyukt rashtr mahasabha dvara 2007 men is divas ki sthapana ki gayi. isake tahat vaishvik samajik nyay vikas sammelan ayojit karane tatha 24ven mahasabha satr ka ahvan karane ki ghoshana ki gayi. is avasar par yah ghoshana ki gayi ki 20 faravari ko pratyek varsh vishv nyay divas manaya jayega. pratyek varsh vibhinn karyon evn kriyakalapon ka ayojan kiya jayega. snyukt rashtr ne kaha ki- "is divas par antararashtriy samuday ko garibi unmoolan ke lie kary karana chahie. sabhi sthanon par logon ke lie sabhy kam evn rojagar ki upalabdhata sunishchit ki jani chahie tabhi samajik nyay snbhav hai.[1]

samaj men phaili bhedabhav aur asamanata ki vajah se kee bar halat itane bure ho jate hain ki manavadhikaron ka hanan bhi hone lagata hai. isi tathy ko dhyan men rakhakar snyukt rashtr sngh ne 20 faravari ko vishv samajik nyay divas ke roop men manane ka nirnay liya. san 2009 se is divas ko poore vishv men samajik nyay ko badhava dene vale karyakramon ke madhyam se manaya jata hai. roti, kapada, makan, suraksha, chikitsa, ashiksha, garibi, bahishkar aur berojagari jaise muddon se nipatane ke prayason ko badhava dene ki zaroorat ko pahachanane ke lie vishv samajik nyay divas manane ki shurooat ki gayi hai. antarrashtriy bal apatakalin kosh (yooniseph) ki ek taja riport ke anusar duniya men tin karod bachche yuddh ya any karanon se paida hone vale snkaton ki vajah se shiksha nahin le pate hain. hal ke ek sarvekshan ke anusar madhy aphriki ganarajy men lagabhag ek tihaee skoolon ko ya to goliyon se chhalani kiya gaya tha ya ag lagaee gee athava loota ya sashastr samoohon dvara kabja kar liya gaya. yooniseph ke vaishvik shiksha karyakram ke pramukh josaphin baaurn, ne kaha- "apat sthiti ke madhyam se rahane vale bachchon ke lie, shiksha ek jivan rekha hai."[2]

abhibhavakon ki galat dharana

hal hi men snyukt rashtr sngh ne balikaon ke bare men kuchh chaukane vale ankade prastut kie. in ankadon ke anusar bharat ki abadi men 50 miliyan balikaen v mahilaon ki ginati hi nahin hai. pratyek varsh paida hone vali 12 miliyan ladakiyon men se 1 miliyan apana pahala janmadin nahin dekh pati hain. 4 varshon se kam ayu ki balikaon ki mrityu dar balakon se adhik hai. 5 se 9 varshon ki 53 pratishat balikaen anapadh hain. 4 varshon se kam ayu ki balikaon men 4 men se 1 ke sath durvyavahar hota hai. pratyek 6thin balika ki mrityu ling bhed ke karan hoti hai. is sabake pichhe mukhy karan abhibhavakon ki yah galat dharana bhi hai ki ladakon se hi unaka vnsh age badhata hai.

vishv men samajik nyay ka sapana

aj 4 men se 1 balak garibi, kuposhan, ashiksha, badhati huee hinsa, asuraksha aur bhedabhav ka shikar hain. 11 sitambar, 2001 ko hue nyooyark ke varld tred sentar par atnkavadi hamale ke pashchath antarrashtriy atnkavad aj manav sabhyata ka sabase ghatak shatru ban gaya hai. antarrashtriy atnkavad poore snsar men phaili arajakata ka hi dushparinam hai. yah ek aisi gambhir sthiti hai jahan log hinsatmak aur vidhvnsakari gatividhiyon dvara apani shikayaton ya dukhon ka kalpanik samadhan khojate hain aur inake lie ve vyavastha ko doshi thaharate hain. insan ek samajik prani mana jata hai. lekin insan ki is mukhy visheshata ko tab chunauti milati hai, jab bhedabhav ki vajah se ek insan doosare insan se jati, rng, dharm, bhasha, pradesh, rashtr, ling adi ke karan napharat karata hai. samaj men phaile is bhedabhav ka ek bahut bada nukasan us samay najar ata hai, jab samaj men isase hamari nyay vyavastha par bhi prabhav padata hai.

samajik nyay ka arth

vishv samajik nyay divas

samaj men har tabaka ek alag mahatv rakhata hai. kee bar samaj ki snrachana is prakar hoti hai ki arthik star par bhedabhav ho hi jata hai. aise men nyayik vyavastha par bhi isaka asar pade, yah sahi bat nahin hai. samaj men phaili asamanata aur bhedabhav se samajik nyay ki mang aur tej ho jati hai. samajik nyay ke bare men kary aur us par vichar to bahut pahale se shuroo ho gaya tha, lekin durbhagy se abhi bhi vishv ke kee logon ke lie samajik nyay sapana bana hua hai. samajik nyay ka arth nikalana behad mushkil kary hai. samajik nyay ka matalab samaj ke sabhi vargon ko ek saman vikas aur vikas ke maukon ko upalabdh karana hai. samajik nyay yah sunishchit karata hai ki samaj ka koee bhi shakhs varg, varn ya jati ki vajah se vikas ki daud men pichhe n rah jae. yah tabhi snbhav ho sakata hai jab samaj se bhedabhav ko hataya jae.[2]

bharat men samajik nyay ke prayas

samajik nyay ke sndarbh men jab bhi bharat ki bat hoti hai to ham pate hain ki hamare snvidhan ki prastavana aur anekon pravadhanon ke dvara ise sunishchit karane ki bat kahi gee hai. bharat men phaili jati pratha aur is par hone vala svarthapoorn bhedabhav samajik nyay ko rokane men ek aham karak siddh hota hai. bharat men rashtriy manavadhikar ayog, rashtriy mahila evn bal vikas ayog jaisi kee sarakari tntr evn lakhon svayn sevi sngathan hamesha is bat ki koshish karate hain ki samaj men bhedabhav se koee am insan pidit n ho. bharat men aj bhi kee log apani kee mool jaruraton ke lie nyay prakiya ko nahin janate jisake abhav men kee bar unake manavadhikaron ka hanan hota hai aur unhen apane adhikaron se vnchit rahana padata hai. aj bharat men ashiksha, garibi, berojagari, mahngaee aur arthik asamanata jyada hai. inhin bhedabhavon ke karan samajik nyay behad vicharaniy vishay ho gaya hai.

lakshy

yoonesko ke shanti shiksha puraskar evn ‘ginij buk aauf rikard’ men namit, vartaman men lagabhag 50,000 chhatr snkhya vale siti montesari skool ka lakshy samajik nyay ke tahat vishv ke do arab se adhik bachchon ko surakshit bhavishy ka adhikar dilana hai, jo ki sampoorn vishv men ‘ekata v shanti’ ki sthapana se hi snbhav hai. nyooyark sthit snyukt rashtr mukhyalay men 27 se 29 agast, 2014 tak ‘d rol aauph sivil sosaiti in post 2015 devalapament ejenda’ vishay par ayojit hue snyukt rashtr sngh ke 65ven varshik sammelan men main apani beti v vidyalay ki chiph aaupareting aauphisar pro. gita gandhi kingadan ke sath pratibhag kiya. sath hi snyukt rashtr sngh ke tatvavadhan men ‘kantent aauph ejukeshan phaaur tventi pharst senchuri’ vishay par antarrashtriy sammelan bharat men ayojit karane ki snbhavanaon par vichar-vimarsh kiya. nyooyark yatra ke dauran snyukt rashtr sngh men is bat ko majabooti se rakha gaya ki ‘vishv ke do arab se adhik bachchon ko surakshit bhavishy ka adhikar’ sabhi sarakaron ki prathamikata men hona chahie.’ abhi hal hi men snyukt rashtr sngh ne siti montesari skool ko apana ‘aauphisiyal en.ji.o.’ ghoshit kiya hai evn yah upalabdhi arjit karane vala si.em.es. vishv ka pahala vidyalay hai. yah upalabdhi si.em.es. ke samajik jagarookata ke prayason ka praman hai, jisaka sampoorn shrey si.em.es. ke lagabhag 50,000 chhatron, unake 3000 shikshakon v karyakartaon ko jata hai.

vartaman vaishvik paristhitiyon men snyukt rashtr sngh ko aur majaboot kiye jane ki avashyakata hai, jisase yah snstha yuddhon ko rokane, antarrashtriy vivadon ka nipatara karane, atnkavad ko rokane nabhikiy hathiyaron ki samapti evn paryavaran snrakshan adi tamam vaishvik samasyaon ko prabhavashali dhng se sulajhane men saksham ho saken. kyonki tabhi vishv men shanti v ekata ki sthapana snbhav ho sakegi. vishv ekata v vishv shanti ke prayason ke tahat hi si.em.es. vigat 14 varshon se lagatar prativarsh ‘mukhy nyayadhishon ka antarrashtriy sammelan’ ayojit karata a raha hai, jisamen abhi tak duniya ke do-tihaee se adhik deshon ki bhagidari ho chuki hai. isake alava 30 antarrashtriy shaikshik samaroh ke madhyam se bhi si.em.es. vishv ke bachchon ko ek mnch par ekatrit karake vishv ekata v shanti ka sndesh deta hai. isake alava si.em.es. vibhinn samajik jagarookata ke karyakramon jaise paryavaran, balikaon ki shiksha, kishoron v yuvaon ke charitrik utthan adi anekanek jvalant muddon par bhi purajor dhng se apani avaj uthata raha hai.[2]

vishv ekata v vishv shanti

si.em.es. vigat 55 varshon se lagatar vishv ke do arab se adhik bachchon ke surakshit bhavishy hetu vishv ekata v vishv shanti ka bigul baja raha hai, parantu yoo.en.o. ke aauphisiyal en.ji.o. ka darja milane ke bad vishv patal par isaki pratidhvani aur joradar dhng se sunaee degi. si.em.es. ki sampoorn shiksha paddhati ka mool yahi hai ki sabhi ko samajik nyay sahajata se mil sake, manavadhikaron ka snrakshan ho, bhavi pidhi ke sampoorn manav jati ki seva ke lie taiyar kiya ja sake, yahi karan hai sarvadharm samabhav, vishv manavata ki seva, vishv bandhutv v vishv ekata ke sadprayas is vidyalay ko ek anootha rng pradan karate hain, jisaki misal shayad hi vishv men kahin aur mil sake. kanoon ko nyayalay ki char divari se bahar ana hoga. jo vyakti ashiksha, arthik abhav ya kisi bhi any karanon se nyayalay nahin pahunch pata hai, use bhi nyay mile is bat ko sabhi ko milakar sunishchit karana hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. vishv samajik nyay divas (hindi) jagranjosh.com. abhigaman tithi: 28 faravari, 2017.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 gandhi, daau. jagadish. vishv samajik nyay divas (20 faravari) (hindi) sahityashilpi.com. abhigaman tithi: 28 faravari, 2017.

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